Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article
 
 
HOME FAQ TOP AUTHORS FORUMS PUBLISH ARTICLE
 
 

Mass Spectrometry For the Identification of Protein

BY: Muniba Safdar | Category: Genetics | Submitted: 2010-08-11 07:00:28
       No Photo
Article Summary: "What is Mass Spectrometer? It is a technique used to identify proteins from a sample. Its principle depends on mass, i.e. less mass of ion more will be the deflection, similarly more mass of ion, less will be the deflection (source of deflection is magnetic field or electric field). Generally, it is used to find molecular mass/m.."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article
     


Mass spectrometry is a technique used to identify proteins from a sample. Its principle depends on mass, i.e. less mass of ion more will be the deflection, similarly more mass of ion, less will be the deflection (source of deflection is magnetic field or electric field). Generally, it is used to find molecular mass/mass to charge ratio of ions in a vacuum (our molecule will pass on without any collision with air molecule). More specifically, it is used to determine mass to charge ratio.
Components of Mass Spectrometer

Mass spectrometer has three components.

1. Ion Source: molecules are converted into ions. Vacuum is created.
2. Mass Analyzer: calculation of mass to charge ratio.
3. Detector: This detects molecule/protein/peptide present.

Firstly, peptides are inserted into mass spectrometer, and then they are inserted into ion source where inert gas is introduced to avoid any reaction then collide with some material.
Normally, we use electric field in case of peptides. Peptide becomes unstable, one of the electrons will knock out and peptide becomes charged. Mass spectrometer always deals with positive charge (+1). Chlorine will also get positive charge 35.5/+1. But in case of 35.5/+2 this statement is not true.

When we have applied strong electric field, peptides are broken into fragments in ion source. These fragments will be placed into mass analyzer. Mass of fragment will be determining one by one.

To bring intact protein to mass analyzer and detector we have used a method called MALDI, Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Absorption Ionization.

MALDI (Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Absorption Ionization)


• First of all we make a solution of α-cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamic acid.
• Then it is mixed in purified water.
• Now we add organic solvent in it e.g. ethanol, this solution has some properties; it can absorb UV light (high absorbance capacity for UV light) and it is acidic (it will encourage its ionization).
• After preparation of this solution we put or peptide, each peptide has two properties; hydrophobic (dissolve in organic solvent) and hydrophilic (dissolve in water).
• We have MALDI plate, we put our solution on it, advantage is our solvent will vaporize and become crystallized.
• Peptides are embedded in crystals. Hence, peptides are safe.
• Now peptides are ready to go into vacuum,
• Then we pass on UV light. First three materials will be absorbed by crystals in the form of heat, charge will be shift on peptide, and peptide does not absorb UV light.
• Now peptides are ionized. Because of laser UV light, sublimation of crystals occurs.
• Ions are directly converted from solid to gas.
• Peptides ions (gaseous form) transfer into mass analyzer then into detector.

Four types of Mass Analyzer


Four types of analyzers are used.
1. Triple Quadropole
2. TOF (Time of Flight)
3. Ion Trap
4. FT-ICRA (Fourier Transform Ion cyclotron Resonance Analyzes).

About Author / Additional Info:


Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:



Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)


Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment By Comment

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 3362



Additional Articles:

•   The Role of Endometrial Cells in Treating Cardiac Failure

•   New Dimension of Scope and Career in Microbiology

•   In Vitro Synthetic Seed Formation in Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.)

•   Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria




Latest Articles in "Genetics" category:
•   The Science and History of Genetics. How It Predicts the Genetic Code

•   Telomeres: Is It Responsible For Ageing and Cancer?

•   Human Genetic Engineering,its Methods and Ethics

•   Gene Mutation And Cancer

•   DNA Technology Used in Forensics

•   DNA Fingerprinting: Uses and Methods Involved

•   Treatment of Genetic Diseases by Gene Therapy

•   Human Intelligence and Genetics

•   Ethical Issues Related to Human and Animal Cloning

•   Mitochondrial DNA and Forensic

•   DNA Footprinting and Gene Sequencing

•   Biotechnology and Types of Cloning

•   Designer Babies:Method and Ethical Issues

•   Prenatal Diagnosis: Non-invasive and Invasive Techniques

•   What are the Benefits of Genetic Engineering?

•   The Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering in Humans

•   Types of Genetic Disorders

•   Bovine Somatotropin: A Growth Hormone

•   Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Food



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.

ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  


  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us