Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience
Request for an Author Account | Login | Submit Article
|HOME||FAQ||TOP AUTHORS||FORUMS||PUBLISH ARTICLE|
Nanotechnology in BioremediationBY: Shanky Bhat | Category: Environmental-Biotechnology | Submitted: 2013-01-24 11:40:51
Article Summary: "Nanotechnology offers potential to stabilize and guard enzymes against mechanical and biotic degradation and thus increases their half-life and permits recirculation in their use while reducing the cost of bioremediation strategies. .."
Nanotechnology in Bioremediation
In general nanotechnology has involved with objects on the nano scale, or materials measuring between 1 and 100 nm. It was found to be a good definition which is practical and unconstrained by any arbitrary size limitations: The characterization, design, production, and application of structures, devices, and systems by controlled manipulation of shape and size at the nanometer scale that produces structures, devices, and systems with at least one novel/greater characteristic or property (Bawa et al., 2005). For example, Carbon nanotubes have been known for their ability that can adsorb dioxin much more strongly than traditional activated carbon. Smaller particle size allows the development of smaller sensors, which can be deployed more easily into remote locations. The capability of nanotechnology to abate pollution production is in the progress and could potentially catalyze the most revolutionary changes in the environmental field (Watlington, 2005).
Nanotechnology offers potential to stabilize and guard enzymes against mechanical and biotic degradation and thus increases their half-life and permits recirculation in their use while reducing the cost of bioremediation strategies. Encapsulation of xenobiotic-degrading enzymes in nano-particles (1-100 nm) recovers both steadiness and defense against degradation. Enzymes that bind to nanoparticles are more stable and, therefore, less susceptible to mechanical shearing and loss of three-dimensional structure. At the same time, since enzymes are encapsulated inside the nano-structure, hence attack by protease can be prevented. As a result, enzymes continue stable and can be reused numerous times. The usefulness of this approach was demonstrated by Lee et al. 2007 in a 100-day experiment where a nano-ﬁber-esterase enzyme complex remained functional in both recurrent batch and continuous long-term operation.
Immobilization of enzymes using such approaches delivers an excellent opportunity to spread the half-life and reusability of enzymes and thus reduce the cost of operation. Though, the true progress of emerging technologies could be realized only if all above discussed approaches are integrated at conceptual stage ( Smriti Rayu, et al., 2012)
About Author / Additional Info:
Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)
• Understanding the Team Insurance Policy (Group Insurance)
• Surgery, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy Followed by Tumor Immunotherapy?
• Genetic Use Restriction Technology (GURT) in Crop Plants.
• Animal Manure Recycling Technology For P Enriched Compost
Latest Articles in "Environmental-Biotechnology" category:
• Advantages and Disadvantages of Biofuels
• Phytoremediation For Heavy Metals
• Biotechnology For a Clean Environment
• Methods of Wastewater Treatment
• Steps Involved in Nitrogen Cycle
• Biotechnology and Environment Protection
• Greenhouse Effect - Importance and Types
• Biological Degradation of Xenobiotics
• Phytoremediation - Greener Approach to Control Pollution
• Impact of Waste Management
• Waste Water Treatment Steps: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Treatment
• Bioremediation - A Weapon to Tackle Oil Spills
• Phytoremediation - Use of green plants to remove pollutants
• The History of Botany | Botanists in Philippines
• Bioremediation by Cold Tolerant Microbes
• Cold Adaptation by Microorganisms
• Succession Stages of Xerosere
• The Climax Concept - Theories and Categories
• Succession Stages of Hydrosere
Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.
ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
| Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS | Submission Guidelines | Contact Us