Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article
 
 
HOME FAQ TOP AUTHORS FORUMS PUBLISH ARTICLE
 
 

Recycling Urban Organic Waste Into Fertilizer: Value of Farmer Friend

BY: Chandra Kala | Category: Agriculture | Submitted: 2012-10-10 03:02:12
       No Photo
Article Summary: "The generated organic waste is the major challenge for the cities which results in spending major money for its disposal. Earthworms provide an effective solution to this problem. A well established Vermicomposting technology can be used for the degradation of municipal organic waste into eco friendly fertilizer..."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article
     


Urbanization has created many opportunities for people and workers of various class moves to Cities in search of jobs. The growth of population in cities has lead to many environmental problems such as noise pollution, light pollution, solid waste disposal, water pollution and many more. All the major cities across globe are finding difficult to cope up with increased Solid waste and are spending huge money on Solid Waste management.

One of the effective ways of solid waste management is to decrease the amount of waste generated at source and to recycle them as much as possible. The major class of solid waste generated from cities is organic matter in the form of fallen leaves, gardens, from kitchen activities etc. These wastes if left untreated, leads to environment pollution making the place unfit for leaving. The easiest way of managing the organic wastes generated from cities is by controlled decomposition and converting them into manure by using Earthworms "the farmer friends".

Long since Earthworms are known to improve the soil fertility by converting the organic wastes in fields into nutritive manure, which plants can absorbs readily. Different species of earthworms are used for vermicompost; for the purpose of fast turnaround of organic solid waste into fertilizer, red wigglers (Eisenia andrei or E. foetida) a class of non-burrowing type is most effective. The non burrowing worms eats less soil and more organic waste, hence are very useful in converting huge masses of urban waste into manure in less time. Earthworm's excreta are called vermicompost and are very valuable eco friendly fertilizer for plants. Earthworms consume organic wastes equal to its body mass and it generates casting amounting half of the consumed food per day. These casts are rich in moisture and in various micro and macro nutrients such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, Zinc, Copper, Iron and Manganese. Vermicompost contains majority of nutrients required by plants in readily soluble form and hence enhances the growth of plants when compared to artificial fertilizer. Vermicompost application in the agricultural field has enhanced the crop production in different segments such as vegetable, fruits, flowers, cereals and pulses. Vermicompost is not only benefit for plants, it also increases the fertility of soil and increase crop resistance to pests. Application of vermicompost to soil, results in the improved soil texture with good air water balance and increased water holding capacity. Further, the earthworms multiplied during the process of vermicompost can be used in other associated field of agriculture such as Fisheries and Poultry farming. Earthworms can be used as food for both fishes and domesticated birds.

Vermicomposting technique converts urban organic waste into compost manure in one to two months depending on the composition of organic waste. The vermicompost has a high value in the agriculture and has huge demand in organic farming. With vermicomposting technology, not only the city's organic waste can be reduced but also generates a high value eco friendly fertilizer, which can be commercialized. Various types of vermicomposting techniques can be applied depending on the availability of space. Pit method done in open field is the best suitable method for municipal organic waste when compared with Tank method which can be applied for small group of houses or colonies.

The safe disposal of organic waste is the current problem across the global urban localities. Natural decomposition of organic waste is a time consuming process and leads to other problems including environmental pollution. The accelerated humification of organic waste with less cost is the need of the hour and vermicomposting technology using earthworm is the solution for the current urban organic waste. The converted urban waste through vermicompost technology results in good humus, which is highly valued material fulfilling the major nutritional need of plants. The proper utilization of vermicompost technology for urban organic waste management results in several benefit such as employment, environmentally friendly fertilizer for farmers and improvement in countries economy with more crop yield and improved per capita income of the farmers. Finally, not only reducing the environmental contamination by organic municipal waste, the vermicompost technology will reduce the harmful side effects to environment by the application of chemical fertilizer to agricultural field. Vermicomposting technology can be done at different levels, starting at the individual houses, apartments, colonies etc., which when combined together can drastically reduce the urban organic waste generation and will go a long way in Urban Solid Waste Management.

About Author / Additional Info:
An enthuiastic author from India

Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:



Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)


Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment By Comment

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 3265



Additional Articles:

•   Environmental Pollution - List of Most Common Pollutants

•   Diabetes - Types, Pathophysiology and Treatment

•   Laboratory Data For Blood Test

•   Pharmacist - A Job Option | Career in Pharmacy




Latest Articles in "Agriculture" category:
•   Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture

•   Plant Based Edible Vaccine

•   Genetically Modified Food - Yes or No?

•   Agricultural Biotechnology - Definition and Various Products

•   Career Opportunities in Agriculture Science

•   Synthetic Seed Production and Application

•   Role of Biotechnology in Agriculture | Various Agricultural Technologies

•   Biofortification - A Technique Used in Agriculture

•   Biotechnology in Agriculture Development

•   Biotechnology in Animal Feed and Feeding

•   Biofertilizers: Types, Benefits and Applications

•   Genetically Modified Food - Advantages and Disadvantages

•   Genetically Modified Crops as Medicine

•   Cryopreservation and Conservation of Plant Genetic Material

•   Biotechnology and the Coconut

•   Biotechnology in Rice Farming

•   Bt Corn: Method, Mode of Action and Benefits

•   Safe Insecticides For the Environment

•   Plant Growth Promoting Substances



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.

ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  


  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us