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Most Recent Genetics Articles.
  • Gene Therapy - Applications and Limitations    By: Syed Amir Manzoor

    The article focus on the basic concept of gene therapy. It also emphasizes on the key application and possible limitations associated with this biotechnological methodology. >> Category: Genetics
  • Blood And Immunogenetics - RH Blood Type and its Inheritance    By: Shalini Balan

    Genetics of blood system - The genetics of the immune response is termed as immunogentics . This branch of science deals between relationship of the immune system and genetics. The study of the Rh, ABO and other blood groups or the HLA system is important to kidney and other transplants. >> Category: Genetics
  • Multigene Families - Types, Evolution and Examples    By: Sandhya Anand

    Multigene families have similar sequences in their genome and hence reveal course of evolution among related species or between the individuals. The article describes the types and importance of multigene families in brief. >> Category: Genetics
  • Polyploidy - Causes and Types    By: Sandhya Anand

    Polyploidy or the presence of three or more sets of genomes in an organism is one of the important phenomenon commonly found in plants. The process is central to the evolutionary history since it reveals the pattern of gene duplication and speciation. The article gives a brief account of the causes and different types of polyploidy. >> Category: Genetics
  • Humanized Antibodies - Production and Applications in Cancer Therapy    By: Kanya Sasi

    Humanized antibodies are the name given to antibodies derived from non human species whose proteins have been modified to enhance their resemblance to natural human antibodies. When therapeutic antibodies are produced in non human immune system (for example mice) their protein sequence are to some extent different from that of natural human antibodies. It is important to humanize these antibodies >> Category: Genetics
  • Techniques Used in Detection of Genetic Diseases - Part 2    By: Kanya Sasi

    Most of the techniques used in identifying a gene responsible for a genetic disorder can be applied only when there is pre-information about the genes or the gene products. However in many cases where there is no knowledge about the genes or the gene products a different approach has to be used. In such cases the most probable gene resulting in the disorder can be identified by using other methods >> Category: Genetics
  • Techniques Used in Detection of Genetic Diseases - Part 1    By: Kanya Sasi

    It is important to first identify the genes responsible for a genetic disorder before establishing the disease. Identification of responsible genes is vital. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Control and Mechanisms of Phosphate Solubilization in Bacteria    By: PIYUSH JOSHI

    Article focus on the production of major organic acids which is considered as the principal mechanism for mineral phosphate solubilization in bacteria >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Therapy - Introduction, Types and Applications    By: Kanya Sasi

    An introduction outlining the basics of Gene therapy. It aims at rectifying the defective genes causing genetic diseases. >> Category: Genetics
  • Causes of Genetic Disorders in Babies    By: Muniba Safdar

    In babies genetic disorders are caused by an anomaly in the DNA. Subtraction, addition or mutation of genes is indications of genetic diseases in babies. Let's understand the susceptibility of the human fight to genes and their expressions. As we know that genes are tiny, microscopic segments of DNA. These are involved in producing a polypeptide chain. >> Category: Genetics
  • Abnormalities Caused by Genetic Disorder in Humans    By: Muniba Safdar

    Humans have thousands of genetic disorders, some of them are very common and a few are rare. Some disorders are incurable and scientists are trying to find their cure. More research work is required for the cure of these disorders. Now here is a broader view of human genetics and numerous genetic disorders in humans. >> Category: Genetics
  • Medical Genetics: Its Introduction and Scope    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is medical genetics? It is basically about the medicine involving the diagnosis and administration of hereditary disorders. This field is totally different from human genetics. Medical genetics is progressively becoming applicable to many common diseases. Recent advances has done in genetics that reveals cause of the disease. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Marker: Its Definition, Introduction, Background and Types    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is genetic marker? A genetic marker is defined as a specific gene or DNA sequence that produces a detectable trait with a known location on a chromosome and that can be used to study family and population, identification of cells, species or individual. Genetic marker can also be described as a variation. It may be a short sequence of DNA. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Engineering: Its Definition, Introduction and Applications    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is genetic engineering? Genetic engineering or genetic modification is defined as the human's direct manipulation in an organism's genetic material. It is basically an alteration of genetic makeup of an organism by using techniques in order to produce heritable material and then directly introduce into a cell or host that is then amalgamated. >> Category: Genetics
  • Mapping Functions in Genetics    By: Sandhya Anand

    Information about Haldane, Kosambi, Carter-Falconer and Morgan Mapping functions. Construction of linkage maps are based on recombination fractions which are not accurate at higher map distances. Map functions try to redefine the relation between recombination fraction and map distance precisely. The article gives an insight into different map functions in use and their significance. >> Category: Genetics
  • Effects of Genetic Drift - Bottleneck and Founder effect    By: Sandhya Anand

    Genetic drift is a process in which there are sudden changes in allele frequencies among the generations. The effects of such drift are varied including speciation and genetically isolated demes. The most common effects the genetic bottlenecks and founder effects are discussed in the article. >> Category: Genetics
  • Biochemical Disorders and Diseases    By: Zandro Cabaral

    The different biological process in the body, when disturbed would result in different metabolic disorders. >> Category: Genetics
  • How to Determine Genetic Linkage?    By: Sandhya Anand

    Linkage is greatly used by geneticists to map the entire genome. This article gives a brief of the different methods used to determine linkage. >> Category: Genetics
  • Down Syndrome - The Most Common Congenital Anomaly    By: Zandro Cabaral

    This article is about Trisomy 21 that is the most prevalent congenital anomaly worldwide. This article renders information about the mutation behind this syndrome and the other anomalies that heralds it. >> Category: Genetics
  • Biohazards of Genetic Engineering    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Recombination consists of joining of DNA from different species, hybridization and its insertion (via plasmid or transposons or virus vectors) into the host cell of other species. It is also known as horizontal gene transfer. It generates novel life forms like hybrid animals, plants or microbes possessing extraordinary characteristics which may prove lethal or harmful with time. DNA recombination is bothered for its unpredicted results on environmental health including plants, animals and microbes. It has been a topic of debate in scientific discussions and conferences. >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Walking and Chromosome Jumping    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Gene walking is basic method of genetic engineering that allows identification of unknown regions flanking a known DNA sequence. Chromosome jumping is also one of the basic tools of molecular biology which involves physical mapping of genome. Jumping the chromosome indicates rapid movement along the chromosome in search of particular gene of interest. Thus it is used to bypass regions difficult to clone and cannot be mapped by gene walking. But walking and jumping processes are correlated. >> Category: Genetics

    Discuss the diseases related to the defects in the biochemical process in the body. Chronic Granulomatous Disease is a deficiency of NADPH oxidase. This results in the arrest of the Myeloperoxidase system which is very important in fighting infections. >> Category: Genetics
  • Antibiotic Drug Resistance    By: Akash Mukherjee

    Drug resistance reduces our ability to cure. Although this resistance is a natural response to the selective pressure of the drug, it worsens by drug abuse, poor patient compliance etc. First line drug-resistance forces an expensive 2nd/3rd line agents against respiratory/immuno/diarrheal infections etc. Resistance against these will make us even more vulnerable to diseases. >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Cloning: From Gene to Technology    By: Richa Choudhary

    Gene cloning is the process in which identical copies of a particular gene are manufactured by utilizing molecular biology tools. . Gene cloning method requires DNA vector which is small, circular DNA molecule present in bacteria and this DNA vector has natural talent to replicate with fidelity when gene or segment of DNA is inserted into these molecules with in host. >> Category: Genetics
  • Molecular Clocks in Evolutionary Time History    By: Sandhya Anand

    The molecular clocks have been controversial ever since its inception. The focus of molecular evolution has now shifted from proving its existence to its applications in predictable evolutionary time history and analyzing the susceptible genes for mutations. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Drifts and Evolution    By: Sandhya Anand

    Evolution is essentially the ability of the species to survive by getting adapted to its environment with changes in genes which are carried over to the next generation. The process of evolution thus involves variations in allele frequencies caused by natural selection, mutations, migrations and genetic drift. The process of genetic drift is the basis of molecular clocks. >> Category: Genetics
  • Quantitative Genetics and its Applications    By: Sandhya Anand

    The basic principle of quantitative genetics is based on the identification and prediction of variations in quantitative traits. These variations are due to due to polygenic effects combined with effect of environmental factors. It forms the basis of many useful phenomenon such as heterosis and inbreeding and factors such as heritability. >> Category: Genetics
  • Techniques of Gene Mapping    By: Sandhya Anand

    Gene Mapping Techniques: Genetic maps are used to analyze the genome complexity, evolutionary relationship, pedigree, diagnosis and treatment of genetic diseases. They are also useful in selective breeding of plants. The process can be achieved through different methods and the choice depends on the cost and purpose of the research. >> Category: Genetics
  • Achievements in Biotechnology: Gene Engineering    By: Amna Adnan

    Gene (genetic) engineering is a section of molecular genetics associated with the purposeful creation of new molecules of DNA that can replicate in the host cell and to monitor the synthesis of essential metabolites of the cell. Biotechnology is a very diverse field and it has been very beneficial for plants and animals as well as humans since the beginning. >> Category: Genetics
  • DNA Fingerprinting: Infallible Criminal Evidence and its Applications    By: Shikha Sharma

    The chemical structure of everyone's DNA is the same. Each and every person has a different sequence owing to the presence of millions of base pairs in each person's DNA. These sequences are responsible for the identification of a person. However, because there are so many millions of base pairs, scientists use a shorter method, based on repeating patterns in DNA. >> Category: Genetics
  • Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic mRNA    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    How Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Messenger Ribonucleic Acid differ? Messenger RNA is a single stranded structure, with no base pairing. It contains bases such as adenine, guanine, cytosine and uracil. Since mRNA is transcribed from the DNA molecule, its sequences are complementary to that of DNA on which they are transcribed. >> Category: Genetics
  • Analysis of Genes and Gene Transcripts    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    In biotechnology applications and many experiments require the use of cloned DNA. Therefore analyzing required gene of interest and also its transcripts are very important to the experiments. Some of the methods used to analyze the gene and its transcripts are described in this article. >> Category: Genetics
  • Advantages of Recombinant DNA    By: Amna Adnan

    Recombinant DNA has many advantages in food industry, increases fertility etc. It has been an important tool for the research and for the treatment of diseases. Many diagnostic methods have been developed by using recombinant DNA technology. >> Category: Genetics
  • Applications of Recombinant DNA Technology in Medicine    By: Amna Adnan

    Recombinant DNA technology is an important technique of biotech because it can be applied in medicine, agriculture and genetics. Many diseases can be treated with this technology and new hormones can also be produced. >> Category: Genetics
  • Production and Issues of GMOs    By: Amna Adnan

    GMOs are the organisms which have alterations in their genetic makeup. They can be produced through different processes. They also have some ethical and environmental issues. >> Category: Genetics
  • Importance of Transgenic Animals in Human Life    By: Amna Adnan

    Transgenic animals play an important role in humans' life. They can be used to produce human organs as well as helpful economically and agriculturally. >> Category: Genetics
  • Mass Spectrometry For the Identification of Protein    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is Mass Spectrometer? It is a technique used to identify proteins from a sample. Its principle depends on mass, i.e. less mass of ion more will be the deflection, similarly more mass of ion, less will be the deflection (source of deflection is magnetic field or electric field). Generally, it is used to find molecular mass/mass to charge ratio of ions in a vacuum. >> Category: Genetics
  • Edman Degradation - For Protein Sequencing    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is Edman Degradation method? It is a chemical method used for the sequencing of amino acids in a peptide. This method is developed by Pehr Edman in 1960. In this methods, N-terminal or amino terminal is labeled or cleaved from the peptide and number of residues are identified. >> Category: Genetics
  • Process of Gene Cloning and Its Applications    By: Amna Adnan

    Gene Cloning is the making of identical copies of the desired gene. It has many application in the medical as well as agricultural field. >> Category: Genetics
  • What Are Monoclonal Antibodies - Their Synthesis and Uses    By: Amna Adnan

    Monoclonal antibodies are man made antibodies used against a particular antigen. They have many uses in the medical field. >> Category: Genetics
  • 2-D Gel Electrophoresis | Analyze Proteins    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is 2-D gel electrophoresis? The 2-D gel electrophoresis is abbreviated as two dimensional or 2-DE. It is a type of gel electrophoresis (that separates molecules on the basis of their rate of movement through a gel). It is usually used to analyze proteins. Proteins are separated on the basis of two properties by mass and charge in two dimensions on 2D gels. >> Category: Genetics
  • Determination of Protein Sequence Via Bioinformatics Tool    By: Muniba Safdar

    There are various methods through which sequence of protein can be determined. When we talk about finding the sequence of protein we salute Bioinformatics. Bioinformatics has provided us various tools which make our work easier >> Category: Genetics
  • Field of Metagenomics: Processes and Applications    By: Amna Adnan

    Metagenomics is the study of the metagenome, the genetic material directly taken from the environmental samples. >> Category: Genetics
  • What is Genetic Code - Its Features and Degeneracy    By: Amna Adnan

    Genetic code is the ordering of the nucleotide. All the genetic information is stored in the genetic code. >> Category: Genetics
  • Proteomics and Analysis of Protein Sequence    By: Muniba Safdar

    Protein function depends on three dimensional arrangements of amino acids and three dimensional structures depend on length of amino acid,order of amino acid and types of amino acid present in a particular peptides. If we have a denovo protein and we want to find its function, through Bioinformatics Tools we can determine the sequence of protein. >> Category: Genetics
  • DNase Foot Printing: Identification of Protein Binding Site of DNA    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is DNA foot printing? It is a technique used to identify protein binding site of DNA. As DNA exists in a cell in the form of nucleoprotein complex. Proteins interact with the DNA for the protection of DNA. It means there is DNA-protein interaction in the cell. There are specific sites where proteins bind. >> Category: Genetics
  • Electrophoresis: SDS-PAGE | A Method of Gel Electrophoresis    By: Muniba Safdar

    There are various methods for the separation of particular protein in a mixture. Electrophoresis is a non-selective approach defined as a molecule with a net charge will move in an electric fieldSDS-PAGE, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, is a technique of electrophoresis. >> Category: Genetics
  • Types of Chromatography: Affinity, Gel, Ion exchange and Reverse phase    By: Muniba Safdar

    Chromatography is any separation technique that distributes the components of a mixture between two phases. Chromatography has various types but in Proteomics 'Liquid Chromatography' is mostly used. >> Category: Genetics
  • Protein Quantitation: To Identify Particular Protein in a Sample    By: Muniba Safdar

    Protein quantitation is a technique of 'Proteomics' in which abundance of particular proteins is identified in different samples. Proteome dependent on environmental condition is very important. To study particular disease, quantity of protein is required. >> Category: Genetics
  • What is Genetic Counseling    By: Amna Adnan

    Genetic Counseling creates awareness in the people for the genetic defects. Genetic counselors are the health professionals who provide guidance to the families about the risks of having any genetic disease. >> Category: Genetics

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