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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Payment for Environmental Services: The Concept and its Applications [PDF]    By: Priyanka Upreti

    This paper reviews the concept and applications of Payment for Environmental Services (PES). PES is a market-based approach to conservation financing based on the twin principles that those who benefit from environmental services should pay for them, and that those who contribute to generating these services should be compensated for providing them. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hybrids Seed Production in Cole Crops    By: Arvind Nagar

    Cole crops are an important group of cool season vegetables. These are highly cross-pollinated crops and show preponderance of non-additive gene action for most of the economic traits. Hence, heterosis breeding has turned out to be of more relevance. The genetic phenomena of sporophytic self incompatibility and male sterility (particularly cytoplasmic male sterility) have proved instrumental in commercialization of hybrid seed production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mechanisms Employed by Bio-agents to Contain Plant Pathogens    By: Sonam Singh Chandel

    Biological control of plant pathogens is a sustainable way and bio-agents have great potential to control plant diseases effectively. Inconsistent performance of these biological entities can be improved with the help of advanced biotechnological approaches for healthier and cleaner agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hidden Potential of Crop Wild Relatives (CWR)    By: Padmavati Gore

    Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) are the related species of cultivated crops but they are not domesticated, grows in wild form in the natural habitat. CWR are the reservoir of the genetic diversity, which is key for the crop improvement. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Farm Mechanization in India    By: Vikram Yogi

    The technological improvements in Indian agriculture since mid sixties have brought about revolutionary increase in agricultural production. The country was facing acute food shortages till eighties has now become not only self sufficient but also a net exporter of food grains. This has been made possible due to evolution of high yielding crop varieties, increased use of chemical fertilizers, development of irrigation facilities and plant protection measures accompanied by effective price support programmes of farm products. The increased use of purchased inputs in agriculture necessitated to raise their use efficiencies though mechanization. The productivity of farms depends greatly on the availability and judicious use of farm power by the farmers. Agricultural implements and machines enable the farmers to employ the power judiciously for production purposes. Agricultural machines increase productivity of land and labour by meeting timeliness of farm operations and increase work out-put per unit time. Besides its paramount contribution to the multiple cropping and diversification of agriculture, mechanization also enables efficient utilization of inputs such as seeds, fertilizers and irrigation water. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Insertion of an Efficient C4 Type Photosynthetic Pathway in Rice    By: Shailesh Kumar

    The grain productions of crop plants were largely improved during green revolution due to maximization of light interception and harvest index. However, RUE (efficiency with which intercepted PAR is converted into dry matter) also decide the yield potential of crop plants which remain unexploited during green revolution and it can act as a potential source for significant new genetic improvement. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Use of Organotin Compounds in Agriculture    By: Dr. Bipasa Sarkar

    The article describes about the new class of pesticides and its use in agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Variance Estimation Using Quadratic Programming Technique [PDF]    By: Dr. Kaustav Aditya

    This article concentrates on the problem of precise estimation of standard error of the calibration estimator. Calibration estimator is one of the mostly used technique in generation of official statistics and agricultural statistics in the world. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Integrated Nutrient Management for Improvement of Yield and Quality of Vegetables    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Vegetables are integral part of human diet by supplying micronutrients, vitamin, minerals, phenolic acids, and dietary fiibre which protects human health from certain types of diseases like cancer, high blood pressure etc. Vegetable quality depends on soil quality, fertilization, and handling methods in market. Integrated nutrient management plays a major role in improving the yield and quality of vegetables >> Category: Agriculture
  • Paradigm Shift in Botanical Crop Protection Agents    By: Dr. Bipasa Sarkar

    The article describes about the importance and descriptions of botanical pesticides used in agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Reactive Oxygen Species and Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase cascade crosstalk in Plants    By: Dr. Dhammaprakash P Wankhede

    Several biotic and abiotic stress lead to increase in concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plants. Mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) cascade are evolutionary conserved signalling proteins known to play crucial role in stress signal transduction. This article gives a brief overview of crosstalk between ROS and MAPK in plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • WRKY Transcription Factors and their role in Biotic and Abiotic Stress in Rice    By: Dr. Dhammaprakash P Wankhede

    WRKY transcription factors are involved in regulation of genes expression in a variety of abiotic and biotic stress conditions in several plants. This article gives a brief overview of involvement of WRKY transcription factors in biotic and abiotic stress in rice. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plants' Responses to Ultra Violet-B Radiation    By: Dr. Dhammaprakash P Wankhede

    The article gives a brief account of responses generated by plants in response to UV-B, with a special emphasis on gene expression. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Jute Fields: Soil Test and Target Yield Based Fertilizer Application    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Jute is one of the most important fibre crop popularly known as golden fibre crop. Soil Test Crop Response (STCR) correlation studies at CRIJAF, Barrackpore, developed target yield equations for jute var. JRO-128 and validity of these targeted yield equations were tested in farmers' fields through follow up trials on jute (var. JRO 128) at Haringhata block of Nadia district in West Bengal. Results showed that ST-TY based fertilizer application with FYM produced highest yield and B:C ratio >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mustard Farming: Effect of Soil Test and Targeted Fertilizer Application    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Mustard is one of the most important oil seed crops. Front line demonstration of mustard was conducted on farmers field to observe the effect of ST-TY based fertilizer application. Results showed that ST-TY based fertilizer application was superior as compared to farmer's practice >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil and Water Management Strategies for Sustainable Production in Coastal-Saline Zone of West Bengal [PDF]    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    The ecology of the coastal region is extremely fragile and vulnerable to serious degradation due to anthropogenic activities. The sustainability of agriculture in the coastal ecosystem of West Bengal is seriously threatened by water logging and soil salinity. High unemployment and extremely poor livelihood security is the characteristic feature of the rural life of the coastal region. A suitable soil and water management strategies is therefore required to mitigate the ill effects of degraded coastal land and water for sustained productivity >> Category: Agriculture
  • Drumstick Reserves of Medicinal Properties    By: Rupal Dhoot

    Moringa oleifera is a fast growing, multipurpose tree, used as vegetables, spice and as a medicinal plant. It possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifertility, antihepatoxic, anticancer and, antiulcer properties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Soil Macroflora in Maintaining Soil Physical Condition    By: Dr. Shrila Das

    Soil macroflora (plant roots) create voids and macropores in the soil so that air and water can move through the soil which affects plant growth by influencing root distribution and the ability to take up water and nutrients. The roots also supply food for microorganisms and burrowing soil fauna that also keep the soil from compaction. Eventually, good physical condition of soil facilitates oxygen and water infiltration and can improve water stable aggregates, water storage, increasing fertilizer use efficiency in plants, ultimately, improves productivity of soil. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sea Buckthorn: Vulnerable Wonder Plant of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    Sea buckthorn (Hippophae L.) is a wonder plant of Ladakh and named as 'Leh berry' produces small orange or yellow colored berries which are sour in taste but rich in vitamins especially vitamin C.Many sea buckthorn products having nutritional and medicinal value are now commercialized. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Salt Affected Soils and their Management    By: Dr. Mandira Barman

    Presence of salts in soil at high concentrations adversely affects soil health and the crop growth and production. Reclamation and management to maintain long term productivity of salt affected soils is very important. There are various methods for reclaimation of salt affected soils, but effective management can be achieved with integration of all these different techniques in a sustainable manner. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Resilience: A New Approach to Recover Degraded Soil    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Soil resilience has been defined as the capacity of soil to recover its functional and structural integrity after a disturbance. It can be measured from the SQI value before and after management intervention >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plasticulture: A New Application in Agriculture    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    Plasticulture represents use of plastics in water management, agriculture, hi-tech horticulture and related areas. Plastic products in form of film sheets, tubing's, nets, moulded products and in many other forms are used in plasticulture applications. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Improvement of Quality Protein in Maize    By: Varun Kumar Badaya

    Maize is a major cereal crop for both livestock feed and human nutrition but it contains smaller amounts of lysine and tryptophan. QPM possesses almost double quantity of lysine and tryptophan than the normal maize because of opaque endosperm which increase the proportion of non-zein protein fraction that is rich in lysine and tryptophan. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biofortification of Iron in Plants by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR)    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    Micronutrient malnutrition is a serious problem to human health throughout the world, primarily in resource limited countries. There are several methods for coping with this problem but this malnutrition can be reduced through a natural process called biofortification: a process to produce micronutrient enriched staple food. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can fortify iron content in tissues of plant by increasing its availability through various mechanisms. >> Category: Agriculture
  • RNAi Interference (RNAi): A functional genomics tool    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    RNAi interference (RNAi) has emerged as one of the major functional genomics tool in plant study. RNAi involves in the production of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) that is homologous to the gene which is being targeted for Post Transcriptional Gene Silencing (PTGS). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR)    By: Dr. Priyanka Chandra

    Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) colonize the rhizosphere of many plant species and confer beneficial effects and also elicit physical or chemical changes related to plant defense, this mechanism is known as Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR). >> Category: Agriculture
  • RNAi Technology for Improving Disease Resistance    By: Poonam Jasrotia

    RNAi is one of the most powerful technologies for discovering important trait genes and developing novel traits in plants and animals. It is helping researchers to develop new plant varieties with beneficial attributes and to protect them from diseases. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Lycium Barbarum : A Potential Underutilized Crop with Great Medicinal Importance    By: Aditi Mathur

    Goji berry or wolfberry is the fruit of Lycium Barbarum. This article emphasizes medicinal importance of Lycium barbarum which is an underutilized crop in India. This crop needs attention and can be herbal medicine for most of common systemic diseases we are suffering from these days. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soil Biodiversity - Types, Methods of Study and Indices    By: Dr. Sunanda Biswas

    Soil biodiversity encompasses all organisms that live in the soil, whether they are single-cell organisms or multi-cell animals or plants. An understanding of soil biodiversity perspectives in agricultural context is important and useful to arrive at measures that can act as indicators of soil quality and plant productivity >> Category: Agriculture
  • Black Caraway - A highly valuable but endangered plant genetic resource of Jammu and Kashmir    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    This small article is about a valuable but endangered wild species of Bunium persicum used as a spice and medicinal plant in Jammu & Kashmir >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agriculture on Heights: Vertical Farming    By: Poonam Jasrotia

    The article is about highlighting the concept of vertical farming. In present scenario where human population and urbanization is growing at faster rate, there is a need to adopt such new technologies to meet the growing food demand. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Insect Pest Management of Grapevine Stem Borer and Stem Girdler    By: Neelesh Raypuriya

    Grape is an important commercial fruit crop in India. It is plagued by several pests, which cause considerable damage to this economically important crop. Among them, the stem borer is the most serious. Earlier, this pest was considered to be a problem only in old and neglected vineyards. However, in recent years, severe incidence of this pest has been observed in even one year old gardens. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agricultural Risk Management and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change    By: Rajni Singh

    Climate change alters the agriculture production and incomes. Several studies have reported that climate change trends are important for determining both past and future impacts on crop yields at sub continental to global scales. Current initiatives to address climate-related risks are heavily oriented towards reactive emergency response. To save agricultural livelihoods, there is urgent need for a shift from this reactive approach to proactive climate risk management. Agriculture sector can contribute to mitigation as a consequence of improving productivity and sustainability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and its Management - [PDF]    By: Manoj Kumar

    Article is about Herbicidal resistance and its types and mechanisms of herbicidal resistance and ways and means to control the resistance >> Category: Agriculture
  • Automation in Plant Tissue Culture    By: Dr. J. Vanitha

    The plant tissue culture or micropropagation is a method of propagating disease-free clonal plants. With the progressive development of more efficient and cheaper automated systems, cost effectiveness of the systems will improve and the cost of plantlets somatic seedlings will be reduced. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Significance of Bio-fertilizer in Fruit Production    By: Praveen Kumar Mishra

    Bio-fertilizers are beneficial microorganisms which help in improvement and retaining the soil fertility with enhanced physico-chemical attributes of the fruits. The efficient consumption of bio-fertilizers provides economic benefits to the growers by minimizing the cost of chemical fertilizer involved in fruit production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Intellectual Property Right in Fruit Crops    By: Praveen Kumar Mishra

    IPR provides legal restrictions for use of new invention/ technology /developments and provides an avenue for royalties to the inventors with their permission. Such type of protection would be always beneficial, both to producers and consumers and also help in sustainable food security. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Production of Fruit Crops under Arid Condition    By: Narayan Lal

    The fruit production under arid zone needs special techniques, fruit species, varieties and soil moisture conservation. Under exploited fruit crops are suitable for production in arid region and they are tolerant to abiotic stresses and highly nutritious. The various special water storage structures are adopted in the arid zone which help to conserve rainfall water. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Evaluation of Isolates of Trichoderma spp. for Antagonistic Fitness    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    Trichoderma is a free-living cosmopolitan fungal species interacting with roots, soil and foliar environments. They grow rapidly and have good rhizosphere competence with other microorganisms. They inhibit or degrade pectinases and other enzymes that are essential for phytopathogenic fungi. Trichoderma has gained maximum attention as biocontrol agent because of its effectiveness against large number of soil-borne phytopathogenic fungi, suppressive effects on some root nematodes without adversely affecting beneficial microbes like Rhizobium, activating host defense system and capable of promoting growth of certain crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Indian Red Chilli Standards For Export    By: Mohan Paramkusam

    India is one of the major red chilli pepper exporting countries in the world. There are more than fifty chilli varieties grown in India, each of these varieties differs from each other in pungency and color. The pungency for the red peppers and the colour value for the paprikas are the most important parameters for export. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quality Considerations in Food Crops    By: Ruchi V. Trivedi

    Plant based foods offer an array of nutrients essential for human nutrition and promote good health. Development of food crops with enhanced nutritional traits is a prime requirement which can be catered and achieved through combination of conventional and molecular breeding. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Application of Cis-Intragenesis in Crop Improvement    By: Ruchi V. Trivedi

    Cisgenesis and intragenesis are as safe as Plantbreding. Cisgenesis is a genetic modification of a recipient plant with a natural gene from a crossable - sexually compatible organism. Intragenesis is a genetic modification of a recipient organism that involves insertion of a reorganized, full or partial coding region of a gene frequently combined with a promoter and/or terminator from another gene of same species or a crossable species >> Category: Agriculture
  • Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) - Another Protein Source for Humans    By: Dr. R. Mahendran

    Alfalfa is the most important 'high quality' forage crop because of its high protein, vitamins, energy and digestibility. Because of its importance among forage crops, alfalfa is referred to as "Queen of Forages". In Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medicinal practice, it is known to be an effective medicine for people who suffer from arthritis as well as digestive and gastro-intestinal diseases. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Foraging Behavior of Honey Bee and Floral Fidelity    By: Kailash Chandra Naga

    Floral constancy is an extensive behaviour in honeybees that is also found in other types of bees and insects, as well as in vertebrate nectivores. Given the variability in the seasonal and daily floral landscapes, it is fascinating why individual bees would show fidelity to any one species of flower. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Quality Certification of Tissue Culture Raised Banana under NCS-TCP and its Significance    By: Dr. Shiv Kant Shukla

    This article highlights process involved for certification of tissue culture banana plants. This aims to create awareness among the tissue culture companies and progressive farmers for use of quality tissue culture plants of banana >> Category: Agriculture
  • Crop Residue for Soil Cover: Constraints and Way Ahead    By: Deepmohan Mahala

    The practice of removal of crop residue in rainfed regions, and burning it in irrigated regions has resulted in degraded soil structure compared to when residue have been retained on them. >> Category: Agriculture
  • R-Avr Genes Interactions and Plant Defense System    By: Ruchi V. Trivedi

    Host plant having Resistance gene and corresponding gene in the pathogen is Avirulence gene, their interaction play curcial role in plant defense system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Floral Value Added Products for Employment Generation    By: Dr. Ritu Jain

    Flowers provides opportunity to convert them into exquisite value added products directly from fresh flowers like garland, bouquet, flower arrangements or after drying the flowers making different dried flower products like pot pourri, wreath, painted gourds or after processing like rose water, gulkand, gulroban, perfumes, essential oil , insect repellants, cosmetics, etc. Besides this a number of pigments like xanthophylls, carotenoids, luteins, anthocyanins, etc. which have neutraceutical properties and pharmaceutical compounds are also prepared from the flowers. The value addition results in more acceptable quality products for the domestic and export market and hence ensures high premium to the producer. Moreover, value addition technology can help in avoiding wastage during the glut period and farmers involved in the flower cultivation can earn better remuneration. Preparation of value added products helps in employment generation at producer level, wholesaler level or at industrial level. It is a good source income generation by self employment. There are various types of value added products which can be prepared either by practice or by obtaining training of making these products. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Microrna in Plant Stress Response    By: Dr. J. Vanitha

    Plant growth and development are attenuated during stress but relatively little is known about how this is achieved at the molecular level. miRNAs recognize their mRNA targets based on imperfect sequence complementary and suppress expression of the target gene by guiding degradation and/or translational repression of the cognate mRNA target. In addition to discussing recent findings that have enhanced our understanding of the role of miRNAs during stress, this topic highlights the importance of miRNAs that have emerged as molecular links between modulation of plant growth and development. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Single Cell Protein Production and its Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Ajit Kumar Dubedi Anal

    The rapidly increasing world population generates the challenge of providing necessary food sources. single cell proteins derived from the waste organic products had been proved a very useful technology. >> Category: Agriculture

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