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Most Recent Applications Articles.
  • Rural Agricultural Service Centre for Smart Village System in India [PDF]    By: Sunil Kumar

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) had great potential for supporting rural development and sustainable agriculture in developing countries .Rural agricultural service center is a center which provides the all agricultural services related to farming and its activities in rural area. It based on group/ ICT based system and it connected with research institutes in the region with state network like KVKs, ARS and Universities etc. It operated by agricultural allied sector graduates with initial capacity building or training provided to them at nodal agency. It could be well connected to all available ICT. It will helps the farmers to get diversified information at their door steps and helps in making right decisions at right time. Agents take all calls, answer questions, forward the caller to a specialist or refer the caller to other information sources. It at as a custom hiring center it provides the all agriculture input on rant to small and marginal farmer and seeds and fertilizers to farmer based on demand and recommended for particular agroclimetic zone by the scientist. It also provide some other facilities like soil testing, weather-forecasting, current crop price, consultations on agro-based venture, organic farming , crop exhibitions and contact village to a agro-based industry and other input supply company to supply input at remunerable price to farmers >> Category: Applications
  • RNA Isolation Protocol from Recalcitrant Tissues of Mango [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Ribonucleic acid (RNA) isolation is a critical step in the molecular experiments. Mango is one of the most complex crops from which the RNA isolation is very difficult due to significant difference in the chemical composition of various tissues. Various protocols have been tried but most of them have failed. We attempted to develop a comprehensive and efficient protocol for the isolation of good quality RNA from different tissues of mango. >> Category: Applications
  • Non-destructive Evaluation of Jelly Seed Disorder in Mango [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Jelly seed is a serious disorder of mango. Unfortunately, fruits affected by jelly seed can't be identified physically and consumers come to know only when fruits are cut open. With the advancement in technology, X-ray imaging technique has been standardized for its non-destructive detection. >> Category: Applications
  • Value Added Products from Apple Pomace [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Apple pomace is a waste generated by apple juice processing industries, where it acts as a major source of water and air pollution. In India, it merely goes waste. Technologies have been standardized for its effective utilization for the development of several value added products like jam and jelly, pectin, ethanol, citric acid, vinegar, animal feed. >> Category: Applications
  • In-package Use of Ethylene Absorbents in Nectarine [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    In-package use of ethylene absorbents has been found invariably efficient in enhancing the postharvest life and quality of fruits. Due to absorption of ethylene, detrimental effects of ethylene on fruits are reduced which extends the shelf life. This technology has been standardized for extension of shelf life of nectarine. >> Category: Applications
  • Shrink-wrapping Technology for Pomegranates [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Shrink-wrap packaging is a new technique for post harvest handing of fruits and vegetables. The technology has been standardized for improving shelf life and quality of pomegranates in India >> Category: Applications
  • Pre-harvest Fruit Bagging Technology for Winter-Season Guava    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    Pre-harvest fruit bagging is becoming an important practice in different parts of world to reduce the incidence of insect-pest and diseases and improvement in colour, fruit finish and quality of fruits. In India, this technology has also been standardized for some fruits like apple, pomegranate, guava etc. >> Category: Applications
  • Special Postharvest Treatments to Horticultural Produce [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    In addition to basic treatments, some fresh produce may require special treatments in order to slow down their rate of deterioration and minimize losses. Some of the special treatments, such as hot water dipping of mango and degreening of citrus, curing of potatoes and onions, are often used just to make the produce acceptable for a given market rather than for any great need to prevent their spoilage. >> Category: Applications
  • Postharvest Treatments of Horticultural Produce [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world but around 25-30 % of it is lost during postharvest handling. In order to save this valuable produce, several postharvest treatments (e.g. hot water, edible coating, irradiation, packaging etc.) have been recommended. >> Category: Applications
  • Processing of Fruits and Vegetables [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world but around 25-30 % of it is lost and only 3% of it processed into value added products. For employment generation and increase the income of farmers, we need to develop value added products from fruits and vegetables. >> Category: Applications
  • Harvesting and Handling of Fruits and Vegetables [PDF]    By: Dr. R. R.Sharma

    In postharvest handling of fruits and vegetables, harvesting of fruits at right stage of maturity and at right time is of utmost importance. Fruits or vegetables harvested too early may lack flavour and may not ripen properly, while produce harvested too late may be fibrous or have very limited market life. All this lead to hige postharvest losses. My article deals the maturity standards, their importance and the subsequent handling (grading, packing, ripening) of the harvested produce to reduce postharvest losses. >> Category: Applications
  • Introduction to Bioinformatics    By: Prashant Raghunath Shingote

    The article is informative and figures introduction to Bioinformatics. Furthermore, affirming that how bioinformatics is helpful in different fields. >> Category: Applications
  • Industrial Uses of Guar Gum Plant    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    The Guar plant is an annual plant, extremely drought resistant and thrives in semiarid regions where most plants perish. The Guar plant grows best in sandy soils and areas of West, Northwest India and parts of Pakistan >> Category: Applications
  • Osmotic Dehydration method: A Novel Process of Fruit Preservation    By: Dr. Rajdeep Mundiyara

    Osmotic dehydration is a useful technique for the production of sensorial, safe, stable, nutritious, tasty, economical, and concentrated food obtained by placing the solid food, whole or in sliced in sugar or salt aqueous solutions of high osmotic pressure. Osmotic dehydration has become more popular in food processing industry. Fruits are important sources of vitamin and minerals. They are got rotten before the final consumption due to lack of preservation and storage facilities. Osmotic dehydration is an operation used for the partial removal of water from plant tissues by immersion in an osmotic solution. >> Category: Applications
  • Evaluation of Multicereals Enriched Extruded Snacks [PDF]    By: Jarupla Surendar

    The chemical composition of the extruded products indicated that it has better nutritive value than commercial extruded products. The chemical composition of extruded sample A revealed that, it contains more protein (16.3g/100g), crude fiber (2.59g/100g) than that of commercial extruded products. >> Category: Applications
  • Seed Priming, Enhancement, Coating and Pelleting of Vegetable Seeds    By: Neha Yadav

    Various new interventions are like vegetable seed priming, enhancement, coating and pelleting of vegetable seeds are included in this article because now days cegetable seeds are the important commodity due to its huge prices in the market. >> Category: Applications
  • Database Management of Plant Genetic Resources    By: Utpal Roy

    The management of plant genetic resources contains several intermediate steps which create various data that has to be retrieving properly to get the valuable and reliable information of genetic resources in worldwide prospects. It is generating data in computer and disseminates via internet to user. It is user friendly and specific to work. >> Category: Applications
  • Textile Dyes: A Fascinating World of Colors    By: Dr. Indu Chopra

    Dyes have long been used to color the fibers and fabric. This article envisage the classification of dyes on the basis of interaction of different dyes with different fibers >> Category: Applications
  • Plant Tissue Culture Media: Types, Constituents, Preparation and Selection    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    Plant tissue culture medium is a growth medium for the growth and morphogenesis of plant. It can be solid or liquid and is made up of macro and micronutrients, growth regulators, organic supplements, solidifying agents etc. All these make up the constituents for each plant growth medium. >> Category: Applications
  • Freeze Drying: A Novel Technique for Flowers Drying    By: Poonam Kumari

    Freeze drying can be used for preserving flowers and is particularly popular for wedding bouquet preservation. Petals can also be freeze dried and used for decorations at weddings, dinner parties and other occasions, for decorating cakes and scattering on tables etc >> Category: Applications
  • Meadow Orcharding in Guava Fruit Production    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    Meadow Orchard System is a new concept of guava planting which has been developed for the first time in India at Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow >> Category: Applications
  • Spider Silk for Drug Delivery, Regenerative Medicine and Wound Healing    By: Rajni Singh

    Spiders make their webs to perform a wide range of tasks and are very useful for their daily life. They produce seven different types of silks for different uses. Spider silk is one of the most versatile materials in nature with great strength and flexibility. Presently the interest has grown towards spider silk due to a combination of its mechanical properties and non-polluting way of production. This silk can be produced synthetically for medicinal purposes in construction of artificial tendons and as substrate for human's cell growth. >> Category: Applications
  • Hermetic Storage: Safe and cheap technique for grain storage    By: Bhushan Bibwe

    The article is about the principal, mechanism, application and advantages of safe, simplest and cheapest technique of grain storage and preservation which practiced already in antiquity is used today in the industrialized world to keep insect pests from destroying grain stores >> Category: Applications
  • Rejuvenation of Technology in Fruit Crops    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    India is a vast country and is gifted with a variety of soils and climates. Thus, almost all kinds of fruits can be grown successfully in this country, hence there is tremendous increase in the production of horticultural crops especially fruits which is due to specialized new interventions and use of latest research technological tools, the country is now among the top fruit producing countries of the world ranking second followed to China. But, it is a matter of great surprise that in spite of provision of adequate resources, the per capita consumption of fruits here is perhaps one of the lowest in the world. The existing orchards are not able to meet the present requirements of the country. Poor selection of planting material, haphazard plantation and poor management has made many orchards uneconomic. The old and senile orchards are now reverting towards a declining trend of production because of plant age factor, non-compatible varieties and poor canopy management. The present paper aims at highlighting the basics of rejuvenating the old and senile orchards to increase production and meet the present need and optimize the fruit potential of our country. >> Category: Applications
  • Synthetic Biology - New Reform in the Biotechnological Approaches [PDF]    By: Vinay Sharma

    Synthetic biology is still a nascent technology, but it shows a good power tool. Synthetic biology is trying to build on more than three decades of the knowledge of new biology. Synthetic biology is about putting together entirely different genetic circuits together in one organism to produce desired functions. Design life forms would certainly be a dream come-true for modern day biologists. Although millions of years of evolution in nature, which has put together quite a few excellent organism to carry out many useful functions and duties to keep this planet buzzing, that same nature has also not mastered efficiency and proficiency in all that it has accomplished. This is where designing new organisms through synthetic biology comes into play. >> Category: Applications
  • Plant Tissue Culture: Techniques, Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Cornelius Onye Nichodemus

    Plant tissue culture has enabled the production of multiples of plants through the use of plant parts, techniques and conditions. These has made it possible to raise disease free organisms, production of desirable traits/character etc which are used in forestry, landscaping and plant science. >> Category: Applications
  • Algal Biopolymer or Bioplastics and its Application    By: Rajni Singh

    Organic plastics or biopolymers are the polymers derived from biological sources, renewable and help in fossil fuels conservation. Algae can be grown in a variety of environment and different types of plastics are obtained from the different algae species with high yield. The algae biopolymer production requires cultivation of algae in the presence of nutrient medium containing nitrogen and source of carbon (CO2), light energy, favorable temperature, pH and salinity. The cultivation takes place in nitrogen containing nutrient medium (continuous culture) followed by limited supply of nitrogen achieving the senescent phase to enhance biopolymer production. These biopolymers are useful in industries and municipal works with the reduction in pollution. >> Category: Applications
  • Allele Mining Applications and Challenges in Crop Improvement    By: Jitendra Kumar Meena

    Allele mining plays an important role in realizing the worth of the plant genetic resources (PGR). Discovery and utilization of superior alleles through allele mining for disease resistance, drought tolerance etc. may contribute significantly to secure the future food basket. However, it face challenges in its efficient use for crop improvement. >> Category: Applications
  • Biotechnology for Enhancing Micronutrients Acquisition and Uptake Efficiency    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    Improvement of micronutrient acquisition in area where micronutrients deficiency in soils limits crop productivity is probably the most challenging and rewarding areas of research to achieve the sustainable productivity of agricultural crops. Progress made in recombinant DNA technology in recent years and the application of molecular techniques has advanced our understanding in unraveling the mechanisms of acquisition of micronutrients by the plants from less-labile of soil pools and role of genes involved in these processes, and have provided an altogether new dimension to agricultural research. >> Category: Applications
  • Description of Various Assay Procedures for Determination of Antioxidant Activity    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    This article provides methods available for the measurement of antioxidant capacity and presented the general chemistry underlying the assays. This overview provides a basis and rationale for developing standardized antioxidant capacity methods for the food, nutraceutical, and dietary supplement industries. >> Category: Applications
  • Enzyme Immobilization- Methods and Applications    By: Aditi Mathur

    This article concentrates on need, types and techniques of immobilization, with applications in various industries. >> Category: Applications
  • Development of Transgenic in Fruit Crops    By: Sunil Kumar

    In the last two decades, genetic transformation of fruit crops has focused mainly on enhancing resistance to biotic stresses, increasing tolerance against abiotic stresses, modified plant growth habit and fruit quality. There are few cases of commercial application of these transgenic plants >> Category: Applications
  • Role of Bio-CNG in Development of Rural India: A Prospective Study    By: Payal Saxena

    Concept note describes the role of Bio-CNG in development of Rural India as an alternate fuel, its importance to Indian Govt., Indian economy, carbon footprint reduction and climatic conditions. The overall cost savings has been evaluated with present energy scenario. >> Category: Applications
  • Fundamentals and Applications of Freeze-Drying    By: Divya Narayan

    Freeze-Drying or Lyophilization is an effective method of preservation of perishable products. This process finds effective application in a wide range of diverse fields. >> Category: Applications
  • Significance of Synthetic Biomolecules    By: Divya Narayan

    Synthetic biomolecules are those moieties which are synthetically produced and mimic the properties and action of naturally-occurring biomolecules. They possess great significance in fields such as vaccines, drug delivery, etc. >> Category: Applications
  • Evaluation of Germplasm for Identifying Disease Tolerant Donor    By: Dr. Manas Kumar Bag

    To cope up the present demand of production target and quality produces, trait specific crop improvement is imminent. Trait specific genes can be identified from rigorous evaluation of plant genetic resources. >> Category: Applications
  • Isolation of Phosphatase Producing Microorganisms from Soil    By: Debasish Mondal

    An easy method was used in this experiment with reliable result and repeatability to obtain the most excellent bacterial isolates producing phosphatase >> Category: Applications
  • Microbial Assisted Flocculation for the Treatment of Industrial Wastewater    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Clumping together of dispersed organic particles to form flocs by the action of certain bacteria and fungi, referred as microbial assisted flocculation or bio-flocculation. >> Category: Applications
  • Overview of Hydrogenase Enzyme    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Hydrogenase (EC- is enzymes that belongs to oxidoreductase family and actively participate in catalysis of reversible reduction of proton to hydrogen molecule. This enzyme possesses keen scope towards the biological hydrogen production. >> Category: Applications
  • Overview of Biological Hydrogen Production    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Hydrogen could be produced by biomass gasification, biomass-derived liquid reforming, natural gas reforming, coal gasification, thermo-chemical water splitting, electrolysis, photo-biological and microbial biomass conversion. Presently at commercial level natural gas reforming methods are applied globally but gives off greenhouse gases during production. Currently scientists are concerned with global warming, so from this standpoint this is to be overcome by eco-friendly means of hydrogen production. >> Category: Applications
  • Plant Tissue Culture - An Important Application of Plant Biotechnology    By: Muhammad Iqbal

    Plant tissue culture is an important application of biotechnology having tremendous importance in obtaining millions of plants from a single cell in a very short time period with an affordable cast. >> Category: Applications
  • Production of Fermentable Sugar from Lignocellulosic Biomass    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) could be used as renewable and sustainable source for production of reducing sugars. These sugars can further be converted into different kinds of value added products including bio-fuels, butanol and organic acid via microbial fermentation. >> Category: Applications
  • Good Bye to Water Monster OIL Without Using Scientific Technologies    By: Pranank Batthini

    Removal of oil from water without using any kind of scientific methods. It can be removed by using Waster material found near our surroundings >> Category: Applications
  • Transgenic Mice    By: Megha Kaushik

    Transgene is a term use for the foreign DNA which has been transferred either naturally or by artificial insertion methods like microinjection, retrovirus mediated gene transfer etc. These are generally created either to be used as disease model or for human benefits. >> Category: Applications
  • Recombinant Proteins from CHO cells - Key to Infectious Diseases in Therapeutics    By: Dr. Madhusudan P Dabhole

    This article describes about the use of CHO cells in recombinant protein production. Recombinant proteins are at the cutting edge phase where it will require quality support & technology advancement for high production >> Category: Applications
  • Redundancy Checker Tool    By: Lalit Arya

    This article presents a simple web based tool to check redundant primers among a large set of primers and download the files containing unique as well as redundant records. >> Category: Applications
  • Ayurveda: Healing in a Natural Way    By: Nandan Nair

    In India, drugs of herbal origin have been used in traditional systems of medicines such as Unani and Ayurveda since ancient times. The Ayurveda system of medicine uses about 700 species, Unani 700, Siddha 600, Amchi 600 and modern medicine around 30 species. Medicinal plants antioxidant activity is mainly due to the presence of secondary metabolites. Based on their biosynthetic origins, plant secondary metabolites can be divided into three major groups: flavonoids and allied phenol and polyphenolic compounds, terpenoids and nitrogen-containing alkaloids and sulphur-containing compounds. >> Category: Applications
  • Bioenergy: Natural Sources of Energy    By: Nandan Nair

    The future of energy generation is Bioenergy. Biomass is a unique source of renewable energy as it can be provided as solid, gaseous or liquid fuel and can be used for generating electricity, transport fuels, as well as heat. Several traditional crops that are grown for food and other uses can also be used to produce bioenergy, primarily as Biofuels. >> Category: Applications
  • Developing Nutraceuticals From Plants    By: Nandan Nair

    In the last few years, there has been an increasing interest towards the search and characterization of new nutraceuticals from natural sources able to provide some additional benefits for human health like antioxidants, anti inflammatories, antihypertensive, hepatoprotective, antithrombotic antiviral and anticarcinogenic activities. Owing to their safety and potential nutritional and therapeutic values, nutraceuticals have attracted considerable interest. Supplements are products derived from natural sources which are included with the diet with ingredients like vitamins, minerals, amino acids, but without any therapeutic effects. >> Category: Applications
  • Transgenic Plants in Production of Enzymes, Therapeutic Protein and Antibodies    By: Nandan Nair

    Transgenic plants resistant to pests, diseases and herbicides, tolerance to environmental stress (drought, temperature and salinity), improved nutritional value, composition, flavor and storage ability are being generated in an increasing number of agronomically important crop species. Transgenic plants have significant potential in the Bioproduction of complex human therapeutic protein due to ease of genetic manipulation, lack of potential contamination with human pathogens, conservation of eukaryotic cell machinery mediating protein modification and low cost of biomass production. >> Category: Applications

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