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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Drip Irrigation - Advantages and Disadvantages of Drip Irrigation    By: Bollaveni Sathish Kumar

    This article give information about suitable soils and slope of land for drip irrigation and advantages and dissadvantages of drip irrigation >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nematodes and their Management in Ginger    By: Dr. Gitanjali Devi

    India is the 'home of spices' with an array of spices originated and cultivated. Ginger is one of the earliest known oriental spices and is being cultivated in India for both as fresh vegetable and as a dried spice. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Good Quality Seed: A Possibility for Higher Production    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Seed is a basic input in agriculture. Hence, it should be of quality for higher production of crop species. Seed quality is the possession of seed with required genetic and physical purity that is accompanied with physiological soundness and health status. Physical quality, genetic purity, physiological quality and seed health are the four major quality seed characters. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agriculture Practices for Diabetes Medicinal Plants Gymnema Sylvestre R. Br. (Gurmar)    By: Ashish Kumar

    The leaves of this plant are in use for over 2000 years to treat diabetes giving it a prominent place in the indigenous system of medicines in the country. Gurmar is hypoglycaemic, astringent, stomachic, antiperiodic, diuretic, tonic, and refrigerant. It is used as a destroyer of glycosuria, and is believed to neutralize the excess sugar present in the body. The species is extensively used in almost all the Indian system of medicine as a remedy for rheumatism, cough, ulcer, pain in eyes, dyspepsia, jaundice, haemorrhoids, leucoderma etc. It is also used as stomachic, diuretic and remedy to control diabetes mellitus. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Adoption Toward Farm Technologies    By: Dr. Mayur M. Prajapati

    Adoption has generally been defined as a decision to make full use of a new idea or innovation at the best course of action available. Acceptance of agricultural technology is not a unit but a complex process involving sequence and thought of action. The action of an individual farmer is influenced by many factors on the part of farmers as well as on the part of technology. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Apomixis: Types and Advantages in Plant Breeding    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Apomixis is a type of reproduction in which sexual organs of related structures take part but seeds are formed without union of gametes. Seeds formed in this way are vegetative in origin. Apomixis is widely distributed among higher plants. More than 300 species belonging to 35 families are apomictic. Here, a brief account of apomixis, is furnished only from the point of view of breeding. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Farming: A new approach towards farmer's welfare    By: Dr. Mayur M. Prajapati

    During the last decade organic farming has gained international recognition as a viable option to conventional farming. In many parts of the country farmers practice organic farming by default or in absence of resources. The organic farming movement is spreading gradually in all most all states of the country. Indian organic sector is steadily making in-roads into world organic food market. India having variety of geographical and climatic regions has great potentiality to export various agricultural commodities in world market. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Phalaris Minor - A Threat to the Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Cropping Systems in NW-India    By: Sourav Ghosh

    Phalaris minor is a noxious weed associated with the wheat crop, causing severe yield losses if not controlled. Phenotyphic mimicry with wheat crop and resistance development has created a mojor hurdle in managing this weed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Drying: Principle, Methods and their Advantages    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Seed drying should reduce the seed moisture content to safe moisture limits to maintain its viability and vigour during storage, which may otherwise deteriorate quickly owing to mould growth, heating and enhanced microbial activity. Greater the seed moisture content lesser should be the drying temperature and vice versa. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Brown Top Millet- Uses and Cultivation Aspects    By: Sujata Bhat

    With extremely rapid growth, brown top millet can fill narrow growing windows to produce nice quality forage. Very fine stems and leaves allow plant material to dry down effectively for dry hay production. This species is very inexpensive. With the ability to easily reseed and that seed to remain viable in the soil profile for years, makes brown top millet an excellent regenerating food plot for wildlife. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biofortification Strategies for Reducing Malnutrition through Production of Nutrient Dense Food    By: Debarati Datta

    Biofortification is scientific method for improving nutritional value of food through enrichment of germplasm with micronutrient and can be achieved by conventional breeding and genetic engineering. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Varietal Deterioration: Causes and Maintenance    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    The genetic purity of a variety deteriorates due to several factors during the production cycles. Developmental variations, mechanical mixtures, mutations, natural crossing, minor genetic variations, selected influence of pest and diseases and techniques of the plant breeder are the main causes of varietal deterioration. It can be maintained using isolation, roguing, grow out tests etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Wild Genes Introgression for Trait Specific Improvement in Crop Plants    By: Sanganamoni Mallesh

    Wild species have significant role in crop evolution and in addressing the challenges of biotic and abiotic stresses. Of late, wild relatives have also been useful in improvement of the crops in terms of yield and nutrient content. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Impact of Agricultural Modernization on Sustainable Livelihood    By: Dr. Mayur M. Prajapati

    Agriculture is one of the mega and crucial sector in the Indian economy, which contributes about 27% to the GDP. After the advent of WTO and export opportunities, we have changed our traditional agriculture to modern agriculture transformation process and means. Due to this, the change is occurred into the basic human needs describes sustainable livelihood as an integrating concept. The farmers had suggested to give more subsidies on inputs to provide lift irrigation on community basis and sufficient finance for crop loan and to arrange for easy availability of inputs, technical guidance and training for new agricultural technology for improving agricultural modernization & their sustainable livelihood. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Changing Climate and Indian Agriculture: Adaptation Strategies and way forward    By: Anirban Mukherjee

    Climate change poses a serious challenge to agriculture because of the critical dependence of the agricultural system on climate. Climate change has the potential to both positively and negatively affect the location, timing, and productivity of crop, and livestock at local, national, and global scales. In this article adaptation strategies has been discussed and suggestion has been proposed in context of Indian Agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quality Planting Material for Seed Spices - Higher Productivity    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Without the use of good quality seed material, the investments incurred on fertilizers, pesticides and water will not pay dividend which ought to be realized. Seed spices are small to very small in size except coriander and fenugreek. Besides physical loss during sowing, processing and storage cumin, ajwain and celery are highly vulnerable to the loss of viability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Farming as a Profession for Youths    By: Pradeep Kumar Bola

    There is a need to make agriculture worth enchanting to attract the youth for venture. The government of India is seriously thinking in this regard and has shown its concern for transforming India through skill development of the countrymen. The youths should get to know about the importance of choosing agriculture as their profession. The Government of India should take measures and initiatives to uplift the socio-economic status of the farmers. The Agricultural universities should associate them to develop villages to transform them to modern villages. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sensitive Plant - Impact, Cultivation and Health Benefits    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    Sensitive plant (Mimosa pudica), also called humble plant, plant in the pea family (Fabaceae) that responds to touch and other stimulation by rapidly closing its leaves and drooping. Native to South and Central America, the plant is a widespread weed in tropical regions and has naturalized elsewhere in warm areas. It is commonly grown as a curiosity in greenhouses. The plant is a spiny subshrub and grows to a height of about 30 cm (1 foot). It has compound leaves and small globular pink or mauve flower puffs. The plant's unusually quick response to touch is due to rapid water release from specialized cells located at the bases of leaflet and leaf stalks. The leaves reopen in several minutes, and it is thought that this adaptation is a defense against browsing herbivores who may be startled by the movement. In addition to its response to physical stimuli, the leaves also droop in response to darkness and reopen with daylight, a phenomenon known as nyctinastic movement. Wild sensitive plant, or sensitive partridge pea , also exhibits sensitivity to touch but to a lesser degree. It is native to the eastern U.S. and the West Indies >> Category: Agriculture
  • Heterosis and Inbreeding Depression [PDF]    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Heterosis is defined as the superiority of F1 hybrid over both the parents in terms of yield and/or some other characters. Cross pollinated species and species reproducing asexually are highly heterozygous. When these species are subjected to selfing or inbreeding they show severe reduction in vigour and fertility. This phenomenon is known as inbreeding depression. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Lenticel Browning in Mango [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Lenticels browning (LB) has now become as one of the main reasons of quality loss in mangoes during storage and transportation. LB not only decreases the shelf-life of the mango fruits but also affects the appearance of fruits, which has become a point of hindrance in export of mango from several countries. Efforts have been made to reduce it by simple techniques >> Category: Agriculture
  • Therapeutic Applications of Pomegranate    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    The pomegranate, Punica granatum L., is an ancient, mystical, unique fruit borne on a small, long-living tree cultivated throughout the Mediterranean region, as far north as the Himalayas, in Southeast Asia, and in California and Arizona in the United States. In addition to its ancient historical uses, pomegranate is used in several systems of medicine for a variety of ilments. The pomegranate, Punica granatum L., is an ancient, mystical unique fruit borne on a small, long-living tree cultivated throughout the Mediterranean region, as far north as the Himalayas, in Southeast Asia, and in California and Arizona in the United States. Other potential applications include infant brain ischemia, male infertility, Alzheimer's disease, arthritis, and obesity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fennel, Cumin and Ajwain: Medicinal Values and Uses    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Seed spices like fennel, cumin and Ajwain, besides being important from home consumption point of view, are gaining increasing importance as medicinal articles. These are extensively used as flavouring agents in various food products and in pharmaceutical industry, especially in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Drought Stress and its Effect in Plants    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Agricultural drought is the lack of ample moisture required for normal plant growth and development to complete the life cycle. The main consequences of drought in crop plants are reduced rate of cell division and expansion, leaf size, stem elongation and root proliferation, and disturbed stomatal oscillations, plant water and nutrient relations with diminished crop productivity, and water use efficiency. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Coriander and Fenugreek: Medicinal Values and Uses    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Coriander and fenugreek are extensively used as flavouring agents in various food products and in pharmaceutical industry, especially in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines. These seed spices are also used very frequently in homemade medicines for different ailments. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Production of Synthetic Seed    By: Ravi Kumawat

    Synthetic seed is an effective and efficient alternate method of seed production and availability that has developed new vista in agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Quality Enhancement Techniques    By: Ravi Kumawat

    Seed is the basic input for agriculture. Seed is treated to enhance seed longevity, establish optimum and uniform plant population of healthy plants with reduced seed rate. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding for Insect Resistance    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    The breeding for insect resistance is most important because many crops in India and other countries are affected by various insects and it is necessary because it prevent from environmental pollution, the death of beneficial predators, the higher costs involved in spraying of various chemicals and for building up of resistance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Treatment and Quality Measures    By: Ravi Kumawat

    Improvement in shelf life of the seed, protection of seed during germination, seedling establishment and improvement in the vigour of seedling and plant with chemical or physical treatment >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mulching: New Technology for High Groundnut Output    By: Dr. R S Tomar

    Agriculture with mulch in the tropics promotes plant health and vigor; and improves nutrient and water retention in the soil, encourages soil microbial activity and worms, and suppresses weed growth. >> Category: Agriculture
  • How is DRONE Going to Impact Indian Agriculture?    By: Shubha Kumari

    Drone is a emerging technology being used for public services. The article deals with the possibilities of drone technology for development of agriculture and consequences. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Processing and Grading    By: Ravi Kumawat

    Improvement in the physical quality of seed lot by removal of undesirable material and upgrading of seed quality through removal of damaged and undersized seed by mechanical devices with highest efficiency is defined as seed processing. It involves drying, pre-conditioning, basic cleaning and grading. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding for Resistance to Mineral Deficiency    By: Madhu Choudhary

    Twenty percent arable land affect by abiotic stresses in India, therefore, it is necessary to develop resistant genotypes. Genotypes that show markedly lower detrimental effects of mineral deficiency than do other genotypes of the same species are called mineral deficiency resistant genotypes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pre-harvest Fruit Bagging Technology for Apple [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Pre-harvest fruit bagging is becoming an important practice in different parts of world to reduce the incidence of insect-pest and diseases and improvement in colour, fruit finish and quality of fruits. In India, this technology has also been standardized for some fruits like apple, pomegranate, guava etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Somaclonal Variation: Sources, Achievements and Advantages    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Somaclonal variation includes aneuploids, sterile plants and morphological variants, sometimes involving traits of economic importance in case of crop plants. The usefulness of variation was first demonstrated through the recovery of disease resistant plants in potato (resistance against late blight and early blight) and sugarcane (resistance against eye-spot disease, Fiji disease and downy mildew). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Selfing and Crossing Techniques in Plants    By: Kana Ram Kumawat

    Selfing and crossing are the essential procedures in crop improvement process. The exact procedures used to ensure self or cross-pollination of specific plants will depend on the floral structure and normal manner of pollination. Removal of stamens or anthers or killing the pollen of a flower without the female reproductive organ is known as emasculation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diallel Analysis and its Applications in Plant Breeding [PDF]    By: Madhu Choudhary

    Diallel analysis techniques are extensively used in crop improvement programmes for evaluating inbred lines in terms of genetic components of variation and evaluate several single crosses at a time. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Release of New Varieties of Crops    By: Madhu Choudhary

    The release of new varieties are based on conclusive demonstration of the superiority over the best existing varieties in yield ability or in some other feature, therefore, new strains are extensively evaluated for performance, disease resistance and quality etc. in multilocation trials. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Production of Synthetic Varieties [PDF]    By: Madhu Choudhary

    Synthetic varieties have been of great value in the breeding of those cross-pollinated crops where pollination control is difficult and these are good reservoirs of genetic variability. Farmers can use the grains produced from a synthetic variety as seed to raise the next crop. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quality Seed Production    By: Madhu Choudhary

    The seeds of improved varieties must be produced in sufficient quantities to make them available to the farmers. The seed is any part or organ of the plant which has capability to regenerate a new plant. Production of high quality seed requires isolation and seed crop cultivation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Periwinkle- A Medicinal Plant    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    Periwinkle is a happy-go-lucky small sub shrub. It grows in adverse conditions, rain, heat, dust. It can be quite often seen growing out of cervices of walls. It is an evergreen sub shrub or herbaceous plant growing 1 m tall. The leaves are oval to oblong, 2.5-9 cm long and 1-3.5 cm broad, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short leaf-stalk 1-1.8 cm long; they are arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are white to dark pink with a darker red centre, with a basal tube 2.5-3 cm long and a flower 2-5 cm diameter with five petal-like lobes. The fruit is a pair of follicles 2-4 cm long and 3 mm broad. Lots of cultivars have been developed with various colors, from red to white. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Too Much of a Good Thing? Global Warming    By: Dinesh Kumar

    Concurrent with the dramatic increases in the earth's population and the industrialization of civilization during the past 100 years, the earth's average air temperature has increased by about 1F (0.6C). This is called global warming. This may intensifying the effect of greenhouse of the earth's atmosphere through dramatic increases in concentration of greenhouse gases, especially CO2 >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hybrid Pigeonpea - Advantages, Limitations and Future Prospects    By: Dr. Madhu Patial

    Hybrid breeding technology can break the yield plateau of the crop and offers a hope of pulse revolution in India and other developing countries >> Category: Agriculture
  • Expedient Tool for Sustainable Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh - Diversification    By: Dr. Madhu Patial

    The divergent favorable climatic conditions can facilitate diversified land use system in Himachal Pradesh. Since, farm income supports fewer family members in the state, diversification can help families to undergo farming successfully. In addition to agriculture, the land may be utilized for horticulture, forestry, vegetables etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Introduction to Medicinal plant - Saffron    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    The scientific name for saffron is Crocus sativus L. and belongs to the family of Iridaceas, the line of liliaceas. Among the 85 species belonging to the Crocus genus, saffron is the most fascinating and intriguing species. The word "saffron" is derived from the Arabic word za'faran, which translates to "yellow." Commercial saffron is made from the dried stigmas of the saffron flower, a triploid sterile plant and has a unique and distinctively pungent, honey-like flavour and aroma >> Category: Agriculture
  • Periwinkle - A Medicinal Plant    By: Pankaj T. Yeole

    Periwinkle is a happy-go-lucky small sub shrub. It grows in adverse conditions, rain, heat, dust. It can be quite often seen growing out of cervices of walls. It is an evergreen sub shrub or herbaceous plant growing 1 m tall. The leaves are oval to oblong, 2.5-9 cm long and 1-3.5 cm broad, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short leaf-stalk 1-1.8 cm long; they are arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are white to dark pink with a darker red centre, with a basal tube 2.5-3 cm long and a flower 2-5 cm diameter with five petal-like lobes. The fruit is a pair of follicles 2-4 cm long and 3 mm broad. Lots of cultivars have been developed with various colors, from red to white >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Farming - Higher Crop Yield and Eco-friendly to Atmosphere    By: Sharwan Lal Jat

    Organic Farming in reference to crop yield as well as environment. Organic farming refers to a biological potential tool which is eco-friendly to environment and used to obtain higher crop yield without causing any adverse effect to environment. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Apiculture Cultivation Opportunities in Rajasthan    By: Sharwan Lal Jat

    Apiculture or beekeeping is the art of cultivation of honey production, profitable venture or as a medium for entrepreneurship development. Being the source of sugar, vitamins, protein, minerals and having substantial medicinal values, Apiculture as such doesn't require a big investment in terms of money. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Significance of Hydroponic Technique for Crops    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Hydroponics is a technology for growing plants in nutrient solutions (water and fertilizers) with or without the use of an artificial medium (e.g., sand, gravel, vermiculite, rock-wool, peat moss, coir, sawdust) to provide mechanical support. Hydroponic is a soilless technique, which provides nutrient and water to plant with equal and higher yield compare to soil. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Eco-Friendly Fertilizers to Enhance the Crop Productivity    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    The demand for eco-friendly fertilizers is steadily increasing both in the developed and developing countries. Eco-friendly fertilizers are environmental friendly fertilizers unlike inorganic fertilizers. They are low in cost and can be prepared easily with the available raw materials. Their use can ensure better soil quality on long term. Also, continuous use can help in sustaining the crop yields. Therefore many farmers have started using eco-friendly fertilizers along with inorganic fertilizers as they were able to earn more profits. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Vermicompost    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Vermicompost are defined as organic matter of plant and/or animal origin consisting mainly of finely-divided earthworm castings, produced non thermophilically with bio-oxidation and stabilization of the organic material, due to interactions between aerobic microorganism and earthworms, as the materials pass through the earthworm gut. Worm or vermiculture is a useful technique for recycling kitchen and livestock wastes into a rich organic fertilizer, for producing high-protein feed for poultry and initiating a lucrative business selling worms and worm castings for the small farm. Worms are invaluable partners in building the soil in your garden, be it a kitchen or garden or a large field. >> Category: Agriculture

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