Experience of New Initiatives and Minimum Support Price in Agriculture Sector of Rajasthan
Authors: Rajendra Jangid and Mahendra
Department of Agricultural Economics, S.K.N. Agriculture University
Jobner-303329, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
*Email: rajendra94jangid@gmail.com


  • 80% of Rajasthan’s population resides in rural area
  • Sector contribution to the state GDP is around 22.5%
  • Cultivated area of 20 million hectares but only 20% of the total cultivated area is irrigated
  • Farmers depend largely on both rainfed and ground water agriculture
  • This has led to a decrease of ground water level.

Jowar Ajmer, Pali, Tonk, Nagaur, Bharatpur, Alwar, Jodhpur, Bhilwara, Kota.
Bajra Barmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Churu, Jhalore, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Jaipur, Alwar
Wheat Ganganagar, Jaipur, Alwar, Bharatpur, Kota, Bundi, Hanumangarh, Chittor.
Barley Jaipur, Sikar, Alwar, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Nagaur, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Dausa.
Gram Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Ajmer, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Alwar, Tonk.
Moong Nagaur, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Sikar, Jalore, Jhunjhunu, Almer. Barmer, Tonk.
Urad Chittore, Banswara, Udaipur, Dungarpur,Jhalwar, Bhilwara

The National Commission on Agriculture defined agricultural marketing as a process which starts with a decision to produce a saleable farm commodity and it involves all aspects of market structure of system, both functional and institutional, based on technical and economic considerations and includes pre and post- harvest operations, assembling, grading, storage, transportation and distribution.


  • Commission of Agriculture Cost and Prices
  • Food Corporation of India
  • Cotton Corporation of India
  • Jute Corporation of India

  • Gloden Rays Project
  • Weather Based Crop Insurance
  • Promotion of Organic Farming
  • Research and Education
  • Promotiom of Olive cultivation

    Some of the state’s effective agro marketing strategies are
    Amendments to the APMC Act: In Rajasthan, reforms to APMC Act have been done for Direct Marketing and Contract farming.
    Direct marketing: License for Direct Marketing has been granted in Rajasthan to ITC e-choupal.
    Contract Farming: Helps in increasing the income of the farmers.

    Development of mega markets
  • Under MIS garlic production increased significantly in 2011-12
  • Procurement under MIS during 2012-13 was hardly 62799 quintals
  • Procurement was made at the rate of 1700 rupees per quintal
  • Prices were very low during 2012-13
  • Government suffered huge loss due to this procurement There was significant decrease in gram production under PSS in 2011-12 as compared to earlier year 2010-11.

  • There are only 22 rural godwons in the state as compared to 310 in Andhra Pradesh and 334 un Bihar
  • Has 209 grading labs which which is much moire than 44 in Andhra Pradesh and 62 in Punjab
  • Cooperatives in the state if of area 342, 236 sq km
  • Need to construct more scientific storage facility in the rural area
  • Private sector involvement is also necessary as huge capital is needed for storage infrastructure.

    Issues that need to be addressed for the benefit of the farmers:
  • Assurance of remunerative price for their produce
  • Timely payment of their sale proceeds , no commission charges from the farmers
  • Adequate storage facilities for farm produce
  • Mandis at nearby places
  • Proper and timely transportation facility
  • Widening reach of contract farming and direct marketing
  • Provide facilities for export purpose

About Author / Additional Info:
I am currently pursuing Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from SKRAU, Bikaner.