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  • Mutant Gene Products as Cancer Biomarkers    By: Chandra Kala

    Biomarkers are hot topic in the area of Cancer research because of its utility in preventive diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy. Many of the cancer deaths can be avoided with early cancer diagnosis. The existing therapies such as surgeries and chemotherapies are more effective in early stages of cancer when compared to final stages. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Research and Development of Bacterial Genomic Size    By: VIVEK VYAS

    As compared to genome size of major groups of life, the genome size within the various bacterial species is having little variation. In eukaryotic cells, the genome size is less relevance considering the number of functional genes than in eukaryotic species. This relation of genome size and number of genes in bacteria makes this subject interesting for research and scientific discussion >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Conventional Role of Microbes For Polysaccharide-Hydrocolloid Production    By: Kirti Rani

    Microbial polysaccharides' or 'Hydrocolloid Gums' have numerous commercial and industrial application to be used as delicious food additives such as ice creams, frozen desserts, bakery and dairy products, salad dressings, water behavior modifier, thickener, gelling agent, emulsifier, suspending agent and stabilizer. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Use of Biofactories as Renewable and Sustainable Resources    By: Kirti Rani

    Biofactories are the best option for the production of plastics/polysaccharides/ fatty acids. These biofactories has especially application for the production of biodegradable and eco-friendly various monomers of bioplastics to meet the present requiremnet of plastics. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Design and Operational Key Factors of Bioreactor    By: Kirti Rani

    Bioreactor is the biochemical engineered mechanical vessel in which biochemical conversion take place for industrial biomass production. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Introductory and Instant Note on Types of Industrially Important Proteases    By: Kirti Rani

    Proteases are divided into number of major groups on the basis of their site of actions i.e., exopeptidases. endopeptidases, Aminopeptidase, Carboxypeptidase, serine proteases, aspartic proteases, cysteine proteases and metallo-proteases. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Microbes as Vulnerable Source of Proteases    By: Kirti Rani

    Microbes are an excellent source of enzymes due to their biochemical diversity and their susceptibility to genetic manipulation and they possess almost all the characteristics desired for their biotechnological applications. Microbial proteases are known for its accountability of approximate 40% of the total worldwide enzyme sales. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Aqueous Two Phase System: The Most Demanded and Cost Effective Downstream Process    By: Kirti Rani

    Aqueous two phase systems is in more industrial demand due to its fast and economic technology for purification of desired biomolecules with high yield and purity. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • A Brief Description of Bio-production of Alpha and Beta Amylases    By: Kirti Rani

    Both alpha and beta amylases is naturally occurring enzymes in germinating pulses/ plant seeds which are essential for further development and growth of plants. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Modern Use of Enzyme to Be Coined as Bio-detergents    By: Kirti Rani

    Use of enzymes as bio-detergents is remarkable due to increased efficiency of washing and increased life of cloths upon washing. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Advanced Research Areas of Enzyme Biotechnology    By: Kirti Rani

    Advanced biotechnology has allowed scientists to improve enzymes through genetic modifications into enzyme producing microbes or through direct changes into basic structure of the enzymes themselves by recombinant DNA technology. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Will Biotech Get Its Due in West Bengal?    By: BioSpectrum Asia

    The promise of change swept over West Bengal, a state in the eastern part of India with its capital in Kolkata, in 2011 when Ms Mamata Banerjee of Trinamool Congress pulled off a victory over the Left in the state elections. Now, with Mr Pranab Mukherjee taking on the mantle of the President of India, focus is back on the state from which he hails and has served as an elected member of Parliament >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Modern Concept of Enzyme Immobilization With Its Matrices Features    By: Kirti Rani

    Modern concept of enzyme immobilization is based on selection of chosen matrices which are suitable for binding of desired enzymes with nil effect on its stability. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Essential Components Of Media Formulation    By: Kirti Rani

    Formulation of specific media is important to achieve the goal to produce maximal yield of the industrially important desired products/ biomass having maximal purified concentration with consistent quality by minimizing their production cost as well. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Substantial Role of Biomass Production    By: Kirti Rani

    Biomass production is presently in high industrial demand due to its cheap and eco-friendly production within short duration. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Scope For Cognitive Research in the Study of Rhizobacteria and Photobacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Bacteria are invisible mindless, speechless, brainless creatures or lacking many prominent characteristic features such as complex internal structures and abilities of other living things like plants, animals including humans. Despite the absence of such megacellular functions, they have been identified and proved to be functionally very versatile living things. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Effect of Liquid Vs Semisolid Media in Micropropagation of Banana Clones    By: Sharad V Pawar

    Meristems of five clones of banana. viz. Basrai ,Shrimanti, Ardhapuri,Kolhapur clone and Williams were established on Murashige and Skoogs medium with 6 mg/l 6-benzyl adenine purine and 1 mg/ l Indole butyric acid supplemented with 60 mg/l adenine sulphate and 100 mg/l meso-inositol. Two types of media semi solid and liquid with shaking were assessed for efficiency in multiplication & survival. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Isolation of Plasmid DNA From E.Coli Part-2    By: amar nagesh

    Alkaline lyses method was used for the isolation of plasmid from bacterial cells. The method used was as described in cloning manual (Sambrook et al., 1989)... >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Isolation of Plasmid DNA From E.Coli Part-1    By: amar nagesh

    Step by step procedure for the isolation of plasmid DNA from Escherichia coli. A plasmid is a small circular piece of DNA (about 2,000 to 10,000 base pairs) that contains important genetic information for the growth of bacteria. In nature, this information is often a gene that encodes a protein that will make the bacteria resistant to an antibiotic.A plasmid is a small circular piece of DNA (about 2,000 to 10,000 base pairs) that contains important genetic information for the growth of bacteria. In nature, this information is often a gene that encodes a protein that will make the bacteria resistant to an antibiotic. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Risk Modeling    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The scientific technique used to detect the possible risks of GEOs is called risk modeling. It includes both laboratory and field techniques. The identification of possible risks of GEOs is the first step of risk modeling. We cannot know the risk suitable experiments are carried out under the laboratory conditions. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Risk Assessment For GEOs    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Possible Dangers of GEO: Environmentalists and medical professionals argue the deliberate release of GEOs in the nature. They say that, though beneficial today, GEOs will be a source of threat to the existence of man and animals on the earth. Hence scientists have decided to assess the possible risks, the GEO will produce before releasing the GEO. The process of assessing possible risks of GEOs is called risk assessment or risk evaluation. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Transgenic Virus Resistant Plants.    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Viral infection causes substantial plants and crop loss every year. It reduces the rate of photosynthesis and growth vigor. The net result is the low yield and income. Viral infection does not take place in plants already infected with certain viruses. The principle is called cross protection. By using this principle plant genetic engineers have been developing transgenic virus resistant plants. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Restriction Endonuclease: Molecular Scissor    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The nuclease enzyme that cuts the DNA at a unique sequence, is called restriction endonuclease.They cut the DNA in a non-terminal region. Restriction endonucleases are used to generate rejoinable DNA fragments. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Popular Enzymes used in Genetic Engineering    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    A description of enzymes commonly used in the field of Genetic Engineering. Reverse Transcriptase is an enzyme that makes a DNA strand using mRNA that makes a DNA strand using mRNA as a template strand. Reverse Transcriptase is an enzyme that makes a DNA strand using mRNA that makes a DNA strand using mRNA as a template strand. Klenow enzyme is a product of enzymatic breakdown of DNA polymerase I from E. coli. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Genetic Engineering in Pharmaceuticals    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The cloned genes are utilized commercially in various fields such as pharmaceuticals, industry, agriculture, pollution control, medical science.The production of medically useful human peptides and proteins (e.g. human growth hormones, insulin, somatostanin and interferon) are of much importance. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Insulin : Journey of the Only Hormone Which Reduces Blood Sugar    By: Smyl Smyl

    Insulin is an important hormone in reducing blood sugar . Genetic engineering has made it easy to produce using bacterial cell. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Economic Importance of Azospirillum    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Azospirillum is a gram negative, symbiotic, vibrioid soil bacterium. It occurs in large numbers in association with roots of cereals, grasses and tuber crops. Azospirillum fixes about 20-40 kg of the atmospheric nitrogen under microaerobic conditions. And it increases the vegetative growth and crop yield in many plants. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Immune System: The Army Behind Our Body Health | SCID Disorder    By: Smyl Smyl

    Immunology is a vast area to get familiarize with and here is quick look into it( study about immune defense system). SCID is one of the inherited immune disorder, gene therapy is offering solution to it.... >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Microbial Enhancement of Oil Recovery    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The process of getting more oil from oil wells by injecting suitable microbes or microbial products into the oil reservoir, is called microbial enhancement of oil recovery (MEOR). It is also called tertiary oil recovery. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Biosensors: On-line Measurements and Continuous Operations    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Biosensors are suitable systems for on-line measurements and continuous operations. They are small in size, easy to work, quick in action, very sensitive to measure tiny amount of test molecules and relatively very cheap. So they are put into many practical uses in medicines, industries and environmental control. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction - Applications of the PCR Technology    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) provides a simple and ingenuous method for exponentially amplification of specific DNA sequences by [i]in vitro[/i] DNA synthesis. This technique has made it possible to synthesize large quantities of a DNA fragment without cloning it. The PCR technique has now been automated and is carried out by a specially designed machine. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • MicroRNA: New Diagnostic and Therapeutic Target (MiRNA)    By: AMAN. GUPTA

    Researchers put there effort for find out about the molecular mechanisms of development of cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have a great deal in therapeutics and diagnosis of cancer and can be used for targeting, inhibiting, and initiating a particular gene that are expressed in cancer. Therefore these small RNA molecules could hold great potential therapeutically in the battle against cancer. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction - Primer Designing, Components and Steps of PCR    By: amar nagesh

    This article describes about steps of PCR, what is polymerase chain reaction, components of PCR, conditions required for PCR, and general PRIMER designing is explained. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Isolation of Pure Cultures of Microorganisms    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The process of screening a pure culture by separating one type of microbes from a mixture is called isolation. A culture containing only one species of microbe is called pure culture. In a mixed culture, a particular species is present in small numbers in comparision to the numbers of others. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Types of Gene Mutations : Heritable Changes    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Mutation refers to any heritable change in nucleotide sequence of a gene of the organisms. A gene codes for a protein and so the physical and chemical properties of proteins are changed due to alteration in genes. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Microbiological Biofertilizers - Mass Production and Phosphorous Nutrition    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Biological nitrofertilizers play a vital role to solve the problems of soil fertility, soil productivity and environmental quality. Anabaena azollae, is a cyanobacteria lives in symbiotic association with the free floating water fern Azolla. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Relationship of Microorganisms and Amino Acids    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Some enzymes acids have been produced in Japan by bacterial fermentation. Their biosynthesis is now possible by genetically manipulating and physiologically altering the microorganism. Corynebacterium glutamicum and Brevibacteriumflavum are involved in the synthesis of L-lysine and L-theronine from a common intermediate, aspartic acid. The regulatory mutants of bacteria lysine in sufficient amount. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Production of Vitamins - Various Phases of Fermentation    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Liver extracts cure pernicious anaemia in human beings. Cyanocobalamine vitamin is present in a very small amount in every animal tissue including human blood but it is synthesized only by microorganisms.Riboflavin is also present in other foods (liver, heart, kidney, eggs) as flavoproteins which contains the prosthetic group FMN (flavin mononucleotide) or FAD (Flavin adenine dinucleotide). >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Interferon - A Protein Molecule    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Interferon is a protein molecule. It is produced by the cells when they are exposed to viral infection for the first time and protects the cells against the second viral infection. An interferon acts only in the same species in which it was produced. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • A Nutshell on Vaccines - Types of Vaccines    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    A suspension of killed or modified live virus or bacterium being injected in to the body to stimulate immunity against the pathogen, is called vaccine. The process of injecting a vaccine in to the body is known as vaccination. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • A Brief Account of Tissue Culture    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    Animal tissue culture is an important tool in modern biology. It has been put into many practical uses relating to human welfare.Organ culture refers to the rearing of an organ in vitro from an appropriate tissue. The whole organ cannot be grown in vitro as it is made up of different types of cells. The parts of the organ consisting of an identical cells can be made by tissue culture. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Bioremediation - Removal of Toxic Contaminants From the Environment    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    What is Bioremediation? Use of the natural microbial populations in cleaning the toxic and hazardous contaminants in the environment is Bioremediation. Microbes act as catalysts to reduce the level of hazardness of toxic chemicals. It mainly covers the treatment of hazardous substances such as oil sludges in the soil and radioactive wastes in effluents. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Transgenic Animals Examples and Various Processes    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    When the animals are genetically manipulated by introducing a gene, they are said to be transgenic animals or transgenics. The foreign gene which is inserted expresses its character in the animal and inherited for generation. These transformed animals - transgenics produce some valuable therapeutic proteins, more milk & represent fast growth. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • DNA Fingerprinting - Biotechnological Process    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The technology that uses living organisms to produce and improve desired products or to manipulate the environment is Biotechnology. DNA fingerprinting is also known as DNA profiling or molecular fingerprinting. To identify the individuals according to their DNA printing pattern is DNA fingerprinting.It is used to get the information about the genetic relationship of an individual. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Central Dogma - The Backbone of Molecular Biology    By: Syed Amir Manzoor

    The article focuses on the processes and phenomenon involved in central dogma and describes how central dogma is actually a key element in understand the basic molecular biology. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Gene Therapy Introduction and Vectors - Problems in Gene Therapy    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    In gene therapy a normal gene is inserted into the genome to replace an abnormal disease-causing gene. A vector (carrier molecule) must be used to deliver the therapeutic gene to the patient's target cells. The most common vector is a virus that has been genetically altered to carry normal human DNA. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Varieties of PCR and Their Primer Design - A Through Study | Part-2    By: amar nagesh

    This section discusses various PCR types including Hot Start PCR, Inverse PCR, Nested PCR and Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction and its applications. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Varieties of PCR and Their Primer Design - A Through Study | Part-1    By: amar nagesh

    There are so many types of PCR avilable. In this article all the types of PCR and the designing of primers for each type of PCR has been described. This section discusses Allele-Specific PCR, Assembly PCR, Asymmetric PCR, Late-PCR and Colony PCR. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Central Dogma of Molecular Biology - What is Known Till Now?    By: amar nagesh

    The central dogma of molecular biology deals with the detailed residue-by-residue transfer of sequential information. Flow of biological information, Replication, Transcription, Translation are briefly described in this article >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Examples of Bioresearch - Applications and Advantages of Bioresearch    By: Shalini Balan

    These are some of the Bioresearches which have the basis of biotechnology and would be implemented in the future. Examples, applications and advantages of Bioresearch. >> Category: Biotech Research

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