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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Almond Cultivation, Uses and Varieties    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    A detailed article about Almond cultivation practices, nutritional value, uses and suitable varieties in Central Himalayan region. Horticultural crops form a crucial part of the agricultural production. India is the second largest producer of fruits in the world. Cultivation as well as processing of these crops generates significant employment opportunities. Fruits are rich source of vitamins, minerals, proteins and carbohydrates that are essential in human diet. Hence, fruits need to be incorporated as essential constituent of human diet in order to avoid malnutrition. In terms of production per hectare, output of horticultural crops is more than 6 times that of cereals. Although, during the past two decades, area, production, productivity, availability and export of horticultural crops has increased manifold, which provided ample opportunities for employment generation and effective land use planning. But some important fruit crops like almond are not popular among farmers which have ample scope in Central Himalayan Region (CHR) besides having high nutritional and antioxidant value. >> Category: Agriculture
  • GABA Shunt: Biosynthesis and Metabolic Role in Plants    By: Sukumar Taria

    GABA is synthesized in cytosol which is transported to mitochondria where it is converted to succinic acid to metabolize into TCA cycle. It levels increases in response to biotic and abiotic stress. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Food Security through On-Farm Conservation of Agro-biodiversity    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Conservation and sustainable utilization of agro-biodiversity play vital roles to support poverty alleviation, ensure food security and enhance livelihood measures. On-farm conservation of agricultural biodiversity deals with conservation, use and management of genetic variation in farmers' fields that supports continuity of the dynamic evolutionary processes of genetic resources and ecological services, provides indigenous communities with ownership of and access to genetic resources and delivers options for improving livelihood measures specifically to resource-poor farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Insect Pests of Wheat    By: Dr. Vikas Gupta

    Every year on an average 20 - 25% of wheat is lost due to insect pests and diseases. The situation is further aggravated on storage. The termites, aphids, armyworm, American pod borer and brown mite are the major pests of wheat. Major insect pests and their management is described. >> Category: Agriculture
  • TREHALOSE: Role in Carbohydrate Metabolism and Plant Development    By: Sukumar Taria

    Trehalose, besides playing a role in plant metabolic intermediates, it also acts as a signaling complex regulating carbon status between cytosol and chloroplast. It has also a role in plant growth and development. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Production of Quality Planting Material of Horticultural Crops    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Availability of planting material of good quality is one of the most important elements of successful horticultural production. Planting material available to small-scale farmers in different areas is often of insufficient quality, which undermines potential yield and performance of crop production. Raising the quality planting material locally to be used by local farmers is itself a challenge. Moreover, availability of suitable climatic conditions ensures that an area is suited or not to produce almost all the fruit crops. Therefore, awareness and technical knowledge for production of planting material of horticultural crops may revolutionize economy of farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding for Drought Tolerance in Wheat    By: Dr. Vikas Gupta

    This article discusses different physiological parameters to be taken care for breeding for drought tolerance >> Category: Agriculture
  • Food Security in Central Himalayan Region: Agro-Biodiversity    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Conservation and sustainable utilization of agro-biodiversity plays vital role in ensuring food security, alleviation of poverty and enhancing livelihood measures. Maintenance of crop diversity is more remunerative as compared monoculture. It has potential for employment generation and risk minimization. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Connotation of Biotechnology in Plant Genetic Resources Management    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) are building blocks of our food security. Their exploration, collection, characterization, conservation and documentation are essential for future food security. It needs inter disciplinary approach to manage PGR in sustainable manner. In view of the recent researches role of biotechnology becomes crucial for proper management of PGR. In the present article role of biotechnology in different steps of PGR management has been emphasized on the basis of literature collected and edited from different sources. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Estimation of Aflatoxins in Peanuts by Indirect Competitive ELISA [PDF]    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    With the availability of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies against aflatoxins, various simple, sensitive and specific enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have been developed. This is rapid and relatively inexpensive assay method and results are also acceptable. This article provides a simplified account of the protocol for assay of aflatoxins in peanut by indirect competitive ELISA. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Softwood Grafting: A Commercial Propagation Technique of Mango    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    The technique of Softwood grafting is becoming commercial technique in most of the mango producing states of the country. The grafting operation is performed on 6 month to 10 month-old rootstocks. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Lab and Field Techniques for Aflatoxin Research in Peanut    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    Some of the laboratory and field techniques with respect to aflatoxin research in peanut are described. The article will be very useful to students, teachers and researchers particularly beginners. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Aflatoxins, their Biosynthetic Pathway and Mechanism of Action    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    This article provides a simplified account on aflatoxins, their biosynthetic pathway and mechanism of action. The article is intended for beginners such as students, teachers and researchers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Remove Aflatoxin Contaminated Kernels from Peanuts    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    A study was undertaken in India to determine the effectiveness of sorting and grading procedures prior to blanching, followed by a combination of manual and electronic eye sorting (camera sorter) after blanching to get rid of the aflatoxin contaminated kernels from the bulk peanut lot. The study conclusively proved that the blanching used in conjunction with manual and electronic sorting was very effective in eliminating aflatoxin-contaminated kernels. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Chrysanthemum Flowers: Economics of Production and Marketing in T.N.    By: Dr. Prawin Arya

    Chrysanthemum flower cultivation is very popular in Tamil Nadu and occupied 9 per cent of total flower area in the state. On account of good area under chrysanthemum cultivation, Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu was selected for primary data collection. >> Category: Agriculture
  • An Economic Analysis of Jasmine Cultivation in Tamil Nadu    By: Dr. Prawin Arya

    Tamil Nadu stands second in the area under flower cultivation and production of loose flowers in India. Jasmine flower cultivation is very popular in the state. Therefore, the study was undertaken to examine the economics of jasmine production and to identify the constraints to jasmine production and marketing using primary data collected from the Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu in 2008-09. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Low Maintenance Roses for Aesthetic Value and Landscape Use    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Roses are one of the important plants that are used in landscaping and for aesthetic values. The concept of landscape roses is in vogue in the West and slowly it is gaining importance in developing countries. Generally, landscape roses are low maintenance roses which bloom continuously in the season, having pest and disease resistance and hardy with large clusters of colourful roses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Essential Oils from Flower Crops    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Essential oils are the subtle, aromatic and volatile liquids extracted from the flowers, seeds, leaves, stems, bark and roots of herbs, bushes, shrubs, and trees, through different extraction producers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Disease Management in Turfgrasses and Precautions    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Common diseases of turfgrasses include Leaf spot, Fairy Ring, Brown Patch and Dollar Spot. Control and precautions for fungicides usage. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Gerbera Cultivation Under Controlled Environment    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) commonly known as Transwal Daisy or African Daisy is commercially important flowergrown throughout the world under wide range of climatic conditions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Turfgrasses - An Overview | Cool and Warm season Turfgrasses    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Turfgrasses are considered to be an integral part of landscape ecological systems which provide aesthetic value. These are narrow-leaved grass species that form a uniform, long-lived ground cover that can tolerate traffic and low mowing heights. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marigold Cultivation- A Viable Avenue for Farmer's Livelihood Security    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Marigold is one of the most important commercial flowers grown worldwide and in India it accounts for more than half of the nation's loose flower production. Its flowers are rich source of carotenoids and being grown on commercial scale for extracting these carotenoids. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Alternative Oxidase in Fruit Ripening    By: Ashish Marathe

    Ripening is the process by which fruits attain their desirable flavour, quality, colour, palatable nature and other textural properties. It is associated with change in composition i.e. conversion of starch to sugar. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Potential Impacts of Resistant Starch on Human Health    By: Nitin Kumar Garg

    Resistant starch is one of the most abundant dietary sources of non-digestible carbohydrates which has received much attention for both its potential health benefits and functional properties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Strigolactone: A Promising Compound For Plant Endurance    By: Nitin Kumar Garg

    Strigolactones are the novel hormone which not only controls shoot branching but also associated with plant stress like drought and salinity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Brassica Juncea (Indian mustard) - Characterstics and Uses    By: Megha Kaushik

    Brassica Juncea (Indian mustard) is an annual growing perennial herb which is amphidiploid with a chromosome number of 18.It is highly variable species which is cultivated since centuries as a vegetable and oil plant. It had various medicinal and therapeutic uses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The Effects of Plant Bioactives on Human Health    By: Nitin Kumar Garg

    Plants, including most food and feed plants, produce a broad range of bioactive chemical compounds via their so called secondary metabolism. These compounds may elicit a long range of different effects regarding to human health. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Multiple Peptide Signals and Their Interplay in Growth and Defense    By: Ashish Marathe

    Role of peptide signals in plant growth and defense. The full spectrum of peptide function in plant have not been explore yet, there for we need to discovere yet more plant peptides to improve our understanding of cell-cell communication and their numerous functions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Red Fluorescent Protein- A virus inactivating defensive immunity in Bombyx Mori L.    By: Ashish Marathe

    Red Fluorescent protein an anti microbial and antiviral protein present in silkworm. The silkworm Bombyx mori has been exploited as a silk producer in the silk industry for thousands of years. Sericulture is an important agro-based industry. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quarantine Measures in Agriculture    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Plants and plant products are imported from foreign countries by means of freight, personal luggage and parcel post etc. They are subject to plant quarantine to prevent a possible invasion of pests which may inhabit these plants. A crop or herd of livestock under quarantine means that an agronomist, pathologist, or veterinarian has found positive evidence of some kind of pathogenic infection or infestation in the crop that requires absolute isolation from any other crop or herd. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Stem the Research - Stall the Recovery - [ PDF ]    By: Megha Kaushik

    Stem cell is a type of cell that posses the capability of self renewal and have potential to differentiate into variety of cell types. Depending on the origin they are divided into embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells which are further divided into haematopoietic stem cell, mesenchymal stem cells, neural stem cells, mammary stem cells and intestinal Stem cells. These stem cells show potential approach for human benefits in repairing the damaged tissues while maintaining their differentiated stage. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Molecular Mechanism of Plant Freezing Tolerance    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Plants have evolved a mechanism to enhance tolerance to freezing during exposure to periods of low, but non-freezing temperatures. This phenomenon is called cold acclimation. During cold acclimation, plants develop several mechanisms to minimize potential damages caused by low temperature. Cold response is highly complex process that involves an array of physiological and biochemical modifications >> Category: Agriculture
  • LEA Proteins - Plant Adaptation to Water Limiting Conditions    By: Ashish Marathe

    Role of LEA(Late Embryogenesis Abundant) proteins in survival of plants under water limiting conditions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Production of Carrot    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Carrot is a highly cross pollinated crop. Purity and maintenance of seed is very essential as there are chances of mixing of seed. Therefore, for carrot growers knowledge of seed production is of prime importance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Genomic Tools in Plant Breeding    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Plant breeding provides important tools for developing improved varieties using conventional methodologies. The advances in genomics are providing breeders with new tools and methodologies that allow a great leap forward in plant breeding, including the 'superdomestication' of crops and the genetic dissection and breeding for complex traits. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Chloroplast Transformation: Advantages and Methods    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Chloroplast transformation is an important tool for biotechnological applications and has gained much interest in the regulation of gene expression and plant physiology. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Black Pepper - A King of Spices in Indian Life    By: Rohini Bansode

    Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is most important and widely used spice in the world which belongs to the family Piperaceae, grown in the south western region of India. It is a major source of income and employment to small and marginal farmers in the States of Kerala. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Trichoderma: A Boon to Plant Disease Management    By: Rohini Bansode

    Fungal plant diseases are a major concern in agricultural food production worldwide. So there is a pressing need to control fungal diseases to ensure a steady and constant food supply to ever increasing world population. In recent years, biological control of plant pathogens has received increasing attention as a promising supplement to chemical control. The present paper discuss about importance Trichoderma as bio control agent and its mechanism of action for future plant disease management. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Augmented Design: Data Analysis    By: Vivek Sharma

    Plant breeding programmes used to the large number of germplasms to identify lots of quantitative variation to deeply analyzed. Statistical methods applied for design to experimental tests and analyzing data precisely. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding Strategies for Quality Traits in Crop Plants    By: Vivek Sharma

    Agriculture must focus on production of quality and diverse products to fulfill the nutritional requirements of the world's growing population, elimination deficiency of nutrients and minimize hunger. >> Category: Agriculture
  • What are Synthetic Seeds? Their Need, Uses and Types    By: Suman Sanadhya

    This article is mainly emphasized on the potential use of synthetic seed technology for germplasm propagation and preservation. Micropropagules, such as somatic embryos, shoot meristems, calli, protocorms, protocorm-like bodies etc. are normally used for synthetic seed production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of In vitro Raised Plantlets of Bitter Gourd Lines to AM strains    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Effect of in vitro raised plantlets of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) lines to arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) strains. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have several advantages to plants including increased root area for absorption, enhanced uptake of nutrients, resistant to plant pathogens and drought. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Performance of Tomato Seedlings on Different Growing Media.    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L. syn. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is most popular fruit vegetable of the family Solanaceae, grown all over the world. Tomato is universally treated as a protective food and is also a very good source of income to small and marginal farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • An Economic Analysis of Rose Production System in Tamil Nadu    By: Dr. D.R. Singh

    The study was undertaken to examine the economics of rose cultivation, backward and forward linkages in rose production and identify the constraints to rose production and marketing using primary data collected from the Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu. The results showed that there was an impressive growth alongwith high instability in the area under rose cultivation in most of the major rose growing districts of Tamil Nadu during the year 1999-2000 to 2006-07. Although, the rose cultivation requires high establishment, cultivation and marketing costs, the cultivation of rose was generating impressive and equitable returns to the farmers. The farmers were also efficient in rose cultivation. Further, the production system was generating good employment opportunities for farm family as well as agricultural labourers especially for female workers. Although, some inbound and outbound logistics and pre-trade agreement were practiced, there is no effective value chain in the rose production... >> Category: Agriculture
  • Andrographis Paniculata: A Broad Spectrum Medicinal Herb    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh) is a medicinal herb which used in hepatoprotective activity, immunological benefits, anti-inflammatory activity, respiratory system benefits and anti-malarial activity but use of this herb during pregnancy should be avoided. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Opium Poppy - A Wonder Medicine: Use and Conservation    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Opium poppy ( Papaver somniferum L.) is a wonder medicine which contain morphine, codeine, thebanine, papaverine and narcotine useful for decreasing the cholesterol content in human system and prevents coronary heart troubles >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sohshur: Promising Underutilized Fruit Crop of Himalaya tracts    By: Dr. H. Rymbai

    The present article highlights the market and nutritional potential of Sohshur (Pyrus pashia Buch. & Ham). Sohshur (Pyrus pashia) belongs to the family rosaceae and is believed to have originated in Himalayas including north east India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Asparagus Racemosus (Shatavari): Medicinal Plant for Women and Men    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) means `she who possesses a hundred husbands` having a wide range of phytochemical is a versatile female tonic and also benefited to male reproductive system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Phytopharmacological Aspects and Conservation of Chlorophytum Borivilianum (Safed musli)    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Chlorophytum borivilianum (Safed musli) is a major source of drugs (saponin) mainly propagated vegetatively but use of micro propagation protocol and synthetic seed help in production and conservation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Integrated Approach for Iron and Zinc Biofortification in Wheat    By: Om Prakash Gupta

    Biofortification is one of the most inexpensive means to reach to the Fe (Iron) and Zn (Zinc) deficient population of world. Wheat being one of the staple food crops, serves important source of protein and energy worldwide. Fe and Zn is deficient in pre-school children and pregnant women mainly in African and Asian countries which is major cause of death. >> Category: Agriculture

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