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Most Recent Applications Articles.
  • Laboratory Data For Blood Test    By: Geetanjali Murari

    This article depicts the results of Complete Blood Count i.e. RBC,WBC and Platelets. The normal range of these data are shown here. The higher or lower count deviated from the normal range and the disorder associated with it are also studied. The normal range helps us in determining our health. >> Category: Applications
  • Different Experimental Approaches to Utilize Rhamnolipids in Diesel Fuel Biodegradation    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    The most important property of rhamnolipids is that they are surface active compounds (surfactants). On the basis of their surfactant nature, rhamnolipids have many potential commercial applications such as in enhanced oil recovery; clean up of oil spills, as antimicrobial agent for use against phytopathogens and human pathogenic microorganisms and in cosmetic preparations. >> Category: Applications
  • Wearable Biosensors - Ring Sensor and Smart Shirt | A New Approach    By: Shivani Sharma

    Due to the application of wireless miniature sensing systems, the production of wearable biosensors is rapidly increasing. These wearable biosensor have been designed by exploiting the current knowledge of biotechnology and biological systems. They allow the fine monitoring of the physiological signals sent by the human body. They also utilize the knowledge of applied electronics. >> Category: Applications
  • Microbiological Testing and Evaluation    By: VIVEK VYAS

    Quantitative and qualitative testing is today is necessary to ensure that the test material has all the properties and it pass all criteria & is suitable, safe and efficient for its intended use. With such a vast properties of microorganism, there is a lot of requirement for their evaluation and testing at various appropriate stages with in different industries and sectors. >> Category: Applications
  • Latest Brief Overview on Penicillin Acylase Production    By: Kirti Rani

    Penicillin acylase is in high industrial demand due to the production of 6-amino-penicillinic acid which ,in turn, is a key precursor for chemical synthesis of penicillin. >> Category: Applications
  • Significance of Enzyme Immobilization Techniques    By: Kirti Rani

    Immobilization is the backbone of enzyme technology which have various significant and magnificent industrial applications >> Category: Applications
  • BRIEF INTRODUCNTION ON ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION    By: Kirti Rani

    An immobilized enzyme has been restricted for its mobility by chemical means which represent variety of advantages over free enzyme catalysis including increased stability of enzyme, recovery of enzyme, easy separation of reaction mixture, repeated or continuous use of a single batch of enzyme as cost effective assay method. >> Category: Applications
  • Introduction and Significant Role of Alkaline Phosphatases    By: Kirti Rani

    Immensity of alkaline phosphatases is found to be evolutionary in various modern molecular and clinical lab techniques which are used for betterment of mankind. >> Category: Applications
  • Industrial Role of Amylases and Their Characteristics    By: Kirti Rani

    Amylases are hypermarket valued enzyme whose role is ideogram for modern industrial applications. >> Category: Applications
  • Honey: Natural and Artificial Synthesis and Important Applications    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Honey is amber colored, sweet tasting and uniquely flavored semiliquid substance. Chemically, honey is a complex carbohydrate, principally containing saturated mixture of two simple sugars, namely glucose and fructose. In addition to this, honey also contains essential minerals and vitamins. To name some, vitamins like B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and C; minerals such as Fe, Ca, P, K, Mg and Zn are naturally present in the honey. All these contribute to upgrade the nutritional status of honey unlike refined sugar which is widely used but empty caloric food ingredient. Honey also has various interesting applications which have been described in this article. >> Category: Applications
  • SSF Technology For Solid Waste Management    By: Sunita Gaind

    Solid state fermentation popularly referred as SSF is a process of growing microbes on moistened solid substrate, in which enough moisture is present to maintain microbial growth and metabolism, but there is no free moving water >> Category: Applications
  • Biogas Formation and an Urge For Its Intensive Utilization    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Biogas generation is one of the natural and effective means of biodegradation of waste materials which are usually dumped in the ground untreated. So it would also help to reduce ground water, soil and air pollution and a great solution for rural and urban waste management. >> Category: Applications
  • Proteomics in Agriculture    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    The advent of proteomics has made it possible to identify a broad spectrum of proteins in living systems. This capability is especially useful for crops as it may give clues not only about nutritional value, but also about yield and how these factors are affected by adverse conditions. In this review, we describe the recent progress in crop proteomics and highlight the achievements made in understanding the proteomes of major crops. The major emphasis will be on crop responses to abiotic stresses. Rigorous genetic testing of the role of possibly important proteins can be conducted. The increasing ease with the DNA, mRNA and protein levels can be conducted and connected suggests that proteomics data will not be difficult to apply to practical crop breeding. >> Category: Applications
  • Biotechnology Foot Prints With Indian Epics    By: Narmadha D

    Mahabharata is true story but we so believe it took place and was poetically exaggerated. There are evidences and merit a separate discussion. It is necessary to discuss these aspects because it is intresting to know we have the new technologies in the past. >> Category: Applications
  • The Concept and Development of Monoclonal Antibodies    By: Syed Amir Manzoor

    The article focuses on the basic concepts and some key processes involved in the development of monoclonal antibodies. They have many applications in the field of medicine. >> Category: Applications
  • Human Genome Project - Aims and Objectives    By: Syed Amir Manzoor

    The article focuses on various aspects, aims and objective associated with the Human Genome Project (HGP). The human genome project was a scientific project of international level aimed at determining the arrangement of base pairs making DNA molecule. >> Category: Applications
  • Treating Cancer Disease by Employing Biotechnological Methodologies    By: Syed Amir Manzoor

    The article focuses on various techniques, methodologies and therapies employed by bio technologists to address the so called incurable problem of cancer disease in human beings. >> Category: Applications
  • Cancer Cure and Prevention Through Anti-tumor Vaccine    By: Shalini Balan

    A new hope to cure and prevent cancer by an anti-tumor vaccine. One of the drugs called Resan has shown an amazing results in fighting against cancer and tumors. >> Category: Applications
  • Compost for Bioremediation of Contaminants    By: Sunita Gaind

    Compost bioremediation technology offers an option to destroy contaminants using biological activity. It has an edge over the conventional technology that involves either chemical decomposition or high temperature incineration of chemical pollutants >> Category: Applications
  • Archaea: Microorganisms With Multiple Potential    By: Sunita Gaind

    Archaea are a group of single-celled microorganisms that have no cell nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelles within their cells. Formerly, thought to be bacteria until DNA analysis, later categorized in Archaea domain. Their most positive characteristic lies in their existence under some extreme conditions of hot, acidic or alkaline environment >> Category: Applications
  • Bioaugmentation Technology For Cereal Waste Management    By: Sunita Gaind

    Bioaugmentation, a remediation technology, refers to the use of specific microorganisms that possess the trait to accelerate the processing of biodegradable wastes that other wise take a much longer time to decompose. These microorganisms convert waste in to more useful non polluting product in a shorter time. >> Category: Applications
  • Industrial Uses of Enzymes    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    Enzymes are indispensible in our daily life- they basically drive industries. Enzymes accelerate the biological reactions without undergoing any change themselves. They are large-sized molecules with three dimensional structure. >> Category: Applications
  • Biosorptions - Toxic Waste Treatment by Microorganisms    By: Aritri Ghosh

    In biosorption, toxic metal wastes are extracted from waste water or industrial effluents. Process and microorganisms included. >> Category: Applications
  • Bioleaching - Application of Biotechnology in Mining Industry    By: Aritri Ghosh

    Bioleaching is the process of using microorganisms in mining industry to extract metals in environment friendly and economical processes. >> Category: Applications
  • Fine Needle Aspiration Technology    By: Preethi Venkateswaran

    Standard disposable 27-22 guage, 30-50mm long needles are suitable for superficial, palpable lesions. 25- guage needles are mostly used. Yield with such needles is however less, samples are however adequate and smears are of better quality due to lesser admixture with blood. 27 guage needles are used mainly for children and for sensitive areas. >> Category: Applications
  • Cloning Extinct Species - Thylacine (Australia's Tasmanian Tiger)    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    Thylacinus cynocephalus is an Australian marsupial that became extinct in the 20th century. By studying its genes from preserved samples, scientist hope to be able to revive it in the future and prevent extinction of endangered species. >> Category: Applications
  • Bacillus Thuringiensis as a Biological Insecticide    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    As the need for safer alternatives to chemical pesticides arises, Bacillus thuringiensis offers a safe, stable albeit slower way to get rid of pests. >> Category: Applications
  • Alternative Method of Pest Management - Microbial Insecticides    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    The health hazards posed by chemical insecticides is driving scientists to develop safer, more natural alternatives. Microbial insecticides are also called as biological pathogens or biological control agents. They are basically made up of microbes like bacteria, viruses or fungi that produce toxins that are harmful to the pest >> Category: Applications
  • Ice-minus Bacteria ( P. Syringae) - Frost-fighting Superman?    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    Recombinant DNA techniques have allowed the creating and introduction of Pseudomonas syringae mutants that help avoid crop losses due to frost damage. >> Category: Applications
  • Agarose Gel Electrophoresis    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    Gel electrophoresis technique for DNA and RNA; factors that can affect the process. It was initially used in clinical chemistry laboratories to separate proteins by charge or size. In molecular biology, a mixture of DNA and/or RNA fragments can be separated by length by applying the charge. >> Category: Applications
  • Genotyping For Identifying Bacterial Strains    By: Sandhya Anand

    The article gives a list of the common procedures employed in bacterial strain identification along with the details. >> Category: Applications
  • Bacillus Thuringiensis a Microbial Biopesticide Past and Future    By: PIYUSH JOSHI

    Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can be attributed to the high efficacy of its insecticidal proteins and the existence of a variety of proteins that are effective against a wide range of important pests. >> Category: Applications
  • Dolly Sheep - The First Cloned Mammal    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    An article about the Cloning of Dolly, the first transgenic sheep. This was a breakthrough achievement by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell, colleagues at the Roslin Institute, Scotland, in 1997. >> Category: Applications
  • Understanding Biotechnology - A Compilation of Various Definitions    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    A compilation of the various definitions for the term 'Biotechnology'. These may be useful in understanding the importance of biotech in our lives >> Category: Applications
  • Bioreactors - Classification and Types    By: Sandhya Anand

    Bioreactors are designed to provide a controlled environment for optimal growth of microbes. The article describes the classification and types of bioreactors along with their advantages and disadvantages. >> Category: Applications
  • Phytoremediation - Applications, Advantages and Limitations    By: Kanya Sasi

    What is phytoremediation? The technique of employing green plants and their associated microorganisms, soil amendments and agronomic practices to remove, inhibit or neutralize hazardous environmental contaminants is termed as 'phytoremediation'. >> Category: Applications
  • Bioremediation of Contaminated Soils    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    Bioremediation is the process of harnessing the natural occurrence that depends on the microbes to go about their regular life processes. These processes include metabolic pathways that utilize these toxins as a source of energy and convert them into non-toxic substances like ethylene and chloride. >> Category: Applications
  • Potential Hydrocarbonoclastic Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Hydrocarbons are principle constituents of petroleum, related byproducts like coal tar, diesel, petrol, gasoline, kerosene and major environmental pollutants. Petroleum is composed of straight or branched saturated aliphatic, alicyclic, aromatic and unsaturated olefinic hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are recalcitrant because of their oily nature and poor water solubility. They persist in nature for long period of time and cause hazardous effects on flora and fauna of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Oil spills, oil transportation, drilling operations, refineries and local fuel filling stations are some of the reasons responsible of hydrocarbon contamination. Hydrocarbon degrading bacteria are known as hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria. They utilize hydrocarbons as carbon and energy source for growth. >> Category: Applications
  • Current Applications of Cold Actives Enzymes in Molecular Biology    By: Shekhar C Bisht

    High catalytic efficiency at low and moderate temperatures of cold-active enzyme offer a number of advantages for biotechnology processes, such as the shortening of process times, saving of energy costs, prevention of the loss of volatile compounds, performance of reactions that involve thermosensitive compounds, and reduced risk of contamination. >> Category: Applications
  • Biometrics - The Technology For True Personal Identification    By: Pournami Gouthaman

    Personal identification and authentication has always been necessary for gaining access to restricted zones and for even using personal devices. When traditional identification variables like signature and official documents can be stolen, forged or lost, biometric data like face, fingerprint, iris, veins or behavioral patterns like handwriting, voice, etc. is better for personal identification. >> Category: Applications
  • Sample Preparation For Microscopy    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Information about Light and Electron microscopy preparation. Microscopes are the instruments which enable us the observation of microscopic objects such as microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. They are used for studying cellular organization of plant and animal tissues, cell division or mitosis-meiotic processes. Microscopes are employed for detection of pathological parameters such as presence of parasites in blood, morphological features of white and red blood cells.. >> Category: Applications
  • Asepsis and its Importance    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    In this article, meaning, characteristics and importance of aseptic conditions is described.Asepsis is always maintained by laboratories like microbiology, pharmaceutical, genetics and molecular biology, plant and animal tissue culture and vaccine production units. >> Category: Applications
  • Injuries to Microbes    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    The extent of injury depends on susceptibility of microbe to environmental conditions such as temperature, pressure or pH and physiological state (old, growing or resting) of the cell. On the basis of structural components and metabolic processes, various mechanisms of cell injury are known in microorganisms. Injury to microbes generally results in death but still some types of damages are repairable. >> Category: Applications
  • Microbial Growth Substrates    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Microbes produce adaptive enzymes in response to the presence of substrates; therefore many bacteria are able to utilize substances that are not usually preferred by other organisms. Metabolic versatility is hence the function of enzymes; hydrolases especially, which confer an extraordinary ability to grow on unusual substrates. These substrates are wastes from kitchen, agriculture, heavy industries, dairy, poultry, food processing, paint and varnish, paper and pulp, fish market, vegetable market, waste treatment or compositing units and least but not the last from hydroelectric and nuclear power stations. To name some, carbon monoxide and other toxic environmental pollutants, lignin, cellulose, lignocelluloses, pectin, spent wash, molasses, Corn steep liquor, sewage, sludge, human and animal excreta, night soil, organic solvents, waste vegetable oils, petroleum byproducts, raw milk and whey are unusual substrates used by bacteria for the growth. >> Category: Applications
  • Sewage Bacteria - Strictly Anaerobic, Aerobic and Facultative bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    The sewage is an ideal environment for growth microorganisms like protozoa, algae, fungi, yeasts, bacteria and viruses. Bacteria from sewage are pathogenic, nonpathogenic, saprophytes, autotrophic, heterotrophic, facultative, obligate, aerobic or anaerobic forms. The millions of bacteria have been enumerated in per milliliter of diluted sewage sample. The common sewage bacteria include species of coliforms, streptococci, clostridia, lactobacilli, micrococci, Proteus and Pseudomonas. Most of these bacteria re causative agents of fatal diseases like gastro, typhoid, cholera and food poisoning in humans. >> Category: Applications
  • Conservation of Microbes    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Plants and animal are conserved and protected in sanctuaries, microbes are conserved in laboratories and collection centers.In all types of conservation methods, the microbes are stabilized into anabiotic state; meaning reduced or completely stopped vital metabolic activities of a cell. >> Category: Applications
  • Importance of Phytoremediation    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    To the world facing increasing environmental pollution, currently available approaches like incineration and storage to solve pollution problems are expensive, incomplete and again create additional problems of disposal. As compared to this, phytoremediation is the most promising approach for environmental clean-up. >> Category: Applications
  • Colorful Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Bacterial pigments are very useful in heavy metal and antibiotic resistance, protection from phagocytosis, radiation, help in survival and also have many industrial applications. >> Category: Applications
  • Extremophilic Microbes - Organisms Living in Extreme Conditions    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Extremophilic microorganisms live in harsher habitats where normal organisms are unable to grow. They are very important group of organisms having great biotechnological, industrial, ecological and environmental applications. >> Category: Applications
  • Methods of Purification of Enzymes    By: Sandhya Anand

    Enzymes are manufactured in bio reactors for commercial purposes and this has to be purified. The process of purification is often requires complex combination of processes which are detailed in the article. The choice of a suitable method depends on the nature of enzyme and desired purity level. >> Category: Applications


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