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Most Recent Articles and Press Release Submissions:

  • No Photo RNAi Technology with Reference to Antiviral Immunity Directed by Small RNAs    By: Vinay Sharma

    RNA silencing is a nucleotide sequence-specific process that induces mRNA degradation; it is extremely useful tool for gene silencing in plant and animal. This antiviral immunity involves production of virus-derived small interfering RNAs (viRNAs) and results in specific processing of viruses by viRNA-guided effector complexes. Many proteins are required for virus induced immunity pathway in both prokaryote and eukaryotes >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Biogenesis of siRNA: Exogenous or Endogenous?    By: Dr. Kishor Uttamrao Tribhuvan

    siRNA generated in plants and animals not only exogenously originated in response to infection of viruses, bacteria or other parasitic organism but also it originated from genes located in pericentromeric, transposable element and repetitive region of the host genome. RNA polymerase IV and RNA polymerase V is responsible for biosynthesis of these endogenously originating siRNAs and processed in to mature and functional siRNA with the help of enzyme DCL3, AGO4 or AGO6 and RDR2. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Foot and Mouth Disease in Animals    By: A. S. Gawali

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly communicable viral disease caused by an Aphthovirus of the family Picornaviridae. Livestock hosts include cattle, pigs, sheep and goats. The disease is characterized by fever and vesicles in the mouth and on the muzzle, teats, and feet and is spread through direct contact or aerosolized virus via respiratory secretions, milk, semen, and ingestion of feed from infected animals (meat, offal, milk). In a susceptible population, morbidity reaches 100% with rare fatalities except in young animals. FMD was once distributed worldwide. Outbreaks can severely disrupt livestock production and require significant resources to control. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Introduction to Diseases of Livestock    By: A. S. Gawali

    Everyone should know about the diseases of livestock or the sign and symptoms of ill Animal. People on the 'front lines' of the animal production unit, animal habitat, or companion animal household (including ranch and farm workers, producers, feeders, breeders, park rangers, companion animal owners, wildlife rehabilitators, and zoo keepers) veterinarians and other sources of professional advice and care for health-related issues (such as universities and diagnostic laboratories), should be aware. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Management Practices for Buffalo    By: A. S. Gawali

    Developing of national livestock sector depends on the possession, reservation,and livestock resource both those improved or unimproved breed. Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is one of ruminantia livestock which has special advantages to improve such as that it can survive with the low quality food, and its existence has been united with the social life Buffalo production of the traditional management applied by farmers has many advantages as the traditional farming tool, meat, organic fertilizer, leather, and social-culture equipment. That why its important to carried out management practices on the farm. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Agrobacterium Mediated Gene Transfer: An Overview [PDF]    By: Waghmare Sandesh Tulshiram

    The bacterial genes are able to replicate along with the plant genome and uses the machinery of plants to express their genes in terms of the synthesis of a special class of compounds, called opines, which the bacterium uses as nutrients for its growth but are useless to the host cells. A. tumefaciens attracted to the wound site via chemotaxis, in response to a phenolic compound. The transfer DNA (T-DNA) is the transferred DNA of the tumour inducing plasmid (pTi) of some Agrobacterium species of bacteria. T-DNA has both its side 24 kb direct repeat border sequence and contains the gene for tumor / hairy root induction and also for opines biosynthesis. Removal of T-DNA region and other modification makes Ti plasmid as efficient gene cloning vector. >> Category: Microbiology
  • Author Photo Genetic Engineering Approaches For Tolerance Against Abiotic Stress    By: Waghmare Sandesh Tulshiram

    Abiotic stress is the negative impact of non-living factors on living organism in a specific environment. It is naturally occurring and often intangible factors.Abiotic stresses are the main factors that limit crop productivity. Drought, salinity and heavy metals stresses caused yield losses annually to a greater extent. Transgenic development is another straight forward technology to improve crop yield in abiotic stress affected land. The development of tolerant crops by genetic engineering, on the other hand, requires the identification of key genetic determinants underlying stress tolerance in plants and introducing these genes into crops. The advent of plant transformation may have placed within the grasp of the possibility of engineering greater abiotic stress tolerance in plants. >> Category: Microbiology
  • No Photo Development and Decomposition of Agricultural output in Rajasthan    By: Dr. Ravindra Singh Shekhawat

    Article basically focuses on growth and development of Rajasthan with respect to decomposition analysis. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Genomic Innovation in Crop Improvement    By: Lalbahadur Singh

    Crop production needs to increase to secure future food supplies, while reducing its impact on ecosystems. Detailed characterization of plant genomes and genetic diversity is crucial for meeting these challenges. Advances in genome sequencing and assembly are being used to access the large and complex genomes of crops and their wild relatives. These have helped to identify a wide spectrum of genetic variation and permitted the association of genetic diversity with diverse agronomic phenotypes. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Gel Electrophoresis Technique    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    Gel electrophoresis is a technique for separation and analysis of macromolecules and their fragments based on their size and charge. This technique is best carried out either through sharpie gel electrophoresis or polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Role of Farm Manager and Principles of Farm Management    By: A. S. Gawali

    Farm managers are employed to manage and carry out duties associated with the day-to-day and long-term management of large commercial farms. It is their responsibility to ensure that the farm runs efficiently and profitably. Their day-to-day activities will depend on the type of farm being managed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Engineering Disease Resistance Based on TAL Effectors    By: Waghmare Sandesh Tulshiram

    TAL effectors affect plant processes in unique ways and the interaction between pathogen and host is now well understood in several specific cases. It provides a basis for overcoming TAL effector based virulence, exploiting TAL effector triggered resistance, and using TAL effector fusion proteins to engineer genomes for the specific purpose of aborting or limiting pathogen infection. TAL effectors have been shown to be a useful tool for genome engineering and synthetic biology in multiple systems >> Category: Microbiology
  • No Photo Biotechnology Management: Current issues and its significance impacts on humans    By: Mercy Adusei Boatemaa

    The scope of biotechnology is a highly divergent technology and there must be an effective management of these scientific and engineering productions. Biotechnology management is the systematic way of planning, organizing, controlling and administering the application of scientific and engineering principles to process the materials by biological agents to provide goods and service. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Goat Rearing: An Overview    By: A. S. Gawali

    Goat is a poor man's cow because of their immense contribution to the poor people's economy. It supplies nutritious and easily digestible milk to their babies. It is regular source of additional income for landless or marginal farmers. Being small sized animal, the goats can easily be maintained as cheaply as one cow. The goat is a multipurpose animal to provide meat, hide, hair (fur) and manure for soil. In hilly areas goats are also used for hauling light load. Goats have fastidious eating habits. They will accept a wide variety of feed, appreciate it and thrive on it.Goats consumes wide varieties of feeds and vegetation than either sheep or cattle. . Goats are very resistant to diseases, especially to tuberculosis. The excreta and urine of the goat is richer in nitrogen, potash and phosphorus than cow dung for this goat rearing is profitable business for the marginal farmer >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Bioethanol: Production, Advantages, Disadvantages And Environmental Impacts    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    Bioethanol is a form of renewable energy that is produced from agricultural feedstocks (sugarcane, wheat, sorghum, corn, maize etc) through fermentation process which uses yeast as catalyst. Ethanol production has helped in reducing the depletion of the ozone layer through ethanol blended petrol in the ratio 85:15 and also making the environment friendly for man. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Microbe Assisted Management of Post-Harvest Horticultural Produce    By: Dr. Ajinath Dukare

    In the area of post-harvest losses management, microorganism finds better application in biocontrol of post-harvest diseases, conversion of fruits and vegetables waste through microbe mediated composting, utilization of these waste as a raw substrate for production of value added products such as bioenergy, single cell protein, organic acids, pigments biopolymer, organic fertilizers and biomass. Thus, tiny microbe could be suitable entities for efficient post-harvest management of horticultural produce >> Category: Microbiology
  • No Photo Post Harvest Management of Onion    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Onion is an important vegetable crop grown and consumed widely across the world. As a culinary ingredient it adds to the taste and flavour in a wide range of food preparations and it is also used as a salad. Thus there is a steady increase in the demand for onion across the world. China is the leading producer of onion constituting about 27 per cent of the world total production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Mycorrhizal Association for Strengthening Root System of Tissue Culture Derived Plants    By: Dr. Vartika Srivastava

    Tissue cultured plantlets often show less survival when transplanted to the field conditions, the reasons may be various, including weak root system and plant defense system. To strengthen it, use of mycorrhizal strains has been found as a good alternative and eco-friendly technology that can be utilized for ex-vitro speedy recovery of the plantlets. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Methods of Determining Transcription Start Site    By: Anshul Watts

    Transcription start site (TSS) determination is very important for understanding gene structure and gene regulation. Presently TSS is determined by primer extension method, S1 nuclease mapping and RACE (RAPID AMPLIFICATION OF cDNA ENDS) techniques, but among these RACE is the most common method used to determine TSS >> Category: Microbiology
  • No Photo Phytohormones Regulation During Abiotic and Biotic Stresses    By: Era Vaidya

    Phytohormones regulate biotic and abiotic stress responses, independently and also via an efficient and coordinated genetic network. The different phytohormonal regulatory cascades are interconnected so as to activate stress responsive genes, in turn generating a physiological stress response. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Biotechnological Techniques of Waste Management and Limitations of Bioremediation    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    The application of biotechnology in waste management is very important in view of its economic and environmental benefits. Using microorganisms in the treatment of industrial, mining and mineral wastes etc and also in extraction of metals from their ores through some biological methods. With some factors said to limit bioremediation processes such toxicity and concentration of chemicals. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Next Generation Sequencing Technology    By: Praveen Kumar

    Next Generation Plant Breeding Next Generation Sequencing - the most advanced method of genome sequencing. Provides a golden opportunity for understanding the biological systems in crops. Contribution of conventional Plant Breeding in increasing crop yield has been tremendous but the rate of genetic gain is getting slower recently. So NGS is a growing as a powerful tool for next generation Plant Breeding. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo MicroRNA Engineering for Improved Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Rice    By: Neha Chavan

    Climatic aberrations such as drought and flood are causing threat to food production. Development of stress tolerant varieties is essential for maximum food production. Stress tolerance is complex and multigenic phenomenon. Transcription factors (TFs) play an vital role in regulating stress response transcription factors induce the expression of stress response genes (SOS genes) which causes physiological changes in plants hence, engineering transcription factors in crops is an effective and efficient way to induce drought tolerance. Under abiotic stress conditions most of the miRNA gets differentially expressed miRNAs that positively induce the expression of transcription factors can be used as candidate genes for production of stress tolerant plants by transgenic technology. >> Category: Microbiology
  • No Photo Impact of Textile Effluents on Different Components of Environment    By: Dr. Indu Chopra

    Textile industry is one of the oldest industries in India. The effluent s generated from the industry is contaminating environment. The article outlines about the waste generated by the industry and their impact on different environmental components including agriculture. >> Category: Toxicology
  • Author Photo Transgenic Animals: A Short Review    By: Komal Ramchandra Pawar

    Animals those contain foreign gene are known as the transgenic animals. Until now there are different transgenic animals produced like mice, pig, cattle, fish, sheep, etc. These animals are produced for the study purpose, for the trait enhancement, or for the transgenic protein production. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Plant Tissue Culture: Techniques, Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    Plant tissue culture has enabled the production of multiples of plants through the use of plant parts, techniques and conditions. These has made it possible to raise disease free organisms, production of desirable traits/character etc which are used in forestry, landscaping and plant science. >> Category: Applications
  • No Photo The Nature's Novel Ways To Genetically Modify Organisms    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Transmission of genetic material from parents to off springs is termed as vertical inheritance. In contrast, Nature allows transfer of genes among distantly related organisms and the pattern is called as Horizontal inheritance or Horizontal Gene Transfer (HGT). HGT allows rapid evolution of organisms especially to confer the recipient organism an ability to withstand environmental stress. It is Nature's way to preserve genetic material of the donor, in case it gets into catastrophic environments. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Author Photo Forward and Reverse Genetics Approaches in Functional Genomics    By: Waghmare Sandesh Tulshiram

    Functional genomics is characterized by high-throughput or large-scale experimental methodologies combined with statistical or computational analysis of the results. Functional genomics as a means of assessing phenotype differs from more classical approaches primarily with respect to the scale and automation of biological investigations. Forward genetics starts with identification of interesting mutant phenotype. Forward genetics seeks to find the genetic basis of a phenotype or trait. Automated DNA sequencing generates large volumes of genomic sequence data relatively rapidly. Reverse genetics starts with a known gene and alters its function by transgenic technology. Reverse genetics however, due to the advent of advances in sequencing is employed to seek out what sequences underlies the phenotype >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Runner Production of Strawberry    By: Rakesh Kumar

    Strawberry is a very important fruit crops. It is grown in temperate and subtropical area. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Acid Mine Drainage: Sources, Impacts and Prevention    By: Dr. Ankit Singla

    Acid mine drainage is a serious matter of concern to the environment as it contains toxic substances which creates problem to the ecosystems and living beings. It can be controlled by preventing the flow of water to the mining sites >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology

Congratulations to all our authors: Readership levels all time high now
RECENT COMMENTS: (Approved comments only)

Article: Plasmids: Types, Functions and Applications - Comment by: Faheem uz Zaman - 2017-03-15

Beautiful de script ion And very helpful

Article: Bioreactors - Classification and Types - Comment by: Ofia Michael. - 2017-03-12

I think this topic will be more sense if emphasis should be made or if bioreactor is classified mechanically or non-mechanically agitated Bioreactors. Knowing fully well that non mechanical agitated bioreactors that are mixed either by air bubbles or pressure.

Article: Animal Cell Culture Media : Natural and Artificial Media - Comment by: Latha Kumaraswamy - 2017-03-10

more points can be added to natural media

Article: What are the Benefits of Genetic Engineering? - Comment by: Ethan - 2017-03-07

I find this article highly useful and have actually sited it for an essay I'm writing, so I thank you for providing me with useful information.

Article: Career as a Marine Microbiologist - Comment by: salim khan - 2017-03-02

hello mam i want do a Phd in marine microbioogy but in india their is not that much scope i was completed my masters in marine microbiology from goa university i wants to looked farward to be carrier in the marine microbiology plz help me to get a good start as a marine microbiologist

Article: What are the Benefits of Genetic Engineering? - Comment by: James - 2017-02-24

You spell alter wrong in the beginning

Article: Human Longevity: A Revolution in Biotechnology and Nanotechnology. - Comment by: Franklin - 2017-02-23

There is no advantage to being 100 years old. Have you seen the splendid life centurians enjoy? If a person where to just live long but still be hampered by physical capability does not sound worth billions of dollars invested when we have world hunger to solve. Stop using science as a fairtale to influence people who lack the scientific reasoning skill. The fact is scientists would have to change more than one gene inorder to be 100 but look 20. Controlling one human genetic mutation is diffcult enough. How do you control parameters with mutlple gene modification? Although technology has allowed us to cheat our advancements, cheaters alway get caught, and nature is not one for mercy. Be cautious.

Article: Stevia Rebaudiana as a Fertilizer - Comment by: Juan - 2017-02-22

Hi, interesting read. where to find stevia fertilizers?
is there any company/brand producing them?


Article: Animal Cell Culture Media : Natural and Artificial Media - Comment by: Aruna - 2017-02-21

Thank you, wonderful notes and it is easy to understand and remember but i think including medium with names and their examples and applications not included. Like MEM, DMEM, IMDM, RPMI-1640....

Article: Methods of Purification of Enzymes - Comment by: oyindamola - 2017-02-15

This write up entails all a student needs to know about methods of purification. Thanks to the author.

Article: Mapping Population: Types and Method of Production - Comment by: Mahajan Mahesh Mohanrao - 2017-02-12



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