Liposuction has become a means of a fast way in obtaining the perfect body in aesthetics and cosmetics. In the field of health care, liposuction is the treatment procedure for abnormal fat deposition and production. Liposuction is classified as a part of Plastic Surgery. It deals with the surgical removal of unwanted fats in specific parts of the human body. Liposuction as it is also called is said to be the most frequently performed aesthetic procedure in the United States. It is also the ideal treatment procedure for uncontrolled obesity unresponsive to drugs and exercise.

The procedure involves making one or more small incisions in the area of unwanted fat depositions and through the incisions, a metal cannula is inserted which then slices and rips the adipose tissues in the area which is then suctioned by a vacuum device attached to it. The vacuum suctions the shredded adipose tissues or the fats leaving only the muscular, mucosa and a thin part of the submucosa layer of that area. "Nothing in medicine is 100% "as the saying goes; so Liposuction has advantages and disadvantages. Advantages of liposuction are countless and usually in appearance, beauty, wellness and health of patients. Disadvantages are wound infections and infections in the area involved, dehydration, fat embolism and sepsis which sometimes results to death.

Liposuction is advised to those patients with the Hormonal type of Obesity. Due to a defective Endocrine system, these patients tend to have hormonal imbalances which abnormally increase the production and deposition of fats and abnormally lower the metabolism and usage of fats in the body. These patients have increasing risk of cardiovascular disease and worst, heart attacks if no treatment is done. Medications and exercise programs don't have much success in the management of these types of patients.

Another group of people that can be considered as candidates for liposuction are those individuals with localized abnormal fat depositions in specific areas of the body which hinder the way of life. A bus driver having abnormal fat depositions in the right thigh which unable the driver to sit comfortably in the front seat is one example. The second example for these groups of people is a thin person with a non-pathological, abnormal deposition of fats in the abdominal area which makes the body disproportional. Lastly, liposuction is done to people with great vanity and desire to look beautiful and sexy. Closely associated with this group are those people in the Entertainment business whose assets are their beauty and body. Usually, plastic surgery is part of the expenses and investments of celebrities.

The effects of Liposuction are divided into the benefits and the complications. These effects depends mainly the skills and abilities of the surgeon or practitioner doing the Liposuction, the physical condition of the patient, the pre-operative and post operative care given to the patient and the precautionary and precise taking of medical history of the patient before doing the procedure.

Liposuction enhances the physical appearance of the patient. It enhances self confidence and self esteem which is psychologically and physically healthy. An individual who underwent Liposuction feels good about his appearance and in turn, becomes productive with his profession and at the same time excludes himself from the social rejection of being fat. Liposuction gives is the answer to obesity and thus, giving patients, even those with the hormonal type of obesity a chance that to live a longer and a normal life where they will not be rejected and making-fun of. The complications of liposuction however, are based only on a few cases wherein patients in at time of procedure or after the procedure experienced the following:

1. Ruptured aneurysm which is due to poor history taking before doing the procedure of an underlying aneurysm which ruptures in the middle of the procedure.
2. Fat embolism which is due to fat tissue scraped during the procedure and as a part of wound healing penetrates the blood vessel and causes obstruction which leads to coma and death.
3. Sepsis which is caused by an infection at the site of liposuction and spreads through the bloodstream and even the brain which also results to death.

From the industrialized to the most powerful nations of the world, the popularity and availability of Liposuction has grown as a procedure for treating abnormalities of fat deposition; in aesthetics, as a fast and easier way to get rid of unwanted fats; and in profession, a procedure done to make great pay-offs.

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