Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience
Request for an Author Account | Login | Submit Article
|HOME||FAQ||TOP AUTHORS||FORUMS||PUBLISH ARTICLE|
Marine Algal Biotechnology and its ApplicationsBY: Deepali Rahi | Category: Biotech-Research | Submitted: 2017-01-11 00:52:33
Article Summary: "Marine algae are untapped reservoir found in deep oceans can play a major role in primary as well as secondary sources in terms of food and bioactive compounds or biodiesel etc. respectively. Due to its wide range of adaptability in various environment it provides numerous possibilities. Biotechnological tools can help in cultiv.."
Marine Algal Biotechnology and its Applications
Authors: Deepali Rahi, Waghmare, S. G.
CPBMB, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur-680656
Marine algae are known as sea weeds. These are multicellular, macroscopic, lacks vascular system and carry pigments. Algae plays a major role to act as a primary as well as the secondary source. Macro alagae i.e.Rhodophyta (red algae), Chlorophyta (green algae) and Phaeophyta (brown algae) serve as nutraceuticals and therapeutics. Whereas microalgae are a rich in pigments, fatty acids, sterols and polysaccharides etc. Marine algae are untapped reservoir of numerous bioactive compounds but besides of numerous applications in various fields, it is not well explored. Biotechnology is required to incorporate the traits to enhance the production of algae as well as their bioactive compounds.
Algal food is consumed in different part of the world e.g. red algae Pyropia is consumed in Japan and famous as nori since more than 500 years. Azolla is a nutritious and easily available source for cattle feed. Red algae Carageenan is used to extract alginates which is present in its cell wall and broadly used in food industries e.g. it acts as stabalizers and emulsifiers in ice creams industry. Polysaccharides derived from these algae like agar and alginate are used as thickeners in jelly preparations.
Fig. 1 Nori
Agarose is also used as biomaterials that are industrially available. Gracilaria is used for agarose and widely used as agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE). Marine algae are also a source of bioactive compounds. It can also act as bioremediation e.g. Azolla is known to remove heavy metals like Cu, Zn, Pb and Cr. Also, some algae like… acts as pollution indicators. Eutrophication is known for indication of over nutrition of phosphorous and nitrogen which depicts that organism in the water body are not getting enough oxygen and light
Fig. 4 BLAST analysis
Yazdi, H. R., Haznedaroglu, B. Z., Bibby, K., and Peccia, J. 2011. Transcriptome sequencing and annotation of the microalgae Dunaliella tertiolecta: Pathway description and gene discovery for production of next-generation biofuels. Genomics 12: 1471-2164.
Marine algae have immense of power to fulfill the present scarce situation in various fields like bioenergy or food demand. Its proper cultivation can fulfill the gap between its demand and production, this can be met by using biotechnological tools and techniques.
1. Rasmussen, S. R. and Morrissey, M. T. 2007. Marine biotechnology for production of food ingredients. Adv. Fd. Nutr. Res. 52(4): 1043-4526.
2. Rhishipal, R., and Philip, R. 1997. Selection of Marine Yeasts for the Generation of Single Cell Protein from Prawn-shell Waste. Bioresource Techol. 65: 255-256.
3. Yazdi, H. R., Haznedaroglu, B. Z., Bibby, K., and Peccia, J. 2011. Transcriptome sequencing and annotation of the microalgae Dunaliella tertiolecta: Pathway description and gene discovery for production of next-generation biofuels. Genomics 12: 1471-2164.
About Author / Additional Info:
Presently pursuing M.Sc. Agri. Biotechnology and interested in research related to molecular biology of plants.
Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)
• Xanthan Gum - Bioindustrial Viewpoint and Applications
• Advances in Modern Plant Biotechnology
• Microalgae: Important Source of Biofuel Production
• Performance of Crop Insurance in Rainfed Regions- The case of Maharashtra
Latest Articles in "Biotech-Research" category:
• Human Longevity: A Revolution in Biotechnology and Nanotechnology.
• Nanoparticles as Delivery Device For Gene Therapy
• Biotechnology as a Tool in Medicine: Focus on Artemisinin
• Tissue Cells and Skin Cells Reprogrammed Into Embryonic Stem Cells:-
• Polymerase Chain Reaction (or PCR) - Technique For Amplifying DNA
• Treatment of Heart Disease With Stem Cells
• Biological Activities and Bioassays
• DNA Sequencing: Maxam Gilbert Method
• PCR Aspects and its Future | PCR versus Cloning
• Plasmid as Vectors For Plant Transformation
• Gene Isolation and Characterisation
• Apoptosis and Cancer: A Review
• Extraction of Nucleic Acids (DNA and RNA) From Plant Tissues
• Stem Cells From Bone Marrow and Vein Leftovers Can Heal Damaged Hearts
• Gene Transfer Techniques: Biolistics, Bacterial and Viral Transformation
• Breast Cancer: Cactus For Womens Life
• Mtt Assay: Assess The Viability Of Cell In Culture
• Medicinal Plants: Source Of Medicine
• Biotechnology Impact on Alzheimer's Disease
Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.
ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
| Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS | Submission Guidelines | Contact Us