Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article
 
 
HOME FAQ TOP AUTHORS FORUMS PUBLISH ARTICLE
 
 

Nutrients Variability in Sohiong (Prunus Nepalensis L.) Fruit

BY: Dr. H. Rymbai | Category: Agriculture | Submitted: 2014-06-05 04:30:39
       No Photo
Article Summary: "The present article highlights the nutrients variability existing in two types of Sohiong fruit. It is also showed that Sohiong is a potential fruits to meet the nutritional rich diet among the tribal populace. .."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article
     


Nutrients variability in Sohiong (Prunus nepalensis L.) fruit
Authors: Dr. H. Rymbai, R.K. Patel, N.A. Deshmukh, A.K. Jha, R.S. Patel , G.F. War

Sohiong (Prunus nepalensis) is an important indigenous underutilized fruit of Khasi and Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya, India. It belongs to family Rosaceae. It is widely distributed in different part of the hills of Meghalaya in the altitude ranging from 1500 to 2000 m. The plant is of low chilling types, evergreen, medium to large size tree. The fruit quality is excellence with unique colour, taste and flavor.

The tree starts bearing after 7 - 8 years of seedling planting. Flowers are white in colour arranged in terminal recemes or auxillary, occuring in October to March. Fruits mature during August to November vary with altitude. Fruit is drupe, fleshy green to pinkish in colour at early stage and later on become dark purple at ripening with smooth surface. The stone is hard, round in shape with smooth surface but rough in few genotypes. Its fruits are being utilized by the tribal in various forms since centuries before. Fruits are eaten fresh when ripened. The pulp and juice of the fruit possesses purple colour, therefore it is used for squash, jam, RTS and wine preparation because it imparts purple colour. The sohiong fruit is reach in nutrition and holds good potential for extraction of natural edible colour required in food industry. It has also been observed that colour may last for longer period (around one year) in squash and jam. Sohiong is growing wildly in the forest areas and backyard crop. And no establish orchards of Sohiong are available in the region.

Generally, there are two types of sohiong fruits existing based on size, viz., bigger and smaller fruit. Bigger fruit type had fruit weight (7.91 g), fruit volume (8.33 ml), fruit length (21.76 mm), fruit diameter (21.80 mm), stone weight (2.44 g), stone length (15.94 mm) and stone diameter (15.08 mm) with pulp recovery (69.11%) and pulp:stone ratio (2.24). Smaller fruit type had fruit weight (3.98 g), fruit volume (4.25 ml), fruit length (18.16 mm), fruit diameter (17.12 mm), stone weight (1.00 g), stone length (13.48 mm) and stone diameter (11.48 mm) with pulp recovery (74.71%) and pulp:stone ratio (2.95).

Bigger fruit type of Sohiong showed higher content of acidity (3.32%), ascorbic acid (58.38 mg/100 g), reducing sugar (4.44%), total sugar (8.75%), pectin (2.00%), moisture (in fruit, 61.84% and seed, 33.33%) as compared to smaller fruit types. However, higher content of TSS (20.15%), Beta-carotene (2.76 mg/100g), anthocyanin (358.86 mg/100g) and fibre (2.5%) was obtained in smaller fruit of sohiong.

Mineral content was higher in bigger fruit type for phosphorus (115 mg/100 g), sulphur (1362.5 mg/100g), iron (9.6 mg/100 g), copper (1.56 mg/100 g), zinc (2.42 mg/100 g) and manganese (7.70 mg/100 g). Whereas, higher potassium content (530 mg/100 g) was recorded in smaller size fruit over bigger fruit type. It was interestingly to note that the nitrogen content (70.00 mg/100 g) of both the genotypes is the same.

It can be concluded that bigger fruit type showed higher value for most of the physical parameter, except pulp recovery, pulp: ratio and dry matter recovery. Similarly, bigger fruit noted maximum value for bio-chemical characters, except for TSS, Beta-carotene, anthocyanin and fibre. Smaller fruit size types showed higher value for potassium content, while the other mineral contents was recorded higher in bigger fruit. Therefore, there are scope for in-depth study in evaluation and utilization of Sohiong fruits for nutritional security diet among the tribal populace of the region.


Image: Sohiong Fruit



References

1. BC Deka, RK Patel, H Rymbai, A Thirugnanavel, N.A. Deshmukh, SV Ngachan. 2014. Sohiong and Sohshang. In: two lesser known fruits of Northeast India. Published by the ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Nagaland Centre, Jharnapani, Nagaland - 797106. pp. 1-25.



About Author / Additional Info:
I am a Scientist at ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam - 793 103.
Interest areas are fruit crops especially indigenous fruit crops.


Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:



Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)


Comments on this article: (1 comments so far)

Comment By Comment
Dr. Sanjiban Goswami
2014-06-30 01:39:29 810
Dear sir, thanks for this particular research work. I am also interested to do some works on Indigenous plants of this region.

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 2995



Additional Articles:

•   Orphan Drugs: A Small Market Segment With Hefty Perks

•   Environmental Pollution - List of Most Common Pollutants

•   Alternative Biochemistry - Nucleic Acids and Blood Pigments

•   Mutagenesis - Types and Uses




Latest Articles in "Agriculture" category:
•   Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture

•   Plant Based Edible Vaccine

•   Genetically Modified Food - Yes or No?

•   Agricultural Biotechnology - Definition and Various Products

•   Career Opportunities in Agriculture Science

•   Synthetic Seed Production and Application

•   Role of Biotechnology in Agriculture | Various Agricultural Technologies

•   Biofortification - A Technique Used in Agriculture

•   Biotechnology in Agriculture Development

•   Biotechnology in Animal Feed and Feeding

•   Biofertilizers: Types, Benefits and Applications

•   Genetically Modified Food - Advantages and Disadvantages

•   Genetically Modified Crops as Medicine

•   Cryopreservation and Conservation of Plant Genetic Material

•   Biotechnology and the Coconut

•   Biotechnology in Rice Farming

•   Bt Corn: Method, Mode of Action and Benefits

•   Safe Insecticides For the Environment

•   Plant Growth Promoting Substances



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.

ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  


  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us