Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article

Jute Fields: Soil Test and Target Yield Based Fertilizer Application

BY: Dr. Sunanda Biswas | Category: Agriculture | Submitted: 2016-12-23 09:31:48
       No Photo
Article Summary: "Jute is one of the most important fibre crop popularly known as golden fibre crop. Soil Test Crop Response (STCR) correlation studies at CRIJAF, Barrackpore, developed target yield equations for jute var. JRO-128 and validity of these targeted yield equations were tested in farmers' fields through follow up trials on jute (var. .."

Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

Soil test and target yield based fertilizer application on jute (C.olitorius) in farmers' field
Authors: Sunanda Biswas1, A. R. Saha2, S.P. Mazumdar2 and B. Majumdar2
1Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi-110012
2Crop Production Division, ICAR-CRIJAF, Barrackpore, West Bengal
*Corresponding author, email:

Jute is the most important bast fibre, popularly known as golden fibre crop. Farmers practice blanket application of fertilizers for getting higher production of jute. Soil testing is now used as an important tool for recommendation of fertilizers for various crops in India but it would be more useful if fertilizer recommendation is made based on the knowledge of soil-crop-variety-fertilizers-climate-management interaction. In this respect, target yield approach may be unique and useful which recommends balanced fertilization of a particular crop. Soil Test Crop Response (STCR) correlation studies were initiated at CRIJAF, Barrackpore, West Bengal in 1971 through AICRP on STCR programme. Over the years, CRIJAF has generated valuable information on prescription based fertilizer applications schedule for jute based cropping system (jute, rice and rabi pulses) to get desired yield of crops. Field experiments on jute (cv. JRO 128), rice (cv. Satabdi-super fine grain) and garden pea (cv. Azad P-3) under jute-rice-garden pea sequence were conducted with different fertility gradient at CRIJAF, Barrackpore. Basic data like nutrient requirement (NR) for producing one quintal of economic yield and % contribution of nutrients from soil, fertilizer and manure have been calculated from these experiments and targeted yield equations for various crops have been developed. The target yield equations developed for jute var. JRO-128 are presented below:

var. JRO 128
Basic data N P K Targeted Yield Equations
Nutrient requirement (kg q-1) 2.88 0.97 5.07 FN = 8.26 T – 0.54 SN – 0.09 ON
FP = 2.41 T – 0.48 SP – 0.20 OP
FK = 2.95 T– 0.27 SK – 0.10 OK
Response yardsticks (kg kg-1) = 7.74
Soil efficiency (%) 18.82 21.11 45.61
Fertilizer efficiency (%) 34.86 43.65 171.61
Organic efficiency (%) 3.18 8.81 16.94

Where FN, FP, FK are fertilizer N, P and K in kg/ha, respectively; T is the targeted yield in q/ha and SN, SP, SK are soil N, P and K, in kg/ha, respectively. Validity of these targeted yield equations were tested in farmers' fields through follow up trials on jute (var. JRO 128) at Haringhata block of Nadia district in West Bengal. Jute with ST-TY based fertilizers+FYM treatment recorded higher fibre yield (43.0 q ha-1) than with RDF (Recommended Dose of Fertilizers) (40.0 q ha-1). Response ratio was found maximum (15.7q ha-1) in ST-TY based fertilizers + FYM (40 q ha-1) followed by ST-TY based fertilizers (35q ha-1) treatment (Table 1). The target of jute fibre yield (35 q ha-1) were achieved with (+) 7.62% and (+) 2.10 yield deviation by the application of fertilizers as per soil test and targeted yield equation with and without FYM (Table 1). Similarly, the targets of 40 q ha-1 jute fibre yield was achieved with (+) 4.17 and (+) 7.50 % yield deviations without and with application of FYM @ 5 t ha-1 in conjunction with NPK fertilizers, respectively. The highest B: C ratio was observed under ST-TY based fertilizers +FYM (40 q ha-1) treatment (2.19).

Table 1. Validation of soil test and target yield based fertilizers application to jute
(var. JRO-128) infarmers' fields

Treatments Fertilizer doses (kg ha-1) Fibre yield (q ha-1) Resp. ratio (q ha-1) Net return (q ha-1) Yield deviation (%) B:C ratio
N P2O5 K2O
Control - - - 26.8 - 16280 - 1.41
Farmers practice (FP) 23 59 59 34.6 0.00 30205 - 1.71
Governmental Recommended Dose of Fertilizers (RDF) 80 40 40 40.0 8.63 41864 - 1.99
ST-TY 35 q ha-1 17 10 10 35.7 14.0 34541 (+) 2.10 1.85
ST-TY 35 q ha-1 +FYM5 15 10 10 37.7 9.77 38314 (+)7.62 1.94
ST-TY 40 q ha-1 54 10 19 41.7 11.7 46175 (+)4.17 2.12
ST-TY 40 q ha-1 +FYM5 48 10 17 43.0 15.7 49061 (+) 7.50 2.19

Thus application of inorganic fertilizers together with organic manure on the basis of soil test and yield target proved useful and remunerative under farmers' field conditions.

About Author / Additional Info:

Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:

Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)

Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment By Comment

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 471

Additional Articles:

•   DNA Fingerprinting of Plants: An Analysis of Various Methods

•   Laboratory Data For Blood Test

•   Surgery, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy Followed by Tumor Immunotherapy?

•   Fungi : An Alternate Source of High Value Food

Latest Articles in "Agriculture" category:
•   Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture

•   Plant Based Edible Vaccine

•   Genetically Modified Food - Yes or No?

•   Agricultural Biotechnology - Definition and Various Products

•   Career Opportunities in Agriculture Science

•   Synthetic Seed Production and Application

•   Role of Biotechnology in Agriculture | Various Agricultural Technologies

•   Biofortification - A Technique Used in Agriculture

•   Biotechnology in Agriculture Development

•   Biotechnology in Animal Feed and Feeding

•   Biofertilizers: Types, Benefits and Applications

•   Genetically Modified Food - Advantages and Disadvantages

•   Genetically Modified Crops as Medicine

•   Cryopreservation and Conservation of Plant Genetic Material

•   Biotechnology and the Coconut

•   Biotechnology in Rice Farming

•   Bt Corn: Method, Mode of Action and Benefits

•   Safe Insecticides For the Environment

•   Plant Growth Promoting Substances

Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 - Do not copy articles from this website.

Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  

  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us