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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Seize the Season with Frozen Fruits and Vegetables    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Freezing is a rapid and convenient way to preserve fruits and vegetables at home. It is the method of food preservation that maintains high levels of many vitamins and nutrients >> Category: Agriculture
  • Light Management of Green House Horticultural Crops    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    Several strategies can be used in green house to properly manage light levels throughout the day and seasonally >> Category: Agriculture
  • Climate Change - Effect of Beneficial Microorganisms    By: Dr. A. Kandan

    Global climate change is a big challenge to agricultural scientists to increase the food production to support increasing people populations. Here we discuss how microorganisms beneficial and fight against various impact of climate change. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Root Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Root vegetable crops are affected by several physiological disorders. This article focuses on these disorders, their symptoms and management. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Grafting Technology in Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Vegetable grafting has gained popularity among the vegetable growers in recent years. Grafting methods in solanaceous and cucurbit vegetables and healing & acclimatization of grafted plants are discussed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hybrid Seed Production Techniques in Cucurbit Vegetables    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Various techniques of hybrid seed production in cucurbit vegetables are discussed. In cucurbits, hybrid seed production has been simplified by manipulation of sex mechanism and sex expression. Different techniques are developed to reduce the cost of hybrid seed production viz., use of male sterile line, gynoecious line, monoecious line and use of plant growth regulators for suppression of male flower and open pollination. Different methods employed for the production of hybrid seeds in cucurbits have been discussed below: >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Cole Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Cole vegetable crops are affected by several physiological disorders. This article focuses on these disorders, their symptoms and management. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Vegetables for Nutrition and Health    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Vegetables are rich source of several health promoting phytochemicals. This article focuses on these nutraceuticals and their potential health benefits. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Solanaceous Vegetable Crops    By: Dr. Amish Kumar Sureja

    Important physiological disorders, their symptoms and management in tomato, chilli and potato are discussed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Analytical Argument On Golden Rice - Genetically Engineered Food    By: Dr. Ranjith M.

    Golden rice is a genetically engineered food made to meet out the vitamin A deficiency in children. Golden rice has its own disadvantages that is to be answered. This article deals with the positives and negatives of golden rice. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Future of High Efficiency Gene Therapy    By: Sushila Vishnoi

    SRI is a package of practices especially developed to improve the productivity of rice. Unlike the conventional method of continuous flooding of paddy fields, SRI involves intermittent wetting and drying of paddies as well as specific soil and agronomic management practices. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR): The 'whole-plant' resistance response    By: Vijaykumar Ishwarbhai Prajapati

    The systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a "whole-plant" resistance response that occurs following an earlier localized exposure to a pathogen. SAR is analogous to the innate immune system found in animals. The resistance that developed in the distal, untreated portion of pathogen inoculated plants is termed as systemic acquired resistance >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biochar: It's Impact on Soil Health    By: Sunita Gaind

    Production of biochar from pyrolysis of agricultural residues and its application to soil has been proposed as one of the effective management measure to soil fertility. However, certain uncertainties associated with biochar application need extensive research. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The History of Corn    By: Vaibhav P. Chaudhary

    Maize (Zea mays), also called corn, is believed to have originated in central Mexico 7000 years ago from a wild grass, and Native Americans transformed maize into a better source of food. Maize and its closest wild relatives, the teosintes, differ strikingly in the morphology of their female inflorescences or ears. Despite their divergent morphologies, several studies indicate that some varieties of teosinte are cytologically indistinguishable from maize and capable of forming fully fertile hybrids with maize. Thus, different hypothesis enumerating progress toward morphological evolution of maize from teosinte has been discussed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Insect Pests of Sorghum    By: P. Swathi

    Sorghum is one of the most important cereals in the semi-arid tropics. Avoidable losses have been estimated to be over 32% in India due to various insect pests. Various insect pests are borers (shoot fly, stem borer), ear head borers (ear head caterpillar, shoot bug, ear head bug),and sap feeders (sorghum midge). Major insect pests and their management is described >> Category: Agriculture
  • Managing Physiological Disorders of Tomato in India    By: Dr. (Ms) Kavita

    While tomatoes are easy to grow, diseases and disorders can damage plants and reduce crop yields. Tomato growers in India run into many different fruit problems each year. This article attempts to describe symptoms, give probable causes or explanations, and control measures wherever possible for managing physiological disorders of tomato. >> Category: Agriculture
  • ATP Synthase: Structure and Function    By: Sukumar Taria

    ATP synthase is an enzyme which catalyse the conversion of ADP and Pi into ATP in chloroplast and mitochondria. It contain 9 different sub-units. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Landslides Causes and Prevention: A Major Natural Disaster    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Landslides are major natural disaster which frequently occur in Central Himalayan Region (CHR) and affect life of human as well as animals, damage agriculture and impedes progress. The severity of damage depends on the affected population's resilience. But by adopting certain precautionary measures impact can be minimized. Directly or indirectly natural disasters affect our environment and natural resources. These affect the ecosystem (food chain); any disturbance in ecosystem may cause long lasting effects. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage property and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sheep Production System in Rajasthan | Sheep Wool and Meat    By: Dr. Prawin Arya

    The study was undertaken to examine the trends in sheep production system in Rajasthan. Although, sheep population increased impressively in Rajasthan since independence, but there was a decreasing trend in the recent past in the state and in almost all the districts. Wool production showed a declining trend and sheep meat production showed moderate growth in the state. The decline in wool production in the state could be on account of decrease in sheep population, low price and poor handling of wool. The temporary migration was found to be declining and permanent migration was increasing with an overall increasing trend in sheep migration in the state. Therefore, to sustain sheep production system in the state, urgent attention is needed for subsidized fodder and feed during drought, effective and subsidised credit to arrest the distress sale of animals, development of processing facilities and reforms in the small ruminant markets. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Ethylene: Ripening Hormone    By: Sukumar Taria

    Ethylene is the only gaseous hormone in the plant system. Methionine is the precursor of ethylene and ACC is the penultimate precursor. Structure, biosynthesis and measurement of ethylene. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Almond Cultivation, Uses and Varieties    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    A detailed article about Almond cultivation practices, nutritional value, uses and suitable varieties in Central Himalayan region. Horticultural crops form a crucial part of the agricultural production. India is the second largest producer of fruits in the world. Cultivation as well as processing of these crops generates significant employment opportunities. Fruits are rich source of vitamins, minerals, proteins and carbohydrates that are essential in human diet. Hence, fruits need to be incorporated as essential constituent of human diet in order to avoid malnutrition. In terms of production per hectare, output of horticultural crops is more than 6 times that of cereals. Although, during the past two decades, area, production, productivity, availability and export of horticultural crops has increased manifold, which provided ample opportunities for employment generation and effective land use planning. But some important fruit crops like almond are not popular among farmers which have ample scope in Central Himalayan Region (CHR) besides having high nutritional and antioxidant value. >> Category: Agriculture
  • GABA Shunt: Biosynthesis and Metabolic Role in Plants    By: Sukumar Taria

    GABA is synthesized in cytosol which is transported to mitochondria where it is converted to succinic acid to metabolize into TCA cycle. It levels increases in response to biotic and abiotic stress. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Food Security through On-Farm Conservation of Agro-biodiversity    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Conservation and sustainable utilization of agro-biodiversity play vital roles to support poverty alleviation, ensure food security and enhance livelihood measures. On-farm conservation of agricultural biodiversity deals with conservation, use and management of genetic variation in farmers' fields that supports continuity of the dynamic evolutionary processes of genetic resources and ecological services, provides indigenous communities with ownership of and access to genetic resources and delivers options for improving livelihood measures specifically to resource-poor farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management of Insect Pests of Wheat    By: Dr. Vikas Gupta

    Every year on an average 20 - 25% of wheat is lost due to insect pests and diseases. The situation is further aggravated on storage. The termites, aphids, armyworm, American pod borer and brown mite are the major pests of wheat. Major insect pests and their management is described. >> Category: Agriculture
  • TREHALOSE: Role in Carbohydrate Metabolism and Plant Development    By: Sukumar Taria

    Trehalose, besides playing a role in plant metabolic intermediates, it also acts as a signaling complex regulating carbon status between cytosol and chloroplast. It has also a role in plant growth and development. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Production of Quality Planting Material of Horticultural Crops    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Availability of planting material of good quality is one of the most important elements of successful horticultural production. Planting material available to small-scale farmers in different areas is often of insufficient quality, which undermines potential yield and performance of crop production. Raising the quality planting material locally to be used by local farmers is itself a challenge. Moreover, availability of suitable climatic conditions ensures that an area is suited or not to produce almost all the fruit crops. Therefore, awareness and technical knowledge for production of planting material of horticultural crops may revolutionize economy of farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding for Drought Tolerance in Wheat    By: Dr. Vikas Gupta

    This article discusses different physiological parameters to be taken care for breeding for drought tolerance >> Category: Agriculture
  • Food Security in Central Himalayan Region: Agro-Biodiversity    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Conservation and sustainable utilization of agro-biodiversity plays vital role in ensuring food security, alleviation of poverty and enhancing livelihood measures. Maintenance of crop diversity is more remunerative as compared monoculture. It has potential for employment generation and risk minimization. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Connotation of Biotechnology in Plant Genetic Resources Management    By: Dr. A. K. Trivedi

    Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) are building blocks of our food security. Their exploration, collection, characterization, conservation and documentation are essential for future food security. It needs inter disciplinary approach to manage PGR in sustainable manner. In view of the recent researches role of biotechnology becomes crucial for proper management of PGR. In the present article role of biotechnology in different steps of PGR management has been emphasized on the basis of literature collected and edited from different sources. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Estimation of Aflatoxins in Peanuts by Indirect Competitive ELISA [PDF]    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    With the availability of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies against aflatoxins, various simple, sensitive and specific enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have been developed. This is rapid and relatively inexpensive assay method and results are also acceptable. This article provides a simplified account of the protocol for assay of aflatoxins in peanut by indirect competitive ELISA. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Softwood Grafting: A Commercial Propagation Technique of Mango    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    The technique of Softwood grafting is becoming commercial technique in most of the mango producing states of the country. The grafting operation is performed on 6 month to 10 month-old rootstocks. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Lab and Field Techniques for Aflatoxin Research in Peanut    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    Some of the laboratory and field techniques with respect to aflatoxin research in peanut are described. The article will be very useful to students, teachers and researchers particularly beginners. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Aflatoxins, their Biosynthetic Pathway and Mechanism of Action    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    This article provides a simplified account on aflatoxins, their biosynthetic pathway and mechanism of action. The article is intended for beginners such as students, teachers and researchers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Remove Aflatoxin Contaminated Kernels from Peanuts    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    A study was undertaken in India to determine the effectiveness of sorting and grading procedures prior to blanching, followed by a combination of manual and electronic eye sorting (camera sorter) after blanching to get rid of the aflatoxin contaminated kernels from the bulk peanut lot. The study conclusively proved that the blanching used in conjunction with manual and electronic sorting was very effective in eliminating aflatoxin-contaminated kernels. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Chrysanthemum Flowers: Economics of Production and Marketing in T.N.    By: Dr. Prawin Arya

    Chrysanthemum flower cultivation is very popular in Tamil Nadu and occupied 9 per cent of total flower area in the state. On account of good area under chrysanthemum cultivation, Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu was selected for primary data collection. >> Category: Agriculture
  • An Economic Analysis of Jasmine Cultivation in Tamil Nadu    By: Dr. Prawin Arya

    Tamil Nadu stands second in the area under flower cultivation and production of loose flowers in India. Jasmine flower cultivation is very popular in the state. Therefore, the study was undertaken to examine the economics of jasmine production and to identify the constraints to jasmine production and marketing using primary data collected from the Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu in 2008-09. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Low Maintenance Roses for Aesthetic Value and Landscape Use    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Roses are one of the important plants that are used in landscaping and for aesthetic values. The concept of landscape roses is in vogue in the West and slowly it is gaining importance in developing countries. Generally, landscape roses are low maintenance roses which bloom continuously in the season, having pest and disease resistance and hardy with large clusters of colourful roses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Essential Oils from Flower Crops    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Essential oils are the subtle, aromatic and volatile liquids extracted from the flowers, seeds, leaves, stems, bark and roots of herbs, bushes, shrubs, and trees, through different extraction producers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Disease Management in Turfgrasses and Precautions    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Common diseases of turfgrasses include Leaf spot, Fairy Ring, Brown Patch and Dollar Spot. Control and precautions for fungicides usage. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Gerbera Cultivation Under Controlled Environment    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) commonly known as Transwal Daisy or African Daisy is commercially important flowergrown throughout the world under wide range of climatic conditions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Turfgrasses - An Overview | Cool and Warm season Turfgrasses    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Turfgrasses are considered to be an integral part of landscape ecological systems which provide aesthetic value. These are narrow-leaved grass species that form a uniform, long-lived ground cover that can tolerate traffic and low mowing heights. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marigold Cultivation- A Viable Avenue for Farmer's Livelihood Security    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Marigold is one of the most important commercial flowers grown worldwide and in India it accounts for more than half of the nation's loose flower production. Its flowers are rich source of carotenoids and being grown on commercial scale for extracting these carotenoids. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Alternative Oxidase in Fruit Ripening    By: Ashish Marathe

    Ripening is the process by which fruits attain their desirable flavour, quality, colour, palatable nature and other textural properties. It is associated with change in composition i.e. conversion of starch to sugar. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Potential Impacts of Resistant Starch on Human Health    By: Nitin Kumar Garg

    Resistant starch is one of the most abundant dietary sources of non-digestible carbohydrates which has received much attention for both its potential health benefits and functional properties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Strigolactone: A Promising Compound For Plant Endurance    By: Nitin Kumar Garg

    Strigolactones are the novel hormone which not only controls shoot branching but also associated with plant stress like drought and salinity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Brassica Juncea (Indian mustard) - Characterstics and Uses    By: Megha Kaushik

    Brassica Juncea (Indian mustard) is an annual growing perennial herb which is amphidiploid with a chromosome number of 18.It is highly variable species which is cultivated since centuries as a vegetable and oil plant. It had various medicinal and therapeutic uses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • The Effects of Plant Bioactives on Human Health    By: Nitin Kumar Garg

    Plants, including most food and feed plants, produce a broad range of bioactive chemical compounds via their so called secondary metabolism. These compounds may elicit a long range of different effects regarding to human health. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Multiple Peptide Signals and Their Interplay in Growth and Defense    By: Ashish Marathe

    Role of peptide signals in plant growth and defense. The full spectrum of peptide function in plant have not been explore yet, there for we need to discovere yet more plant peptides to improve our understanding of cell-cell communication and their numerous functions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Red Fluorescent Protein- A virus inactivating defensive immunity in Bombyx Mori L.    By: Ashish Marathe

    Red Fluorescent protein an anti microbial and antiviral protein present in silkworm. The silkworm Bombyx mori has been exploited as a silk producer in the silk industry for thousands of years. Sericulture is an important agro-based industry. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quarantine Measures in Agriculture    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Plants and plant products are imported from foreign countries by means of freight, personal luggage and parcel post etc. They are subject to plant quarantine to prevent a possible invasion of pests which may inhabit these plants. A crop or herd of livestock under quarantine means that an agronomist, pathologist, or veterinarian has found positive evidence of some kind of pathogenic infection or infestation in the crop that requires absolute isolation from any other crop or herd. >> Category: Agriculture

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