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Most Recent Articles and Press Release Submissions:

  • No Photo Biofortification of Iron in Plants by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR)    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    Micronutrient malnutrition is a serious problem to human health throughout the world, primarily in resource limited countries. There are several methods for coping with this problem but this malnutrition can be reduced through a natural process called biofortification: a process to produce micronutrient enriched staple food. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can fortify iron content in tissues of plant by increasing its availability through various mechanisms. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo RNA Interference an Important Technology    By: Komal Ramchandra Pawar

    RNA interference is a potential technology for the production of desire phenotype. It is a tool used in biotechnology for the specific gene silencing. RNAi has broad applications for treating diseases and transgenic plant production. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo RNAi Interference (RNAi): A functional genomics tool    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    RNAi interference (RNAi) has emerged as one of the major functional genomics tool in plant study. RNAi involves in the production of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) that is homologous to the gene which is being targeted for Post Transcriptional Gene Silencing (PTGS). >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR)    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) colonize the rhizosphere of many plant species and confer beneficial effects and also elicit physical or chemical changes related to plant defense, this mechanism is known as Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR). >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo RNAi Technology for Improving Disease Resistance    By: Poonam Jasrotia

    RNAi is one of the most powerful technologies for discovering important trait genes and developing novel traits in plants and animals. It is helping researchers to develop new plant varieties with beneficial attributes and to protect them from diseases. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Lycium Barbarum : A Potential Underutilized Crop with Great Medicinal Importance    By: Aditi Mathur

    Goji berry or wolfberry is the fruit of Lycium Barbarum. This article emphasizes medicinal importance of Lycium barbarum which is an underutilized crop in India. This crop needs attention and can be herbal medicine for most of common systemic diseases we are suffering from these days. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Soil Biodiversity - Types, Methods of Study and Indices    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Soil biodiversity encompasses all organisms that live in the soil, whether they are single-cell organisms or multi-cell animals or plants. An understanding of soil biodiversity perspectives in agricultural context is important and useful to arrive at measures that can act as indicators of soil quality and plant productivity >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Black Caraway - A highly valuable but endangered plant genetic resource of Jammu and Kashmir    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    This small article is about a valuable but endangered wild species of Bunium persicum used as a spice and medicinal plant in Jammu & Kashmir >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Biodegradable Plastics: Natural versus 'Synthetic'    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Plastics are one of the most widely used non-biodegradable synthetic chemical products. Microbes under stressed environmental conditions can produce natural bioplastics (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs), which are completely degradable. In contrast, there are 'synthetic' bioplastics, which are prepared by mixing chemicals and biological materials. Here, degradation is limited to the contribution of biological matter. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Description of Various Assay Procedures for Determination of Antioxidant Activity    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    This article provides methods available for the measurement of antioxidant capacity and presented the general chemistry underlying the assays. This overview provides a basis and rationale for developing standardized antioxidant capacity methods for the food, nutraceutical, and dietary supplement industries. >> Category: Applications
  • No Photo Concept of Free Radicals and Antioxidants    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    During normal cellular activities, various processes inside of cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). Some of the most common ROS are hydrogen peroxide, superoxide ion, and hydroxide radical. These compounds, when present in a high enough concentration, can damage cellular proteins and lipids or form DNA adducts that may promote carcinogenic activity. The purpose of antioxidants in a physiological setting is to prevent ROS concentrations from reaching a high-enough level within a cell that damage may occur. Cellular antioxidants may be enzymatic (catalase, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase) or nonenzymatic (glutathione, thiols, some vitamins and metals, or phytochemicals such as isoflavones, polyphenols, and flavanoids). In normal physiological processes, antioxidants effect signal transduction and regulation of proliferation and the immune response. Reactive oxygen species have been linked to cancer and CVD, and antioxidants have been considered promising therapy for prevention and treatment of these diseases, especially given the tantalizing links observed between diets high in fruits and vegetables (and presumably antioxidants) and decreased risks for cancer. >> Category: Biology
  • No Photo Genetics from Scratch to CRISPR    By: Fauzia Bi

    Science fiction became our reality and we don't even think about it. Genetic engineering have turned science fiction of genome editing [CRISPR], having a designer baby, in vitro fertilization, mass insulin production through bacteria ,GMO , tissue culture technique, and Synthia, [ the world's first synthetic life form ] , mutation breeding and transgenic organisms a reality. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Agriculture on Heights: Vertical Farming    By: Poonam Jasrotia

    The article is about highlighting the concept of vertical farming. In present scenario where human population and urbanization is growing at faster rate, there is a need to adopt such new technologies to meet the growing food demand. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Insect Pest Management of Grapevine Stem Borer and Stem Girdler    By: Neelesh Raypuriya

    Grape is an important commercial fruit crop in India. It is plagued by several pests, which cause considerable damage to this economically important crop. Among them, the stem borer is the most serious. Earlier, this pest was considered to be a problem only in old and neglected vineyards. However, in recent years, severe incidence of this pest has been observed in even one year old gardens. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo The Struggle to Fish Out the Dreadful Streptococcus    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Bacterial diseases causing high morbidity and mortality rates are dreaded by all. Pnuemonia, Otitis Media, Meningitis and Bacteremia are associated with drug resistant Streptococcus species. These bacteria spread rapidly and lead to fatal situations. The causal organism Streptococcus needs to be fished out with precision and treatment must be initiated quickly to prevent the spread of the disease. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Author Photo Molecular Farming: Agriculture with value added harvest    By: Vivek K Singh

    Molecular Farming refers to the new area of science which combines the use of biotechnology and plants in order to produce valuable products. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Phenomics: The Future of Phenotyping    By: Bhoyar Pratik Istari

    The success of agricultral research is depend on the precise phenotyping. The conventional phenotyping have many drawbacks. To overcome the drawbacks, phenotyping is done using recent technologies like automated high-tech sensors, imaging systems, moving vehicles and computing power. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Agricultural Risk Management and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change    By: Rajni Singh

    Climate change alters the agriculture production and incomes. Several studies have reported that climate change trends are important for determining both past and future impacts on crop yields at sub continental to global scales. Current initiatives to address climate-related risks are heavily oriented towards reactive emergency response. To save agricultural livelihoods, there is urgent need for a shift from this reactive approach to proactive climate risk management. Agriculture sector can contribute to mitigation as a consequence of improving productivity and sustainability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo A Friend Among Foes: Lactobacillus    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Lactobacillus strain in small numbers act as probiotics and prove helpful to human beings. It enables easy uptake of nutrients, consumption of milk, treating unhealthy conditions and activate the human immune system. Food Industries are the most worried of contamination of good with bad bacteria. In order to maintain quality and take maximum advantage of the potential health benefits bestowed by Lactobacillus, they must be monitored and identified properly. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Enzyme Immobilization- Methods and Applications    By: Aditi Mathur

    This article concentrates on need, types and techniques of immobilization, with applications in various industries. >> Category: Applications
  • No Photo Bio Fuels: A Green Alternative for Energy Sustainability [PDF]    By: Aditi Mathur

    This article concentrates on need, types, and techniques of production, advantages and disadvantages of bio fuels. It also depicts the trends of use of bio fuel in India and future plans to adopt it as a blend in conventional petroleum fuel. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Metabolic Engineering of C3 Plants to Improve Crop Yield    By: Dr. Bunty Sharma

    Application of new technologies together with novel modeling approaches, increased yield through improved photosynthetic carbon fixation should be an attainable goal in the near to midterm. Engineering of C3 cycle offers an opportunity to increase photosynthesis and yield, which plays a central role in plant metabolism, providing intermediates not only for starch and sucrose biosynthesis, but also for isoprenoid metabolism and shikimic acid biosynthesis >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Searching the Dreadful Yersinia in a Crowd    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Yersinia infection is lethal to human beings. It is one of the most dreadful pathogens. The need is to identify them and initiate the treatment before it is too late. Culture techniques are the best but not rapid. Molecular techniques based on 16S rDNA (rrs) gene analysis are limited by the presence of 6-7 copies of this gene/genome. Many other genes have been employed for identifying Yersinia, however there is no consensus. Comparative genomics has revealed consensus genes with unique properties to search Yersinia in a crowd. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Author Photo Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and its Management - [PDF]    By: Manoj Kumar

    Article is about Herbicidal resistance and its types and mechanisms of herbicidal resistance and ways and means to control the resistance >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Automation in Plant Tissue Culture    By: Dr. J. Vanitha

    The plant tissue culture or micropropagation is a method of propagating disease-free clonal plants. With the progressive development of more efficient and cheaper automated systems, cost effectiveness of the systems will improve and the cost of plantlets somatic seedlings will be reduced. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Significance of Bio-fertilizer in Fruit Production    By: Praveen Kumar Mishra

    Bio-fertilizers are beneficial microorganisms which help in improvement and retaining the soil fertility with enhanced physico-chemical attributes of the fruits. The efficient consumption of bio-fertilizers provides economic benefits to the growers by minimizing the cost of chemical fertilizer involved in fruit production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Intellectual Property Right in Fruit Crops    By: Praveen Kumar Mishra

    IPR provides legal restrictions for use of new invention/ technology /developments and provides an avenue for royalties to the inventors with their permission. Such type of protection would be always beneficial, both to producers and consumers and also help in sustainable food security. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Diagnostic Biomarkers in the Taxonomically Oversized Genus - Clostridium    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    The genus Clostridium is composed of bacteria having great biotechnological and medical significance. The genus encompasses around 110 species with a G+C content ranging from 24-58 mol%. The identification of the Clostridium strains is complicated by the multiple (9-22) copies of 16S rDNA (rrs) (the most commonly used gene for bacterial identification) per genome. Novel genomic approaches reveal biomarkers for easy identification and rapid diagnosis. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Polymer Production by Bacterial Strains    By: Rajni Singh

    As of late there has been a consistent quest for new water-solvent polysaccharides, especially those created by microorganisms. These biopolymers have the great interest due to their application potential in food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and oil businesses, where they are utilized as thickening, balancing out and emulsifying operators oil industries. These biopolymers have the rheological properties so they are used for the identification of new production sources. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Production of Fruit Crops under Arid Condition    By: Narayan Lal

    The fruit production under arid zone needs special techniques, fruit species, varieties and soil moisture conservation. Under exploited fruit crops are suitable for production in arid region and they are tolerant to abiotic stresses and highly nutritious. The various special water storage structures are adopted in the arid zone which help to conserve rainfall water. >> Category: Agriculture

Congratulations to all our authors: Readership levels all time high now
RECENT COMMENTS: (Approved comments only)

Article: Applications of Recombinant DNA Technology in Medicine - Comment by: Priyanshi - 2016-11-30

Very benefial helped me alot

Article: How do we Name a Bacterium? - Comment by: Tracy - 2016-11-18

why are some bacteria ending in us and some isrnie bacillus and bacillis

Article: Earthy Odor - What Causes the Pleasant Earth Odor After Rain? - Comment by: arvy - 2016-11-03

Madam its really a very useful n stunning post..also very easy to understand..thank you so much madam..

Article: Types of Mutations - Frameshift, Chromosomal and Point Mutation - Comment by: Ann Ononymous - 2016-11-02

Lots of grammatical and usage errors. Hard to understand because of this.

Article: Toxic Fibers and Fabrics - Comment by: Rosalyn - 2016-11-01

Thank you for your article. I own a bird toy store and have been trying for years to get people to understand polyester is not something you can give to your bird. I am thankful to finally find someone else that is writing about the dangers of polyester. Good luck and good article.

Article: Microbial Production of Vitamin B12 - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-10-29

Thanks Hamini, glad to know the article was useful!

Article: Colorful Bacteria - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-10-29

Thanks Archana,
I am glad that the article is useful to you. Best of wishes.

Article: Green and Purple Sulfur Bacteria - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-10-29

Thanks a lot Sam!

Article: Colorful Bacteria - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-10-29

Dear Shrushti,
Thanks for your appreciation!
Bacterial pigment are sensitive to temperature. We have tried this with the scarlet red pigment of Serratia marcescens. It was found that pigmentation was intense during freeze store and fades @ 37-40C. Trial was also conducted with 2 different cloths: nylon and cotton; color remained on both types even after washing with soap and normal water and iron but comparatively cotton was best to nylon. I hope this information will be of your use. Best of wishes.

Article: Toxic Fibers and Fabrics - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-10-29

Dear John,
Thanks for critical information. Regarding spinning your own thread is not impossible though its just the thing of the past. In some villages of rural India, people still do spin and prepare cloth from natural resources like jute, bamboo, cotton and even from aquatic weeds. Spinning was also one of the strongest pillars of Gandhian non-violence strategy against British rule. Thanks.

Article: Ethnomedicine : Study of Traditional Medicines - Comment by: uma reddy - 2016-10-27

it was very informative mr brijesh keepgoing


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