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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Capacity Building for Management of Human-Wildlife Conflict    By: Mukesh Kumar

    Human-wildlife conflicts undermine human welfare, health and safety, and have economic and social costs. In India, there is no particular definition for a protected area; any area that is considered by the central government or state government to be important for conservation is designated a status under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 and is then legally considered a protected area. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Packaging Practices of Hybrid Napier    By: Taramani Yadav

    Hybrid Napier's distribution, climatic requirement, sowing method, varieties in different agro-ecological zones, harvesting and yield. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Benefits of Organic Farming in Hilly and Eastern States of India    By: Saikat Maji

    Due to close to organic traditional farming system followed by farmers in eastern and hilly states of India it is easy to convert them into organic farmers. These regions are not only rich in biodiversity but also untouched by inorganic input intensive green revolution. Thus given the emerging market demand of organic products the small and marginal farmers can earn substantial profit by switching into organic farming as well as consumers and whole country will be benefited from adoption of organic farming. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Goat Farming: An Emerging Agribusiness Opportunity    By: Saikat Maji

    In Indian context, where small and marginal farmers are predominant, goat farming could be economically profitable undertaking. With a number of good goat breed available and availability of grazing resources especially in vast rain-fed track of India, this low input farming has immense importance from small, marginal and even landless farmers point of view. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Anti-Quality Components in Fodder Crops    By: Pooja Gupta Soni

    During fodder production, along with quality characteristics some anti-quality factor also develops. In this article common anti quality factors are discussed with some management options to reduce these in green fodder. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Carbon Footprint of Milk Production    By: Mukesh Kumar

    Climate change is an challenging issue and global warming is an important consequence and emission of greenhouses (GHGs)is an important cause of that. Emission of GHGs for a product is the carbon footprint and for milk production it is highly important as it is a source of three important GHGs. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Organic Agriculture: Alternate for Sustainable Cultivation    By: Pawan Kumar

    The main aim of organic agriculture is to develop a sustainable agriculture system, which conserves environment, land resources and crop diversity and ensures adequate food production by maintaining soil fertility. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Water Footprints for Future Sustainability of Dairy Farming    By: Dr. H. R. Meena

    Consumption of animal product contributes more than one-quarter of water footprint of humanity as compared to wisely chosen food crop production. There is a need to reduce water foot print of animal feed and origin of feed ingredient. By this means sustainability of dairy farming can be maintained and it also help in increasing productivity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Need, Objectives, Programmes and Challenges for a Second Green Revolution    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    This article deals with the need of second green revolution along with its objectives and different programmes, which can lead to second green revolution. The challenges which are likely to encounter are also enumerated >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Industry Consolidation: A Recent Trend in Seed Industry Development    By: Rajesh Kumar Sharma

    Commercial seed industry has transformed dramatically and shifted from a competitive sector of agribusiness, composed primarily of small, family-owned firms, to an industry dominated by a small number of transnational pharmaceutical/chemical corporations. Consolidation is associated with a number of impacts that constrain the opportunities for renewable agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Viability Loss During Transportation and Interim Storage    By: Rajesh Kumar Sharma

    Seed viability refers to state of being aliveness, metabolically active and possesses enzymes capable of catalyzing metabolic reactions needed for germination and seedling growth. High and fluctuating temperatures and adverse humidity are the chief causes of viability losses during shipment. Interim storage is a temporary storage before the permanent storage and chances of unfavorable environmental condition and attack of pest and disease during interim storage causes the loss of viability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Manipulation for Achieving Flowering Synchrony for Hybrid Seed Production    By: Rajesh Kumar Sharma

    In the hybrid seed production, seed yield and its quality attributes can be increased through proper synchronization of flowering of parental lines and optimum female to male parental rows. Synchronization in flowering assumes greater importance as the seed set on female parent depends on the amount of pollen supplied from the male parent. Failure to obtain proper synchronization is the most commonly encountered problem in hybrid seed production, resulting in very poor or no seed set at all. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The Role of Seed Coat in Seed Longevity and Viability    By: Rajesh Kumar Sharma

    The seed coat acting a central role in seed longevity because it provides the primary defense against harmful microorganisms as well as unfavorable environmental conditions. Cracked seed coats permits electrolyte leakage, which encourages the growth of microorganisms. Weak seed coat structures also permits rapid water uptake, leading to imbibitional injury. Phenolc compounds in seed coat contribute to seed hardness and inhibition of microorganism's growth. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutraceutical Benefits of Barley Consumption    By: Dr. Vikender Kaur

    Barely is considered as a nutritionally dense food, with low calories. Historically known as the food of athletes and gladiators, barley has earned nutritional accolades as a 'super food'. It is a rich source of dietary fiber, phytonutrients, niacin, thiamin, zinc, manganese, copper, selenium, and soluble and insoluble fiber. The nutritional benefits of barley consumption are vast, including lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, slowing the absorption of glucose and stabilizing blood glucose levels, increasing satiety and bowel regularity, and protecting against cancer. Extensive and widespread research as well as awareness is needed to utilize the potential food uses of barley, as its nutritive value is analogous to the other cereals especially widely consumed wheat as well. >> Category: Agriculture
  • HCN Toxicity in Green Fodder    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    During prolonged stress in crop chances of HCN toxicity are increased. This article deals with introduction, causes and management options related to HCN toxicity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nitrate Toxicity in Green Fodder during Prolonged Foggy-Cloudy-Frosty Weather    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    During prolonged foggy and frosty weather chances of nitrate toxicity are increased due to less availability of solar radiation for energy production. This scarcity causes reduction in conversion of nitrate to protein synthesis. Hence more amount of nitrate accumulates in plant. This article deals with introduction, causes and management options. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Centers of Diversity of Crops    By: Manoj Kumar

    Centers of Diversity are the center where maximum amount of variability can be traced out. These centers of diversity are very important in breeding programmes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Insect-Pest in Organic Agriculture    By: Roop Singh

    Pest management is a key component in organic crop production systems. It is important to understand the interactions of different components in a specific ecosystem for successfully control pest in an organic agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Maize as Multipurpose Crop    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    Maize which is also known as Queen of Cereal crops as it is used for various purposes viz. human consumption, feed and fodder for live stock, poultry feed and various industrial purposes. This article deals with importance as animal feed and fodder. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Mulching in Vegetable Cultivation    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Mulching in general is a beneficial practice for crop production. Mulch is simply a protective layer of a material that is spread on top of the soil. It enriches and protects soil and provides a better growing environment. At the same time it acts as barriers to movement of moisture out of the soil. Mulches support infiltration of runoff and irrigation water as the mulches protect the soil surface from the impact of raindrops preventing soil crusting. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Inheritance Pattern of Quality Traits in Fruit Crops    By: Sunil Kumar

    Breeding for fruit quality traits is complex due to the polygenic (quantitative) nature of the genetic control of these traits such as fruit size in mango, fruit flavour and odour in papaya and TSS in grapes. In citrus several undesirable characters such as small fruit size , seediness and paleness of colour appear to be dominant, making the prediction of hybridization results difficult. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Molecular Markers in Genetic Purity Testing and Varietal Identification    By: R. Ambika Rajendran

    The success of any agricultural technology depends on the timely production and adequate supply of genetically pure seeds to the farmers. The differences that distinguish one plant from another are encoded in the plant genetic material, the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and packaged on specific piece of each chromosome. DNA-based markers provide a reliable tool for assessing genetic purity and in identification of genotypes by giving a unique profile. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Significance of Bacterial Volatile Organic Compounds in Agriculture    By: Deepak Panpatte

    All the living organisms including plants, animals, humans and microorganisms are possess plenty of natural chemicals that enables them to thrive in nature. These chemicals includes various enzymes, hormones, proteins and volatile compounds which plays important roles in various vital processes of the organisms including metabolism, nutrition, establishment and maintenance of the organisms in their specific geographical area. Volatile compounds can be defined as the chemicals with high vapour pressure enter the atmosphere. Volatile Organic Compounds can travel far from the point of production through the atmosphere, porous soils and liquid. Microbial VOC are actively involved in various life sustaining events such as antagonism, mutualism, intra and interspecies regulation of cellular and developmental processes, and modification of their surrounding environments. From agricultural point of view such compounds are playing important role for biostimulation of plant and provides resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fodder Production (Status, constraints, strategies)    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    The year round green fodder availability is backbone of dairy farming. Present article deals with present status of fodder production, constraints and strategies for enhancing it. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Advantage and Limitation of Silage Making    By: Dr. Rakesh Kumar

    In commercial dairy farming fodder and feed for the cattle is an expensive proposition and maintaining green fodder availability round the year is a challenge. In the era of commercial dairy farming it is desirable that surplus green herbage are to be preserved /conserved with minimum loss of nutrients for supply during lean periods when availability of organic fresh forage is meager or negligible (mid October-mid December and mid April-June). Silage is an option for such situation, have some advantages and limitation. These are enlisted in this article. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Microorganisms: Key Factors Affect Distribution, Activity and Population    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    The major soil factors which influence the microbial population, distribution and their activity in the soil. Some factors play a great role in determining not only the number and type of organism but also their activities. Variations in any one or more of these factors may lead to the changes in the activity of the organisms which ultimately affect the soil fertility level. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Immature Compost: It's Impact on Plant and Soil Health    By: Sunita Gaind

    Though, compost is most indispensable input in ensuring good soil structure, plant production, healthy root development and soil biological activities and nutrient retention but using immature compost can cause more damage than good to plants. When added to soil, immature compost can temporarily reduce plant available nitrogen, and add weed seeds, pests and diseases causing pathogens. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fungi : An Alternate Source of High Value Food    By: Dr. Manas Kumar Bag

    Among fungi only button mushroom is produced in large scale as high value food. Besides button there are many more mushrooms which are used as high value food and also used as costly ingredients in many processed food because of its rich food value. Income from those fungi is really unbelievable. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bioactive Compounds and Health-Promoting Properties of Grape (Vitis vinifera L.)    By: Dr. Rahul Dev

    Grapeis one of the richest sources of biologically active compounds, like high levels of flavonoids, polyphenols, anthocyanins and stilbene derivatives resveratrol are found in grape. However, among all bioactive compounds, polyphenols including flavonoids, stilbenes and proanthocyanidins are the most important class of biologically active compounds found in grapes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Exploitation of Heterosis in Cucurbits    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Vegetables are Potential crops for improving nutrition, food security and also generate employment in the country (Rai and Yadav, 2005). Which are loaded with vitamins and minerals that contribute to growth and the maintenance of good health. It's act as a cheapest source of natural protective foods and its grown easily in different farming systems. In short, it is summarized that systematic recommendation are available to make vegetable culture more profitable and enjoyable (Rana, 2012). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Conservation Agriculture Adapts To And Mitigates Against Climate Change    By: Dr. Mandira Barman

    Conservation agriculture-based farming systems contribute to sustainable agriculture, climate change mitigation and rural development. It can improve the efficiency of inputs, increase farm income, improve or sustain crop yields, and protect and revitalize soil, biodiversity and the natural resource base. Adoption of location-specific conservation agricultural practices is of utmost importance now-a-days. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Application of Lipopeptides in Agriculture    By: Ankit S. Patel

    Enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries so use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi (Microorganisms) can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are surface-active biomolecules produced by microorganisms. Lipopeptides are types of biosurfactants which have a number of biological activities, including antibiotic, antitumor, immune-modulating and immune-suppressive activities. Main examples of lipopeptides: Surfactin, Fengycins and Iturins. Application of Lipopeptides: As Antimicrobial agent: Antibacterial agent, Antifungal agent; As Biocontrol agent; In Biofilm Inhibition; In Bioremediation (Hydrocarbon degradation and Heavy metal tolerant); In Biodegradation of oil; As Anti-Adhasive potential; In Nanotechnology (nanoparticles synthesis). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Quality - Definition and Assessment    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    Soil quality is a measure of the condition of soil relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose."Soil quality is the capacity of a specific kind of soil to function, within natural or managed ecosystem boundaries, to sustain plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and support human health and habitation." >> Category: Agriculture
  • Deficiency Symptoms of Micronutrients in Plants    By: Dr. Mandira Barman

    Deficiency symptoms of any essential nutrient can be useful in recognizing that something is wrong with the plant and can lead to the discovery of the cause. Micronutrient deficiencies are common in Indian soils which are leading to low yields, low mineral content in seed and fodders and thus adversely affecting plant, animal and human health. Therefore, indentifying the deficiency symptom of micronutrient in plant may be a key component in management of their deficiency in intensively cultivated soils. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Health- A Holistic Approach for Soil Management    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Soil health encompasses physical, chemical and biological attributes of soil involved in various soil functions. Soil health evaluation processes consist of stepwise actions viz. selection of soil health indicators, MDS formulation, interpretation of indices and on farm validation.. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bio Energy Crop: Cassava    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Energy is an important factor in our daily lives, helping to improve the quality of life and playing a significant role in the country's economic development. In particular, energy demand in India, where this study is conducted, has been increasing continuously together with the energy prices. Furthermore, India has to face the environmental impacts caused by energy usage, particularly the impact on climate change resulting from, for example, global warming. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Regulation of Flowering and Fruiting in Vegetable Crops Under Protected Cultivation    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    For the setting of fruits inside greenhouse or protected cultivation various techniques are used. From forgoing discussion, mostly in tomato at high humidity condition mostly use the blowers and PGRs for setting of fruits >> Category: Agriculture
  • Roses for Home Gardening    By: D. V. S. Raju

    Rose is one of the most beautiful creations of nature and is universally acclaimed as queen of flowers. Apart from being admired for its beauty, rose is used in worship, garlands, bouquets, cut flowers, preserves and decorations, etc. Because of diversified growth habits, exquisite shape, variation in size and form, attractive colour, delightful fragrance and numerous varieties, roses have gained wide acceptability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Potpourri - A Viable Value Added Product    By: D. V. S. Raju

    Flowers are intricately linked in our day to day lives. They are source of inspiration and regarded as mind food for peace. The life of flowers is very short. To circumvent this problem flowers may be naturally dried or preserved in a number of ways like dried flowers in their original form, press dried flower and dried flowers used for porpourri. Potpourri is a blend of dried, naturally fragrant plant material, used to provide a gentle natural scent, mostly used indoors. It is usually placed in a decorative bowl, or tied in small sachet. Potpourri is used inside the home to give the air a pleasant smell. The word 'potpourri' comes into English from the French word 'pot-pourri.' For rotten pot. These natural air fresheners are enjoying new-found popularity today. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fragrant Varieties of Rose    By: D. V. S. Raju

    In everyday life fragrance plays an important role in many biological functions. Flowers have been known for a long time to be source of sweet fragrance. For centuries roses have played an important role in human society. Their ornamental value is not only for their size and shape. The abundance of flowering and their fragrance have attracted attention. As plant breeding has evolved over the last centuries into a science rather than art, and plant production has become an industrial process, the focus has changed to plant production parameters rather than flower fragrance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Value Addition in Rose    By: D. V. S. Raju

    Rose is one of the most beautiful creations of nature and is universally acclaimed as queen of flowers. Apart from being admired for its beauty, rose is used in worship, garlands, bouquets, cut flowers, preserves and decorations, etc. Because of diversified growth habit, exquisite shape, variation in size and form, attractive colour, delightful fragrance and numerous varieties, roses have gained wide acceptability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Macro Propagation Technique for Rapid Multiplication of Banana    By: Thejangulie Angami

    The article focus on the rapid multiplication of Banana planting materials through simple macro-propagation technique at farm level thereby enhancing timely delivery of quality seedlings to the growers ensuring livelihood and economic sustainability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Applications of PGRs in Vegetables    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    The role of plant regulators in various physiological and biochemical processes in plants is well known. Growth regulators are known to affect, Seed germination, Seed dormancy, Vegetative growth, Nodulation, Tuberization, Fruit ripening and yield Hybrid seed production and Fruit setting and fruit size. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Enhancement of Phosphorus Use Efficiency in Soil-Plant System    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    Agronomic strategies for enhancing P use efficiency includes selection of fertilizer, soil test based P application, methods of P fertilizer application, fertigation, residual P utilization by different crops, utilization of insoluble P sources by addition of organic matter and phosphate solubilizing microorganisms (PSM), integrated nutrient management >> Category: Agriculture
  • Development of New Phosphorus Fertilizers    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    The nano fertilizer technology is an innovative strategy. Fertilizer particles can be coated with nano membranes that facilitate in slow and steady release of nutrients thereby reducing loss of nutrients and enhancing its use efficiency of crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nitrogen Fertilizer: Organic and Inorganic Sources for Crop Production    By: Rajendra Kumar Yadav

    Careful management of organic N sources is required to meet crop requirements, while avoiding undesirable N losses to the environment >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Extraction Methods in Vegetable Crops    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Seed separation from fruit is a specialized job. A slight negligence while extracting the seed can considerably damage its viability and vigour besides physical appearance. The in situ germination can also occur due to improper extraction technique. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fungal diseases of Blackgram and Greengram in India and their Control Measures    By: Pardeep Kumar

    Blackgram and greengram have played a very important role in human diet in India as a rich source of protein. But, major constraints in achieving the yield of pulses in India is the occurrence of various diseases and pests. Hence, management of fungal diseases of is very important to improve yield potential of blackgram and greengram. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Prospective Technologies for Sustaining Agriculture    By: Dr. S. R. Assumi

    This article focus on sustainable agricultural systems targeting to maintain and enhance the overall health of natural resources taking into consideration the constraints of market driven production system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sclerotinia Stem Rot Disease and its Management in Brassica Sp.    By: Dr. N. C. Gupta

    India is one of the leading producers of oil seed Brassicas accounting for 11.12 % of the world's rapeseed-mustard production, and ranks third in the world next to China and Canada and Sclerotinia stem rot disease is a menace during late flowering and maturity of plants resulting up to 80% loss of yield causing a major drop in oil seed economy. >> Category: Agriculture

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