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Most Recent Biotech Research Articles.
  • Protein Purification Process: The Various Techniques Involved    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    Tremendous success in the fields of genetic engineering and molecular biology has enabled scientists to express any amino acid sequence and practically synthesize any protein. But, this success depends on one key factor; in order for the expressed proteins to be used commercially, it should be purified to a certain degree. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Red and Green Biotechnology    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    Biotechnology is huge; its exact boundaries cannot be defined. European scientists have divided biotechnology into two categories: red biotechnology and green biotechnology. Red biotechnology deals with medicine while green biotechnology deals with food. Some scientists have further divided biotechnology into blue and white biotechnology. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • The Process of Mammalian Cell Culturing    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    In order to improve the performance of immobilized- cell cultures, modern-day scientists primarily focused on two objectives: (1) provide cells with optimum- growth conditions; (2) obtain large quantities of products of high concentration at low cost. In majority of the cases, optimal conditions for product formation and cell growth differ from each other. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Role of Hollow-Fiber Process    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    Biotechnology began with recombinant DNA technology, cell fusion techniques, and protein production techniques. With advances in genomics, numerous biological targets are likely to be identified, paving way for generating a wider array of products. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Importance of Genomics    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    The scientific discipline involving mapping, analyzing, and sequencing genomes is known as genomics. In drug development, functional genomics combines with methodologies such as bioinformatics, animal model, and DNA chip technology in order to identify and characterize the genes that are responsible for human diseases. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Metabolic Pathways in Molecular Genetics    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    Cells derive energy from nutrients to synthesize compounds required for life reproduction and functions. This energy is provided by biochemical reactions that form a biochemical network systems called as metabolic pathways. Molecules that flow through the metabolic pathways are due to the response of environmental stress. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Recombinant Proteins Produced in Genetically Engineered Crops    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    Production of recombinant proteins in seed for genetically enhanced plants will revolutionize the industry with biotech products that are easier to produce, safer and cost less to produce. Use of plants as a recombinant protein expression system will hold great promise for the future. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Stem Cells Types and Therapeutics    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    Even before tissue engineering and regenerative medicine took shape, scientists have known about the fact that animals like the star fish were capable of regenerating missing body parts. Although, humans share this ability, humans cannot regenerate a missing finger or toe. Instead, the human body constantly regenerates skin cells, blood cells, and tissues. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Understanding Genetic Disorders in Human Genetics    By: Gayathri Raghavan

    The concept of genetic disorder was relatively unknown before the 1900s. But, after William Bateson suggested the term 'genetics' in 1906, scientists began learning and understanding more about genetics and heredity. Any abnormality in the DNA of an individual's gene is called genetic disorder. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Applications and Advantages of Molecular Markers in Plants    By: sippy ISSAC

    Genetic improvement of crop plant through conventional plant breeding has made tremendous contribution to the breakthrough in the global agricultural production. Recently, arrays of tools and techniques in the field of molecular biology have become available for supplementing the conventional genetic approaches. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Medicinal Uses of Cassia Auriculata    By: Narmadha D

    The phytochemical variation and antimicrobial activity has been assessed among the Cassia auriculata leaves, flowers, and seeds. Hence it can be known that Cassia auriculata as 'Avaram' for its potential diabetic value. Besides this has high protein and tannin content which adds to the quality of the antimicrobial activity and essential yellow dye extraction. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Silver Staining- Developing Photogenic Gels!!    By: kashika arora

    Among different methods for staining gels, silver staining has come up with many advantages as great sensitivity and ease in further analysis by MALDI - MS. It is important to know how it works to develop beautiful gels. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Genomics and Its Applications in Agriculture    By: Medha Hegde

    Agricultural genomics is concerned with the research and development activities in agriculture that have obvious potential to translate genomic technology in agronomic advancement. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Yeast Artifical Chromosomes (YACs) and their Applications    By: Medha Hegde

    YAC is an artificially built chromosome and includes the centromere, telomere and autonomously replicating sequences essential for replication and conservation in yeast cells. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Effect of Microgravity on Immune Cell Signal Transduction Pathways    By: Shivani Sharma

    NASA has been organizing various space missions ever since the early 90s. Astronauts generally experience a non-gravity field during space flights. This condition is generally denoted as a zero gravity or more commonly, microgravity. Microgravity has been found out effect the basic signal transduction pathways of immune cells in human body. Though the exact mechanisms are still not known, there ha >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Artificial Blood - An Application of Recombinant DNA Technology    By: Shivani Sharma

    Blood, not only provides life, but is the key source of oxygen delivery to the tissues and organs within the body. Successful blood transfusions have saved many lives during conditions where most or whole blood of an organism has been wasted away due to some accident or other mishap. Transfusion of small amounts of blood is very usual and doesn't experience any problems while large amount of blood >> Category: Biotech Research
  • DNA Computing- Using DNA as a Computational Device.    By: Shivani Sharma

    DNA or Molecular computing basically suggests the use of DNA and biological components for computational purposes. It has been a long seen dream of bio-nanotechnologist to achieve the ultimate goal of computing utilizing DNA. In DNA computing, instead of creation of millions of proteins that bind along the DNA sequence in order to express a gene, researchers have thought of a new approach. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Genetic Abnormalties in Cytoskeleton in Microgravity    By: Shivani Sharma

    Based on the published study, Effect of microgravity on cell cytoskeleton and embryogenesis by Susan J crowford-Young, it can be said that quite a good amount of work has been done on the influence of microgravity on microtubules and there were quite noticeable differences that were observed in the organization of patterns in 1G earth gravity and then in microgravity. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Artificial Life: Creating Organisms From Genetic Blueprint | Poliovirus    By: Shivani Sharma

    The first step has been taken by three researchers named Jeronimo Cello, Aniko Paul and Eckard Wimmer. They used all the genomic data available for a virus and then they build a fully functional virus from the scratch. They have successfully created a polio virus which appears entirely normal and have its usual functional characteristics. Their discovery has made an ever remarkable note in the boo >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Chimeras: Part Human Animals    By: Shivani Sharma

    Fred Gage, a biologist at the Salk Institute created some part-human animals to understand the basic mechanisms underlying the question how human neurons degrade in people suffering from neurodegenerative diseases for instance, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Studying and perturbing brain cells in their natural environment that is inside a functioning brain do provide the best hope and methods for de >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Dark Side of Respiratory Chain: Superoxide Formation | Aging & Cell Death    By: Shivani Sharma

    While on one hand the ETC contribute to cell-growth and cell survival by producing chemical energy in the form of ATP derived from the electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane, the premature leakage of oxygen at the major two sites viz. complex I and II leading to formation of harmful superoxide could be fatal and contributes to many pathological factors including agi >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Alterations in Signal Transduction Due to Microgravity    By: Shivani Sharma

    Astronauts sent into space by NASA and other space programmes constantly deal with several factors in order to survive in a zero-gravity field. Obviously in a non-gravity field like space with extremely alien conditions, it does get difficult to adapt and continue the basic necessary metabolic processes. Although not as fatal as to cause death or the severe harmful effects on human body, the absen >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Mutants on the Face of Earth: The Evidence That Humans Are Still Evolving.    By: Shivani Sharma

    Mutants do exist although not as depicted in exaggerated sci-fi shows. From a small to a large mutation, various examples lie widespread on the face of earth pointing out the presence of humans with extra-ordinary capabilities possibly caused due to sudden changes in their DNA sequences, gene pattern or motifs leading to a change in the normal gene expression ultimately causing an alteration in ... >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Boule Gene is Responsible for Sperm Production - The Universal Sexy Gene    By: Shivani Sharma

    The birth of an organism usually takes an egg and a sperm; the sperm needs to be fused with the egg in order to help develop it into a zygote for the formation of an offspring and then the birth of a child leads thereafter. These two factors are essential for life and for the recent decades their origin esp. of the sperm has been an interesting question which has led many studies on the origin and >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Canadians Weigh Less Than Their American: Low-Gravity Regions on Earth    By: Shivani Sharma

    Over the past few decades, significant research work have revealed that there are certain low gravity regions on Earth. As we know the g-value on earth is 9.8 m/s or 1 approximately. But in these regions, the level of gravity is lower than the normal g-value causing major impact on the thriving environment and the surroundings. It can be quite surprising to know that the Canadians weigh less than >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Microbes Fly to the Space: Enhanced Virulence Factor    By: Shivani Sharma

    Microbes or pathogens to be specific, are known to experience some unique low fluid shear forces in space that are quite similar in nature to those experienced within a live organism's body on earth. Research work funded by NASA has clearly revealed that the microbial virulence is enhanced when the bacterial cultures are provided an environment of microgravity. It is well known that the ability o >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Bioluminiscence - Emission of Light From Living Organisms    By: Medha Hegde

    Bioluminiscence is a type of chemiluminiscence where light generating chemical reaction occurs inside an organism (like insects). A wide range of organisms are gifted with the ability to produce light and to exhibit and manage it in a variety of ways >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Ribozymes - the Catalytic RNA's    By: Medha Hegde

    RNA molecule that function as enzymes, regularly found to catalyse the cleavage of its own or other RNA's .That is RNA's that act as enzymes are known as Ribozymes >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Lignocellulosic Biodegradation of Coir Fibre by Microorganisms    By: soumya T.V

    Lignin is the most abundant renewable aromatic material on earth.The aromatic polymer is well-known for resistance to microbial degradation because of its high molecular weight and presence of various biologically stable carbon-to-carbon and ether linkages.Lignin degradation by the white rot fungi is a complex secondary metabolic process mediated by the action of several extra cellular enzymes. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Next Generation Sequencing (NGS): The Next Step in Personalized Medicine    By: Chandra Kala

    NGS technique is a kind of high throughput data DNA sequencing and integrates various strategies of sequencing, genome assembly and alignment to fasten the sequencing procedure and to reduce the error in sequencing. The development of NGS made many previously utilized techniques obsolete. NGS has high demand in the human health industry focusing on personalized medicine. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Mutant Gene Products as Cancer Biomarkers    By: Chandra Kala

    Biomarkers are hot topic in the area of Cancer research because of its utility in preventive diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy. Many of the cancer deaths can be avoided with early cancer diagnosis. The existing therapies such as surgeries and chemotherapies are more effective in early stages of cancer when compared to final stages. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Research and Development of Bacterial Genomic Size    By: VIVEK VYAS

    As compared to genome size of major groups of life, the genome size within the various bacterial species is having little variation. In eukaryotic cells, the genome size is less relevance considering the number of functional genes than in eukaryotic species. This relation of genome size and number of genes in bacteria makes this subject interesting for research and scientific discussion >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Conventional Role of Microbes For Polysaccharide-Hydrocolloid Production    By: Kirti Rani

    Microbial polysaccharides' or 'Hydrocolloid Gums' have numerous commercial and industrial application to be used as delicious food additives such as ice creams, frozen desserts, bakery and dairy products, salad dressings, water behavior modifier, thickener, gelling agent, emulsifier, suspending agent and stabilizer. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Use of Biofactories as Renewable and Sustainable Resources    By: Kirti Rani

    Biofactories are the best option for the production of plastics/polysaccharides/ fatty acids. These biofactories has especially application for the production of biodegradable and eco-friendly various monomers of bioplastics to meet the present requiremnet of plastics. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Design and Operational Key Factors of Bioreactor    By: Kirti Rani

    Bioreactor is the biochemical engineered mechanical vessel in which biochemical conversion take place for industrial biomass production. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Introductory and Instant Note on Types of Industrially Important Proteases    By: Kirti Rani

    Proteases are divided into number of major groups on the basis of their site of actions i.e., exopeptidases. endopeptidases, Aminopeptidase, Carboxypeptidase, serine proteases, aspartic proteases, cysteine proteases and metallo-proteases. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Microbes as Vulnerable Source of Proteases    By: Kirti Rani

    Microbes are an excellent source of enzymes due to their biochemical diversity and their susceptibility to genetic manipulation and they possess almost all the characteristics desired for their biotechnological applications. Microbial proteases are known for its accountability of approximate 40% of the total worldwide enzyme sales. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Aqueous Two Phase System: The Most Demanded and Cost Effective Downstream Process    By: Kirti Rani

    Aqueous two phase systems is in more industrial demand due to its fast and economic technology for purification of desired biomolecules with high yield and purity. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • A Brief Description of Bio-production of Alpha and Beta Amylases    By: Kirti Rani

    Both alpha and beta amylases is naturally occurring enzymes in germinating pulses/ plant seeds which are essential for further development and growth of plants. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Modern Use of Enzyme to Be Coined as Bio-detergents    By: Kirti Rani

    Use of enzymes as bio-detergents is remarkable due to increased efficiency of washing and increased life of cloths upon washing. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Advanced Research Areas of Enzyme Biotechnology    By: Kirti Rani

    Advanced biotechnology has allowed scientists to improve enzymes through genetic modifications into enzyme producing microbes or through direct changes into basic structure of the enzymes themselves by recombinant DNA technology. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Will Biotech Get Its Due in West Bengal?    By: BioSpectrum Asia

    The promise of change swept over West Bengal, a state in the eastern part of India with its capital in Kolkata, in 2011 when Ms Mamata Banerjee of Trinamool Congress pulled off a victory over the Left in the state elections. Now, with Mr Pranab Mukherjee taking on the mantle of the President of India, focus is back on the state from which he hails and has served as an elected member of Parliament >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Modern Concept of Enzyme Immobilization With Its Matrices Features    By: Kirti Rani

    Modern concept of enzyme immobilization is based on selection of chosen matrices which are suitable for binding of desired enzymes with nil effect on its stability. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Essential Components Of Media Formulation    By: Kirti Rani

    Formulation of specific media is important to achieve the goal to produce maximal yield of the industrially important desired products/ biomass having maximal purified concentration with consistent quality by minimizing their production cost as well. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Substantial Role of Biomass Production    By: Kirti Rani

    Biomass production is presently in high industrial demand due to its cheap and eco-friendly production within short duration. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Scope For Cognitive Research in the Study of Rhizobacteria and Photobacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Bacteria are invisible mindless, speechless, brainless creatures or lacking many prominent characteristic features such as complex internal structures and abilities of other living things like plants, animals including humans. Despite the absence of such megacellular functions, they have been identified and proved to be functionally very versatile living things. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Effect of Liquid Vs Semisolid Media in Micropropagation of Banana Clones    By: Sharad V Pawar

    Meristems of five clones of banana. viz. Basrai ,Shrimanti, Ardhapuri,Kolhapur clone and Williams were established on Murashige and Skoogs medium with 6 mg/l 6-benzyl adenine purine and 1 mg/ l Indole butyric acid supplemented with 60 mg/l adenine sulphate and 100 mg/l meso-inositol. Two types of media semi solid and liquid with shaking were assessed for efficiency in multiplication & survival. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Isolation of Plasmid DNA From E.Coli Part-2    By: amar nagesh

    Alkaline lyses method was used for the isolation of plasmid from bacterial cells. The method used was as described in cloning manual (Sambrook et al., 1989)... >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Isolation of Plasmid DNA From E.Coli Part-1    By: amar nagesh

    Step by step procedure for the isolation of plasmid DNA from Escherichia coli. A plasmid is a small circular piece of DNA (about 2,000 to 10,000 base pairs) that contains important genetic information for the growth of bacteria. In nature, this information is often a gene that encodes a protein that will make the bacteria resistant to an antibiotic.A plasmid is a small circular piece of DNA (about 2,000 to 10,000 base pairs) that contains important genetic information for the growth of bacteria. In nature, this information is often a gene that encodes a protein that will make the bacteria resistant to an antibiotic. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • Risk Modeling    By: Shivika Bhatnagar

    The scientific technique used to detect the possible risks of GEOs is called risk modeling. It includes both laboratory and field techniques. The identification of possible risks of GEOs is the first step of risk modeling. We cannot know the risk suitable experiments are carried out under the laboratory conditions. >> Category: Biotech Research


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