INDIAN MANUFACTURERS

Aditya Aromatics, Srinagar P.O., Varni Mandal, Nizamabad - 503201
Asean Aromatics Pvt. Ltd., Factory & Office : Plot 15-A, IIIrd Cross Street, Nehru Nagar, Kottivakkam,Chennai-600 041
Hindustan Mint & Agro Products Pvt. Ltd. Barehseni Street, Chandausi - 202 412
Kanaga Aromatics (P) Ltd., Subbaiah Naidu Industrial Complex, Y. Pudupatti, Arumbanur Post, Madurai North-625 107.
Kancor Flavours and Extracts Limited, XVII/138, Kanakkankadavu Road, Angamaly South-683 573, Kerala.
Naturola Agro Pvt. Ltd., No.7, Sai Niwas, Modi Baug, Pune-411 016
Sivam Aromatics, 263, Sanisanthai, Chennampatty, Erode Dt. - 638 504

IMPORT/EXPORT TRENDS

Countrywise imports of Davana oil :
Period: April 2001 to March 2002

Country - Quantity in Kg
France - 100
Austria - 1
Australia - 2
France - 100
Hong Kong - 4
Israel - 4
Japan - 3
Netherlands - 80
Singapore - 31
South Africa - 4
Spain - 111
UK - 58
USA - 863
India - 22.23

PRICE TRENDS
The price of Davana oil is surging because of limited supplies and continued strong
demand. Average price of Davana Oil is currently Rs.16,000/- per kg.

INDIAN DEMAND
Indian demand : 500 Kg per annum
Export demand : 2000 kg per annum
Total demand : 2500 kg per annum

A few number of units produce Davana oil in the country to meet the requirement. In India, Davana oil has not attained popularity because of its high price. Nevertheless, the countries like USA, Europe, Japan are showing increasing interest for use in perfumes, cakes, pastries, tobacco and also a few of the costly beverages.

BROAD OUTLINE OF MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Oil and climate
Davana is mostly cultivated in the red soil regions in South India. It comes up very well in rich
loamy soils.

Process of cultivation
Davana is mostly cultivated in the red soil regions in South India. It comes up very well in rich
loamy soils. Davana is an annual herb, family compositor, requiring about four months to reach maturity, at which it attains a height of about around one and half feet.

Season is not an important criterian when Davana is grown for use in garlands and bouquets. In
this case, the crop is pulled out when it is about two months old. On the other hand, season is
very important when the crop is grown for production of oil.

The crop is allowed to grow until it flowers, which take about 4 months from sowing. It is grown as short term crop from November to February/March and as a rotation crop extending upto April/May. A few light showers in the season, bright sunshine, a crisp winter with no first and heavy morning dew, all contribute to a good crop. The crop does not withstand heavy rains. Particularly, when the crop is blooming and is getting ready for harvest, cloudy weather or rain could substantially affect the oil yield.

Total yield the main crop and the ratoon crop is about 14 tonnes per hectare, which on shade drying and distillation yields about 10 kg. of Davana oil. In large scale distillation, an average yield of 3.2% from a material dried for about 2 days may be considered satisfactory.

Oil content in davana is maximum in the flower head and is much less in the leaf and stem.
At the time of harvesting, flower heads contribute nearly 45% of the total weight of the plant
material, while it is only about 30% in the ratoon crop.

Oil Content and Yield


Total yield of fresh herbage from the main crop and the ratoon crop is about 14 tonnes per
hectare,which on shade drying and distillation yields about 10 kg. of Davana Oil.

Percentage yield of oil (v/w) in Davana

Type - Air dry basis (dried for two days) | Oven-dry basis
Whole plant - 0.38 | 1.06
Flower heads - 0.55 | 1.38
Leaves - 0.17 | 0.30
Stems - 0.10 | 0.30

GLOBAL SCENARIO

Important global consumers

Alexander Essentials Ltd, 55 yorkshire street, Morecambe,lancashire, La3 iqf England
Berje Inc., 5 Lawrence St. Bloomfield, NJ 07003, USA
Frencharoma Imports Inc., 15-58 127th St., PO Box 564070, College Point, NY 11356, Contact: Kamal Mansukhaui

DISCUSSIONS ON ECONOMIC CAPACITY, PROJECT COST AND PROFITABILITY PROJECTIONS

Installed Capacity : 45 kg. of Davana Oil
Project Cost : Rs.26 lakhs

WHERE :

Land : 6 .02 lakhs
Building: 5 lakhs
Cost of Plant & Machinery 3.79 lakhs
Technical know-how fees 0.40 lakhs
Miscellaneous fixed assets 7.27 lakhs
Preliminary & Pre-operative expenses: 2.14 lakhs
Provision for contingency 1.2 lakhs
Working capital margin Rs. 0.02 lakhs
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Total project cost 25.87 lakhs


FACTORS INFLUENCING THE POSTION FOR A NEW INDUSTRY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Considering the fact that Davana crop could be cultivated only in tropical countries like
India in specific seasonal conditions, it is an attractive export oriented project.

The demand for Davana in the global market is growing up steadily. The good knowledge of the international trends in the field is required to exploit the export opportunity for Davana.

About Author / Additional Info:
sharma.brijeshpharma@gmail.com