Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience
Request for an Author Account | Login | Submit Article
|HOME||FAQ||TOP AUTHORS||FORUMS||PUBLISH ARTICLE|
Microorganisms and Production of FoodBY: Amna Adnan | Category: Others | Submitted: 2010-06-09 10:58:52
Article Summary: "Microorganisms are of great importance in the field of biotechnology. They are beneficial in the production of many kinds of foods and also in preserving them..."
Microorganisms are very small unicellular organisms. They cannot be seen with the naked eye. Some microorganisms are prokaryotes and some are eukaryotes. These organisms are called as microorganisms because whenever they divide they reproduce into a single cell. But even the single cell contains al the important components which are necessary for their life. Their DNA molecule contains the complete genome sequence and contains the information of heredity. Microorganisms have great importance in biotechnology. They are used for various purposes, for example for the production of food and for the removal of pollutants from the environment. Here are some foods which are made from the microorganisms:
Butter is made from the cream usually, but the traditional method of making butter is by using yogurt. The cream is in pasteurized form. The addition of starter lactic acid makes it easy to make butter. This starter cream contains streptococcus cremoris or in other words S. lactis. To give the taste and odor to the butter, Lactobacillus diacetylactis plays an important role.
2)Production of meat:-
The fermentation of foods like sausages and salami takes place by using Pediucoccus cerevisiae and Lactobacillus plantarum and some other members of the bacillus family.
Bacteria and fungi make it possible to produce soy sauce. By using these microorganisms, fermentation of rice and soy beans takes place. The special kind of bacteria which are used in making of soy sauce are Aspergillus oryzae, Lactobacillus delbrueckii etc.
Domestic method of making yogurt is to put some yogurt in the milk, after some hours it will completely convert into yogurt. Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus are added to the milk to produce yogurt.
5)Chocolates and Coffee:-
There are certain microorganisms which are used in the production of chocolates and coffee. Though microorganisms do not change the flavor of the coffee but they enhance the taste of chocolates and cocoa. The vectors used in the production of the chocolates are bacteria S. napoli and S. eastbourne. Scientists have made research about the chocolate and has observed that people who eat chocolate, they have less chances of having heart attack or stomach diseases.
Usually yeast is involved in the synthesis of beer. Two yeasts are much important in the process of fermentation of beer; Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces ellipsoideus. These two types of yeast convert the grapes into wine or beer.
Biotechnology has made it possible to invent such methods through which different kinds of foods can be produced. Economically these foods are of great importance and are very reliable. Biotechnology also assures the safety of the food and harmful microorganisms cannot affect the foods.
About Author / Additional Info:
Comments on this article: (1 comments so far)
• Mutation Breeding of Citurs Fruits
• You and Your Baby When You Are 26 Weeks Pregnant
• DNA Fingerprinting of Plants: An Analysis of Various Methods
• Sample Preparation For Microscopy
Latest Articles in "Others" category:
• Biotechnology, Its Techniques and Human Health
• Techniques of Biotechnology
• Nanomedicine and Disease Treatment
• Biotechnology and Livestock
• Bioinformatics: Combination of Biotechnology and Information Technology
• Gene Patenting and Its Uses
• Polymerase Chain Reaction: A Technique of Biotechnology
• Pharmacogenomics: Benefits and Barriers
• Human Genome Project: Ethical and Legal Issues
• Plant and Animal Tissue Culture: Procedure, Benefits and Limitations
• Therapeutics and Biotechnology
• Biotechnology: A Revolutionary Field and Biotech Challenges
• Recombinant DNA Technology
• Environment and Biotechnology
• Biosensors: Role in Biotechnology
• Human Insulin and Recombinant DNA Technology
• Biotechnology and Its Applications
• Genetic Engineering and its Methods
• Types of Gene Mutations - Diseases Caused By Gene Mutation
Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.
ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
| Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS | Submission Guidelines | Contact Us