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Most Recent Genetics Articles.
  • Strategies For Protein Identification | Proteome Map    By: Muniba Safdar

    Various techniques through which proteins can be identified, their advantages and disadvantages. The aim of proteomics (study the full set of proteins) is to identify all proteins and make proteome map. To study particular disease we have required quantity of protein. >> Category: Genetics
  • Proteomics: Proteins Expressed by Genome    By: Muniba Safdar

    Proteomics is the branch of genetics that studies the full set of proteins encoded by a genome. It involves identification of protein in a body and the determination of their role in physiological and pathophysiological (diseased condition) function or conditions. For example in cancer protein is unexpressed. >> Category: Genetics
  • The Different DNA Libraries    By: Lorato Lekgari

    The construction of DNA libraries, their differences and how they are constructed. Metagenomic, cDNA, Genomic DNA library. >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Therapy: Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Muniba Safdar

    Benefits and issues of Gene therapy: It is a technique in which a gene that is responsible for disease development is replaced with a healthy gene, in other words defective gene is corrected. This is done by inserting number of genes into patient's cells and tissues for the treatment of hereditary diseases. >> Category: Genetics
  • How Can Computers Read DNA?    By: Farah Mahboob

    Ever wondered how that thread like DNA got into your computer? How do scientists analyze it and programmers make robust and sophisticated algorithms that can read the whole Human genome. If you want an answer to all your questions read on and find out how its done. >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Silencing and Its Applications    By: Lorato Lekgari

    Explains gene silencing. Goes into the mechanism under which gene silencing occurs, its biological roles and different application that it can be used for >> Category: Genetics
  • Applications of Human Genome Project    By: Amna Adnan

    Human genome project encouraged the scientists to map the genomes of other organisms also. Molecular medicine took great advantage of this project. >> Category: Genetics
  • How the Mapping of Human Genome Took Place?    By: Amna Adnan

    Human genome project is the greatest achievement of the 21st century. It provide the scientists an opportunity to determine the function and expression of those genes which are diseased. >> Category: Genetics
  • DNA Sequencing: Method, Benefits and Applications    By: Amna Adnan

    DNA sequencing has provided the scientists to map the genome of many organisms including humans. It has its applications in medicine, forensics and agriculture. >> Category: Genetics
  • Transgenic Animals: Methods of Development and Applications    By: Amna Adnan

    Transgenic animals are the genetically modified organisms in which new genes are inserted to see the expression of the proteins. These animals are developed through different techniques of genetic engineering and have applications in medicine, biotech and pharmaceuticals. >> Category: Genetics
  • Phylogenetics: Evolutionary Relationship Among Species    By: Muniba Safdar

    What is Phylogenetics? It is a field of biology which is used to find relationships among different organisms. Ancestrals are divided into two descendant species because closely related organisms are shown in near branches. If there is too much divergence between two species its mean they are not closely related. >> Category: Genetics
  • Plants and Their Genetic Transformation    By: Amna Adnan

    Plants are the multicellular organisms and genetic transformation in them is quite difficult. For this purpose naturally occurring microorganisms such as bacteria have been used to perform the task. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genomic Applications of Microorganisms    By: Amna Adnan

    Microorganisms are the useful living organisms on the earth. They help to clean the environment by digesting the carbon dioxide, they also help to clean the wastes. Their use in the biotech industry cannot be ignored. By knowing the genetic information of these organisms, the ability of antibiotic resistance can be known. >> Category: Genetics
  • Enzymes Used in DNA Manipulation    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Enzymes are used in molecular biotechnology or genetic engineering to manipulate biological material DNA. Enzymes like nucleases, ligases, polymerases, Modifying enzymes and topoisomerases are commonly used enzymes to do the job such as DNA manipulation. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Testing in Detecting Genetic Disorder    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Genetic testing is done to see if an individual is at risk for certain types of diseases like cancer by looking for certain gene mutations. Genetic testing is also used to confirm gene mutation present in an individual or in a family. >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Regulation by Minerals and Vitamins    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    In humans and also in other animals expression of gene is also regulated by the kind of nutrients present in ones diet. Not only macro nutrients like carbohydrate, proteins and fat play a major role in regulating gene expression but also micronutrients like mineral and vitamins also involved in gene regulation. >> Category: Genetics
  • Gene Therapy and Blindness Treatment    By: Amna Adnan

    Gene therapy has the potential to treat the diseases which cannot be cured with any other method. Scientists are now exploring the possibility of blindness treatment disorder on an advanced level using gene therapy. >> Category: Genetics
  • Pregnancy and Chromosomal Abnormalities    By: Amna Adnan

    Women possess chromosomal abnormalities when they exceed the age of 30. These abnormalities result in causing many syndromes like Down's syndrome, turner's syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome. >> Category: Genetics
  • Viral Vectors Used in Gene Therapy    By: Amna Adnan

    Gene therapy is a technique of genetics which is responsible for replacing the diseased gene with the healthy genes. There are specific viral vectors which are used to insert therapeutic genes in the human body. every specie of virus acts in a different way. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genes Responsible For Infantile Hemangioma - The Most Common Childhood Tumor    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Researchers from Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, and the de Duve Institute at the Catholique University of Louvain in Brussels, have for the first time, found the genes involved in the growth of the tumors known as infantile hemangiomas. >> Category: Genetics
  • Childhood Cancer Neuroblastoma and Genetics    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    For the first time scientists have discovered the gene mutation, which is responsible for childhood cancer called as neuroblastoma. The same gene mutation also plays a major role in non-inherited form of the disease >> Category: Genetics
  • Benefits of Cloning    By: Amna Adnan

    Cloning is a technique of producing organisms which are similar in genetic makeup to their parents. Cloning can be beneficent in treating different diseases. Cloning benefits include helping infertile couples and also helpful in organ transplantation. >> Category: Genetics
  • Techniques of Genetic Engineering    By: Amna Adnan

    Genetic engineering techniques like Microinjection, Bioballistics, Recombinant DNA Electro and Chemical poration are used for various purposes for example for the treatment of diseases, for the insertion of gene from one organism's cell to another. They are of great benefit to the field of biotechnology. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Engineering Helps to Improve Plants Tolerance, Produce and Resistance    By: Amna Adnan

    Genetic engineering has made it possible to produce such foods and other plants which are rich in nutrients. Usually some genes are added to them to make them genetically modified. >> Category: Genetics
  • Regulation of Gene Expression by Dietary Fat    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Dietary fat act as a source of energy and also play a vital role in the maintenance of cell membrane lipid composition, dietary fat in addition to all these roles also induce effects on gene expression, hence may also change metabolism, growth and also cell differentiation. >> Category: Genetics
  • Sex Chromosome Abnormality Induced Genetic Syndrome    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Sex chromosome abnormalities are fairly common but the effect of these abnormalities is less severe than the effect caused by autosomal abnormality. Sex chromosome abnormalities cause learning disability or physical abnormality, and sex chromosome abnormalities are detected coincidentally during studying the cause for infertility or at amniocentesis. >> Category: Genetics
  • Recombinant DNA Technology and Production of Hormones    By: Amna Adnan

    Recombinant DNA technology has made it possible to produce various useful hormones which were impossible to produce by other means. Human growth hormone, Human insulin and factor of blood clotting are the major products of recombinant DNA technology. >> Category: Genetics
  • Applications of Transgenic Animals in Biotechnology    By: Amna Adnan

    Transgenic animals are those animals which are genetically modified. A foreign gene is inserted into these animals to see certain characteristics. These animals can be helpful in producing organs, growth hormones and useful proteins for the humans. >> Category: Genetics
  • Nutrigenomics: Effect of Nutrients on Gene Expression    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Nutrients play a major role in regulation of expression of genes in mammals. The response to a nutrient deficiency or availability induces different gene expression, which is specific to each genotype. >> Category: Genetics
  • Proteomics Applications: Tumor Metastasis, Neurology and Diabetes    By: Amna Adnan

    Proteomics is the new field of genetics. There are many practical applications in biomedical field like detecting cancer, analyzing the proteins level in nutrients and many other fields make use of the techniques of proteomics. >> Category: Genetics
  • Can Point Mutations Cause Cystic Fibrosis?    By: Amna Adnan

    Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder. It is caused due to the mutation in the single gene that is CFTR. CFTR protein allows the chloride ions to move out of the mucous producing cells and help in making the passages of lungs and pancreas clean. If mucous becomes thick, then it will block the passages and lungs and pancreas will not function properly. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetics of Colon Cancer and Breast Or Ovarian Cancer    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Continuous cell growth occur in cells present in the breast are known as breast cancer. If the same kind of cancer is seen in the cells of the ovarian tissue then it is called as ovarian cancer. These cases are as a result of inherited mutated form of either BRCA1 or BRCA2 >> Category: Genetics
  • Types of Mutations - Frameshift, Chromosomal and Point Mutation    By: Amna Adnan

    Mutations are the changes in the structure of the DNA molecule or the changes in the gene sequences. There are many types of mutations which cause the defect in the genetic information. >> Category: Genetics
  • Cancer Metastasis and Genetics    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    The ability of cancer cells to spread into other parts of the body is known as metastasis. This nature of cancer makes it difficult to treat and cure the condition in a patient. Some of the genetic alterations in the cell induce the primary tumor to spread into the body to produce secondary tumors. >> Category: Genetics
  • Point Mutation and Genetic Disorders    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Mutation can be defined as any kind or form of change in the genetic code of a cell or organism. Point mutations can be defined as the genetic mutation of DNA or RNA by substituting one base with the other or loss of a nucleotide. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genomic and cDNA Library    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    DNA library allows the extraction of particular gene from the genome. DNA library is collection of DNA fragments from an organism. But these DNA fragments are stored in another organism like the E. coli bacteria or yeast. >> Category: Genetics
  • Genetic Testing: Techniques, Method, Ethical and Legal Issues.    By: Amna Adnan

    Genetic testing is used to detect the various genetic disorders in the body. This type of testing can be performed in new born child and even the couples can have genetic testing to know about any disorders in their bodies. >> Category: Genetics
  • Role of DNA in Forensics    By: Amna Adnan

    DNA plays an important role in the science of forensics. Many criminals can be arrested just by matching the piece of DNA with the evidence found from the criminal sight. paternity of the child can also be identified through DNA forensics. >> Category: Genetics
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Food    By: Amna Adnan

    Genetically modified food has the potential to decrease poverty from the poor countries and it can cause resistance against dangerous diseases but there are some disadvantages of genetically modified food also. >> Category: Genetics
  • Bovine Somatotropin: A Growth Hormone    By: Amna Adnan

    Bovine somatotropin is a growth hormone which is present in the pituitary glands of the animal. This hormone increases the production of the milk in the animal. >> Category: Genetics
  • The Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering in Humans    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Human body is made up of both good and bad genes. The genes which may cause some disease or some unwanted traits can be altered using a branch of biotechnology known as genetic engineering. >> Category: Genetics
  • Types of Genetic Disorders    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Genetic disorders are caused by the mutations or abnormalities that occur in a chromosome or genome. These abnormalities may appear phenotypically at any time of a human life. Types of mutations like single nucleotide mutation, chromosomal aberration, mitochondrial genome and also environmental factors play a role in inducing these genetic disorders in humans. >> Category: Genetics
  • Prenatal Diagnosis: Non-invasive and Invasive Techniques    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Prenatal diagnosis uses both invasive and non-invasive techniques to find out the health of a fetus. Prenatal diagnosis helps in making decisions whether to terminate the pregnancy or to continue with it. >> Category: Genetics
  • Designer Babies:Method and Ethical Issues    By: Amna Adnan

    Designer babies is the new technique which scientists are developing these days. After some years, it will be able for the parents to choose the sex of the child. >> Category: Genetics
  • Biotechnology and Types of Cloning    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Cloning in biotechnology is intentional cloning of an organism or molecular cloning of DNA fragments. In biotechnology scientists mainly use three types of cloning, known as reproductive cloning, therapeutic cloning and DNA cloning. >> Category: Genetics
  • DNA Footprinting and Gene Sequencing    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    DNA footprinting is a molecular technique used to identify the specific DNA sequence (binding site) that binds to a protein. This technique mainly used to identify the tran script ion factors which bind to promoter, enhancer or silencer region of gene to regulate its expression. >> Category: Genetics
  • Mitochondrial DNA and Forensic    By: Nidhi Uppangala

    Biological materials like hair shafts, teeth and bone do not contain nuclear DNA but mitochondria may be present and mtDNA analysis can be performed to solve the case. >> Category: Genetics
  • Ethical Issues Related to Human and Animal Cloning    By: bluemoon silverstars

    Cloning is successful technique today, but some public sectors oppose it, They consider it harmful for humans as well as animals. >> Category: Genetics
  • Human Intelligence and Genetics    By: bluemoon silverstars

    Human intelligence can be inherent or due to the environmental factors. Nature and nurture both are necessary for the human intelligence. Genetics plays important role in human intelligence. >> Category: Genetics
  • Treatment of Genetic Diseases by Gene Therapy    By: bluemoon silverstars

    Gene therapy is a technique which is used to treat various genetic diseases. It can also be used to treat other acquired diseases. >> Category: Genetics

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