Biotech Articles
Publish Your Research Online
Get Recognition - International Audience

Request for an Author Account   |   Login   |   Submit Article
 
 
HOME FAQ TOP AUTHORS PUBLISH ARTICLE Nexa Collections (Advt.)
 
 

Study of Fungal Flora from Higher Termite Soil.

BY: Sreeremya Sasi | Category: Environmental-Biotechnology | Submitted: 2014-11-24 22:54:46
       No Photo
Article Summary: "Study of fungal flora from higher termite soil collected from different regions of Palakkad district. Termites usually known as white ants have major significance. They have beneficial role and they have the ability to produce methane..."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article
     


STUDY OF FUNGAL FLORA FROM HIGHER TERMITE SOIL COLLECTED FROM DIFFERENT REGIONS OF PALAKKAD DISTRICT
Author: S.Sreeremya, Department of Biotechnology, Mercy College, Palakkad.
Email ID: sreeremyasasi@gmail.com


INTRODUCTION
Termites, usually known as white ants have major significance for our environment. Termited have the ability to produce methane, additionally there are enormous number of fungal microflora present in termite soil. Termite soil is otherwise known as Fungal Comb or Fungal Garden. Depending on geographic variations termite soil is classified into two types, Higher termite soil and Lower termite soil.

Plant cell walls are the most abundant renewable sources of fermentable sugars on the earth (Himmelet al., 1999; Saleemet al., 2008) and are the major reservoir of fixed carbon in nature (Yang et al., 2007). The major components of plant cell walls are cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, with cellulose being the most abundant component (Han et al., 2003). Cellulose consists mainly of long polymer of ? 1, 4 - linked glucose units and forms a crystalline structure (Shalom and Shoham, 2003).


TERMITE

Termites are abundant in terrestrial ecosystems and ecologically very important too. Termites comprise complex assemblages of species. The significance of choosing termite soil is their ability to decompose lignocellulose; their ability largely depends on the microbial community present in the gut (Moriya Ohkuma., 2008). The association of certain species of termites with fungi is a very complex phenomenon. Termites have their symbiotic association with fungi that grow in their nests (Ahmed N., Abo - Khatwa, 1989).

FUNGAL MICROFLORA
Fungal mmicroflora was identified in various regions. Major Fungal Microflota or the Major Fungal Species identified are Aspegillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus flavus, Neurospra sp, Mucour sp, Trichoderma sp, Penicillium sp.

RESULT OF SAMPLE COLLECTED FROM PALAKKAD DISTRICT AND FUNGAL MICROFLORA IDENTIFIED



CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS

SAMPLE NO:

COLOUR

TEXTURE

MARGIN

APPEARANCE

F -1

Black

Raised

Regular

Velvetty

F - 2

Bluish green

Raised

Regular

Velvetty

F- 3

White

Puffy

Spreaded

Fuzzy

F- 4

Brown

Raised

Regular

Powdery

F- 5

Pink

Raised

Irregular

Velvetty

F- 6

Green

Sticky

Regular

Wooly

F- 7

White

Cottony

Irregular

Hairy

F- 8

Whitish gray

Raised

Irregular

Velvetty




Isolate1 - Fungi with black colour colonies bearing conidiosporeswas identified as Aspergillussp.,

Isolate2 - Fungi with bluish green colour colonies, bearing conidiospores (forming sterigma) was identified as Penicilliumsp.,

Isolate3 - Fungi with puffy whitecolour colonies,bearing irregular botryoidwere was identified as Phomasp.,

Isolate 4 - Fungi with brown colour colonies,bearingconidiospore(having truncate with undifferentiated bases) was identified as Cladisporiumsp.,

Isolate 5 - The fungi produced pink colour colonies with colonies bearing macroconidia. Thus the fungi was identified as Neurosporasp.,

Isolate 6 - The fungi has green colour colonies with conidiospores arranged as continuous ring.The fungi was identified as Trichodermasp.,

Isolate 7 - The fungi has white colour colonies with conidiospores with pyramidal arrangement. The fungi was identified as Trichodermasp .,

Isolate 8 - The fungi has whitish gray colour bearing conidiospores with cylindrical shapeThus the fungi was identified as Acremoniumsp.,

REFERENCES

1. Abo-Khatwa N.,(1979).Natural products from the tropical termite Macrotermessubhyalinus:Chemical composition and function of fungus garden.Proc. Pont. Acad. Sci. Vatican, Rome.,447-479.

2. Abou-Taleb, K.A.A., W.A. Mashhoor, S.A. Nasr, M.S. Sharaf and H.H.M. Abdel-Azeem, (2009). Nutritional and environmental factors affecting cellulase production by two strains of Cellulolytic Bacilli. Aust. J. Basic Applied Sci., 3: 2429-2436.

3. Alexander M., ( 1961). Microbiology of cellulose. In: Introduction to soilmicrobiology (2nd Ed). Johnwiley and Son, Inc. New york and London.


About Author / Additional Info:


Search this site & forums
Share this article with friends:



Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article

More Social Bookmarks (Digg etc..)


Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment By Comment

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 1903



Additional Articles:

•   Biomining- Environment Friendly Mining

•   A Short Story on Metagenomics

•   Ayurveda: Healing in a Natural Way

•   GWAS - The New Age of Genomic Studies




Latest Articles in "Environmental-Biotechnology" category:
•   Advantages and Disadvantages of Biofuels

•   Phytoremediation For Heavy Metals

•   Biotechnology For a Clean Environment

•   Methods of Wastewater Treatment

•   Steps Involved in Nitrogen Cycle

•   Biotechnology and Environment Protection

•   Greenhouse Effect - Importance and Types

•   Biological Degradation of Xenobiotics

•   Phytoremediation - Greener Approach to Control Pollution

•   Impact of Waste Management

•   Waste Water Treatment Steps: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Treatment

•   Bioremediation - A Weapon to Tackle Oil Spills

•   Phytoremediation - Use of green plants to remove pollutants

•   The History of Botany | Botanists in Philippines

•   Bioremediation by Cold Tolerant Microbes

•   Cold Adaptation by Microorganisms

•   Succession Stages of Xerosere

•   The Climax Concept - Theories and Categories

•   Succession Stages of Hydrosere



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 biotecharticles.com - Do not copy articles from this website.

ARTICLE CATEGORIES :
Agriculture Bioinformatics Applications Biotech Products Biotech Research
Biology Careers College/Edu DNA Environmental Biotech
Genetics Healthcare Industry News Issues Nanotechnology
Others Stem Cells Press Release Toxicology  


  |   Disclaimer/Privacy/TOS   |   Submission Guidelines   |   Contact Us

web
statistics