Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article
 
 
HOME FAQ TOP AUTHORS FORUMS PUBLISH ARTICLE
 
 

Genetically Modified Mustard: Dhara Mustard Hybrid-11

BY: Ravi Kumar | Category: Biotech-Research | Submitted: 2017-07-16 07:02:56
       No Photo
Article Summary: "DMH (Dhara Mustard Hybrid)-11 is genetically modified variety of mustard developed by Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants at Delhi University under the supervision of Dr. Deepak Kumar Pental (Professor, Department of Genetics). It is developed by using three genes viz., barnase, barstar and bar from Bacillus amyloliqu.."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article
     


Genetically Modified Mustard: Dhara Mustard Hybrid-11
Authors: Ravi Kumar1 and Nidhi Jain2
1 Research Scholar, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, SKN College of Agriculture, Jobner
2 Assistant Professor, Tantia University, Sriganganagar


DMH (Dhara Mustard Hybrid)-11 is genetically modified variety of mustard developed by Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants at Delhi University under the supervision of Dr. Deepak Kumar Pental (Professor, Department of Genetics). It is developed by using three genes viz., barnase, barstar and bar from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens for hybrid seed production. The barnase gene confers male sterility to a plant in which it is inserted and barstar gene restore the fertility to produce fertile hybrid plants and seeds. The third gene bar synthesize an enzyme call PAT, which is responsible for tolerance to glufosinate in the plant. Glufosinate is a broad spectrum herbicide, which indiscriminately eliminates weeds and any plant that does not have the bar gene. Glufosinate herbicides contain the active ingredient phosphinothricin, which kills plants by blocking the enzyme responsible for nitrogen metabolism and for detoxifying ammonia, a by-product of plant metabolism.

Why a hybridised mustard variety is required?

Researchers and promoters of GM Mustard argue that India imports Rs.60,000 crore worth of edible oils every year. There is an urgent need to reduce dependence on imports and raise domestic crop yields of mustard, which in turn raises production of edible oils domestically. To improve yields, hybridization is a potential technique as it is successfully demonstrated with many other crops

• DMH-11 is male sterile due to introduction of bacterial gene, barnase. Therefore it will be easier to cross pollinate and new hybrid varieties.
• It yields about 30% more than a traditional variety.
• Help in boosting edible mustard oil production thus, reduce huge import bill for edible oil (India imports 15 million tonnes (Mt) of edible oils worth almost $11 billion annually).
• It is an herbicide resistant variety which helps in better weed management.

Controversy

• Environmentalists are raising biosafety concern with GM crops as their introduction may adversely affect environment, human and animal health.
• As DMH-11 has external gene that makes the plant resistant to herbicide. Thus it will force farmers to use only select brands of agro-chemicals.
• Technical expert committee appointed by the Supreme Court in this regard earlier had found that HT crops completely unsuitable in the Indian context.
• The herbicide-resistant crops may adversely impact the manual labourers, for whom weeding provides livelihood (Loss of rural jobs).

References:

1. The Hindu, news paper
2. www.gktoday.in



About Author / Additional Info:
I am pursuing Ph.D. in Plant Breeding and Genetics from SKN Agriculture University, Jobner, Jaipur.

Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:



Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)


Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment By Comment

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 74



Additional Articles:

•   Fermentation Process in Popular Oriental Foods

•   Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering

•   Current Ventures in Nanomedicine

•   Vital Rewards of Making Use of Hypnotherapy For Body Weight Reduction




Latest Articles in "Biotech-Research" category:
•   Human Longevity: A Revolution in Biotechnology and Nanotechnology.

•   Nanoparticles as Delivery Device For Gene Therapy

•   Biotechnology as a Tool in Medicine: Focus on Artemisinin

•   Tissue Cells and Skin Cells Reprogrammed Into Embryonic Stem Cells:-

•   Polymerase Chain Reaction (or PCR) - Technique For Amplifying DNA

•   Treatment of Heart Disease With Stem Cells

•   Biological Activities and Bioassays

•   DNA Sequencing: Maxam Gilbert Method

•   PCR Aspects and its Future | PCR versus Cloning

•   Plasmid as Vectors For Plant Transformation

•   Gene Isolation and Characterisation

•   Apoptosis and Cancer: A Review

•   Extraction of Nucleic Acids (DNA and RNA) From Plant Tissues

•   Stem Cells From Bone Marrow and Vein Leftovers Can Heal Damaged Hearts

•   Gene Transfer Techniques: Biolistics, Bacterial and Viral Transformation

•   Breast Cancer: Cactus For Womens Life

•   Mtt Assay: Assess The Viability Of Cell In Culture

•   Medicinal Plants: Source Of Medicine

•   Biotechnology Impact on Alzheimer's Disease



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.

ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  


  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us