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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Engineering Mitochondrial Genome For Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Kiran B. Gaikwad

    Transgene escape and its integration into related crop species through pollen grains is a big environmental concern. Mitochondrion could serve as a dynamic candidate for transgene containment in crops. Having its own transcription and translation machinery, and maternal inheritance gives assurance of transgene containment with high level of expression. This makes a novel strategy to engineer plant mtDNA and its utilization in improving economically important traits in crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Growing of Bougainvillea in Farm Houses    By: Dr. Ganesh B Kadam

    Bougainvillea can be grown in any kind of climatic condition upto the altitude of 2300 MSL, except water logging condition. They are popularly used in landscaping, pot culture and graden decoration due to its colourful bracts, bi-colour leaves and the most important; it flowers profusely during the summer when none of ornamental plant flowers so profusely. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Recycling of Home Waste for Gardening    By: Dr. Ganesh B Kadam

    Home garden can be self sufficient in its own way. All waste from homes like news papers, plastic bags, food waste, vegetable remains, fruit waste, broken utensils, ice cream cups, plastic and glass bottles, etc can be potential material to be part of your home garden by one or another way. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Synchronization of Sources of Growth With Agricultural Research Priorities in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    Agricultural research priorities should be kept along with sources of growth in agriculture just to meet domestic and export requirements along with growth in crop income >> Category: Agriculture
  • Crop Improvement For Human Nutrition    By: Dr. Kiran B. Gaikwad

    The potential to increase the micronutrient density of staple foods by conventional breeding exists. The content and bioavailability of micronutrients in most staple crop plants are variable, are under genetic control and can usually be increased by conventional breeding. When the necessary genetic variability is not available, genetic engineering offers possibilities for increasing the content and bioavailability of micronutrients in crop plants. The international agricultural research system has the capacity to incorporate nutrition-enhancing traits in crop varieties that are desirable to small-scale farmers and will be grown and consumed by the rural poor in developing countries. To provide nutritionally enhanced crops to the rural poor, agriculturists and nutritionists need to work together to define the deficiencies, target the right populations and deliver the right products. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Functional Markers in Plant Breeding    By: Dr. S. V. Amitha Mithra

    Functional markers are developed from polymorphic sites within genes that causally affect target trait variation i.e based on functional characterization of the polymorphisms (Anderson and Lubberstedt 2003). Hence they are more meaningful in plant breeding than random genetic markers. The utilities and limitations of functional markers is discussed here. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Integrated Pest Management For Better Agriculture    By: Shanky Bhat

    IPM extended the concept of integrated control to all classes of pests and was expanded to include tactics other than just chemical and biological controls. Artificial controls such as pesticides were to be applied as in integrated control, but these now had to be compatible with control tactics for all classes of pests. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Farming - Key to Pesticides Free Farming    By: Shanky Bhat

    Organic farming is the form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control. Organic farming uses fertilizers and pesticides but excludes or strictly limits the use of manufactured (synthetic) fertilizers, pesticides (which include herbicides, insecticides and fungicides). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bt Cotton in India: Icebreaking for Transgenics    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    All stakeholders of the technology have to work in unison to harness true potential of transgenics to meet social and commercial interests of the country. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Microsatellite Markers: An Important Tool in Plant Breeding    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    With the advances in understanding the sequence organization of genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), a class of repetitive DNA sequences was found to be an integral part of the eukaryotic genome. Genomic simple sequence repeats (SSRs) have been used for a variety of purposes, including gene tagging, physical mapping, genome mapping and estimation of genetic diversity. SSRs/microsatellites are short sequence elements that are arranged in a simple internal repeat structure. SSR or short tandem repeats of DNA sequences (1-6 bp), is present throughout the genome of an individual, both in coding and non-coding regions. Microsatellite loci display co-dominant inheritance, high information content, reproducibility, and even distribution along chromosomes with specificity of locus >> Category: Agriculture
  • Way Out to Manage Climate Change in Indian Agriculture    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    This article reveals strategy to mange climate change in Indian agriculture. Monsoons play a vital role in Indian agriculture. The agriculture sector contributes for 14 percent of the country's economic output. However, off lately weather patterns are shifting. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Forward and Reverse Genetics to Determine Gene Function in Plants    By: Dr Kishor Gaikwad

    Higher plant genomes are very complex in nature. Most of them harbor polyploidy and large genomes. Deciphering these sequences require huge investments in terms of time and other resources. Once a plant genome sequence is available, it becomes imperative to study its gene content, number and function and its relationship with organisms both within and outside the species and genera. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Concerns of Indian Agriculture to Climate Change    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    This article reveals the sensitivity of Indian agriculture to climate change. Climate change has a global concern because of its potential threats to sustainable economic development and agriculture is more sensitive to it. There is considerable regional variation in the climate and agricultural practices in India. AUTHORS: Shiv Kumar and Kanika >> Category: Agriculture
  • Crop Regulation in Guava: Reference to Mid Hills Altitude of NE India    By: Dr N.A. Deshmukh

    Guava is commercial crop in North-East India. Efficient crop regulation is necessary to increase production and profitability. It relevance is more under mid hill altitude where guava had only one distinct harvest (rainy season). Defoliation of plant or spray of GR were found effective in regulating flowering and fruiting in guava to extend fruit maturity upto Nov with high quality marketable produce >> Category: Agriculture
  • Accelerators For Composting    By: Sunita Gaind

    Composting is a cost effective and environment friendly way of waste recycling. Though, an old technology, but hastening the process of composting, improving nutrition and quality status of compost are some of the novel aspects of present day composting >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mechanisms of Nitrate Uptake in Plants    By: Dr Lekshmy S

    Plants have three distinct nitrate uptake systems viz.. One Low Affinity transport system (LATS) and two High Affinity Transport Systems.(HATS). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Association Mapping - A Novel Genomic Approach for Unraveling Genetic Variation in Crop Plants    By: Dr. Ganapathy KN

    The article speaks about the advancement in science of QTL mapping/ modern genomic tools for facilitating genetic mapping of agronomically important traits in crop plants >> Category: Agriculture
  • Composted Animal Manure as Source of Crop Nutrients    By: Sunita Gaind

    Animal manure is an organic by-product of livestock industry containing many valuable macro (N, P, K) and micro nutrients (boron, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, sulfur, zinc). Their direct application to soil can result in oversupply of nutrients that can damage the soil fertility. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quinoa : A Wonder Crop Recognised by UN General Assembly    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    The article provides information about Quinoa crop whish is now in great demand due to its nutritinal benefits and adaptability to various climates >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sweet Sorghum: A Promising Crop For Biofuel Production    By: Dr. Ganapathy KN

    The article speaks about the importance of sweet sorghum in biofuels production for addressing the growing energy demands >> Category: Agriculture
  • Millets: The Climate Savior Crops    By: Dr.Sunil S Gomashe

    The article provides information regarding importance of millets crops in changing climatic conditions. Also highlights the nutritional benefits from small millets >> Category: Agriculture
  • Applications of Next Generation Sequencing Technologies in Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Ganapathy KN

    The article speaks about the latest advancement in the sequencing technologies and its applications in genetic improvement of crop plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Conversion of C3 to C4 Plants: The Case of C4 Rice    By: Dr Lekshmy S

    C4 plants have 50% higher radiation use efficiency than C3 plants, due to differences in photosynthesis. As the world population is increasing at alarming rates, the need for another 'green revolution' is impending to meet demands for food. One probable solution to this problem is to establish an an efficient, higher capacity photosynthetic mechanism in rice, the C4 pathway. >> Category: Agriculture
  • GREEN MANURING: Economic and Eco-friendly Way of Production    By: Priti Raj Pandita

    A green manure is a remedial approach towards the agriculture. These crops are grown for the benefit of the soil and for turning them back into the soil. Green manure crops are grown to improve the economic viability, while reducing the environmental impacts towards the agriculture.Green manuring help in adding organic matter and nutrients to the soil as well as protecting surface soil from damage >> Category: Agriculture
  • The Role of Mutations in Population Genetics    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    Mutation is the sudden heritable change in an organism. The mutations are very important which create the variation(s) in the organism. the variations may be beneficial to the organism or it may be harmful. Mutations has its own importance in the evolution of organisms. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genetics, Physiology and Molecular Biology of Salinity Stress Tolerance    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    The productivity of plants is greatly affected by various environmental stresses such as drought, salinity and freezing. Among these, salinity is the most important factor limiting crop productivity. Nearly 20 % of worlds cultivated area and nearly half of worlds irrigated land is affected by salinity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sexual Selection    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    Sexual dimorphism, a difference in form or behavior between females and males, is common. The traits like the enormous tail feathers of peacock that appear to be opposed by natural selection. To explain these puzzling traits, Darwin invoked sexual selection. Sexual selection is differential reproductive success resulting from variation in mating success. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hybrid Seed Production - Genetically Engineered Pollination Control Systems    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    Hybrids are contributing a lot in the field of Agriculture with higher production and good quality produce. The raw material for hybrids are the seeds. In the process of Hybrid Seed production, there is requiremet of land labour and technical know how. so development of hybrid seeds with inculcation of genetic engineering will be helpful. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fungi For Improving the Nutritional Value of Rice Straw    By: Sunita Gaind

    Application of lignin degrading enzymes originating from ligno-cellulolytic fungi is a promising biological treatment for improving the nutritive value of straw by selective delignification, but direct inoculation of fungi is much easier and more economical practice to convert straw into good quality manure >> Category: Agriculture
  • Molecular Farming: Production of Vaccines in Plants    By: Dilruba Peya

    Molecular farming is the latest technology that utilizes plants to produce large amounts of pharmaceutical materials such as antibodies and vaccines. It depends on the same process used to produce GM crops the artificial beginning of genes into plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Transgenic Crops: Possible Risks to Agriculture and Environment    By: Dilruba Peya

    Some environmentalists and consumers feel that insufficient attempt has been made to realize the risks in the application of the transgenic crops, including their probable long-term adverse impacts. Some environmental and consumer-advocate organizations have demanded abandonment of genetic engineering development and research. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Future Possibilities For GM Food    By: Dilruba Peya

    Genetically modified foods - It is very important to acknowledge that technology and science alone cannot completely mitigate the debate of GM food, but technology and science can play vital roles, and may launch new scopes. Because it appears as if Genetically Modified foods are at this point to stay, what we have to continue to develop is a food system which allows for production and trade of both non-GM foods and GM foods. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Stages in Plant Disease Development    By: sippy ISSAC

    In an infectious disease there is a series of more or less district events which occur in sequence and lead to development and perpetuation of the disease and the pathogen. This chain of events is called a disease cycle >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Transgenic Plants and Year of Discovery    By: sippy ISSAC

    Transgenic plants, generally modified organisms (GMOs), living modified organisms (LMOs) and generally Engineering Organism (GEOs) are synonyms and represents products of the process of transgenesis. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The Toxins Produced by Microorganisms in Plant Disease Development    By: sippy ISSAC

    The term toxin is generally used for substances, usually but not invariably of pathogen origin which are injurious to plants and directly or indirectly play a role in disease development. Thus harmful enzymes are also toxins >> Category: Agriculture
  • Methods of Gene Transfer in Plants    By: sippy ISSAC

    The totipotency of the plant cells and transformation with foreign DNA paved the way for genetic engineering of plants for desired traits. There are several methods had been tried over the years >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effects of Abiotic Stress    By: sippy ISSAC

    Environmental stress (abiotic and biotic) result in oxidative stress. This occurs most directly as a result of ozone pollution or ionizing radiation. However, oxidative stress is a secondary effect of many type of stress, from pathogen attack to water-deficit stress. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Economic Importance of Bryophytes    By: sippy ISSAC

    The bryophytes include the liverworts (Hepaticae), the hornworts (Anthocerotae) and the mosses (Musci). All the three sub-groups comprise about 24000 species. On the whole none of these is of direct use to man except the peat mosses, hair cap mosses (polytrichum) and some liverworts (Marchantia). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bio-Insecticide - Beauveria Bassiana and its Use in Agriculture    By: Medha Hegde

    Bioinsecticides are a greatly advantageous alternative to the usual chemically formulated insecticides. Unreasonable selection and application of chemical pesticides led to environmental toxicity of their residues, decrease or loss of efficiency due to the evolution of pathogens, unwanted effects on non-target organisms sharing the ecosystem. Therefore Bio Insecticides like Beauveria bassiana are a greatly advantageous alternative to the usual chemically formulated insecticides. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agrobacterium Tumefaciens and Transformation of Plants    By: Medha Hegde

    Despite the many recent developments in plant biotechnology and development of modernised alternative gene transfer techniques such as direct DNA delivery techniques, laser, tissue electrophoration, silicon carbide whiskers etc Agrobacterium tumefaciens still prevail as a oldest and widely used method for plant transformation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sterile Insect Technique For Eradicating Harmful Insects    By: Chandra Kala

    Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is the application of sterile insects in the wild population thereby eliminating the species from the area. SIT is the alternative method developed due to the increased resistance among the insect pest and also the environmental pollution caused by the insecticide. SIT method involves the control of a species by using its own species individuals which are sterile. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bacillus Thuringiensis (insecticide) - Applications in Agricultural Industry    By: Medha Hegde

    Application of Bacillus thuringiensis as an insecticide and Bt transgenic plants in agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Giant African Snail - A Pest Now Getting Out of Control    By: Chandra Kala

    The giant African snail has become the agricultural pest in many countries due to man-made activities. These snails have high reproducing capacity and overpopulate any area they enter. The combined control measure like chemical, biological and physical methods are important in eradicating these snails. The community participation in manual collection and destroying snails is the important method of controlling this pest. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Farming: Healthier Food For Everyone    By: Chandra Kala

    Healthier food is the right for everyone and organic farming is the best solution to achieve this goal. The current practice of agriculture with discriminate use of pesticides and chemical manure, not only pollute the environment and biodiversity, also reduced the quality of food. Organic farming is only the ray of hope for mankind to get healthier food with balanced eco friendly environment for future generations. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The Role of Biofertilizers in Agriculture    By: Chandra Kala

    Alternative to chemical fertilizers is required to reduce environmental pollution. Biofertilizers are one such technique, which can be used in a scientific way to avoid environmental pollution. Biofertilizers not only keep the crops healthy, will change the micro environment of the soil and increases beneficiary microbial fauna. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Recycling Urban Organic Waste Into Fertilizer: Value of Farmer Friend    By: Chandra Kala

    The generated organic waste is the major challenge for the cities which results in spending major money for its disposal. Earthworms provide an effective solution to this problem. A well established Vermicomposting technology can be used for the degradation of municipal organic waste into eco friendly fertilizer. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genetic Engineering For Crop Improvement    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    Genetic engineering becomes a powerful technique that applicable for altering the genetic make up of the crop plants. It is achieved through transgenic or recombinant DNA technology. The crop plants having so many desired characters but due the presence of one or few unfavourable characters makes the crop to limit in its area & production. so there is solution of genetic engg. for crop improvement >> Category: Agriculture
  • Transgenic Bt Cotton - Boon or Bane to the Indian Farmers    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    Cotton is a most important fiber & commercial crop of the world which is cultivated in tropical & semi tropical regions of the world. The cotton is also known as 'white gold'. Among biotic stresses, insect pest incidence becomes a major constraint in cotton production. To meet the changing needs of present day requirements, developing improved varieties in cotton via genetic engineering is needed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Antimicrobial Compounds of Plants    By: SUNIL KUMAR, S.V.

    Antimicrobial compounds of plants collectively referred as 'green chemicals'. The majority of antimicrobial compounds are identified as secondary metabolites. Prohibitins are essential oil components with antimicrobial activity. 1389 plants have a potential green chemical sources and 250 new antifungal metabolites. This method of preservation is termed as 'Allelopathy'. The major concern is the control of microorganisms to increase the shelf life and prevent microorganisms. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Space Farming: A Step Towards Establishing the Space World    By: RANJANA BHARTI

    Space is just an another surviving place instead of earth where in future humans are going to live there in vast numbers and in other words; it will become a whole new habitat or the next suburb which finally establishes the huge space world. Space farming simply refers to growing plants in space or creating earth like condition or something close to it for build up the new farms. >> Category: Agriculture

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