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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Expedient Tool for Sustainable Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh - Diversification    By: Dr. Madhu Patial

    The divergent favorable climatic conditions can facilitate diversified land use system in Himachal Pradesh. Since, farm income supports fewer family members in the state, diversification can help families to undergo farming successfully. In addition to agriculture, the land may be utilized for horticulture, forestry, vegetables etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Introduction to Medicinal plant - Saffron    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    The scientific name for saffron is Crocus sativus L. and belongs to the family of Iridaceas, the line of liliaceas. Among the 85 species belonging to the Crocus genus, saffron is the most fascinating and intriguing species. The word "saffron" is derived from the Arabic word za'faran, which translates to "yellow." Commercial saffron is made from the dried stigmas of the saffron flower, a triploid sterile plant and has a unique and distinctively pungent, honey-like flavour and aroma >> Category: Agriculture
  • Periwinkle - A Medicinal Plant    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    Periwinkle is a happy-go-lucky small sub shrub. It grows in adverse conditions, rain, heat, dust. It can be quite often seen growing out of cervices of walls. It is an evergreen sub shrub or herbaceous plant growing 1 m tall. The leaves are oval to oblong, 2.5-9 cm long and 1-3.5 cm broad, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short leaf-stalk 1-1.8 cm long; they are arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are white to dark pink with a darker red centre, with a basal tube 2.5-3 cm long and a flower 2-5 cm diameter with five petal-like lobes. The fruit is a pair of follicles 2-4 cm long and 3 mm broad. Lots of cultivars have been developed with various colors, from red to white >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Farming - Higher Crop Yield and Eco-friendly to Atmosphere    By: Sharwan Lal Jat

    Organic Farming in reference to crop yield as well as environment. Organic farming refers to a biological potential tool which is eco-friendly to environment and used to obtain higher crop yield without causing any adverse effect to environment. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Apiculture Cultivation Opportunities in Rajasthan    By: Sharwan Lal Jat

    Apiculture or beekeeping is the art of cultivation of honey production, profitable venture or as a medium for entrepreneurship development. Being the source of sugar, vitamins, protein, minerals and having substantial medicinal values, Apiculture as such doesn't require a big investment in terms of money. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Significance of Hydroponic Technique for Crops    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Hydroponics is a technology for growing plants in nutrient solutions (water and fertilizers) with or without the use of an artificial medium (e.g., sand, gravel, vermiculite, rock-wool, peat moss, coir, sawdust) to provide mechanical support. Hydroponic is a soilless technique, which provides nutrient and water to plant with equal and higher yield compare to soil. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Eco-Friendly Fertilizers to Enhance the Crop Productivity    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    The demand for eco-friendly fertilizers is steadily increasing both in the developed and developing countries. Eco-friendly fertilizers are environmental friendly fertilizers unlike inorganic fertilizers. They are low in cost and can be prepared easily with the available raw materials. Their use can ensure better soil quality on long term. Also, continuous use can help in sustaining the crop yields. Therefore many farmers have started using eco-friendly fertilizers along with inorganic fertilizers as they were able to earn more profits. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Vermicompost    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Vermicompost are defined as organic matter of plant and/or animal origin consisting mainly of finely-divided earthworm castings, produced non thermophilically with bio-oxidation and stabilization of the organic material, due to interactions between aerobic microorganism and earthworms, as the materials pass through the earthworm gut. Worm or vermiculture is a useful technique for recycling kitchen and livestock wastes into a rich organic fertilizer, for producing high-protein feed for poultry and initiating a lucrative business selling worms and worm castings for the small farm. Worms are invaluable partners in building the soil in your garden, be it a kitchen or garden or a large field. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Classes of Seed    By: M. Tushara

    Different types of seed classes and detailed information pertaining to each class was given. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Concept of Conservation Tillage    By: Jyoti Chauhan

    Conservation tillage, a crop production system involving the management of surface residues, prevents degradative processes and restores and improves soil productivity. The experimental data show that conservation tillage has a wide application for sustainable crop production on a range of soils in the dryland agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Molecular Markers: A Tool for Improvement in Crops    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Markers can be defined as heritable entities associated with the economically important trait under the control of polygenes. Markers are any trait of an organism that can be identified with confidence and relative easy, and can be followed in a mapping population. There are two types of genetic markers viz. morphological markers or naked eye polymorphism and non-morphological markers or molecular markers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • RNA Interference: New Approach of Gene Silencing in Crops    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    RNA silencing is a novel gene regulatory mechanism that limits the transcript level by either suppressing transcription (TGS) or by activating a sequence- Specific RNA degradation process [PTGS/RNA interference (RNAi)] >> Category: Agriculture
  • Natural Biopesticide of Insect pest 'Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus'    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Microbial pesticides occupy around 1.3 per cent of the world's total pesticide market. Biopesticides mean the use of fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoa and nematodes through inundative or inoculative release for the biological control of insect pest, diseases, weeds and nematodes in agriculture, medicinal, veterinary, forestry and horticultural eco-systems. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Integrated Pest Management for Okra    By: Sharwan Lal Jat

    Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus),Moench also known as lady finger or bhendi, belongs to family of Malvaceae and is an important vegetable crop The crop is attacked by more than 72 insect pests and infests the crop from seedling to harvest stage. The shoot and fruit borer (Earias vittella), and against IPM in this insects >> Category: Agriculture
  • Efficacy of Integrated Pest Management against Pest Complex in Brinjal    By: Sharwan Lal Jat

    Brinjal or egg plant (Solanum melongena L.) is considered as one of the important vegetable crop due to its nutritive value consisting The crop is attacked by a number of insect pests from seedling to fruiting stage affecting its growth and productivity. Out of several insect pests, brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. is one of the most injurious to brinjal crop. and against IPM in this insects >> Category: Agriculture
  • Climate Change and Agriculture    By: Ravi Kumar

    Agriculture production is directly dependent on climate change and weather. Possible changes in temperature, precipitation and CO2 concentration are expected to significantly impact crop growth. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Hardening for Drought Tolerance Crop Seed [PDF]    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Quality seeds play a major role, along with improved package of practices leading to enhanced productivity. Safe guarding seeds during initial stage of germination will give a special impetus for the seed to overcome the moisture stress condition and develop into a vigorous plant. In dryland agriculture, drought resistance of plant is one of the very important factor to get the higher yield. Though this is largely depends on genetic makeup of the variety, pre-sowing treatments like 'hardening' also practiced to defy the ill effects of drought on emergence and growth of crop. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Small Scale Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture    By: Sheel Yadav

    There are a large number of biotechnological interventions which hold immense potential for the improvement of agriculture. However, only a few of these are available to the farmers. The article elaborates these biotechnological applications which are farmer friendly in terms of price and ease of usage. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Benefits of Neem Coated Urea    By: Seema Chahar

    It has been scientifically established that Neem oil serves as an effective inhibitor if coated on Urea. Thus, the benefits are as follows: Neem coating leads to more gradual release of urea, helping plants gain more nutrient and resulting in higher yields. >> Category: Agriculture
  • High Light Stress Response and Tolerance Mechanism in Plants    By: Jyoti Chauhan

    Excess light (EL) can be sensed directly by photoreceptors or indirectly through biochemical and metabolic signals. Photoreceptors mediate chloroplast avoidance movement, some changes in gene expression, and photophobic responses in algae. Because EL perturbs photosynthesis, responses in the chloroplast such as qE (pH dependent regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting) and several retrograde signaling pathways from the chloroplast to the nucleus have important roles in EL acclimation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Antitranspirants and its Role in Agriculture    By: Sneha Kumari

    Antitranspirants are used to save crops and help to get marginal yield when the expectations are near zero. However, applications for this purpose would be justified only if water costs are sufficiently high and if possible water savings are sufficiently high to save. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Rapid Composting Technique for Rice Straw    By: Seema Chahar

    Now days different compost technique is present for preparing compost from different crops, here techniques for rice straw is described in detail. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Chemical Effects of Soil Macro Fauna    By: Seema Chahar

    This article indicate Interactions between microorganisms (with a high capacity to digest almost all organic substrates) and macrofauna (with the potential for mechanical activities) are the basis of the biological systems of regulation that determine soil function. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of Abiotic Stresses on Crop Plants    By: Rekha Sonadi

    We have made great progress in understanding the responses of plants to abiotic stress. There are inherent physical, morphological and molecular limitations to the plant's ability to respond to stress. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation    By: Dinesh Kumar

    Nitrogen is one of the most important elements for plants and is the most limiting nutrient in terrestrial environments. Much of the worlds nitrogen is in the atmosphere, where it is the most abundant gas. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation is the process that makes atmospheric nitrogen available to some plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Medicinal Properties and Uses of Seed Spices    By: Ravi Kumar

    The seed spices constitute an important group of agricultural commodities and play a significant role in our national economy. Historically, India has always been recognized as a land of spices. d. The power of seed spices to impart biological activity is now slowly reemerging as an area of interest for human health. Seed spices produce numerous secondary metabolites or phytochemicals, these are naturally occurring, biologically active chemical compounds in plants, where they act as a natural defense system for host plants and that have historically been used as pharmaceuticals, fragrances and flavor compounds. They are a gold mine of possibilities in our search for beneficial bioactive compounds for pharmacology and other health related issues. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Secondary Metabolites and Plant Defense    By: Sunita Chaudhary

    Secondary metabolites play significant role in plant defence against insect and,hervivorous. The apparent lack of primary function in the plant, combined with the observation that many secondary metabolites have specific negative impacts on other organisms such as herbivores and pathogens , leads to the hypothesis that they have evolved because of their protective value Production increases when a plant is attacked by herbivores or pathogens. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Antitranspirants and PGR in Improving Water Relations in Plants    By: Jyoti Chauhan

    The most obvious use of materials or chemicals which reduce the transpiration losses or helps in improving water uptake are realized in dry farming areas, in nursery and some high value materials. The purpose of such materials is to maintain the growth and productivity under stress conditions so these are not recommended for high productivity unit area. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Rural Marketing in India: An Emerging Issue    By: Dr. Ravindra Singh Shekhawat

    I am currently working as Scientist, Division of Forecasting and Agriculture System modeling at ICAR-IASRI, New Delhi. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiology and Biochemistry of Fruit Development    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds. Edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and nutrition; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Plant Growth Regulators in Agriculture    By: Mamta Bajya

    The hormones which are not synthesized by plants but promote the growth are caused as plant growth regulators. For a hormonal action, they interact with specific celluar proteins called receptors. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pomegranate: Nutritional Facts and Medicinal Properties    By: Ravi Kumar

    Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) belongs to the family 'Punicaceae'. At global level India is the world's largest producer of pomegranates followed by Iran, Turkey, Spain, Tunisia, Morocco, Afghanistan, China etc.. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance and Uses of Medicinal Plants [PDF]    By: Rajani Verma

    The term 'medicinal plant' includes various types of plants used in herbalism ('herbology' or 'herbal medicine'). It is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of such uses. Certain medicinal herbs have disinfectant property, which destroys disease causing germs.Herbal medicine practitioners recommend calmative herbs, which provide a soothing effect to the body. They are often used as sedatives. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Thale Cress: Model System for Molecular Studies    By: Ravi Kumar

    Thale cress is an erect annual, rarely biennial weed, native on cultivated ground, bare places, on banks, walls, rocks, and waysides >> Category: Agriculture
  • Drumstick: A Rare Multipurpose Tree    By: Leela Bhatt

    Drumstick or moringa is one of the world most useful crops and is a tropical tree with multiple use and its main features is that it is hardy with tremendous capacity to with stand drought .It is grown in tropical region ,human food crop mainly as a vegetable, animal forage crops, medicine ,dye and oil yielding crops and for water purification. It is cultivated for its leaves, flowers, pods and fruits and roots for a variety of food livestock feed manure ,medicinal and diverse industrial purpose. Oil of ben is used against hysteria ,scurvy ,bladder trouble and circulatory problems.The bark is an appetizer and digestive .The ion content of level is high and they are reportedy prescribed for anemia. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Underutilized Tree Borne Vegetable of Arid Region    By: Leela Bhatt

    A few of them are heavily exploited ,many are underutilized and many more neglected in their harvest habitat and or under farming. These underutilized horticultural crops consumption in locally and the local people are aware about their nutritional and medicinal properties . Tree borne vegetable are one such group which is waiting for collection,characterization,evaluationconservation and documentation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • High Medicinal Value of Indian Noni (Morinda Citrifolia)    By: Leela Bhatt

    Noni is a multipurpose plant. Its all parts of plant have traditional and modern uses, including roots, barks, in dye, medicine trunks as fire wood and tools and leaves and fruits as food and medicine. Noni fruit's juice is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. Indian noni effective adoptogen ,which facilities homeostasis , Indian noni works at cellular level or has ability to direct energy to areas that are weak and damage the immune ,circulatory, digestive, metabolic and nervous system ,tissue and cells skin and hairs. It helps to mange tuberculosis, heart diseases ,cholesterol, blood pressure, kidney disorder, anemia, diabetics, digestive disorder ,auto immune disorder, arthritis, chronic, pain asthma ,depression, obesity, cancer chemotherapy ,induced weakness, menstrual problems, sexual dysfunctions , Parkinson's diseases. Multiple sclerosis crumps, stress, sleeplessness , deccholism, drug addiction and South East Asia application of plant in extended to cure cough ,cold, pain, liver disease , malaria and blood pressure. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Therapeutic Property of Broccoli    By: Leela Bhatt

    Broccoli is known 'Crown Jewel of nutrition' the nutrients namely vitamins, minerals, secondary metabolites and fiber proclaiming its exceptional health benefits. The breakdown products of the sulfur containing glucosinolates, isothiocyanates are the active principles in exhibiting the anticancer property at every stage. Therefore, the several phytochemicals or compounds that are present in broccoli have been proved to reduce the risk of several major diseases including cancers, neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Minor Millets - Potential to Save the Poor from Starvation    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    Millets are small grained nutritious cereals once grown commonly but now their cultivation has declined drastically.These ancient grains are now increasingly being rediscovered as 'quality health food' capable of safeguarding our food and nutritional security, besides enhancing the livelihood of poor farmers around the globe. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Micropropagation: Plant Tissue Culture Technique    By: Rajani Verma

    Micropropagation is a plant tissue culture technique used for production of plantlets, in which the culture of aseptic small sections of tissues and organs in vessels with defined culture medium and under controlled environmental conditions. Briefly, it is the art and science of multiplying plants in vitro. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diseases and Pests of Flower Crops    By: Poonam Kumari

    Flower crops are attacked by several pests and diseases. Several pests act as vectors for various diseases which cause considerable yield loss. Chemical control is expensive, time being and health hazardous. Genetic resistance is the cheapest and the best method of minimizing such losses. Initially to obtain resistant varieties knowledge of genetics with respect to pest and disease is essential. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Interrelationship of Nutrient Availability and Soil pH [PDF]    By: Rekha Sonadi

    From the present study it can be concluded that the knowledge of interaction of availability of nutrient with soil pH give the information which nutrient apply which pH for maximum utilize by crop plants with minimum loss. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marker Assisted Selection in Vegetable Crops    By: Leela Bhatt

    Exploitation of the information derived from the map position of traits with agronomical importance and of the linked molecular markers, can be achieved through marker assisted selection (MAS) of the traits during the breeding process. Genetic mapping of major genes and quantitative traits loci (QTLs) for many important agricultural traits is increasing the integration of biotechnology with the conventional breeding process MAS for simply inherited traits is gaining increasing importance in breeding programs, allowing an acceleration of the breeding process. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutritional Value of Amaranthus    By: Mahesh Kumar Samota

    In developing countries, the fight against poverty, hunger, malnutrition and undernourishment continues to be a basic goal of development and a variety of strategies are being applied. Strategies should based on micronutrient rich food like vegetables are considered essential. Green leafy vegetables (GLV's) are rich source of vitamins such as beta carotene, ascorbic acid, folic acid and riboflavin as well as minerals such as iron, calcium and phosphorous. They also contain an immense variety of bioactive non-nutritive health promoting compounds such a antioxidants and phytochemicals, which provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. Green leafy vegetables have long been recognized most abundant sources of protein, vitamins and minerals. GLV's are considered to be one of the cheapest vegetables in the market and it could be rightly described as poor man's vegetables >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Biotechnology in Vegetable Improvement    By: Mahesh Kumar Samota

    Biotechnology is a rapidly developing area of contemporary science. Biotechnology can bring new ideas, improved tools and novel approaches to the solution of some persistent, seemingly intractable problems in food crop production. It is comprised of a continuum of technologies, ranging from traditional biotechnology such as plant tissue culture to modern biotechnology such as genetic engineering of plants and animals and represents the latest front in the ongoing scientific progress of this century. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cut Flower Production in Carnation    By: Sunita Dhakar

    Carnation is one of the most important cut flower of the world. It is native of Mediterranean region, Dianthus caryophyllus is known to florists as the carnation. Its generic word Dianthus is from Greek word. Dios which means Divine and anthos means flower. Its large array of colours and excellent keeping quality has made its one of the most demanded flower. There are 280 species of carnation and are found from Siberia to Arctic America, Japan and in Himalayas. Carnation in general are grown only under protected cultivation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of Climate Change on Fruit Crops    By: Swapnil Dnyaneshwar Deshmukh

    India is endowed with different agro-climatic condition that offers immense scope for cultivation of various kinds of fruit crops. But due climate change fruit production and quality of fruits decreases day by day. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Production System, Classes of Seeds and Certification System in India [PDF]    By: Rajani Verma

    In India, seed production of foundation and certified class is the responsibility of National or State Seed Corporation. Whereas, maintenance breeding and Breeder seed production are of Agriculture Universities or ICAR institutes under the supervision of plant breeder. There are 4 generally recognized classes of seeds. Nuclear seed, Breeder seed, Foundation seed and Certified seed >> Category: Agriculture
  • DNA Barcoding and its Applications in Agriculture    By: Dhara K Savsani

    DNA barcoding is a molecular method for species identification based on nucleotide diversity of short standardised DNA segments. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Climate Change and its Impact on Agriculture in Tamil Nadu    By: S. Syed Imran

    The impact of climate change is expected to be negative overall, threatening global food security. For a state like Tamil Nadu, rainfall decides the food grains production in the significant area in both rainfed and irrigation cropping system. It is observed that the monsoon rainfall has positive correlation in agriculture production. >> Category: Agriculture

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