Shampoos immediately form abundant foam irrespective of the type of water used or the nature of soil or fat to be removed from hair. Though foam formations are not related to the cleansing effect, but phonologically always prefer a high foam product.
A good shampoo should have following characters:
• Effectively remove the dust or soil along with excessive serum or fatty substances.
• Effectively wash the hair
• Good amount of foam
• Easily removed by rinsing with the water
• Should leave the hair non-dry, soft, lusture with good, manageability and minimum of fly-away
• Impart a pleasure fragrance to the hair
• Should make hand rough and chapped
General method of preparation:
• By mixing process
• Both primary and secondary surfactants are dissolved in half the quantity of the water and heat if necessary.
• Other ingredients are dissolved in the next half amount of water.
• Mix both the part and then perfume is added at the last
Sl. No. Ingredients Quantity (100ml)
1 Henna powder 15.0 gm
2 Aamla 10.0 gm
3 Borax 25.0 gm
4 Shikakai 15.0 gm
5 Sodium carbonate 25.0 gm
6 Ninol AB21(thickening agent) 10 ml
7 Oleyl alcohol(conditioner) q.s.
8 Perfume q.s.
They act against the variety of disorders such as the dandruff, alopecia or baldness, seborrhea and the like. Dandruff can be controlled by using a 0.25% solution of a cationic surfactant dissolved in the water. Seborrohea can be lessened by removing oily secretions by rubbing hair daily with an alcoholic lotion. Baldness can be decreased by massaging on the scalp can enhance the blood supply to the scalp and the hair growth.
An ideal hair tonic should have the following ingredients:
• A counter irritant to improve supply of blood to the dermal papillae.
• Vitamins and sulphur-containing amino acids for biosynthesis of keratin.
• Antiseptics for control of dandruff and soborrhoea.
• Should contain conditioners.
• Should not damage scalp or hair.
Conditioners are used after shampooing the hair, to render the hair more lustrous, easy to comb, and free from static electricity when dry. They are also used to improve damaged hair. Hair may be damaged by excessive use of bleaches and permanent waves. Conditioners are usually based on cationic detergents and fatty materials like lanolin or mineral oil.
These are used either to hide gray hair or to change the colour of the hair by individuals, either at home or to change the colour of the hair by individuals, either at home or at hairdressing saloon. A naturally occurring colouring agent kohl, containing lead sulphide, was used by Egyptian women to give a black colour hair. Several other plants were also identified and used for colouring agent such as Henna to obtained auburn tints, lysimachia for imparting blond tint.
An ideal hair dye should have the following characteristics:
• Should not be toxic to the skin or hair and should not impair the natural gloss and texture of the hair.
• Should not be dermatitic sensitizer.
• The colour that it imparts to the hair must be stable to air, light, water and shampoo.
• Should be easy to apply.
Three types of dyes are there:
1. Temporary colorants
2. Semi-permanent colorants
3. Permanent colorants
Sl. No. Ingredients Quantity (100ml)
1 Henna leaves(coarsely ground) 10.00 gm
2 Alcohol 44.00 gm
3 Water 45.75 gm
4 Perfumes 0.25 gm
DENTAL CARE PREPARATION:
Dentifrices are the preparations used for cleaning the surface of teeth and keep them shiny and to preserve the health of the teeth and gums. These preparations may also expect to help inhibit the formation of unpleasant odours and freshen the breath. Regular use of dentifrices helps to prevent occurrence of tooth decay.
Dentifrices can be either simple cleansing dentifrices or also therapeutic dentifrices. Therapeutic dentifrices contain bactericidal, bacteriostatic, enzyme inhibiting or acid-neutralizing qualities of the drug or the chemicals.
Function of Dentifrices:
1. Cleansing of tooth
2. Prevention of formation or removal of dental plaque
3. Prevention of formation of calculus
4. Polishing of tooth
5. Reduction of the occurrence of tooth decay
6. Reduction of periodontal disease
7. Prevention or reduction of mouth odors and freshening of breath.
Tooth paste is most popular, valuable and widely used preparations for cleansing the teeth. It has largest share of dental cleansing and care preparation.
Reasons for tooth paste preferred over the tooth powder:
• Easy to take measured quantity and spread on the tooth brush
• No spillage or waste
• Attractive consistency
• Proper distribution in mouth
A good tooth paste should have following characters:
1. It must clean the dental surface properly without any scratches
2. The consistency should remain constant in wide range of temperature during shelf-life
3. It should not dry, at least not quickly
4. Not be toxic in nature
5. Should not interact with container material.
Examples of few OF the HERBAL COESMATIC formulations are as follows :-
1. Body cream - Kumari,
2. Foot cream - Shala,
3. muscle & joint rub - Till (sesame),
Nili giri taila(eukalyptus),
4. Pain Balm - Gandapura,
5. Pain massage oil - Vacha(sweetflag),
6. Protein shampoo - Bhurjapatra(indian paper brich),
7. Hair oil - Bhringaraja(thistles),
8. Dandruff shampoo - Kayaputi(tea tree),
9. Moisturising lotion - Kumari(Indian aloe),
10. Astringent lotion - Jayanti(Egyptian rattle pod),
11. Anti wrinkle cream - Kumari(Indian aloe),
12. Face scrub - Seva(apple), Akschota(walnut),
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