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Most Recent Applications Articles.
  • Genotyping For Identifying Bacterial Strains    By: Sandhya Anand

    The article gives a list of the common procedures employed in bacterial strain identification along with the details. >> Category: Applications
  • Bacillus Thuringiensis a Microbial Biopesticide Past and Future    By: PIYUSH JOSHI

    Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can be attributed to the high efficacy of its insecticidal proteins and the existence of a variety of proteins that are effective against a wide range of important pests. >> Category: Applications
  • Dolly Sheep - The First Cloned Mammal    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    An article about the Cloning of Dolly, the first transgenic sheep. This was a breakthrough achievement by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell, colleagues at the Roslin Institute, Scotland, in 1997. >> Category: Applications
  • Understanding Biotechnology - A Compilation of Various Definitions    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    A compilation of the various definitions for the term 'Biotechnology'. These may be useful in understanding the importance of biotech in our lives >> Category: Applications
  • Bioreactors - Classification and Types    By: Sandhya Anand

    Bioreactors are designed to provide a controlled environment for optimal growth of microbes. The article describes the classification and types of bioreactors along with their advantages and disadvantages. >> Category: Applications
  • Phytoremediation - Applications, Advantages and Limitations    By: Kanya Sasi

    What is phytoremediation? The technique of employing green plants and their associated microorganisms, soil amendments and agronomic practices to remove, inhibit or neutralize hazardous environmental contaminants is termed as 'phytoremediation'. >> Category: Applications
  • Bioremediation of Contaminated Soils    By: Lakshmi K Sugavanam

    Bioremediation is the process of harnessing the natural occurrence that depends on the microbes to go about their regular life processes. These processes include metabolic pathways that utilize these toxins as a source of energy and convert them into non-toxic substances like ethylene and chloride. >> Category: Applications
  • Potential Hydrocarbonoclastic Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Hydrocarbons are principle constituents of petroleum, related byproducts like coal tar, diesel, petrol, gasoline, kerosene and major environmental pollutants. Petroleum is composed of straight or branched saturated aliphatic, alicyclic, aromatic and unsaturated olefinic hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are recalcitrant because of their oily nature and poor water solubility. They persist in nature for long period of time and cause hazardous effects on flora and fauna of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Oil spills, oil transportation, drilling operations, refineries and local fuel filling stations are some of the reasons responsible of hydrocarbon contamination. Hydrocarbon degrading bacteria are known as hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria. They utilize hydrocarbons as carbon and energy source for growth. >> Category: Applications
  • Current Applications of Cold Actives Enzymes in Molecular Biology    By: Shekhar C Bisht

    High catalytic efficiency at low and moderate temperatures of cold-active enzyme offer a number of advantages for biotechnology processes, such as the shortening of process times, saving of energy costs, prevention of the loss of volatile compounds, performance of reactions that involve thermosensitive compounds, and reduced risk of contamination. >> Category: Applications
  • Biometrics - The Technology For True Personal Identification    By: Pournami Gouthaman

    Personal identification and authentication has always been necessary for gaining access to restricted zones and for even using personal devices. When traditional identification variables like signature and official documents can be stolen, forged or lost, biometric data like face, fingerprint, iris, veins or behavioral patterns like handwriting, voice, etc. is better for personal identification. >> Category: Applications
  • Sample Preparation For Microscopy    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Information about Light and Electron microscopy preparation. Microscopes are the instruments which enable us the observation of microscopic objects such as microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. They are used for studying cellular organization of plant and animal tissues, cell division or mitosis-meiotic processes. Microscopes are employed for detection of pathological parameters such as presence of parasites in blood, morphological features of white and red blood cells.. >> Category: Applications
  • Asepsis and its Importance    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    In this article, meaning, characteristics and importance of aseptic conditions is described.Asepsis is always maintained by laboratories like microbiology, pharmaceutical, genetics and molecular biology, plant and animal tissue culture and vaccine production units. >> Category: Applications
  • Injuries to Microbes    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    The extent of injury depends on susceptibility of microbe to environmental conditions such as temperature, pressure or pH and physiological state (old, growing or resting) of the cell. On the basis of structural components and metabolic processes, various mechanisms of cell injury are known in microorganisms. Injury to microbes generally results in death but still some types of damages are repairable. >> Category: Applications
  • Microbial Growth Substrates    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Microbes produce adaptive enzymes in response to the presence of substrates; therefore many bacteria are able to utilize substances that are not usually preferred by other organisms. Metabolic versatility is hence the function of enzymes; hydrolases especially, which confer an extraordinary ability to grow on unusual substrates. These substrates are wastes from kitchen, agriculture, heavy industries, dairy, poultry, food processing, paint and varnish, paper and pulp, fish market, vegetable market, waste treatment or compositing units and least but not the last from hydroelectric and nuclear power stations. To name some, carbon monoxide and other toxic environmental pollutants, lignin, cellulose, lignocelluloses, pectin, spent wash, molasses, Corn steep liquor, sewage, sludge, human and animal excreta, night soil, organic solvents, waste vegetable oils, petroleum byproducts, raw milk and whey are unusual substrates used by bacteria for the growth. >> Category: Applications
  • Sewage Bacteria - Strictly Anaerobic, Aerobic and Facultative bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    The sewage is an ideal environment for growth microorganisms like protozoa, algae, fungi, yeasts, bacteria and viruses. Bacteria from sewage are pathogenic, nonpathogenic, saprophytes, autotrophic, heterotrophic, facultative, obligate, aerobic or anaerobic forms. The millions of bacteria have been enumerated in per milliliter of diluted sewage sample. The common sewage bacteria include species of coliforms, streptococci, clostridia, lactobacilli, micrococci, Proteus and Pseudomonas. Most of these bacteria re causative agents of fatal diseases like gastro, typhoid, cholera and food poisoning in humans. >> Category: Applications
  • Conservation of Microbes    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Plants and animal are conserved and protected in sanctuaries, microbes are conserved in laboratories and collection centers.In all types of conservation methods, the microbes are stabilized into anabiotic state; meaning reduced or completely stopped vital metabolic activities of a cell. >> Category: Applications
  • Importance of Phytoremediation    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    To the world facing increasing environmental pollution, currently available approaches like incineration and storage to solve pollution problems are expensive, incomplete and again create additional problems of disposal. As compared to this, phytoremediation is the most promising approach for environmental clean-up. >> Category: Applications
  • Colorful Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Bacterial pigments are very useful in heavy metal and antibiotic resistance, protection from phagocytosis, radiation, help in survival and also have many industrial applications. >> Category: Applications
  • Extremophilic Microbes - Organisms Living in Extreme Conditions    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Extremophilic microorganisms live in harsher habitats where normal organisms are unable to grow. They are very important group of organisms having great biotechnological, industrial, ecological and environmental applications. >> Category: Applications
  • Methods of Purification of Enzymes    By: Sandhya Anand

    Enzymes are manufactured in bio reactors for commercial purposes and this has to be purified. The process of purification is often requires complex combination of processes which are detailed in the article. The choice of a suitable method depends on the nature of enzyme and desired purity level. >> Category: Applications
  • Fermentation, and its Control    By: Akash Mukherjee

    Information about fermentation and its control. A sequel to this article deals with the advanced fermentation control strategies. >> Category: Applications
  • Advanced Fermentation Control Strategies    By: Akash Mukherjee

    This is a sequel to an article on fermentation and its control. This gives us a basic idea on some of the advanced strategies that have been researched recently and about the ControlSoft's MANTRA tool >> Category: Applications
  • Directed Evolution    By: Akash Mukherjee

    What is direct evolution? Its need, procedure, newer strategies, applications, problems and future prospects of direct evolution >> Category: Applications
  • Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting    By: Akash Mukherjee

    Crisp description of Fluorescence activated cell sorting, it's procedure and uses. Separating the cell of one type from the pool of heterogeneous cell population so that we can use them to develop culture of cells to know much more information about that kind of cell is called cell sorting. >> Category: Applications
  • In Vitro Fertilization Procedure - Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Akash Mukherjee

    This is an article on In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), the procedure, it's applications, and it's advantages/disadvantages. There is a discussion on Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. >> Category: Applications
  • The Concept of Biotechnology: Understanding Various Applications/Uses    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Understanding the basic concept of Biotechnology and its various applications. Biotechnology is very fruitful combination of biology and technology. Biological sciences like Microbiology, Physiology, Zoology, Botany, Ecology and technological concepts of Engineering together constitute Biotechnology >> Category: Applications
  • Biomedical Informatics - From Cells to Populations in the IT Way    By: Sandhya Anand

    As the name implies, Biomedical informatics combines biology, medicine, IT software and informatics. The area is in its nascent stage with the services spanning health, pharma, medical and services industries. It acts as an interface between the biomedical sciences and information technology to address the technological needs of humans. >> Category: Applications
  • Genetic Engineering Extended the Shelf-life of Fruits    By: Shikha Sharma

    Tremendous progress has been made through various techniques of genetic engineering, one of them is to improve the shelf life of the fruits. Fruit ripening is an active process characterized by increased respiration accompanied by a rapid increase in ethylene synthesis. >> Category: Applications
  • Flavor Biotechnology: Part -1    By: Padma Kumar

    This article discusses the development of flavor biotechnology as an alternative to organic synthesis of flavors with examples of fragrance/flavor ingredients made by using micro-organisms and fungus. The article also details trends in biotech method of producing vanillin. >> Category: Applications
  • Flavor Biotechnology: Part -2    By: Padma Kumar

    This article discusses how our olfactory system works, how fragrances/flavors are biosynthetically made, and the process of natural development of flavors in tomatoes. >> Category: Applications

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