Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article
 
 
HOME FAQ TOP AUTHORS FORUMS PUBLISH ARTICLE
 
 

Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum) as Nutritionally Enriched Pulse

BY: Kirti Rani | Category: Others | Submitted: 2012-07-24 03:12:47
       Author Photo
Article Summary: "Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is commonly well known market pulse for the human consumption due to its high nutritional value..."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article
     


Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the world's third most important pulse after common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and pea (Pisum sativum). India is the world leader in chickpea (Bengal gram) production followed by Pakistan and Turkey. Chickpeas are nutritionally enriched with zinc, folate and protein. This is also good source of dietary fiber which in turn excellent healthy source of carbohydrates for persons with insulin sensitivity or diabetes. Chickpeas are low in polyunsaturated fat and 100 grams of mature boiled chickpeas contains 164 calories, 2.6 grams of fat (of which only 0.27 grams is saturated), 7.6 grams of dietary fiber and 8.9 grams of protein. Chickpeas also provide dietary phosphorus (49-53 mg/100 g) with some sources citing the garbanzo's content as about the same as yogurt and close to milk. Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum) do not cause lathyrism while Chickling peas (Lathyrus sativus) and other plants of the genus Lathyrus contain the toxins associated with lathyrism.Recent studies have also shown that they can be helpful in lowering of blood cholesterol level. The plant grows up to 50 cm (8-20 inches) high and has small feathery leaves on either side of the stem. Chickpeas are a type of pulse with one seedpod containing two or three peas. It has white flowers with blue, violet or pink veins.
There are two types of chickpea:
1. Desi chana: It has darker seeds and a rough coat and commonly cultivated in the Indian subcontinent, Ethiopia, Mexico, and Iran. The Desi is also known as Bengal gram or kala chana.
2. Kabuli chana: It has lighter coloured, larger seeds and a smoother coat and mainly grown in Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Chile. Kabuli or safed chana is the kind widely grown throughout the Mediterranean.
Desi is closely resembles seeds found both on archaeological sites and the wild plant ancestor (Cicer reticulatum) of domesticated chickpea which only grows in southeast Turkey. Desi chickpeas have a markedly higher fiber content than Kabulis and have very low glycemic index which is helpful in various blood sugar problems. The desi type is used to make Chana Dal which is type of split chickpea without skin. Chickpeas and Bengal grams are used to make curries and are one of the most popular vegetarian foods in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the UK. Dried chickpeas need a long cooking time (1-2 hours) but will easily fall apart when they are generally soaked for 12-24 hours in water before use and hence, cooking time can be shortened by around 30 minutes by this procedure.

About Author / Additional Info:
*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Kirti Rani,
Assistant Professor (II),
Amity Institute of Biotechnology,
Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida,
Sec-125, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Noida-201303 (UP), India.
Off. Phone no: +120-4392946
Mobile no: +9990329492
Email ID: krsharma@amity.edu, kirtisharma2k@rediffmail.

Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:



Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)


Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment By Comment

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 2377



Additional Articles:

•   Application of Genetic Engineering in Bioremediation: Deinococcus Radiodurans

•   Metabolic Pathways in Molecular Genetics

•   Soil and Water Management Strategies for Sustainable Production in Coastal-Saline Zone of West Bengal [PDF]

•   Evolutionary Principles and Neutral Mutation




Latest Articles in "Others" category:
•   Biotechnology, Its Techniques and Human Health

•   Techniques of Biotechnology

•   Nanomedicine and Disease Treatment

•   Biotechnology and Livestock

•   Bioinformatics: Combination of Biotechnology and Information Technology

•   Gene Patenting and Its Uses

•   Polymerase Chain Reaction: A Technique of Biotechnology

•   Pharmacogenomics: Benefits and Barriers

•   Human Genome Project: Ethical and Legal Issues

•   Plant and Animal Tissue Culture: Procedure, Benefits and Limitations

•   Therapeutics and Biotechnology

•   Biotechnology: A Revolutionary Field and Biotech Challenges

•   Recombinant DNA Technology

•   Environment and Biotechnology

•   Biosensors: Role in Biotechnology

•   Human Insulin and Recombinant DNA Technology

•   Biotechnology and Its Applications

•   Genetic Engineering and its Methods

•   Types of Gene Mutations - Diseases Caused By Gene Mutation



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.

ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  


  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us