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  • Micro-RNAs Controls Plant Development    By: Lalbahadur Singh

    In the long evolutionary history, plant has evolved elaborate regulatory network to control functional gene expression for surviving and thriving, such as transcription factor-regulated transcriptional programming. miRNAs controlled plant development, from miRNA biogenesis dysregulation caused pleiotropic developmental defects to specific developmental processes, such as SAM regulation, leaf and root system regulation, and plant floral transition >> Category: Biotech Research
  • New Plant Breeding Techniques to produce New Improved Crops    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    Many new plant breeding techniques such as cisgenesis, intragensis and genome editing are currently applied as potential alternative to transgenesis to generate engineered crops with various new traits. Crops produced using some these techniques cannot be distinguished from their conventionally bred counterpart and therefore there are claims that they should be exempted from the GMO legislation >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Allele Mining: Strategies and Prospectus    By: Dr. Nalin K. Pagi

    Searching for different alleles. Allele - alternative forms of a genetic character found at a given locus on a chromosome. Mining - Searching. It is often referred to as 'dissection of naturally occurring variation at candidate genes/loci' or simply 'allele mining' Allele mining can be visualized as a vital link between effective utilization of genetic and genomic resources in genomics-driven modern plant breeding. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Strategy to Produce Marker-free Transgenic Plants    By: Lalbahadur Singh

    Selectable marker genes (SMGs) have been extraordinarily useful in enabling plant transformation because of the low efficiency of transgene integration. However, there are perceived risks in wide-scale deployment of SMG-transgenic plants, and therefore research has recently been performed to develop marker-free systems. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Origins of New Genes and Pseudogenes Increases Genome Complexity of Organism    By: Lalbahadur Singh

    The formation of new genes is a primary driving force of evolution in all organisms. How exactly do these new genes crop up in an organism's genome and what must occur in order for them to be passed on? >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Promoters Used in Gene Regulation and its Types    By: Ekatpure Sachin Chandrakant

    For the process of gene regulation there is need of regulatory elements such as promoters and cis-acting elements. Co-ordinate effect of these elements can induce the expression of gene. There are different types of promoters are available in molecular biology having its different functions and role in gene regulation. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Gut Bacteria as Living Therapeuticals    By: Rajni Singh

    Certain genetic disorders like phenylketonuria and urea cycle disorder, sufficiently hamper the patient's normal life style, inspite of rigorous medication is still incurable. Serious cases leads to liver transplant and even in death. With the advancement of medical microbiology, the importance of gut microbes is being realised. These microbes are being genetically programmed to provide greater precision, safety and efficacy for disease treatment. Gut microbiota are useful in digestion, of certain food which cannot be digested normally and plays an important role in immune system >> Category: Biotech Research
  • TALENs: A Reliable Genome Editing Tool    By: Rhitu Rai

    The transformation from randome mutagenesis approach to efficient and specific gene targeting has been enabled by use of engineered nucleases. The article talks about its mechanism, principle and application. Further, TALENs classifies high for reliability due to its site specificity and low off target effects. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Opening Black Box of Soil Microbial Diversity through Molecular Techniques    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    The vast majority of microbes have not yet been isolated, identified or characterized. The advent of culture-independent techniques has transformed the field of microbiology and soil microbial ecology in particular. PCR-based techniques such as DGGE, TGGE, T-RFLP, allow the classification of microorganisms based on particular genetic markers such as 16S rRNA and the profiling of complex microbial communities on the basis of sequence diversity. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Biosensors in Agriculture [PDF]    By: Deepali Rahi

    The agriculture industry has been for a long time dependent upon human expertise for quality control. Biosensors are analytical device which are designed for the measurement of various component of agricultural samples. Based on the principle of converting biological signal into electronic signal, different types of biosensors holds its applications in agriculture. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Marine Algal Biotechnology and its Applications    By: Deepali Rahi

    Marine algae are untapped reservoir found in deep oceans can play a major role in primary as well as secondary sources in terms of food and bioactive compounds or biodiesel etc. respectively. Due to its wide range of adaptability in various environment it provides numerous possibilities. Biotechnological tools can help in cultivation and isolation of these bioactive compounds >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Virus Induced Flowering: Efficient Method of Transient Flower Induction    By: Ekatpure Sachin Chandrakant

    Naturally crop plants takes more time for flowering, that time cannot be reduced by conventional breeding practices for that reasons virus induced flowering (VIF) method could be used to accelerate flowering in plants and increase the progress of research and breeding >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Mysterious Applications of Cellular Mechanisms in Human Social Life    By: Swapnil Waghmare

    Micrometer sized cell can do many functions correctly. Cell has developed these mechanisms billion years ago. We can study these mechanisms to utilize in our social life. These mechanisms can be used to develop our defense system, communication system, energy production, transport etc >> Category: Biotech Research
  • PCR Based Markers: A great tool for Gene Tagging    By: Deepak Harishchandra Waghmare

    PCR based markers offers a quick and less expensive method for gene tagging. These markers are very much useful in molecular breeding for gene tagging and molecular assisted selection. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Agroinfiltration - Effective Method of Gene Transfer    By: Komal Ramchandra Pawar

    Agroinfiltration is a method of gene transfer into plant. It is a very fast and effective method of gene transfer. There are two methods of agroinfiltration i.e. syringe agroinfiltration and vacuum agroinfiltration. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Plant microRNAs: Sentinels in Plant Innate Immunity    By: Era Vaidya

    MicroRNAs regulate expression of a number of genes and have also been found to play a role in plant immune responses. A number of microRNA regulated immunity pathways operate in plants. These microRNAs modify gene expression on pathogen infection so as to help develop disease resistance in infected plants. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • CRISPER-Cas 9: A Possible Way for Precise Genome Editing    By: Bhoyar Pratik Istari

    The production of future genotypes is the way to sustain the present day agriculture. As the conventional breeding tactics not enough for the reason, the precise genome editing comes to the business which able to surpass the regulation. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • RNA Interference an Important Technology    By: Komal Ramchandra Pawar

    RNA interference is a potential technology for the production of desire phenotype. It is a tool used in biotechnology for the specific gene silencing. RNAi has broad applications for treating diseases and transgenic plant production. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Genetics from Scratch to CRISPR    By: Fauzia Bi

    Science fiction became our reality and we don't even think about it. Genetic engineering have turned science fiction of genome editing [CRISPR], having a designer baby, in vitro fertilization, mass insulin production through bacteria ,GMO , tissue culture technique, and Synthia, [ the world's first synthetic life form ] , mutation breeding and transgenic organisms a reality. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Metabolic Engineering of C3 Plants to Improve Crop Yield    By: Dr. Bunty Sharma

    Application of new technologies together with novel modeling approaches, increased yield through improved photosynthetic carbon fixation should be an attainable goal in the near to midterm. Engineering of C3 cycle offers an opportunity to increase photosynthesis and yield, which plays a central role in plant metabolism, providing intermediates not only for starch and sucrose biosynthesis, but also for isoprenoid metabolism and shikimic acid biosynthesis >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Polymer Production by Bacterial Strains    By: Rajni Singh

    As of late there has been a consistent quest for new water-solvent polysaccharides, especially those created by microorganisms. These biopolymers have the great interest due to their application potential in food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and oil businesses, where they are utilized as thickening, balancing out and emulsifying operators oil industries. These biopolymers have the rheological properties so they are used for the identification of new production sources. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Different Methods for Identification of Bacterial Plant Diseases    By: Dipti Raghunath Dhumale

    The article is informative and figures about different methods for detection of plant diseases. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Genome Sequence of Potato Reveals Mechanism of Tuberization and Disease Resistance    By: Dr. Prasanta K. Dash

    The devastating disease of late-blight in potato has created havoc in history. However, the disease still prevails among the potato growing region of world and was difficult to be curtailed due to neopolyploidy nature and vegetative propagation of the crop. With decoding of the potato genome, understanding the molecular basis of the disease infestation as well as exploitation of biochemical pathways leading to tuberization will be accelerated for its varietal improvement. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Risk Assessment in Transgenic Crops    By: Dr. Rohini Sreevathsa

    The utility of transgenic crops in sustainability of agriculture is a well-known phenomenon. However, acceptance of the transgene in a crop especially a food crop needs ample evidence on its safety. Risk assessment of these transgenics therefore proves the safety of these crops in a scientific manner. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Drought and Heat Stress: Constraints and Opportunities    By: Prashant Raghunath Shingote

    Article is about the advancement of molecular studies; identification, cloning and introgression of target loci become faster. Candidate genes which are directly and indirectly involved in abiotic stress tolerance are having great future. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Genomic Approaches to Impart Extended Shelf-life in Tomato    By: Dr. Prasanta K. Dash

    Enhancing shelf-life in tomato has been a long drawn effort among crop biologists. Though, moderate success has been accomplished in delaying ripening in tomato, it never met the market benchmark. Recently, Uluisik et al., in UK, through their path-breaking discovery, accomplished delayed ripening in tomato without compromising the marketable quality. This paper describes the mechanism and strategy used for developing delayed ripening tomato. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Vegetable Crops as Bioreactors for Production of Edible Vaccines    By: Nangsol Dolma Bhutia

    Vegetable crops provides numerous health benefits to mankind. Suitable crops can be exploited as bioreactors for production of edible vaccines as it offers added advantage over traditional vaccines production. With the aid of modern biotechnology and with sensible relaxation from governmental organizations, transgenic crops can bring about revolutionary changes in the way we produce vaccines, most importantly to underdeveloped worlds where growing crops is not a problem but affording a vaccine through medical aid is a major bottleneck. Vegetable crops offers ideal model for such technology. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Cloned Animal Food Products and Consumer Behaviour    By: Dr. H. R. Meena

    Issue of consumer acceptance of food technologies and their application needs to be addressed early in technology development process. However, whether extensive assessment of consumer acceptance is necessary for all food-related technologies a priori is uncertain. A review of studies of several food related technologies associated with different levels of public acceptance suggests that those characterized as being 'bioactive' raise particular concerns related to unpredictable effects, uncontrolled use, and ethical concerns. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Animal Cloning and its Importance in Indian Context    By: Dr. H. R. Meena

    Cloning has opened many doors that could lead to remarkable medical advancements. This advancement in technology can be utilized for the well being of the society. It helps in preserving endangered species and for production of medically important protein for treating human diseases. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Carrot Genome Provides Insights into Root Accumulation of Carotenoid    By: Dr. Prasanta K. Dash

    It will inform the readers about genome sequencing of carrot and its significance in crop breeding strategies. Also, it describes about the regulatory gene network, disease resistance genes and the enigmatic pathway of carotenoid accumulation in carrot. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Microbial Lipids - Production of Lipids from Microbial Sources    By: Divya Narayan

    Lipid-producing microorganisms are known as oleaginous microorganisms. The property of oleaginicity is dependent upon the presence of the enzyme ATP:citrate lyase >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Snapshot of Thermal Asymmetric Interlaced (TAIL) PCR    By: Dr. Neetu Singh Kushwah

    Various techniques for cloning of genomic DNA sequence flanking the T-DNA are available. Here, we discuss the difficulties and resolution in identifying T-DNA flanking sequence using TAIL-PCR >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Phytoantibiotics - Antibiotics Sourced from Plants [PDF]    By: Divya Narayan

    Conventional antibiotics have resulted in drug resistance due to rampant consumption as well as giving rise to side-effects. Phytoantibiotics or plant antibiotics can be regarded as a suitable alternative for therapeutic purposes. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • New Stem Cell Technique for Tissue Repairing is about to be Launched    By: Betty Cummings

    New stem cell therapy with better effect and cheaper cost is about to go into clinical trial stages. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • An Arabidopsis Phenomics Study in T-DNA Insertion Mutant Population    By: Dr. N. C. Gupta

    Phenomics with detailed information about tagged populations provides a good tool for functional genomics analysis. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • New Technology for Tumor Screening Appears as a Better Alternative to the Present Testing Method    By: Betty Cummings

    Cheaper and faster screening technology for cancer cells is under development, which will bring more precise inspecting result. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Biotechnology for Improving Bioactive Compounds in Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Partha Saha

    Bioactive compounds are natural chemical compounds found in both plant and animal products and have role in promoting good health. These compounds are now being studied in the prevention of cancer, heart disease and other diseases. A considerable improvement has been made to develop beta carotene rich brassica vegetables, sweet potato, anthocyanin rich tomato, folate rich tomato, glucosinolate rich broccoli through biotechnological approach >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Protein Crystallization Can Benefit from Microgravity Condition    By: Ada Brown

    Microgravity condition can helps to crystallize some proteins that are hard to be done in normal gravity environment, which is especially significant in making large crystals >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Somatic Embryogenesis: Technique for Plant Tissue Culture    By: Muhammad Iqbal

    Somatic embryogenesis is the most widely adopted system for plant regeneration, in vitro induction of mutation or in vitro screening of plants which may increase the probability of plant production and varietal developing program many folds. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • In Vitro Synthetic Seed Formation in Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.)    By: Muhammad Iqbal

    Synthetic (Artificial) seed production appears a new approach in sugarcane propagation on large scale and helps in maintaining disease free stock. The synthetic seeds with high germination frequency would be useful for commercial scale production of sugarcane plants in future. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Scientists Developed a Prototype of Rotaxane Self-replicating System    By: Ada Brown

    Scientists developed a self replicating system for rotaxane, which can be considered as a milestone for the further development of mature self replicating system. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Plant Pathogen Interactions using Proteomic Approaches    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    Extensive studies of plant pathogen interactions using different proteomic approaches showed differential expression of several protein involved in host metabolic engineering, defense mechanisms etc. In this article, authors briefly discussed expression of several proteins about phytopathogenic fungus, bacteria and biocontrol agents interactions with hosts. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Functions of miRNAs During Host-Pathogen Interactions - An Overview    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a major role in regulating the transcription factors of host during the pathogen infection at the early and late phase in host. Here we discussed about the functions of miRNAs during fungal pathogen infection on several hosts and their regulation of gene(s) during pathogenesis. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Biochip Technology For Multianalyte Detection    By: Nimisha Tehri

    The present article is an attempt to explore the potential of biochip technology employing specific bioreceptors to target multianalyte such as microbial pathogens, pesticides, mycotoxins etc. in samples collected from food, environment and human sources >> Category: Biotech Research
  • DNA Barcoding: For Taxonomy for Species Identification    By: Dr. Jameel Akhtar

    Conventional species identification methods are laborious and time consuming and properly not solve the issue of species identification. Under such situations, DNA-based barcode shows the potential to be a powerful supplement for the phenotypic identification of an organism to species or sub-species level. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • HRMA Method for Sensitive Detection of Plant Pathogens    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    High-Resolution Melting Analysis (HRMA) is relatively a novel technique which is very specific and sensitive in pathogen detection and rapidly identifies in planta infection even when the phytopathogens are present in very small amounts are discussed briefly. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Biotechnology for Edible Luffa Gourds Improvement    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    This article presents an overview of biotechnological applications in edible Luffa gourds improvement. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Biotechnology for Carrot Improvement    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    This article presents an overview of biotechnological applications in carrot improvement. Carrots are valuable for their taste, good digestibility, and high contents of provitamin A, other carotenoids, and fibers. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Advances in Development of Marker-Free Transgenic Plants    By: Vijaykumar Ishwarbhai Prajapati

    Selectable marker genes (SMGs) and selection agents are useful tools in the production of transgenic plants. Most SMGs express protein products that confer antibiotic- or herbicide resistance traits, and typically reside in the end product of genetically modified (GM) plants. The presence of marker genes in their genomes becomes useless and their effects become unpredictable or even potentially dangerous. In recent years, several strategies have been developed to remove SMGs from GM products while retaining the transgenes of interest. This article describes the existing strategies for SMG removal, including the implementation of recently developed techniques like Mega-nuclease, TALENs, ZFNs and CRISPR. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • DNA Metabarcoding: A Rapid Method of Biodiversity Assessment    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    DNA metabarcoding refers to the automated identification of multiple species from a single bulk sample containing entire organisms. This offers unprecedented scientific and operation opportunities in order to understand biodiversity distribution and dynamics in a better way. >> Category: Biotech Research

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