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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • The Role of Seed Coat in Seed Longevity and Viability    By: Rajesh Kumar Sharma

    The seed coat acting a central role in seed longevity because it provides the primary defense against harmful microorganisms as well as unfavorable environmental conditions. Cracked seed coats permits electrolyte leakage, which encourages the growth of microorganisms. Weak seed coat structures also permits rapid water uptake, leading to imbibitional injury. Phenolc compounds in seed coat contribute to seed hardness and inhibition of microorganism's growth. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutraceutical Benefits of Barley Consumption    By: Dr. Vikender Kaur

    Barely is considered as a nutritionally dense food, with low calories. Historically known as the food of athletes and gladiators, barley has earned nutritional accolades as a 'super food'. It is a rich source of dietary fiber, phytonutrients, niacin, thiamin, zinc, manganese, copper, selenium, and soluble and insoluble fiber. The nutritional benefits of barley consumption are vast, including lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, slowing the absorption of glucose and stabilizing blood glucose levels, increasing satiety and bowel regularity, and protecting against cancer. Extensive and widespread research as well as awareness is needed to utilize the potential food uses of barley, as its nutritive value is analogous to the other cereals especially widely consumed wheat as well. >> Category: Agriculture
  • HCN Toxicity in Green Fodder    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    During prolonged stress in crop chances of HCN toxicity are increased. This article deals with introduction, causes and management options related to HCN toxicity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nitrate Toxicity in Green Fodder during Prolonged Foggy-Cloudy-Frosty Weather    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    During prolonged foggy and frosty weather chances of nitrate toxicity are increased due to less availability of solar radiation for energy production. This scarcity causes reduction in conversion of nitrate to protein synthesis. Hence more amount of nitrate accumulates in plant. This article deals with introduction, causes and management options. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Centers of Diversity of Crops    By: Manoj Kumar

    Centers of Diversity are the center where maximum amount of variability can be traced out. These centers of diversity are very important in breeding programmes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Insect-Pest in Organic Agriculture    By: Roop Singh

    Pest management is a key component in organic crop production systems. It is important to understand the interactions of different components in a specific ecosystem for successfully control pest in an organic agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Maize as Multipurpose Crop    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    Maize which is also known as Queen of Cereal crops as it is used for various purposes viz. human consumption, feed and fodder for live stock, poultry feed and various industrial purposes. This article deals with importance as animal feed and fodder. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Mulching in Vegetable Cultivation    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Mulching in general is a beneficial practice for crop production. Mulch is simply a protective layer of a material that is spread on top of the soil. It enriches and protects soil and provides a better growing environment. At the same time it acts as barriers to movement of moisture out of the soil. Mulches support infiltration of runoff and irrigation water as the mulches protect the soil surface from the impact of raindrops preventing soil crusting. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Inheritance Pattern of Quality Traits in Fruit Crops    By: Sunil Kumar

    Breeding for fruit quality traits is complex due to the polygenic (quantitative) nature of the genetic control of these traits such as fruit size in mango, fruit flavour and odour in papaya and TSS in grapes. In citrus several undesirable characters such as small fruit size , seediness and paleness of colour appear to be dominant, making the prediction of hybridization results difficult. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Molecular Markers in Genetic Purity Testing and Varietal Identification    By: R. Ambika Rajendran

    The success of any agricultural technology depends on the timely production and adequate supply of genetically pure seeds to the farmers. The differences that distinguish one plant from another are encoded in the plant genetic material, the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and packaged on specific piece of each chromosome. DNA-based markers provide a reliable tool for assessing genetic purity and in identification of genotypes by giving a unique profile. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Significance of Bacterial Volatile Organic Compounds in Agriculture    By: Deepak Panpatte

    All the living organisms including plants, animals, humans and microorganisms are possess plenty of natural chemicals that enables them to thrive in nature. These chemicals includes various enzymes, hormones, proteins and volatile compounds which plays important roles in various vital processes of the organisms including metabolism, nutrition, establishment and maintenance of the organisms in their specific geographical area. Volatile compounds can be defined as the chemicals with high vapour pressure enter the atmosphere. Volatile Organic Compounds can travel far from the point of production through the atmosphere, porous soils and liquid. Microbial VOC are actively involved in various life sustaining events such as antagonism, mutualism, intra and interspecies regulation of cellular and developmental processes, and modification of their surrounding environments. From agricultural point of view such compounds are playing important role for biostimulation of plant and provides resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fodder Production (Status, constraints, strategies)    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    The year round green fodder availability is backbone of dairy farming. Present article deals with present status of fodder production, constraints and strategies for enhancing it. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Advantage and Limitation of Silage Making    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    In commercial dairy farming fodder and feed for the cattle is an expensive proposition and maintaining green fodder availability round the year is a challenge. In the era of commercial dairy farming it is desirable that surplus green herbage are to be preserved /conserved with minimum loss of nutrients for supply during lean periods when availability of organic fresh forage is meager or negligible (mid October-mid December and mid April-June). Silage is an option for such situation, have some advantages and limitation. These are enlisted in this article. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Microorganisms: Key Factors Affect Distribution, Activity and Population    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    The major soil factors which influence the microbial population, distribution and their activity in the soil. Some factors play a great role in determining not only the number and type of organism but also their activities. Variations in any one or more of these factors may lead to the changes in the activity of the organisms which ultimately affect the soil fertility level. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Immature Compost: It's Impact on Plant and Soil Health    By: Sunita Gaind

    Though, compost is most indispensable input in ensuring good soil structure, plant production, healthy root development and soil biological activities and nutrient retention but using immature compost can cause more damage than good to plants. When added to soil, immature compost can temporarily reduce plant available nitrogen, and add weed seeds, pests and diseases causing pathogens. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fungi : An Alternate Source of High Value Food    By: Dr. Manas Kumar Bag

    Among fungi only button mushroom is produced in large scale as high value food. Besides button there are many more mushrooms which are used as high value food and also used as costly ingredients in many processed food because of its rich food value. Income from those fungi is really unbelievable. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bioactive Compounds and Health-Promoting Properties of Grape (Vitis vinifera L.)    By: Dr. Rahul Dev

    Grapeis one of the richest sources of biologically active compounds, like high levels of flavonoids, polyphenols, anthocyanins and stilbene derivatives resveratrol are found in grape. However, among all bioactive compounds, polyphenols including flavonoids, stilbenes and proanthocyanidins are the most important class of biologically active compounds found in grapes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Exploitation of Heterosis in Cucurbits    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Vegetables are Potential crops for improving nutrition, food security and also generate employment in the country (Rai and Yadav, 2005). Which are loaded with vitamins and minerals that contribute to growth and the maintenance of good health. It's act as a cheapest source of natural protective foods and its grown easily in different farming systems. In short, it is summarized that systematic recommendation are available to make vegetable culture more profitable and enjoyable (Rana, 2012). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Conservation Agriculture Adapts To And Mitigates Against Climate Change    By: Dr. Mandira Barman

    Conservation agriculture-based farming systems contribute to sustainable agriculture, climate change mitigation and rural development. It can improve the efficiency of inputs, increase farm income, improve or sustain crop yields, and protect and revitalize soil, biodiversity and the natural resource base. Adoption of location-specific conservation agricultural practices is of utmost importance now-a-days. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Application of Lipopeptides in Agriculture    By: Ankit S. Patel

    Enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries so use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi (Microorganisms) can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are surface-active biomolecules produced by microorganisms. Lipopeptides are types of biosurfactants which have a number of biological activities, including antibiotic, antitumor, immune-modulating and immune-suppressive activities. Main examples of lipopeptides: Surfactin, Fengycins and Iturins. Application of Lipopeptides: As Antimicrobial agent: Antibacterial agent, Antifungal agent; As Biocontrol agent; In Biofilm Inhibition; In Bioremediation (Hydrocarbon degradation and Heavy metal tolerant); In Biodegradation of oil; As Anti-Adhasive potential; In Nanotechnology (nanoparticles synthesis). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Quality - Definition and Assessment    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    Soil quality is a measure of the condition of soil relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose."Soil quality is the capacity of a specific kind of soil to function, within natural or managed ecosystem boundaries, to sustain plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and support human health and habitation." >> Category: Agriculture
  • Deficiency Symptoms of Micronutrients in Plants    By: Dr. Mandira Barman

    Deficiency symptoms of any essential nutrient can be useful in recognizing that something is wrong with the plant and can lead to the discovery of the cause. Micronutrient deficiencies are common in Indian soils which are leading to low yields, low mineral content in seed and fodders and thus adversely affecting plant, animal and human health. Therefore, indentifying the deficiency symptom of micronutrient in plant may be a key component in management of their deficiency in intensively cultivated soils. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Health- A Holistic Approach for Soil Management    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Soil health encompasses physical, chemical and biological attributes of soil involved in various soil functions. Soil health evaluation processes consist of stepwise actions viz. selection of soil health indicators, MDS formulation, interpretation of indices and on farm validation.. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bio Energy Crop: Cassava    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Energy is an important factor in our daily lives, helping to improve the quality of life and playing a significant role in the country's economic development. In particular, energy demand in India, where this study is conducted, has been increasing continuously together with the energy prices. Furthermore, India has to face the environmental impacts caused by energy usage, particularly the impact on climate change resulting from, for example, global warming. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Regulation of Flowering and Fruiting in Vegetable Crops Under Protected Cultivation    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    For the setting of fruits inside greenhouse or protected cultivation various techniques are used. From forgoing discussion, mostly in tomato at high humidity condition mostly use the blowers and PGRs for setting of fruits >> Category: Agriculture
  • Roses for Home Gardening    By: D. V. S. Raju

    Rose is one of the most beautiful creations of nature and is universally acclaimed as queen of flowers. Apart from being admired for its beauty, rose is used in worship, garlands, bouquets, cut flowers, preserves and decorations, etc. Because of diversified growth habits, exquisite shape, variation in size and form, attractive colour, delightful fragrance and numerous varieties, roses have gained wide acceptability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Potpourri - A Viable Value Added Product    By: D. V. S. Raju

    Flowers are intricately linked in our day to day lives. They are source of inspiration and regarded as mind food for peace. The life of flowers is very short. To circumvent this problem flowers may be naturally dried or preserved in a number of ways like dried flowers in their original form, press dried flower and dried flowers used for porpourri. Potpourri is a blend of dried, naturally fragrant plant material, used to provide a gentle natural scent, mostly used indoors. It is usually placed in a decorative bowl, or tied in small sachet. Potpourri is used inside the home to give the air a pleasant smell. The word 'potpourri' comes into English from the French word 'pot-pourri.' For rotten pot. These natural air fresheners are enjoying new-found popularity today. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fragrant Varieties of Rose    By: D. V. S. Raju

    In everyday life fragrance plays an important role in many biological functions. Flowers have been known for a long time to be source of sweet fragrance. For centuries roses have played an important role in human society. Their ornamental value is not only for their size and shape. The abundance of flowering and their fragrance have attracted attention. As plant breeding has evolved over the last centuries into a science rather than art, and plant production has become an industrial process, the focus has changed to plant production parameters rather than flower fragrance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Value Addition in Rose    By: D. V. S. Raju

    Rose is one of the most beautiful creations of nature and is universally acclaimed as queen of flowers. Apart from being admired for its beauty, rose is used in worship, garlands, bouquets, cut flowers, preserves and decorations, etc. Because of diversified growth habit, exquisite shape, variation in size and form, attractive colour, delightful fragrance and numerous varieties, roses have gained wide acceptability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Macro Propagation Technique for Rapid Multiplication of Banana    By: Thejangulie Angami

    The article focus on the rapid multiplication of Banana planting materials through simple macro-propagation technique at farm level thereby enhancing timely delivery of quality seedlings to the growers ensuring livelihood and economic sustainability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Applications of PGRs in Vegetables    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    The role of plant regulators in various physiological and biochemical processes in plants is well known. Growth regulators are known to affect, Seed germination, Seed dormancy, Vegetative growth, Nodulation, Tuberization, Fruit ripening and yield Hybrid seed production and Fruit setting and fruit size. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Enhancement of Phosphorus Use Efficiency in Soil-Plant System    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    Agronomic strategies for enhancing P use efficiency includes selection of fertilizer, soil test based P application, methods of P fertilizer application, fertigation, residual P utilization by different crops, utilization of insoluble P sources by addition of organic matter and phosphate solubilizing microorganisms (PSM), integrated nutrient management >> Category: Agriculture
  • Development of New Phosphorus Fertilizers    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    The nano fertilizer technology is an innovative strategy. Fertilizer particles can be coated with nano membranes that facilitate in slow and steady release of nutrients thereby reducing loss of nutrients and enhancing its use efficiency of crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nitrogen Fertilizer: Organic and Inorganic Sources for Crop Production    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    Careful management of organic N sources is required to meet crop requirements, while avoiding undesirable N losses to the environment >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Extraction Methods in Vegetable Crops    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Seed separation from fruit is a specialized job. A slight negligence while extracting the seed can considerably damage its viability and vigour besides physical appearance. The in situ germination can also occur due to improper extraction technique. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fungal diseases of Blackgram and Greengram in India and their Control Measures    By: Pardeep Kumar

    Blackgram and greengram have played a very important role in human diet in India as a rich source of protein. But, major constraints in achieving the yield of pulses in India is the occurrence of various diseases and pests. Hence, management of fungal diseases of is very important to improve yield potential of blackgram and greengram. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Prospective Technologies for Sustaining Agriculture    By: Dr. S. R. Assumi

    This article focus on sustainable agricultural systems targeting to maintain and enhance the overall health of natural resources taking into consideration the constraints of market driven production system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sclerotinia Stem Rot Disease and its Management in Brassica Sp.    By: Dr. N. C. Gupta

    India is one of the leading producers of oil seed Brassicas accounting for 11.12 % of the world's rapeseed-mustard production, and ranks third in the world next to China and Canada and Sclerotinia stem rot disease is a menace during late flowering and maturity of plants resulting up to 80% loss of yield causing a major drop in oil seed economy. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Malady Diagnosis and Remedies in Important Fruit Crops    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Malady (physiological Disorder) refers to non parasitic or inanimate diseases of fruit crops. The major factors associated with these disorders are deficiency or excess of mineral elements, hormonal imbalance, improper pollination or fertilization or other abiotic stresses. Sometimes more than one factor may be responsible for the cause and hence seldom called as syndrome. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Walnut Industry in India - Present Status and Future Strategies    By: Rafiq Ahmad Shah

    Walnut is one of the most important nut crop grown in temperate regions of the India, particularly Jammu and Kashmir. The domestic and external demand has been increasing over the years and is projected to 75,000 tonnes by 2020.To meet these demands we need to increase production and improve quality of produce by providing and developing solution to different constraints at different levels from to marketing. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Maturity Indices and Quality Characteristics of Fruit Crops    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Maturation is the stage of development leading to the physiological maturity (when a plant or plant parts will continue ontogeny even if detached) or horticultural maturity (when a plant or plant parts possesses the pre-requisites for utilization by the consumer for a particular purpose). Maturity indices help in deciding that when a given commodity should be harvested to provide some marketing and to ensure the attainment of acceptable eating quality to the consumer >> Category: Agriculture
  • Growth Regulation Practices in Important Fruit Crops    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    The main objective of growth regulation practice (crop regulation) is to force the tree for rest and produce profuse blossoms and fruits during any one of the two or three flushes. This aims to regulate uniform and good quality fruits and maximize production as well as profit to the grower. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Border Crop In Pest Management    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Natural pest control provides a safer and more sustainable approach for managing pest populations. Insecticide sprays against the vectors are not effective in reducing virus disease because vectors transmit virus before the insecticides act to kill them. Use of a border crop to form a screen around the main crop has provided protection against several non-persistent virus diseases. Border cropping can regulate pest populations and/or limit the damage caused to the crop through the pest diversion process. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Antinutritional Factors in Vegetables    By: Hanuman Ram

    These compounds may cause neurological disorders, kidney stones, elevated blood pressure and gastric disorders. Saponins present in soybean have the ability to haemolyse red blood cells. Rhubarb contains oxalic acid, a toxic substance that in high concentrations can cause stomach irritation and kidney problems. The adverse effect of these factors can be minimized through post harvest processing, creating awareness, cooking, adopting cultural practices like earthing up (in potato) and breeding varieties having low antinutritional factors. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding for Desirable Glucosinolate in Brassica Vegetables    By: Hanuman Ram

    Glucosinolates, secondary metabolites found in Brassicaceae. Physical tissue or cell injury leads to the breakdown of glucosinolates through the hydrolytic action of the enzyme myrosinase, resulting in the production of compounds including isothiocynates, thiocyanates and nitriles. Derivative compounds of glucosinolates have a wide range of biological functions including anticarcinogenic properties in humans. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Protective Role of Brassinosteroids in Plants Against Heavy Metal    By: Jalpesh Patel

    Stress is a negative factor for normal growth of plant. Abiotic stresses like into temperature, water, oxidative (nutrient deficiency or presence heavy metals) and salinity stress lead to damage the plant and reduce productivity. Heavy metals lead oxidative stress, react with sulfhydryl group, cause displacement of essential cationic, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Plants protect themselves by reducing uptake and translocation of metal ion, producing hormones (Brassinosteroids) lead to production of antioxidant enzymes and non-enzymatic antioxidants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Belowground Organisms in Maintaining Soil Health    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Soil flora and fauna plays an important role in maintaining soil health as most of the processes in soil are microbial mediated process. Soil microorganisms perform many functions in soil such as nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization, cellulose decomposition >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Farming Practices: Boon for Natural Biodiversity    By: Dr. Namita Das Saha

    Organic farming practice generates clear benefits for biodiversity in comparison to inorganic and conventional agricultural practices. As in organic farming, semi natural habitat conditions are maintained, hence it hosts 30% more species and around 50% more individuals than conventional farming practices (based on reviews). This is because lower farming intensities and higher proportion of semi natural habitat condition enables location specific animal and plant species to thrive on organic farms and in return allow farmers to have more benefits from an intact and thus sustainably functioning ecosystem. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Harvesting Commercial Cut Flowers    By: K. Prasad

    Being a very delicate horticultural commodity flower crops require lot of care during harvesting and handling. As the grade and quality of flowers is highly affected by its appearance thus it is must to manage properly the factors which reduces their postharvest life. There are several factors which affects their quality but this sequence of deterioration starts from the point of harvesting. Improper harvesting stage should be avoided and this can be only done when farmers knows about the right stage of harvesting >> Category: Agriculture
  • Packaging Techniques for Improving Shelf Life of Dry Flowers    By: K. Prasad

    Dry flowers occupies one of the major marketing section of floriculture industry. Dry flowers have a longer shelf life than fresh flower but they also deteriorate if not managed properly, this article is all about the postharvest packaging and management of dry flowers so that their deterioration factors can be minimized and postharvest life can be thus further extended. >> Category: Agriculture

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