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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Plant Genetic Resources and their Utilization in Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Vikas Gupta

    Article is about conservation and utilization of plant genetics resources in crop improvement. The plant genetic resources (PGR) significantly contributed towards achieving the global objectives of food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable development. The >> Category: Agriculture
  • Natural Toxic Sustances in Vegetable Crops    By: Kavita Sinha

    Vegetables are an important source of protective food and a part of healthy diet. They contain chemical compounds, such as carbohydrates, sugars, proteins and vitamins, which are essential to human growth and health. However, plants generally contain toxic and anti-nutrients acquired from fertilizer and pesticides and several naturally occurring chemicals. Some of these plant chemicals have been shown to be deleterious to health or evidently advantageous to human health, if consumed in appropriate amounts. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cisgenics Plants are as safer as Traditional and Breeded plants    By: KUMARA SWAMY R.V.

    This article mainly emphasize on advantage as well as disparity between the traditional, transgenic and Cisgenic plants. Cisgenesis will play an important role in sustainable crop improvement. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genetic Engineered Resistance against Herbicide: Current status and Future perspective    By: Ram Chandra Choudhary

    This article mainly emphasize on action of different types of herbicide on crop plant with genetic engineering approaches and some recent strategies to develop a tolerant plant against herbicide. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Functional Markers in Hexaploid Wheat: An overview    By: Ram Chandra Choudhary

    The main aim of this article is to present an overview and current status of functional markers, responsible for quality traits, biotic and abiotic stress tolerance in wheat. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of RNAi in Crop Improvement    By: Pradeep Sharma

    RNA interference (RNAi) is involved in sequence-specific gene regulation driven by the introduction of dsRNA resulting inhibition of translation or transcriptional repression. Impact of RNAi to improve the crop plants has proved to be a novel approach in combating the biotic and abiotic stresses and the nutritional improvement including reduced content of food allergens and toxic compounds. It has been employed successfully to bring about modifications of several desired traits in different plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Wheat genome sequence applications    By: Pradeep Sharma

    Wheat is the second largest growing food cereal crop worldwide. It covers about 30% food requirement of world population. It is estimated that by 2030, India needs to produce 130 million tonnes of wheat to feed constantly growing population. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Vegetative Propagation in Cashew    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Cashew can be propagated by seed as well as vegetative means. Since, cashew is a highly cross pollinated crop, seedling progenies are highly variable in nature. Hence, various standardized vegetative propagation methods have been described to obtain true-to-the-type progenies >> Category: Agriculture
  • Top Working in Cashew    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Rejuvenation of unproductive and senile cashew trees.Top working is a technique evolved to rejuvenate unproductive and senile cashew trees. Top working can successfully rejuvenate poor yielders in the age group of 5-20 years. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Strategies to Minimize Impact of Climate Change on Fruit Production    By: Shiv Lal

    Over the years, environmental changes playing a significant role like occurrence of erratic rain and snowfall, droughts increase in temperature etc resulting in variation in the fruit production. A significant change in climate at global and national level is certainly impacting horticulture and affecting fruit production and quality. Therefore understanding of impact of climate change on perennial horticultural production system and the potential effects on fruit quality is need of the hour. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Impact of Climate Change on Plant Diseases    By: Shiv Lal

    Climate change posing serious threat to agriculture and it greatly influencing plant health. Climate change can have positive, negative, or neutral impact on individual pathosystems because of the specific nature of the interactions of host and pathogen. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genomic Assisted Breeding in Fruit Crops [PDF]    By: Shiv Lal

    The perennial nature, complex behavior, vegetative propagation, sterility, parthanocarpy and polyploidy of fruit tree are great problem for their efficient improvement through traditional breeding methods. Genomic tools can now firmly utilized in the breeding of many fruit crops, improving the precision and enabling the assembly of multiple traits in new elite breeding lines and varieties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Insight of Male Sterile Technology    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Male sterility is the only suitable technique for commercial hybrid seed production. The present article gives utilitarian information - Why is the male sterility observed in male part only? How to express male sterility and its classification. >> Category: Agriculture
  • GM Crops and Agro-Biodiversity    By: Subin Raj

    Genetically modified crops are considered hazardous to agro-biodiversity in general. This article provides an alternative view of the impacts of GM crops on agro-biodiversity and offer possible solutions to this problem. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pomegranate Sparkle in Tropical and Sub-Tropical Regions    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Area under pomegranate is increasing worldwide because of its hardy nature, wider adaptability, drought tolerance, grow well in soils of low fertility status, salt tolerant, higher yield levels, excellent keeping quality and remunerative prices in domestic as well as export markets. Also its having nutritional and health benefit importance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Millets: Climate Resilient Future Crops    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    This article provides account of technologies for sustaining millets production and utilization. Millets comprising of sorghum, pearl millet, and small millets namely finger millet, foxtail millet, kodo millet, proso millet, barnyard millet and little millet are grown in arid and semi-arid tracts of Asian, African under low rainfall where fine cereals cannot be grown profitably. Millets possess advantages such as early maturing, drought tolerance, require minimal purchased inputs and mostly free from biotic and abiotic stresses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Barnyard Millet: A Fast Growing, Drought Tolerant Nutritious Crop    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    Echinochloa frumentacea (Indian barnyard millet, sawa millet, or billion dollar grass) is a species of Echinochloa. This article provides account of Barnyard millet a highly nutritious millet crop. Covers its origin, botany, taxonomy etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Proso Millet: Drought Tolerant and Nutritious Small Millet    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) also called as common millet, broomcorn millet, French millet, Hog millet or white millet is one of the most important crop domesticated about 10000 years ago in central and Eastern Asia and spread from China to the Black Sea region of Europe by 5000 BC (Lawler, 2009). This article provides account of Proso millet a highly nutritious millet crop. Covers its origin, botany, taxonomy etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Foxtail Millet: A Nutritious Minor Millet    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    This article provides account of foxtail millet a highly nutritious millet crop. Covers its origin, botany, taxonomy etc. Foxtail millet is well recognized as a short duration, rainy season crop. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Apomixis Conserved Heterozygosity and Averts Inbreeding Depression in Flowering Plants    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Apomixis is a asexual type of reproduction in which seed are developed without fusion of male and female gametes. It technology is helpful to conserve the heterozygosity, avoid in breeding depression and providing hybrid seed to farmer at low cost. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pigeonpea Variants: The Ultimate Source for Pigeonpea Improvement    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Now a day's maintaining genetic purity especially in crops and often cross pollinated crops is quite difficult. For maintaining the purity, naked eye polymorphic markers are required. Use of dwarfing genes may increase the yield in pigeonpea like as wheat and rice crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bottle Gourd: A Vegetable With Tremendous Medicinal Value    By: Manjusha Verma

    This article is about the medicinal /therapeutic uses of the vegetable bottle gourd. It is a vegetable of Cucurbitaceae family that grows in the tropics and sub-tropics. It is harvested as a tender fruit for consumption as a vegetable. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Morinda Citrifolia L.- A Potential Medicinal and Nutritive Fruit Plant    By: Lalit Arya

    This article presents importance of Morinda citrifolia L. as a useful medicinal and nutritive fruit plant. . It is distributed in coastal areas in open lands and in forests of dry tracts of India viz. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and along the coastal areas of Kerala and many other places as well as to other tropical countries of Asia, South America and Caribbean and Polynesian Islands. Morinda citrifolia L. was the second most popular plant used in herbal remedies by the ancestors of the Polynesians. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Alternate Bearing in Fruit Trees    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Alternate bearing or biennial bearing is one of the major problems in many fruit crops. Each fruit tree in commercial bearing does not bear equal crop year after year, which makes fruit cultivation less remunerative to the growers and fruit traders. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Use of Plant Regulators in Propagation of Horticultural Crops    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Plant Growth Regulators or PGRs - Plant hormones are not nutrients, but chemicals that in small amounts promote and influence the growth, development, and differentiation of cells and tissues. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Propagation by Different Specialized Plant Parts, Cutting and Layering in Fruit Crops    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Most plants reproduce sexually from seeds, but some can be reproduced (or multiplied) by vegetative parts such as stems, roots, and leaves. In addition, some plants produce modified stems and/or roots, referred to here as specialized structures that accumulate food reserves and therefore have built-in regeneration potential and are valuable as vegetative propagates. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Tips for Successful Cultivation of Litchi in India    By: Dr. Amrendra Kumar

    Article contains the recent production techniques of litchi (lychee) which would be helpful for growers and researchers as well as students >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fruit Exports and Strategies to Enhance Export Competitiveness    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    India's exports of fruits are rising but they still remain abysmally low when compared with production. The effect of growth in export of fruits on the Indian market does not seem to be visible as the share of exports of fruits were only 0.55 per cent of their total production in 2010-11(Source: Minister of State for Commerce and Industry). In spite of being one of the largest producers of fruits in the world, India's share in the value of world exports in many fruits is ridiculously low at much less than one per cent. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Dynamics of Agricultural Growth and Nutrition Security in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article discusses whether varying agricultural growth have impact on improvement on nutrition of Indian population. The study concludes that increase in growth rate of food production has disconnect with improvement in nutritional status of population mainly due to preference. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Interface of Agricultural Growth and Farmers' Income in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article debates about the effect of agricultural growth on farmers' welfare. Agriculture growth in recent decade not only favors regional equity but also ensures way out to alleviate agriculture distress. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Progress of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Authority During 2006-07 to 2010-11    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article focuses on specific mandated activities of PPV&FR Authority during 1996-97 to 2010-11. In these five years, the Authority has gained momentum of fulfilling its obligation and developed enough paraphernalia and organizational base to deliver public services for which it was created. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agricultural Research Relationship With Development Policy    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The authors talk about the benefits of investment in agricultural research and its relationship with development of the economy. The authors focus on rate of return on investment in agricultural research, growth rate in reduction in real cost of production of major agricultural crops and a pathway to achieve 4% growth rate in agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Plant Growth Regulators in Litchi Production    By: Dr. R K Patel

    PGRs play significant role in improving the production and fruit quality of various fruit crops including litchi. This article use full for farming community which are cultivating the litchi and faced several problems. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Need for Sugarcane Market Outlook Exercises in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article highlights the importance of sugarcane and its by-products in changing paradigm of auto industry and bio-fuels in India. E85 engines in auto industry and requirements of varying levels of bio-fuels mixed with petrol will revive not only ailing sugar industry but also cut import bill of fuels. Sugarcane market outlook scenarios would help the policy makers to take informed decision to manage the transition phase in India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Defoliator Pests in Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.)    By: Dr. R K Patel

    Practical importance to manage the insect pest of litchi fruit which damages the litchi leaves considerable and thus reducing the fruit yield of litchi. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Matching Structure of Demand and Supply of Agricultural Produce via Market Led Extension    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article talks about market led extension in Indian agriculture. The debate is on how to synchronize the structure of demand with supply of agriculture produce. The onus of doing this lies on state agricultural extension machinery. Training for developing right set of skills of agricultural development and extension related personnel would bring this paradigm shifts. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Synchronizing Demand and Supply of Agricultural Produce in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    Market led extension to bridge gap between structure of demand and supply of agricultural produce in India. The article talks about market led extension in Indian agriculture. The debate is on how to synchronize the structure of demand with supply of agriculture produce. The onus of doing this lies on state agricultural extension machinery. Training for developing right set of skills of agricultural development and extension related personnel would bring this paradigm shifts. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutrients Variability in Sohiong (Prunus Nepalensis L.) Fruit    By: Dr. H. Rymbai

    The present article highlights the nutrients variability existing in two types of Sohiong fruit. It is also showed that Sohiong is a potential fruits to meet the nutritional rich diet among the tribal populace. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biochar - An Alternate Use of Agricultural Waste    By: Sunita Gaind

    Converting agriculture waste into biochar is a meaningful low cost technology for waste management. This technology has promising potential for development of sustainable agriculture system and global climate change mitigation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant Nutriomics: A New Frontier of Plant Biology    By: Subodh Kumar Sinha

    This article illustrates the understanding the role of nutrients in plants life and the need of increasing nutrient use efficiency of crop plants with help of combination of different branches of sciences together known as Plant Nutriomics. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Induced Systemic and Systemic Acquired Resistance    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Induced systemic resistance (ISR) and Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) are two different phenomena but both represent active plant defense responses to phytopathogen attack. ISR is similar to hypersensitive response while as SAR is alike inherent immunity of plant system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hydrogen Cyanide Production in Soil Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Hydrogen cyanide or hydrocyanic acid (HCN) or cyanide (-CN moiety) is known to all of us as a toxic chemical. It is generally found in automobile exhaust, cigarette smoke; it is produced during incomplete burning of fire and has been important component of chemical weapons. It is also one of the byproducts from various industries like textile, dyeing, electroplating, chemical fertilizers, plastics etc., and as alike other industrial byproducts, is capable of polluting large number of ecosystems and their components directly. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Finding Suitable Niches in the Soil by Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Bacteria are ubiquitous and diverse; they are integral biotic component of every ecosystem- let it be aquatic, marine or terrestrial. Depending upon availability of nutrients, favorable/tolerable environmental conditions and specific metabolic properties every species of bacterial community occupy specific space, what is called as niche. Root nodule, root surface, soil matrix, clay particles, endophytic tissue, root epidermis, stem tumors etc. can be niches of soil bacteria. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Exopolysaccharide Production by Soil Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are polysaccharides synthesized by bacteria (especially soil bacteria) and secreted into the external environment. EPS are natural polymers and have distinctive chemical structures and physicochemical properties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • In Planta Strategies for the Development of Transgenic Plants    By: Dr. Rohini Sreevathsa

    The article explains the importance of non-conventional, tissue culture-independent in planta transformation strategies for the development of transgenic plants >> Category: Agriculture
  • Western Ghats - The Pride of India Flora    By: Nandan Nair

    The Western Ghats, an area of rich biological wealth and also exhibiting high degree of endemism, comprises the major portion of the Western Ghats, one of the 34 global biodiversity hotspots for conservation identified by the Conservation International. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marker-Assisted Backcrossing (Single and Multiple Genes)    By: Nandan Nair

    Genomics assisted crop improvement (GACI) offers a wide range of opportunities to identify major loci influencing the target traits and to select plants with the desirable combination of alleles with marker assisted selection (MAS), marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) or marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS). Marker-assisted selection is based on marker information only (pure MAS) or on index of marker plus phenotypic data (combined MAS). In both methods, markers can only lead to gametic phase disequilibrium exists between the marker loci and their pertinent QTL. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Control of Viruses Infecting Crops and Plants    By: Nandan Nair

    Plant viruses and virus diseases have been studied for more than 100 years and many measures have been given to their control. This has been difficult to achieve because of the lack of any effective means of curing virus infected plants. Chemotherapy, thermotherapy and meristem tip culture is successful, but they cannot be used on a large scale. The main approach has been to prevent or delay virus infection or to decrease its effects. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Microbe Used as Tool for Insect Pest Management    By: Nandan Nair

    Agriculture has been facing the destructive activities of numerous pests like fungi, weeds and insects from time immemorial, leading to radical decrease in yields. Pests are continuously being introduced to new areas either naturally or accidentally >> Category: Agriculture
  • Crop Improvement Through Somaclonal Variation    By: Nandan Nair

    Somaclonal variation is defined as genetic and phenotypic variation among clonally propagated plants from a single donor clone. Somaclonal variation caused by the process of tissue culture is also called tissue culture induced variation to more specifically define the inducing environment. Somaclonal variation can be manifested as either somatically or meiotically stable events. Somatically stable variation includes phenotypes such as habituation of cultures and physiologically induced variation observed among primary regenerants. >> Category: Agriculture

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