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Most Recent Applications Articles.
  • Meadow Orcharding in Guava Fruit Production    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    Meadow Orchard System is a new concept of guava planting which has been developed for the first time in India at Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow >> Category: Applications
  • Spider Silk for Drug Delivery, Regenerative Medicine and Wound Healing    By: Rajni Singh

    Spiders make their webs to perform a wide range of tasks and are very useful for their daily life. They produce seven different types of silks for different uses. Spider silk is one of the most versatile materials in nature with great strength and flexibility. Presently the interest has grown towards spider silk due to a combination of its mechanical properties and non-polluting way of production. This silk can be produced synthetically for medicinal purposes in construction of artificial tendons and as substrate for human's cell growth. >> Category: Applications
  • Hermetic Storage: Safe and cheap technique for grain storage    By: Bhushan Bibwe

    The article is about the principal, mechanism, application and advantages of safe, simplest and cheapest technique of grain storage and preservation which practiced already in antiquity is used today in the industrialized world to keep insect pests from destroying grain stores >> Category: Applications
  • Rejuvenation of Technology in Fruit Crops    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    India is a vast country and is gifted with a variety of soils and climates. Thus, almost all kinds of fruits can be grown successfully in this country, hence there is tremendous increase in the production of horticultural crops especially fruits which is due to specialized new interventions and use of latest research technological tools, the country is now among the top fruit producing countries of the world ranking second followed to China. But, it is a matter of great surprise that in spite of provision of adequate resources, the per capita consumption of fruits here is perhaps one of the lowest in the world. The existing orchards are not able to meet the present requirements of the country. Poor selection of planting material, haphazard plantation and poor management has made many orchards uneconomic. The old and senile orchards are now reverting towards a declining trend of production because of plant age factor, non-compatible varieties and poor canopy management. The present paper aims at highlighting the basics of rejuvenating the old and senile orchards to increase production and meet the present need and optimize the fruit potential of our country. >> Category: Applications
  • Synthetic Biology - New Reform in the Biotechnological Approaches [PDF]    By: Vinay Sharma

    Synthetic biology is still a nascent technology, but it shows a good power tool. Synthetic biology is trying to build on more than three decades of the knowledge of new biology. Synthetic biology is about putting together entirely different genetic circuits together in one organism to produce desired functions. Design life forms would certainly be a dream come-true for modern day biologists. Although millions of years of evolution in nature, which has put together quite a few excellent organism to carry out many useful functions and duties to keep this planet buzzing, that same nature has also not mastered efficiency and proficiency in all that it has accomplished. This is where designing new organisms through synthetic biology comes into play. >> Category: Applications
  • Plant Tissue Culture: Techniques, Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    Plant tissue culture has enabled the production of multiples of plants through the use of plant parts, techniques and conditions. These has made it possible to raise disease free organisms, production of desirable traits/character etc which are used in forestry, landscaping and plant science. >> Category: Applications
  • Algal Biopolymer or Bioplastics and its Application    By: Rajni Singh

    Organic plastics or biopolymers are the polymers derived from biological sources, renewable and help in fossil fuels conservation. Algae can be grown in a variety of environment and different types of plastics are obtained from the different algae species with high yield. The algae biopolymer production requires cultivation of algae in the presence of nutrient medium containing nitrogen and source of carbon (CO2), light energy, favorable temperature, pH and salinity. The cultivation takes place in nitrogen containing nutrient medium (continuous culture) followed by limited supply of nitrogen achieving the senescent phase to enhance biopolymer production. These biopolymers are useful in industries and municipal works with the reduction in pollution. >> Category: Applications
  • Allele Mining Applications and Challenges in Crop Improvement    By: Jitendra Kumar Meena

    Allele mining plays an important role in realizing the worth of the plant genetic resources (PGR). Discovery and utilization of superior alleles through allele mining for disease resistance, drought tolerance etc. may contribute significantly to secure the future food basket. However, it face challenges in its efficient use for crop improvement. >> Category: Applications
  • Biotechnology for Enhancing Micronutrients Acquisition and Uptake Efficiency    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    Improvement of micronutrient acquisition in area where micronutrients deficiency in soils limits crop productivity is probably the most challenging and rewarding areas of research to achieve the sustainable productivity of agricultural crops. Progress made in recombinant DNA technology in recent years and the application of molecular techniques has advanced our understanding in unraveling the mechanisms of acquisition of micronutrients by the plants from less-labile of soil pools and role of genes involved in these processes, and have provided an altogether new dimension to agricultural research. >> Category: Applications
  • Description of Various Assay Procedures for Determination of Antioxidant Activity    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    This article provides methods available for the measurement of antioxidant capacity and presented the general chemistry underlying the assays. This overview provides a basis and rationale for developing standardized antioxidant capacity methods for the food, nutraceutical, and dietary supplement industries. >> Category: Applications
  • Enzyme Immobilization- Methods and Applications    By: Aditi Mathur

    This article concentrates on need, types and techniques of immobilization, with applications in various industries. >> Category: Applications
  • Development of Transgenic in Fruit Crops    By: Sunil Kumar

    In the last two decades, genetic transformation of fruit crops has focused mainly on enhancing resistance to biotic stresses, increasing tolerance against abiotic stresses, modified plant growth habit and fruit quality. There are few cases of commercial application of these transgenic plants >> Category: Applications
  • Role of Bio-CNG in Development of Rural India: A Prospective Study    By: Payal Saxena

    Concept note describes the role of Bio-CNG in development of Rural India as an alternate fuel, its importance to Indian Govt., Indian economy, carbon footprint reduction and climatic conditions. The overall cost savings has been evaluated with present energy scenario. >> Category: Applications
  • Fundamentals and Applications of Freeze-Drying    By: Divya Narayan

    Freeze-Drying or Lyophilization is an effective method of preservation of perishable products. This process finds effective application in a wide range of diverse fields. >> Category: Applications
  • Significance of Synthetic Biomolecules    By: Divya Narayan

    Synthetic biomolecules are those moieties which are synthetically produced and mimic the properties and action of naturally-occurring biomolecules. They possess great significance in fields such as vaccines, drug delivery, etc. >> Category: Applications
  • Evaluation of Germplasm for Identifying Disease Tolerant Donor    By: Dr. Manas Kumar Bag

    To cope up the present demand of production target and quality produces, trait specific crop improvement is imminent. Trait specific genes can be identified from rigorous evaluation of plant genetic resources. >> Category: Applications
  • Isolation of Phosphatase Producing Microorganisms from Soil    By: Debasish Mondal

    An easy method was used in this experiment with reliable result and repeatability to obtain the most excellent bacterial isolates producing phosphatase >> Category: Applications
  • Microbial Assisted Flocculation for the Treatment of Industrial Wastewater    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Clumping together of dispersed organic particles to form flocs by the action of certain bacteria and fungi, referred as microbial assisted flocculation or bio-flocculation. >> Category: Applications
  • Overview of Hydrogenase Enzyme    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Hydrogenase (EC- is enzymes that belongs to oxidoreductase family and actively participate in catalysis of reversible reduction of proton to hydrogen molecule. This enzyme possesses keen scope towards the biological hydrogen production. >> Category: Applications
  • Overview of Biological Hydrogen Production    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Hydrogen could be produced by biomass gasification, biomass-derived liquid reforming, natural gas reforming, coal gasification, thermo-chemical water splitting, electrolysis, photo-biological and microbial biomass conversion. Presently at commercial level natural gas reforming methods are applied globally but gives off greenhouse gases during production. Currently scientists are concerned with global warming, so from this standpoint this is to be overcome by eco-friendly means of hydrogen production. >> Category: Applications
  • Plant Tissue Culture - An Important Application of Plant Biotechnology    By: Muhammad Iqbal

    Plant tissue culture is an important application of biotechnology having tremendous importance in obtaining millions of plants from a single cell in a very short time period with an affordable cast. >> Category: Applications
  • Production of Fermentable Sugar from Lignocellulosic Biomass    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) could be used as renewable and sustainable source for production of reducing sugars. These sugars can further be converted into different kinds of value added products including bio-fuels, butanol and organic acid via microbial fermentation. >> Category: Applications
  • Good Bye to Water Monster OIL Without Using Scientific Technologies    By: Pranank Batthini

    Removal of oil from water without using any kind of scientific methods. It can be removed by using Waster material found near our surroundings >> Category: Applications
  • Transgenic Mice    By: Megha Kaushik

    Transgene is a term use for the foreign DNA which has been transferred either naturally or by artificial insertion methods like microinjection, retrovirus mediated gene transfer etc. These are generally created either to be used as disease model or for human benefits. >> Category: Applications
  • Recombinant Proteins from CHO cells - Key to Infectious Diseases in Therapeutics    By: Dr. Madhusudan P Dabhole

    This article describes about the use of CHO cells in recombinant protein production. Recombinant proteins are at the cutting edge phase where it will require quality support & technology advancement for high production >> Category: Applications
  • Redundancy Checker Tool    By: Lalit Arya

    This article presents a simple web based tool to check redundant primers among a large set of primers and download the files containing unique as well as redundant records. >> Category: Applications
  • Ayurveda: Healing in a Natural Way    By: Nandan Nair

    In India, drugs of herbal origin have been used in traditional systems of medicines such as Unani and Ayurveda since ancient times. The Ayurveda system of medicine uses about 700 species, Unani 700, Siddha 600, Amchi 600 and modern medicine around 30 species. Medicinal plants antioxidant activity is mainly due to the presence of secondary metabolites. Based on their biosynthetic origins, plant secondary metabolites can be divided into three major groups: flavonoids and allied phenol and polyphenolic compounds, terpenoids and nitrogen-containing alkaloids and sulphur-containing compounds. >> Category: Applications
  • Bioenergy: Natural Sources of Energy    By: Nandan Nair

    The future of energy generation is Bioenergy. Biomass is a unique source of renewable energy as it can be provided as solid, gaseous or liquid fuel and can be used for generating electricity, transport fuels, as well as heat. Several traditional crops that are grown for food and other uses can also be used to produce bioenergy, primarily as Biofuels. >> Category: Applications
  • Developing Nutraceuticals From Plants    By: Nandan Nair

    In the last few years, there has been an increasing interest towards the search and characterization of new nutraceuticals from natural sources able to provide some additional benefits for human health like antioxidants, anti inflammatories, antihypertensive, hepatoprotective, antithrombotic antiviral and anticarcinogenic activities. Owing to their safety and potential nutritional and therapeutic values, nutraceuticals have attracted considerable interest. Supplements are products derived from natural sources which are included with the diet with ingredients like vitamins, minerals, amino acids, but without any therapeutic effects. >> Category: Applications
  • Transgenic Plants in Production of Enzymes, Therapeutic Protein and Antibodies    By: Nandan Nair

    Transgenic plants resistant to pests, diseases and herbicides, tolerance to environmental stress (drought, temperature and salinity), improved nutritional value, composition, flavor and storage ability are being generated in an increasing number of agronomically important crop species. Transgenic plants have significant potential in the Bioproduction of complex human therapeutic protein due to ease of genetic manipulation, lack of potential contamination with human pathogens, conservation of eukaryotic cell machinery mediating protein modification and low cost of biomass production. >> Category: Applications
  • Biofuels - A Solution for Non Renewable Sources    By: Nandan Nair

    Biofuels provides market for excess production of vegetable oil and animal fat, decreases country dependence on imported petroleum, reduce global warming due to closed Carbon cycle, reduces substantial amount of carbon monoxide, unborn hydrocarbon emitted from diesel engines. >> Category: Applications
  • The Role of PGPR in Micronutrient Supplement, Uptake and Plant Nutrition    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Micronutrients are essential for plant nutrition but are required in very small quantities. The copper, iron, manganese, chlorine, zinc, molybdenum and boron are micronutrients of plants whose availability and utilization is as diverse as plant diversity. They are vital for proper functioning of plant metabolism, chlorophyll and lignin synthesis, water and nutrient transport and translocation, viability of seeds, development of vigor and productivity, alleviation of other mineral deficiencies, regulation of general plant growth and also for elasticity of plant parts. These micronutrients are also important constituents of essential amino acids and enzyme complexes of plants and bacteria. The deficiency one or more micronutrients may cause severe deficiency diseases, increased vulnerability to fungal, viral and bacterial pathogens, chlorosis, necrosis, stunted growth which may all affect plant's health and productivity. >> Category: Applications
  • Biobanks and Human Genetic Research    By: Divya Narayan

    A biobank is a storehouse of human biological samples collected for research purposes. A biobank collects only those biological samples which contain genetic material. These biological samples are collected and stored according to the age, ethnicity, and the prevalent environmental conditions. >> Category: Applications
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Clinical Treatment    By: Hareepriyaw M

    Benefits of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC or iPS) in clinical therapy and treatmments. >> Category: Applications
  • Robotic Sperms - Need, Applications and Artificial Sperms    By: Divya Narayan

    Robotic sperms are those sperms which are embedded, immobilized or trapped within metallic nanotubes. The movement of these robotic sperms can be regulated with the help of a magnetic field. Besides robotic sperms, there are other types of artificial sperms which have been created through scientific experiments. >> Category: Applications
  • Biomedical Uses of Silk Originated Materials    By: Hareepriyaw M

    Collagen and proteins from silk fibers have biomedical applications. Silk fiber proteins are created by arthropods like spiders and silkworms. These proteins have mechanical properties and are not toxic. The silk associated research today involves usage of silk in cell culture, tissue engineering, especially concentrating on cell surface adherence, mechanical properties , biodegradability, immunogenicity and toxicity. >> Category: Applications
  • Applications of Hyaluronic Acid Hydrogels in Tissue Engineering    By: Hareepriyaw M

    The engineering and life science principles that help in improving biological substitutes to maintain and develop tissue function constitute tissue engineering (TE). >> Category: Applications
  • Bio-Batteries: Mechanism of Working, Advantages and Potential Applications    By: Divya Narayan

    A bio-battery is known as a device in which the substrate material, organic or inorganic, is converted to electric energy. This conversion takes place with the help of various biological or biochemical agents, such as enzymes or micro-organisms. >> Category: Applications
  • Microbes in the Upgradation of Alcoholic Beverages    By: Shivani Sharma

    Microorganisms have been utilized for centuries for producing food items and beverages. This article focuses on the methods for microbiological production of alcoholic beverages and their upgradation over the recent years. Micro-organisms tend to follow a standard growth curve which is utilized in the industrial applications and production of alcoholic beverages. >> Category: Applications
  • Biofuel-sources and Commercial Utility    By: Maitree Baral

    This article highlights different types of alternative energy sources available till date. >> Category: Applications
  • Benefits of in-vitro meat    By: Noah Machuki

    In vitro meat refers to animal muscle tissue that scientists grow in a controlled environment in the laboratories. It is also referred to as cultured meat or test tube meat. >> Category: Applications
  • Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) : Its Applications    By: Priti Raj Pandita

    Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry is the advanced form of the dispersive instruments. Its principle is based on the fact that bonds and groups of bonds vibrate at characteristic frequencies. This instrument is considered as workhorse technique for materials analysis in the laboratory. >> Category: Applications
  • Metabolic Profiling and its Relevance    By: Noah Machuki

    What is Metabolic Profiling? Metabolism is the bio-chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life. Metabolic profiling is defined as the use of analytical methods in measurement and interpretation of various endogenous low molecular weight and intermediates from their samples. >> Category: Applications
  • Micropropagation: Production of Quality Banana Planting    By: Dilruba Peya

    Banana is a crop which has dual propagation abilities, asexual through suckers and sexual through seeds. Seed propagation is general in wild species that are diploid and go through normal meiosis, seed set and fertilization. The extent of seed set, dormancy and germinability relies on the species. >> Category: Applications
  • Production of Biogas From Pit Latrine Waste    By: Dilruba Peya

    Biogas is the result of anaerobic digestion, breaking down of organic matter in absence of the air. This gas is rich in methane gas and can be utilized as a fuel for generating electricity, cooking and lighting. Anaerobic digestion occurs in what is familiar as a digester. >> Category: Applications
  • 'Clean' Technology: Reduction of Pollution at Source    By: Dilruba Peya

    The processes by which waste or pollution may be managed at source are varied. These may involve changes in methods or technology, alteration in raw materials employed or a complete reformation of procedures. Commonly speaking, biotechnological interferences are predominantly limited to the earlier aspects, although they may also show instrumental in allowing procedural change. The major areas in which biological processes may be related fall into three broad classes, such as process changes, biological control and bio-substitutions. >> Category: Applications
  • Biotechnology in Leather Production    By: Dilruba Peya

    The use of biotechnology allows a lot of benefits for industries. Some benefits are: commonly the biotechnological processes or reactions occur at low atmospheric pressure and at low temperatures; the procedure has a high space-time product, and renewable components. >> Category: Applications
  • Pollution Control Through Microbial Processes    By: Dilruba Peya

    Often the decision is to dissolve pollutant in the water, which is then matter to bioremediation by the bacteria. On the other hand, there is opportunity for future improvement of a complementary solution using the fact that several species of yeast can produce aerial hyphae that may be capable to metabolize complex and compound materials straightforwardly from the air. >> Category: Applications
  • Biological Waste Treatment: A Process of Purification    By: Dilruba Peya

    Biological Waste Treatment effectively means the decomposition and breakdown of the biological waste by microbes to generate a bulk-reduced, stable material, during which method the complex and compound organic molecules formerly present are converted into simple molecules. This process makes them available for recycling in a wider range. >> Category: Applications
  • Blood Sample Collection in Diabetic Patient    By: Geetanjali Murari

    How to determine the level of blood glucose in human body. Some crucial phases associated with the disease. The procedure of obtaining the blood sample from the patient to distributing it the laboratory for blood test. this issues are highlighted in this article. >> Category: Applications

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