Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience
Request for an Author Account | Login | Submit Article
|HOME||FAQ||TOP AUTHORS||FORUMS||PUBLISH ARTICLE|
Applications of Bacteria in Agriculture, Environment and Dairy IndustryBY: Amna Adnan | Category: Others | Submitted: 2010-06-06 23:19:28
Article Summary: "Bacteria are the unicellular organisms. They are of great importance in the biotechnology. Industries like Agriculture, dairy and environment make use of bacteria for various purposes..."
Bacteria are the microscopic microorganisms. Their single cell does not contain a proper cell membrane and cell organelles. There are no mitochondria in it. They divide by binary fission, no mitosis or meiosis take place in them Bacteria are of so much importance in the biotechnology industry. Before the progress of biotechnology, it had been used in many domestic applications for example in the process of making yogurt. Bacteria are also of importance because they produce secondary metabolites. E.coli has special impotence because it is used in the cloning of many genes. Bacteria can also be used in agriculture.
Applications of Bacteria in Agriculture:-
There are certain bacteria which contain special properties which are beneficent for plants. These bacteria are present in soil and they affect the crops by fighting against the harmful bacteria and they are also the source of providing nutrition to the crops. Some bacteria like rhizobia and agrobacteria are used to release seed inoculants and are very useful for the plants. The bacteria like Azoarcus are of much importance for the plants that it fixes the endophyte of the grasses. This type of bacteria is mostly helpful for the crop of rice and they are very much environment friendly. When the seed is sown in the soil, bacteria play an important role in its germination. The bacteria grow in the seed ad seed in return get food from it. Bacteria increase the fertility of the soil and provide such nutrients to the soil which are useful for the plant growth. They also help in softening the food in the seed and this is the reason plants come out of the seeds. Though it is not certain what role bacteria play when the plants grow but they are of much importance in the early stages of plant development. Certain pesticides are developed using bacteria which give benefit to the crops. Bacillus thurengiensis is a gram positive bacterium used in agriculture.
Applications of Bacteria in Dairy Industry:-
It is a fact that from the beginning since the man has been used cattle for domestic use, bacteria played an impotent role in it. It is proved that milk does not contain any bacteria when it comes out of the glands of the animal, but after it is collected, all the changes which occur in the milk, they are all because of bacteria. Bacteria play their role in the making of yogurt. When milk along with some yogurt in it is kept for some hours, it will convert into yogurt. It is the bacteria which leads the whole process and changes the milk into yogurt. Similarly in making of beer and bread, bacteria are used.
Applications of Bacteria in Environment:-
Bacteria are very much of importance for the environment as they make the environment free from the pollutants. The pollutants which emerge from the industrial wastes, bacteria have the ability to digest them so that they can be recycled in the form of energy and nutrients and do not harm the environment. Bacteria also convert the trees into coal which are buried under the earth for millions and billions of years. This coal can be used for fuel, for producing electricity and various other useful purposes.
About Author / Additional Info:
Comments on this article: (2 comments so far)
• Nanotechnology in Bioremediation
• Indicator Species - Important Monitoring Tools
• Hybridoma Technology - A Biotechnology Technique
• Siro Clinpharm Pvt Ltd - History, Corporate Timeline and Services
Latest Articles in "Others" category:
• Biotechnology, Its Techniques and Human Health
• Techniques of Biotechnology
• Nanomedicine and Disease Treatment
• Biotechnology and Livestock
• Bioinformatics: Combination of Biotechnology and Information Technology
• Gene Patenting and Its Uses
• Polymerase Chain Reaction: A Technique of Biotechnology
• Pharmacogenomics: Benefits and Barriers
• Human Genome Project: Ethical and Legal Issues
• Plant and Animal Tissue Culture: Procedure, Benefits and Limitations
• Therapeutics and Biotechnology
• Biotechnology: A Revolutionary Field and Biotech Challenges
• Recombinant DNA Technology
• Environment and Biotechnology
• Biosensors: Role in Biotechnology
• Human Insulin and Recombinant DNA Technology
• Biotechnology and Its Applications
• Genetic Engineering and its Methods
• Types of Gene Mutations - Diseases Caused By Gene Mutation
Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.
ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
| Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS | Submission Guidelines | Contact Us