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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Characterization of Plant Pathogens Through PCR    By: Dr. Smita Puri

    Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is an extremely helpful technique in the identification and characterization of plant pathogens. It is based on three steps i.e. denaturation, annealing and extension. >> Category: Agriculture
  • IPR Issues in Agri Biotechnology    By: Harsh Vardhan Singh Shekhawat

    Research and development in agri biotechnology is extremely time consuming and requires huge investment, granting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) is an effective tool to protect biotechnology inventions. This allow the inventor to restrict the use of the intellectual property i.e. no one is allowed to use manufacture, grow, sell or offer to sell the invention without permission. Several forms of this protection exist and they include copyrights, trade secrets, trademarks, plant breeder's rights and patents. IPR play a pivotal role between the donor and recipient while transferring of agri-biotech information. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Epicotyl Grafting: A useful techniques of Mango Propagation    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Elite plant materials are the base of successful fruit production. The targets of the enhancing Mango production in the coming years will be achieved only through production and distribution of healthy, genuine and quality planting material of commercial/improved varieties of Mango. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biofortified Crops For Improved Human Nutrition    By: Harsh Vardhan Singh Shekhawat

    Great progress has been made over the past decade with respect to the application of biotechnology to generate nutritionally improved food crops. Biofortified staple crops such as rice, maize, wheat and pearl millet harboring essential micronutrients to benefit the world's poor are either developed or are under development as well as new varieties of crops which have the ability to combat chronic disease. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Problem of Mites - Papaya Production in Polyhouse    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Papaya is very important fruit crop in tropical and subtropical region of India and Globe as well. The cultivation of papaya in polyhouse/nethouse has given the hope of virus free fruit production but simultaneously mite has been observed as major destructive pest. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Choke Throat of Bananas    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Banana is a globally important fruit crop including India it supports livelihood of millions of people. The growers of across the globe are experiencing the low productivity and profitability due to choke throat problem of banana. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Trichoderm - A Potential Bio-control Agent    By: Neelam Geat

    Trichoderma is a good model of biocontrol agent as it is easy to isolate and culture, multiply rapidly on many substrates, act as mycoparasite, strong opportunistic invaders, avirulent plant symbionts, competes for food and site with pathogens, prolific producers of spores, powerful antibiotics, antifungal compounds, secondary metabolites as well as enzymes. These properties make them ecologically very successful. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Girdling Technology in Litchi Enhances Farmers' Income: A Success Story    By: Dr. Amrendra Kumar

    ICAR-NRC on Litchi scientists have developed a technology of getting regular flowering and fruiting in litchi through girdling of primary branches. This technique has been successfully demonstrated in farmers' field during 2014-15 in China cultivar at Katarmala village of Vaishali districts (Bihar). Farmer has harvested very good yield of 85-90 kg quality fruit per plant after adopting the girdling technology and a handsome income with a tune of Rs. 1,00,000 to 1,25, 000 earned by the grower. Many farmers of the nearby village are now coming forward to adopt this technology. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nursery Management in Litchi    By: Dr. Amrendra Kumar

    Number of structures may be necessary for raising Litchi in the nursery as per the norms to make quality planting material propagation at commercial scale. The litchi fruit is called queen of the fruit because of its highly attractive red pink fruit on the lush evergreen trees. Amongst the number of factors affecting the production and productivity at present level and key factor for future area expansion programme is timely availability of quality planting material of selected variety in sufficient quantity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Methods of Bacterial Strain Identification - Bacterial Typing Methods    By: Devendra Singh

    These strain identification methods helps in identifying a particular strain of a particular bacteria. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Biotechnology in Plant Disease Management    By: Neelam Geat

    Plant biotechnology helps Plant pathology in various ways. That are: obtaining pathogen-free mother plants through rapid clonal propagation, main vehicle for transferring genes from donor to recipient, in plant pathogens, Control of plant diseases by inserting resistance genes into plants by genetic engineering techniques. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biological Control of Plant Pathogens    By: Dr. Smita Puri

    Biocontrol is a form of natural control and almost all plant disease biocontrol agents are safe to humans, animals and the environment. Antagonistic agents usually target only a few pathogenic organisms. They have diverse mode of action and there is less likelihood of the pathogen developing resistance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Use of Medicinal Plant Materials with a Biocontrol Agent for the Management of Soil Borne Plant Diseases    By: Dr. Zakaullah Khan

    The integrated disease management which is cost effective and environmentally safe is most preferable option for sustainable agriculture. The combined application of a biocontrol agent with medicinal plant materials provides better plant protection than individual method. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Antimicrobial Properties of Vegetables and Spices - An Overview    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Food spoilage by microorganisms can be prevented potentially by the use of plant extracts that possess antimicrobial activity as food additives, especially those that preserve foods and enhance food quality. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Atlernaria Toxins: Impacts on Plants and Animals    By: Pardeep Kumar

    Alternaria toxins are phytotoxins produced by Alternaria spp. that cause plant diseases on cereals, fruits, oil crops, ornamentals and vegetable plants and there is strong evidence that they may be mutagenic and carcinogenic in animals including humans >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of Plant Nutrition on Disease Development    By: Dr. Smita Puri

    Several host plant factors like genetic makeup, age, nutritional status and population structure influence the course of disease development. Generally, host nutrition implies nutrient status of an organism. There is a dynamic relationship of the plant's nutritional status with plant pathogens, environment and other organisms in the environment which could always influence severity of most diseases through nutrient management. Therefore, understanding the relationship of plant nutrition and disease development will be very helpful in designing the disease management strategies for crop production systems. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Changing Climate and Indian Agriculture [PDF]    By: Ved Prakash

    The most effective way to address climate change is to adopt a sustainable development pathway by shifting to environmentally sustainable technologies and promotion of energy efficiency, renewable energy, forest conservation, reforestation, water conservation, etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Resistant Cultivars: Environment-friendly Management of Plant Parasitic Nematodes    By: Dr. Zakaullah Khan

    Resistant cultivars provide an effective, economical and environmentally safe method for managing nematodes. It can also be used as a component of integrated nematode management along with other control strategies such cultural, biological and physical methods. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cyanobacteria for Management of Plant Parasitic Nematodes    By: Dr. Zakaullah Khan

    Beneficial effects of cyanobacteria in the management of plant parasitic nematodes in agricultural crops. Many species of Cyanobacteria are known to play dual beneficial role in agriculture, nitrogen fixation in soil and reduce deleterious impact of plant parasitic nematodes on agricultural crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biodiversity of Soil Nematodes and their role in Agriculture    By: Dr. Zakaullah Khan

    Senior Scientist (Nematology), Division of Plant Quarantine, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), Pusa Campus, New Delhi-110012. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Beneficial Organisms for Vegetable Crops Growth and Biotic Stress Management    By: Dr. Zakaullah Khan

    Management of nematode is one of the problems facing by the farming community for several vegetable crops, especially under protected cultivation. First and foremost important is management of nematodes using biological control methods. Here we discussed about the use of beneficial microorganisms for the management of nematodes in vegetable crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Potential Health Benefits of Chia    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Consumption of chia seeds for multiple health benefits due to its essential fatty acids which are required by the human body for good health, and they cannot be artificially synthesized >> Category: Agriculture
  • Factors Affecting for Fruit Ripening in Banana    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Postharvest deterioration of banana fruits is due to metabolic processes. Transpiration and respiration are the most important metabolic processes before and after harvest. Factors affecting plantain and banana ripening are physiological, physical and biotic >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant Cell Wall Degrading Enzymes of Fungi and its Role in Pathogenesis    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    Plant cell wall degrading enzymes of fungi and its role in pathogenesis is very interesting topic for the plant pathologists and disease resistance breeders. Here we cover the several plant cell wall degrading enzymes of fungi and their function in pathogenesis. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nigrospora Oryzae: An Endophyte of Potential Application in Agriculture    By: Pardeep Kumar

    Nigrospora oryzae is a fast growing fungus which acts as an endophyte, saprophyte, and also as a weak pathogen depending upon host and environmental conditions. As an endophye, N. oryzae has potential as biocontrol agent against WSGs; as an antibacterial & antifungal drug for plants and animals. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for the Detection of Plant Pathogens    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    Sensitive and rapid method of detection of plant and food pathogens using loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay was developed and discussed briefly. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutrient Deficiencies in Wheat    By: Dr. Kiran B. Gaikwad

    This article summaries the common deficiency symptom of important macro and micro nutrients in wheat. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Augment Yield and Quality of Guava in Indian Conditions    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Guava is highly productive and remunerative fruit which grows well under wide range of soils and agro-climatic conditions. Crop management is very important because of poor quality of fruits, which are generally harvested during monsoon season >> Category: Agriculture
  • Litchi - A Promising Fruit Crop in Eastern India [PDF]    By: Narayan Lal

    The Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) belongs to family Sapindaceae and is known as the queen of the fruits. Its systemic cultivation started in 1500 BC in China. It was introduced in Burma by the end of 17th Century. It came to India through Burma about 100 years later and from these places it spread to other parts of the tropical and subtropical areas. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Structural and Computational Biology in Agriculture    By: Gajanan K. Arbade

    The review takes an account of how we can utilize the structural, computational biology and Bioinformatics tools and techniques for the better development in the agriculture >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seize the Season with Frozen Fruits and Vegetables    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Freezing is a rapid and convenient way to preserve fruits and vegetables at home. It is the method of food preservation that maintains high levels of many vitamins and nutrients >> Category: Agriculture
  • Light Management of Green House Horticultural Crops    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Several strategies can be used in green house to properly manage light levels throughout the day and seasonally >> Category: Agriculture
  • Climate Change - Effect of Beneficial Microorganisms    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    Global climate change is a big challenge to agricultural scientists to increase the food production to support increasing people populations. Here we discuss how microorganisms beneficial and fight against various impact of climate change. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Root Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Root vegetable crops are affected by several physiological disorders. This article focuses on these disorders, their symptoms and management. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Grafting Technology in Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Vegetable grafting has gained popularity among the vegetable growers in recent years. Grafting methods in solanaceous and cucurbit vegetables and healing & acclimatization of grafted plants are discussed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hybrid Seed Production Techniques in Cucurbit Vegetables    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Various techniques of hybrid seed production in cucurbit vegetables are discussed. In cucurbits, hybrid seed production has been simplified by manipulation of sex mechanism and sex expression. Different techniques are developed to reduce the cost of hybrid seed production viz., use of male sterile line, gynoecious line, monoecious line and use of plant growth regulators for suppression of male flower and open pollination. Different methods employed for the production of hybrid seeds in cucurbits have been discussed below: >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Cole Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Cole vegetable crops are affected by several physiological disorders. This article focuses on these disorders, their symptoms and management. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Vegetables for Nutrition and Health    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Vegetables are rich source of several health promoting phytochemicals. This article focuses on these nutraceuticals and their potential health benefits. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Solanaceous Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Important physiological disorders, their symptoms and management in tomato, chilli and potato are discussed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Analytical Argument On Golden Rice - Genetically Engineered Food    By: Dr. Ranjith M.

    Golden rice is a genetically engineered food made to meet out the vitamin A deficiency in children. Golden rice has its own disadvantages that is to be answered. This article deals with the positives and negatives of golden rice. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Future of High Efficiency Gene Therapy    By: Sushila Vishnoi

    SRI is a package of practices especially developed to improve the productivity of rice. Unlike the conventional method of continuous flooding of paddy fields, SRI involves intermittent wetting and drying of paddies as well as specific soil and agronomic management practices. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR): The 'whole-plant' resistance response    By: Vijaykumar Ishwarbhai Prajapati

    The systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a "whole-plant" resistance response that occurs following an earlier localized exposure to a pathogen. SAR is analogous to the innate immune system found in animals. The resistance that developed in the distal, untreated portion of pathogen inoculated plants is termed as systemic acquired resistance >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biochar: It's Impact on Soil Health    By: Sunita Gaind

    Production of biochar from pyrolysis of agricultural residues and its application to soil has been proposed as one of the effective management measure to soil fertility. However, certain uncertainties associated with biochar application need extensive research. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The History of Corn    By: Vaibhav P. Chaudhary

    Maize (Zea mays), also called corn, is believed to have originated in central Mexico 7000 years ago from a wild grass, and Native Americans transformed maize into a better source of food. Maize and its closest wild relatives, the teosintes, differ strikingly in the morphology of their female inflorescences or ears. Despite their divergent morphologies, several studies indicate that some varieties of teosinte are cytologically indistinguishable from maize and capable of forming fully fertile hybrids with maize. Thus, different hypothesis enumerating progress toward morphological evolution of maize from teosinte has been discussed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Insect Pests of Sorghum    By: P. Swathi

    Sorghum is one of the most important cereals in the semi-arid tropics. Avoidable losses have been estimated to be over 32% in India due to various insect pests. Various insect pests are borers (shoot fly, stem borer), ear head borers (ear head caterpillar, shoot bug, ear head bug),and sap feeders (sorghum midge). Major insect pests and their management is described >> Category: Agriculture
  • Managing Physiological Disorders of Tomato in India    By: Dr. (Ms) Kavita

    While tomatoes are easy to grow, diseases and disorders can damage plants and reduce crop yields. Tomato growers in India run into many different fruit problems each year. This article attempts to describe symptoms, give probable causes or explanations, and control measures wherever possible for managing physiological disorders of tomato. >> Category: Agriculture
  • ATP Synthase: Structure and Function    By: Sukumar Taria

    ATP synthase is an enzyme which catalyse the conversion of ADP and Pi into ATP in chloroplast and mitochondria. It contain 9 different sub-units. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Landslides Causes and Prevention: A Major Natural Disaster    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Landslides are major natural disaster which frequently occur in Central Himalayan Region (CHR) and affect life of human as well as animals, damage agriculture and impedes progress. The severity of damage depends on the affected population's resilience. But by adopting certain precautionary measures impact can be minimized. Directly or indirectly natural disasters affect our environment and natural resources. These affect the ecosystem (food chain); any disturbance in ecosystem may cause long lasting effects. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage property and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sheep Production System in Rajasthan | Sheep Wool and Meat    By: Dr. Prawin Arya

    The study was undertaken to examine the trends in sheep production system in Rajasthan. Although, sheep population increased impressively in Rajasthan since independence, but there was a decreasing trend in the recent past in the state and in almost all the districts. Wool production showed a declining trend and sheep meat production showed moderate growth in the state. The decline in wool production in the state could be on account of decrease in sheep population, low price and poor handling of wool. The temporary migration was found to be declining and permanent migration was increasing with an overall increasing trend in sheep migration in the state. Therefore, to sustain sheep production system in the state, urgent attention is needed for subsidized fodder and feed during drought, effective and subsidised credit to arrest the distress sale of animals, development of processing facilities and reforms in the small ruminant markets. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Ethylene: Ripening Hormone    By: Sukumar Taria

    Ethylene is the only gaseous hormone in the plant system. Methionine is the precursor of ethylene and ACC is the penultimate precursor. Structure, biosynthesis and measurement of ethylene. >> Category: Agriculture

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