Azadirachta indica (Neem plant) have a numerous pharmacological activity, used as raw materials for pesticide, medicine and other commodities. Each part of neem plant is wonder herbal plant due to its own several significant therapeutic uses i.e. anthelmintic, antiemetic, antacid, antileprotic, antipyretic, analgesic, mosquito repellant, antifertility etc. Azadirachta indica (Neem plant) is a member of the Meliaceae family and native to south Asia and Southeast Asia. Bark of Neem plant is popularly known for its bitter, astringent and refrigerant properties. Bark extract is good source of anthelmintic, antiemetic, antacid, antileprotic, antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent too. Root and shoot bark are also clinically used in blood purification, amenorrhoea, fatigue, thirst, and urinary tract infections. The young branches of neem plant are useful in asthma, piles, tumors and urinary discharges from ancient times. Extracts of Azadirachta indica (Neem plant) seeds have multidrug resistant property against Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans. Whereas Neem extract is used for antibacterial finishing of polyester/cotton blend fabrics too which are resistant to microbial attack. The leaves of neem plants are good for eye, skin diseases and in leprosy and old leaves are anthelmintic, alexeteric, insecticidal and in curing of peptic/abdominal ulcers. The juice of the leaves is ancient remedy for biliousness and cures snake-bite. Leaf extract of neem plant has antiviral, antimalarial, antiretroviral and antihemorrhagic activity commonly used in the treatment of cholera and diarrhea. Neem seeds are used for the treatment of leprosy and its oil is anthelmintic which is excellent local remedy in some chronic forms of skin diseases, ulcers, foul and sloughing ulcers. The oil is used as external application for rheumatism and extracted gel from neem extract significantly reduces the plaque index and bacterial count. It has antiseptic and larvicidal properties. The unripe fruit acts as a purgative, anthelmintic, cure of urinary discharges, skin diseases, tumors, piles and toothache. The ripe fruit is used for human consumption and eye diseases. The flowers are stimulant acts as anthelmintic in cure of dyspepsia and stomach-ache. The mixed preparation of bark, gum, leaf and seeds of neem plants are used as remedy for the treatment of snake bite and scorpion sting.
About Author / Additional Info:
Dr. Kirti Rani,
Assistant Professor (II),
Amity Institute of Biotechnology,
Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida,
Sec-125, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Noida-201303 (UP), India.
Off. Phone no: +120-4392946
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