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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Stem the Research - Stall the Recovery - [ PDF ]    By: Megha Kaushik

    Stem cell is a type of cell that posses the capability of self renewal and have potential to differentiate into variety of cell types. Depending on the origin they are divided into embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells which are further divided into haematopoietic stem cell, mesenchymal stem cells, neural stem cells, mammary stem cells and intestinal Stem cells. These stem cells show potential approach for human benefits in repairing the damaged tissues while maintaining their differentiated stage. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Molecular Mechanism of Plant Freezing Tolerance    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Plants have evolved a mechanism to enhance tolerance to freezing during exposure to periods of low, but non-freezing temperatures. This phenomenon is called cold acclimation. During cold acclimation, plants develop several mechanisms to minimize potential damages caused by low temperature. Cold response is highly complex process that involves an array of physiological and biochemical modifications >> Category: Agriculture
  • LEA Proteins - Plant Adaptation to Water Limiting Conditions    By: Ashish Marathe

    Role of LEA(Late Embryogenesis Abundant) proteins in survival of plants under water limiting conditions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Production of Carrot    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Carrot is a highly cross pollinated crop. Purity and maintenance of seed is very essential as there are chances of mixing of seed. Therefore, for carrot growers knowledge of seed production is of prime importance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Genomic Tools in Plant Breeding    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Plant breeding provides important tools for developing improved varieties using conventional methodologies. The advances in genomics are providing breeders with new tools and methodologies that allow a great leap forward in plant breeding, including the 'superdomestication' of crops and the genetic dissection and breeding for complex traits. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Chloroplast Transformation: Advantages and Methods    By: Rakesh Kumar Prajapat

    Chloroplast transformation is an important tool for biotechnological applications and has gained much interest in the regulation of gene expression and plant physiology. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Black Pepper - A King of Spices in Indian Life    By: Rohini Bansode

    Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is most important and widely used spice in the world which belongs to the family Piperaceae, grown in the south western region of India. It is a major source of income and employment to small and marginal farmers in the States of Kerala. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Trichoderma: A Boon to Plant Disease Management    By: Rohini Bansode

    Fungal plant diseases are a major concern in agricultural food production worldwide. So there is a pressing need to control fungal diseases to ensure a steady and constant food supply to ever increasing world population. In recent years, biological control of plant pathogens has received increasing attention as a promising supplement to chemical control. The present paper discuss about importance Trichoderma as bio control agent and its mechanism of action for future plant disease management. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Augmented Design: Data Analysis    By: Vivek Sharma

    Plant breeding programmes used to the large number of germplasms to identify lots of quantitative variation to deeply analyzed. Statistical methods applied for design to experimental tests and analyzing data precisely. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding Strategies for Quality Traits in Crop Plants    By: Vivek Sharma

    Agriculture must focus on production of quality and diverse products to fulfill the nutritional requirements of the world's growing population, elimination deficiency of nutrients and minimize hunger. >> Category: Agriculture
  • What are Synthetic Seeds? Their Need, Uses and Types    By: Suman Sanadhya

    This article is mainly emphasized on the potential use of synthetic seed technology for germplasm propagation and preservation. Micropropagules, such as somatic embryos, shoot meristems, calli, protocorms, protocorm-like bodies etc. are normally used for synthetic seed production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of In vitro Raised Plantlets of Bitter Gourd Lines to AM strains    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Effect of in vitro raised plantlets of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) lines to arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) strains. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have several advantages to plants including increased root area for absorption, enhanced uptake of nutrients, resistant to plant pathogens and drought. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Performance of Tomato Seedlings on Different Growing Media.    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L. syn. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is most popular fruit vegetable of the family Solanaceae, grown all over the world. Tomato is universally treated as a protective food and is also a very good source of income to small and marginal farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • An Economic Analysis of Rose Production System in Tamil Nadu    By: Dr. D.R. Singh

    The study was undertaken to examine the economics of rose cultivation, backward and forward linkages in rose production and identify the constraints to rose production and marketing using primary data collected from the Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu. The results showed that there was an impressive growth alongwith high instability in the area under rose cultivation in most of the major rose growing districts of Tamil Nadu during the year 1999-2000 to 2006-07. Although, the rose cultivation requires high establishment, cultivation and marketing costs, the cultivation of rose was generating impressive and equitable returns to the farmers. The farmers were also efficient in rose cultivation. Further, the production system was generating good employment opportunities for farm family as well as agricultural labourers especially for female workers. Although, some inbound and outbound logistics and pre-trade agreement were practiced, there is no effective value chain in the rose production... >> Category: Agriculture
  • Andrographis Paniculata: A Broad Spectrum Medicinal Herb    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh) is a medicinal herb which used in hepatoprotective activity, immunological benefits, anti-inflammatory activity, respiratory system benefits and anti-malarial activity but use of this herb during pregnancy should be avoided. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Opium Poppy - A Wonder Medicine: Use and Conservation    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Opium poppy ( Papaver somniferum L.) is a wonder medicine which contain morphine, codeine, thebanine, papaverine and narcotine useful for decreasing the cholesterol content in human system and prevents coronary heart troubles >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sohshur: Promising Underutilized Fruit Crop of Himalaya tracts    By: Dr. H. Rymbai

    The present article highlights the market and nutritional potential of Sohshur (Pyrus pashia Buch. & Ham). Sohshur (Pyrus pashia) belongs to the family rosaceae and is believed to have originated in Himalayas including north east India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Asparagus Racemosus (Shatavari): Medicinal Plant for Women and Men    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) means `she who possesses a hundred husbands` having a wide range of phytochemical is a versatile female tonic and also benefited to male reproductive system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Phytopharmacological Aspects and Conservation of Chlorophytum Borivilianum (Safed musli)    By: Ramesh Kumar

    Chlorophytum borivilianum (Safed musli) is a major source of drugs (saponin) mainly propagated vegetatively but use of micro propagation protocol and synthetic seed help in production and conservation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Integrated Approach for Iron and Zinc Biofortification in Wheat    By: Om Prakash Gupta

    Biofortification is one of the most inexpensive means to reach to the Fe (Iron) and Zn (Zinc) deficient population of world. Wheat being one of the staple food crops, serves important source of protein and energy worldwide. Fe and Zn is deficient in pre-school children and pregnant women mainly in African and Asian countries which is major cause of death. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant Genetic Resources and their Utilization in Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Vikas Gupta

    Article is about conservation and utilization of plant genetics resources in crop improvement. The plant genetic resources (PGR) significantly contributed towards achieving the global objectives of food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable development. The >> Category: Agriculture
  • Natural Toxic Sustances in Vegetable Crops    By: Kavita Sinha

    Vegetables are an important source of protective food and a part of healthy diet. They contain chemical compounds, such as carbohydrates, sugars, proteins and vitamins, which are essential to human growth and health. However, plants generally contain toxic and anti-nutrients acquired from fertilizer and pesticides and several naturally occurring chemicals. Some of these plant chemicals have been shown to be deleterious to health or evidently advantageous to human health, if consumed in appropriate amounts. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cisgenics Plants are as safer as Traditional and Breeded plants    By: KUMARA SWAMY R.V.

    This article mainly emphasize on advantage as well as disparity between the traditional, transgenic and Cisgenic plants. Cisgenesis will play an important role in sustainable crop improvement. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genetic Engineered Resistance against Herbicide: Current status and Future perspective    By: Ram Chandra Choudhary

    This article mainly emphasize on action of different types of herbicide on crop plant with genetic engineering approaches and some recent strategies to develop a tolerant plant against herbicide. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Functional Markers in Hexaploid Wheat: An overview    By: Ram Chandra Choudhary

    The main aim of this article is to present an overview and current status of functional markers, responsible for quality traits, biotic and abiotic stress tolerance in wheat. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of RNAi in Crop Improvement    By: Pradeep Sharma

    RNA interference (RNAi) is involved in sequence-specific gene regulation driven by the introduction of dsRNA resulting inhibition of translation or transcriptional repression. Impact of RNAi to improve the crop plants has proved to be a novel approach in combating the biotic and abiotic stresses and the nutritional improvement including reduced content of food allergens and toxic compounds. It has been employed successfully to bring about modifications of several desired traits in different plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Wheat genome sequence applications    By: Pradeep Sharma

    Wheat is the second largest growing food cereal crop worldwide. It covers about 30% food requirement of world population. It is estimated that by 2030, India needs to produce 130 million tonnes of wheat to feed constantly growing population. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Vegetative Propagation in Cashew    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Cashew can be propagated by seed as well as vegetative means. Since, cashew is a highly cross pollinated crop, seedling progenies are highly variable in nature. Hence, various standardized vegetative propagation methods have been described to obtain true-to-the-type progenies >> Category: Agriculture
  • Top Working in Cashew    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Rejuvenation of unproductive and senile cashew trees.Top working is a technique evolved to rejuvenate unproductive and senile cashew trees. Top working can successfully rejuvenate poor yielders in the age group of 5-20 years. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Strategies to Minimize Impact of Climate Change on Fruit Production    By: Shiv Lal

    Over the years, environmental changes playing a significant role like occurrence of erratic rain and snowfall, droughts increase in temperature etc resulting in variation in the fruit production. A significant change in climate at global and national level is certainly impacting horticulture and affecting fruit production and quality. Therefore understanding of impact of climate change on perennial horticultural production system and the potential effects on fruit quality is need of the hour. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Impact of Climate Change on Plant Diseases    By: Shiv Lal

    Climate change posing serious threat to agriculture and it greatly influencing plant health. Climate change can have positive, negative, or neutral impact on individual pathosystems because of the specific nature of the interactions of host and pathogen. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genomic Assisted Breeding in Fruit Crops [PDF]    By: Shiv Lal

    The perennial nature, complex behavior, vegetative propagation, sterility, parthanocarpy and polyploidy of fruit tree are great problem for their efficient improvement through traditional breeding methods. Genomic tools can now firmly utilized in the breeding of many fruit crops, improving the precision and enabling the assembly of multiple traits in new elite breeding lines and varieties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Insight of Male Sterile Technology    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Male sterility is the only suitable technique for commercial hybrid seed production. The present article gives utilitarian information - Why is the male sterility observed in male part only? How to express male sterility and its classification. >> Category: Agriculture
  • GM Crops and Agro-Biodiversity    By: Subin Raj

    Genetically modified crops are considered hazardous to agro-biodiversity in general. This article provides an alternative view of the impacts of GM crops on agro-biodiversity and offer possible solutions to this problem. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pomegranate Sparkle in Tropical and Sub-Tropical Regions    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Area under pomegranate is increasing worldwide because of its hardy nature, wider adaptability, drought tolerance, grow well in soils of low fertility status, salt tolerant, higher yield levels, excellent keeping quality and remunerative prices in domestic as well as export markets. Also its having nutritional and health benefit importance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Millets: Climate Resilient Future Crops    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    This article provides account of technologies for sustaining millets production and utilization. Millets comprising of sorghum, pearl millet, and small millets namely finger millet, foxtail millet, kodo millet, proso millet, barnyard millet and little millet are grown in arid and semi-arid tracts of Asian, African under low rainfall where fine cereals cannot be grown profitably. Millets possess advantages such as early maturing, drought tolerance, require minimal purchased inputs and mostly free from biotic and abiotic stresses. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Barnyard Millet: A Fast Growing, Drought Tolerant Nutritious Crop    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    Echinochloa frumentacea (Indian barnyard millet, sawa millet, or billion dollar grass) is a species of Echinochloa. This article provides account of Barnyard millet a highly nutritious millet crop. Covers its origin, botany, taxonomy etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Proso Millet: Drought Tolerant and Nutritious Small Millet    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) also called as common millet, broomcorn millet, French millet, Hog millet or white millet is one of the most important crop domesticated about 10000 years ago in central and Eastern Asia and spread from China to the Black Sea region of Europe by 5000 BC (Lawler, 2009). This article provides account of Proso millet a highly nutritious millet crop. Covers its origin, botany, taxonomy etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Foxtail Millet: A Nutritious Minor Millet    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    This article provides account of foxtail millet a highly nutritious millet crop. Covers its origin, botany, taxonomy etc. Foxtail millet is well recognized as a short duration, rainy season crop. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Apomixis Conserved Heterozygosity and Averts Inbreeding Depression in Flowering Plants    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Apomixis is a asexual type of reproduction in which seed are developed without fusion of male and female gametes. It technology is helpful to conserve the heterozygosity, avoid in breeding depression and providing hybrid seed to farmer at low cost. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pigeonpea Variants: The Ultimate Source for Pigeonpea Improvement    By: Dr. Deepak Rameshwar Sapkal

    Now a day's maintaining genetic purity especially in crops and often cross pollinated crops is quite difficult. For maintaining the purity, naked eye polymorphic markers are required. Use of dwarfing genes may increase the yield in pigeonpea like as wheat and rice crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Bottle Gourd: A Vegetable With Tremendous Medicinal Value    By: Manjusha Verma

    This article is about the medicinal /therapeutic uses of the vegetable bottle gourd. It is a vegetable of Cucurbitaceae family that grows in the tropics and sub-tropics. It is harvested as a tender fruit for consumption as a vegetable. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Morinda Citrifolia L.- A Potential Medicinal and Nutritive Fruit Plant    By: Lalit Arya

    This article presents importance of Morinda citrifolia L. as a useful medicinal and nutritive fruit plant. . It is distributed in coastal areas in open lands and in forests of dry tracts of India viz. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and along the coastal areas of Kerala and many other places as well as to other tropical countries of Asia, South America and Caribbean and Polynesian Islands. Morinda citrifolia L. was the second most popular plant used in herbal remedies by the ancestors of the Polynesians. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Alternate Bearing in Fruit Trees    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Alternate bearing or biennial bearing is one of the major problems in many fruit crops. Each fruit tree in commercial bearing does not bear equal crop year after year, which makes fruit cultivation less remunerative to the growers and fruit traders. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Use of Plant Regulators in Propagation of Horticultural Crops    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Plant Growth Regulators or PGRs - Plant hormones are not nutrients, but chemicals that in small amounts promote and influence the growth, development, and differentiation of cells and tissues. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Propagation by Different Specialized Plant Parts, Cutting and Layering in Fruit Crops    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    Most plants reproduce sexually from seeds, but some can be reproduced (or multiplied) by vegetative parts such as stems, roots, and leaves. In addition, some plants produce modified stems and/or roots, referred to here as specialized structures that accumulate food reserves and therefore have built-in regeneration potential and are valuable as vegetative propagates. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Tips for Successful Cultivation of Litchi in India    By: Dr. Amrendra Kumar

    Article contains the recent production techniques of litchi (lychee) which would be helpful for growers and researchers as well as students >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fruit Exports and Strategies to Enhance Export Competitiveness    By: Dr.(Mrs) K. Usha

    India's exports of fruits are rising but they still remain abysmally low when compared with production. The effect of growth in export of fruits on the Indian market does not seem to be visible as the share of exports of fruits were only 0.55 per cent of their total production in 2010-11(Source: Minister of State for Commerce and Industry). In spite of being one of the largest producers of fruits in the world, India's share in the value of world exports in many fruits is ridiculously low at much less than one per cent. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Dynamics of Agricultural Growth and Nutrition Security in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article discusses whether varying agricultural growth have impact on improvement on nutrition of Indian population. The study concludes that increase in growth rate of food production has disconnect with improvement in nutritional status of population mainly due to preference. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Interface of Agricultural Growth and Farmers' Income in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    The article debates about the effect of agricultural growth on farmers' welfare. Agriculture growth in recent decade not only favors regional equity but also ensures way out to alleviate agriculture distress. >> Category: Agriculture

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