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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • High Medicinal Value of Indian Noni (Morinda Citrifolia)    By: Leela Bhatt

    Noni is a multipurpose plant. Its all parts of plant have traditional and modern uses, including roots, barks, in dye, medicine trunks as fire wood and tools and leaves and fruits as food and medicine. Noni fruit's juice is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. Indian noni effective adoptogen ,which facilities homeostasis , Indian noni works at cellular level or has ability to direct energy to areas that are weak and damage the immune ,circulatory, digestive, metabolic and nervous system ,tissue and cells skin and hairs. It helps to mange tuberculosis, heart diseases ,cholesterol, blood pressure, kidney disorder, anemia, diabetics, digestive disorder ,auto immune disorder, arthritis, chronic, pain asthma ,depression, obesity, cancer chemotherapy ,induced weakness, menstrual problems, sexual dysfunctions , Parkinson's diseases. Multiple sclerosis crumps, stress, sleeplessness , deccholism, drug addiction and South East Asia application of plant in extended to cure cough ,cold, pain, liver disease , malaria and blood pressure. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Therapeutic Property of Broccoli    By: Leela Bhatt

    Broccoli is known 'Crown Jewel of nutrition' the nutrients namely vitamins, minerals, secondary metabolites and fiber proclaiming its exceptional health benefits. The breakdown products of the sulfur containing glucosinolates, isothiocyanates are the active principles in exhibiting the anticancer property at every stage. Therefore, the several phytochemicals or compounds that are present in broccoli have been proved to reduce the risk of several major diseases including cancers, neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Minor Millets - Potential to Save the Poor from Starvation    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    Millets are small grained nutritious cereals once grown commonly but now their cultivation has declined drastically.These ancient grains are now increasingly being rediscovered as 'quality health food' capable of safeguarding our food and nutritional security, besides enhancing the livelihood of poor farmers around the globe. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Micropropagation: Plant Tissue Culture Technique    By: Rajani Verma

    Micropropagation is a plant tissue culture technique used for production of plantlets, in which the culture of aseptic small sections of tissues and organs in vessels with defined culture medium and under controlled environmental conditions. Briefly, it is the art and science of multiplying plants in vitro. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diseases and Pests of Flower Crops    By: Poonam Kumari

    Flower crops are attacked by several pests and diseases. Several pests act as vectors for various diseases which cause considerable yield loss. Chemical control is expensive, time being and health hazardous. Genetic resistance is the cheapest and the best method of minimizing such losses. Initially to obtain resistant varieties knowledge of genetics with respect to pest and disease is essential. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Interrelationship of Nutrient Availability and Soil pH [PDF]    By: Rekha Sonadi

    From the present study it can be concluded that the knowledge of interaction of availability of nutrient with soil pH give the information which nutrient apply which pH for maximum utilize by crop plants with minimum loss. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marker Assisted Selection in Vegetable Crops    By: Leela Bhatt

    Exploitation of the information derived from the map position of traits with agronomical importance and of the linked molecular markers, can be achieved through marker assisted selection (MAS) of the traits during the breeding process. Genetic mapping of major genes and quantitative traits loci (QTLs) for many important agricultural traits is increasing the integration of biotechnology with the conventional breeding process MAS for simply inherited traits is gaining increasing importance in breeding programs, allowing an acceleration of the breeding process. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutritional Value of Amaranthus    By: Mahesh Kumar Samota

    In developing countries, the fight against poverty, hunger, malnutrition and undernourishment continues to be a basic goal of development and a variety of strategies are being applied. Strategies should based on micronutrient rich food like vegetables are considered essential. Green leafy vegetables (GLV's) are rich source of vitamins such as beta carotene, ascorbic acid, folic acid and riboflavin as well as minerals such as iron, calcium and phosphorous. They also contain an immense variety of bioactive non-nutritive health promoting compounds such a antioxidants and phytochemicals, which provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. Green leafy vegetables have long been recognized most abundant sources of protein, vitamins and minerals. GLV's are considered to be one of the cheapest vegetables in the market and it could be rightly described as poor man's vegetables >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Biotechnology in Vegetable Improvement    By: Mahesh Kumar Samota

    Biotechnology is a rapidly developing area of contemporary science. Biotechnology can bring new ideas, improved tools and novel approaches to the solution of some persistent, seemingly intractable problems in food crop production. It is comprised of a continuum of technologies, ranging from traditional biotechnology such as plant tissue culture to modern biotechnology such as genetic engineering of plants and animals and represents the latest front in the ongoing scientific progress of this century. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cut Flower Production in Carnation    By: Sunita Dhakar

    Carnation is one of the most important cut flower of the world. It is native of Mediterranean region, Dianthus caryophyllus is known to florists as the carnation. Its generic word Dianthus is from Greek word. Dios which means Divine and anthos means flower. Its large array of colours and excellent keeping quality has made its one of the most demanded flower. There are 280 species of carnation and are found from Siberia to Arctic America, Japan and in Himalayas. Carnation in general are grown only under protected cultivation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of Climate Change on Fruit Crops    By: Swapnil Dnyaneshwar Deshmukh

    India is endowed with different agro-climatic condition that offers immense scope for cultivation of various kinds of fruit crops. But due climate change fruit production and quality of fruits decreases day by day. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Seed Production System, Classes of Seeds and Certification System in India [PDF]    By: Rajani Verma

    In India, seed production of foundation and certified class is the responsibility of National or State Seed Corporation. Whereas, maintenance breeding and Breeder seed production are of Agriculture Universities or ICAR institutes under the supervision of plant breeder. There are 4 generally recognized classes of seeds. Nuclear seed, Breeder seed, Foundation seed and Certified seed >> Category: Agriculture
  • DNA Barcoding and its Applications in Agriculture    By: Dhara K Savsani

    DNA barcoding is a molecular method for species identification based on nucleotide diversity of short standardised DNA segments. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Climate Change and its Impact on Agriculture in Tamil Nadu    By: S. Syed Imran

    The impact of climate change is expected to be negative overall, threatening global food security. For a state like Tamil Nadu, rainfall decides the food grains production in the significant area in both rainfed and irrigation cropping system. It is observed that the monsoon rainfall has positive correlation in agriculture production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Omics in Crop Improvement    By: Shiv Lal

    The term 'omics' refers to the comprehensive analysis of the biological system and large-scale data rich biology consisting of a heavy data mining or bioinformatics component. It consists genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, which respectively deal with the analysis of genome, proteome and metabolome of cells and tissues of an organism and could be potentially utilized in crop improvement for sustainable food security. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant miRNA: New Regulators in Functional Genomics    By: Dhara K Savsani

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that regulate gene expression by targeting one or more sequences of high complementarity in plants and have been identified as one of the major conserved mechanisms in eukaryotes and represents an attractive modality for trait engineering. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Tree Crop Interaction and Ecological Benefits of Teak based Agroforestry system    By: Mukesh Kumar

    Agroforestry systems have both positive as well as negative interaction. However, using appropriate spatial as well as temporal arrangement would have complementary effect. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Physiological Disorders in Fruit Crops [PDF]    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    The productivity as well as the quality of fruit crops is affected to a greater extent due to the physiological disorders. Therefore, it is necessary to know the causes and symptoms properly to manage these disorders for increased quality production. Disturbance in the plant metabolic activities resulting from an excess or deficit of environmental variables like atmospheric temperature, light, aeration, atmospheric humidity and soil health result in crop disorders. Physiological disorders have become widespread and can control by using of tolerant, resistant varieties, growth regulators, cultural operation, systematic irrigation and adoption of high density planting. The incidence and severity of these physiological disorders vary with locality, season, cultivar and orchard management practices. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mutation Breeding and its Application in Vegetable Crop Improvement    By: Pallavi Neha

    Mutation is sudden heritable change in DNA sequence which leads to change in characteristics of an organism as classically defined by Hugo de Vries in 1900. It is the phenomenon of a sudden intermittent change in the hereditary character. In vegetable breeding Mutagenesis have a great importance. Mutagenesis is all about treating a biological material with a mutagen in order to induce mutations. The entire operation of the mutation induction & isolation of mutants for crop improvement is called as 'Mutation breeding'. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cereal Biofortification: Challenges and Strategies    By: Vanita Pandey

    Biofortification is the process of increasing the bioavailability of minerals like iron and zinc in cereals. In this article we have focused on various genetic and agronomic interventions for increasing the micronutrient content in wheat and rice in order to alleviate the micronutrient deficiency prevailing in the developing countries. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Climate Change and Fruit Production    By: Anjali Soni

    The climate of a place or a region is changed, if over a extended period (typically decade or longer) there is statically significantly change in measurements of either the mean state or variability of the climate for that place or region. The IPCC has reported 0.5 to 1.2 degree C rise in temperature by 2020, 0.88 to 3.16 degree C by 2050 and 1.56 to 5.44 degree C by 2080 for Indian region depending on future development scenario. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Improved Cultivation practices for Muskdana    By: Ashish Kumar

    Muskdana is an aromatic as well as medicinal plant belongs to Malvaceae family and seed of this plant are the source of the essential oil. An aromatic constituent in seeds are beta-sitosteral and its beta-D-glucoside, myricetin and its glucoside in leaves and petals and beta-sitosterol from dry fruit husk. The tender leaves and shoots are reported to be used in soups and the green pods are sometimes used as vegetables. The seeds are also reported to possess insecticidal properties. Muskdana can grow in a various places, e.g. roadsides, brushwood, fallow land, and on the bunds of rice fields. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Value Addition of Flowers through Bleaching and Dyeing    By: Poonam Kumari

    Dried and preserved plant materials are essential items in flower trade and also popular for home decor. Dried materials can be used in vases, baskets, plaques, shadow boxes, and fresh flower arrangements. They also may be used as wall decorations, on gift boxes, and in wreaths, corsages, and leis. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Enhancing Phosphorus uptake efficiency using Microbial Inoculants    By: Kumar Murugan

    A variety of microorganisms like phosphorus solubilizing bacteria, phosphorus solubilizing fungi and arbuscular mycorrhiza are known to positively influence phosphorus uptake by plants. Such group of microorganism can become a part of integrated nutrient management systems for sustainable crop production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Growing Media for Horticultural Crops    By: Poonam Kumari

    Growing media are materials that plants grow in. Growing media is specifically designed to support plant growth and can either be a solid or a liquid. Different components are blended to create commercial growing media. Different types of growing media are used to cultivate various plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Codling Moth of Apple in Cold Arid Regions of Ladakh    By: Disket Dolkar

    Codling moth is an insect pest infecting Apple in various regions of Ladakh >> Category: Agriculture
  • Beneficial Role of Nematodes in Soil Ecosystem    By: Dr. Gitanjali Devi

    Nematodes play important role in decomposition of organic matter as well as in nutrient cycling in soil ecosystem. Bacterial feeder, fungal feeder, predatory and omnivorous nematodes regulate the rate at which organic compounds are degraded into inorganic ions and helps in nutrient mineralization. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Poisonous Mushroom: Physiologic and Clinical effects    By: Dr. Gitanjali Devi

    Mushrooms have been collected for eating throughout the world and people become ill or died when they consumed poisonous mushrooms. Poisonous mushrooms have different types of toxic substances that should not be consumed without proper identification. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Wheat Lodging: Impact Analysis and Management    By: Rinki Khobra

    This article reveals impact of lodging on wheat productivity and quality. Significant yield reduction has been recorded in past few years only due to lodging. Hence, identification of potential plant traits is required to assist breeding programmes to release lodging tolerant high yielding wheat varieties. Standardization of agronomic practices can also contribute significantly to avoid crop lodging. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Glucosinolates Health Promoting Phytochemicals in Crucifer Vegetables    By: Dr. Palanisamy Muthukumar

    Glucosinolates (GLSs) a beneficial chemical compounds found in brassica vegetables. Broccoli is a source of 4-methylsulfinylbutyl (Sulforaphane), which provides a high anticancer activity >> Category: Agriculture
  • Multicolour Carrots - A Functional Food    By: Dr. Palanisamy Muthukumar

    Carrot is a rich source of nutritional root vegetables. Roots are potential source of plant pigments such as carotenoids and anthocyanins >> Category: Agriculture
  • Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) - Threatened Golden Crop of Kashmir    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    Crocus sativus L. famously known as saffron is a herbaceous perennial cormous plant producing 6-tepalled violet flowers having three pronged style with each prong terminating into a vivid 25-30 mm long scarlet stigma which are widely used as herbal medicine or food coloring, and as a flavoring agent.Saffron is the most expensive farmed agricultural product. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Association Mapping - Concept and its Application in Crop Improvement    By: Manoj Kumar Nalla

    Association mapping is a powerful high-resolution mapping tool for complex quantitative traits using naturally existing population. Availability of genomic resources, recent advances in high throughput genomic platforms has made association mapping affordable approach to dissect complex traits in crop plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Tilling: A Novel Technique for Crop Improvement    By: Manoj Kumar Nalla

    Basic TILLING method allows for high-throughput identification of single-base-pair (bp) allelic variations. The basic step begins with mutagenized seeds which are obtained from treatment with EMS. The ensuing M1 plants are self fertilized and the M2 generation of individuals is used to prepare DNA samples for mutational screening. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Breeding for Disease Resistance in Ornamental Crops    By: Sunita Dhakar

    Disease is an abnormal condition in the plant produced by an organism or an environmental factor. More specifically, disease may be defined as 'the series of invisible and visible responses of plant cells form, function or integrity of plants and may lead to partial impairment or death of plant or its parts'. Disease are produced by a variety of organism from both plant and animal kingdoms, viz., fungi , bacteria, viruses, nematodes and insects. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Embryo Rescue Techniques in Fruit Crops    By: Anjali Soni

    Embryo rescue is one of the successful forms of in-vitro culture techniques that is used to assist in the development of plant embryos that might not survive to become viable plants. This techniques in fruit crops have played an important role in breeding new, early-maturing seedless triploid types as well as obtaining distant hybrids preventing embryo degeneration at early development stages and shortening breeding cycle. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Papaya Ring Spot Virus in Papaya    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Papaya (Carrica papaya) is one of the most important horticultural crops of the country. Viruses are major limiting factor for the commercial cultivation of papaya n both tropical and subtropical world and nowadays worldwide Papaya ring spot virus (PRSV) is most destructive disease to hinder commercial cultivation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Winged Bean: A Highly Nutritious Vegetable Bean    By: Dr. Dinesh Chand

    Article deals with origin, morphology and habitat of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus). It nutritional profile , importance in diversifying farming systems and future research needs >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marking Nut: An Underutilized Fruit Crop of Semi-Arid Region    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    This article gives information about importance of Marking Nut tree, its industrial and medicinal uses >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agrobacterium: Natural Genetic Engineer [PDF]    By: Rupal Dhoot

    Agrobacterium is well known for its ability to transfer DNA between itself and plants, and for this reason it has become an important tool for genetic engineering. A. tumefaciens causes crown-gall disease in plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Papaya Leaf Curl Virus    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Papaya (Carrica papaya) is one of the most important horticultural crops of the country. India is the largest producer of papaya in the world. The major limiting factor in cultivation of papaya is its susceptibility to viral diseases e.g. papaya leaf curl (PalCV) particularly in northern parts of India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sex Expression in Papaya    By: Anjali Soni

    The papaya, Carica papaya L., is a native of Central and South America and commercially cultivated throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the India. The gynodioecious varieties are preferred because of their high yield potential due to occurrence of desirable types of sex expression among plants. Sex expression in papaya is controlled by a single gene with three alleles, which have a pleiotropic effect. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Amla (Phyllanthus emblica L.): A wonderful dryland fruit crop [PDF]    By: Dr. Dinesh Chand

    This article gives concise information about importance of Amla tree, its medicinal uses and future need for research >> Category: Agriculture
  • Cultivation of Arabidopsis Thaliana    By: Dr. Chandrashekar N

    The article is about the protocol for obtaining healthy, robust and prolific seed bearer of Arabidosis thaliana plants for Molecular biology applications >> Category: Agriculture
  • Possible Factors Influencing Fruit Cracking in Fruit plants    By: Kuldeep Singh

    Fruit cracking affects the physical appearance of fruit leading to nonmarket ability because of the poor fruit quality. There are many factors which cause fruit cracking i.e. Physiological and Biochemical, Nutritional deficiency and genetic factors. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Simarouba Glauca DC: A potential edible oilseed tree species    By: Dr. Dinesh Chand

    This article gives information about Simarouba tree, its origin, morphology, habitat, and potential uses as industrial and medicinal plant species. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diversity of Crops in India    By: Dr. Ravindra Singh Shekhawat

    Article basically focuses on the availability of different crops in India and their relative importance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana - A way to secure Farm Income    By: Vikram Yogi

    The continued dependence on nature makes crop production vulnerable to numerous risks. In order to protect farmers against such risks, including crop failure due to natural calamities, pest and diseases and weather conditions, two major crop insurance schemes, namely National Crop Insurance Programme with its three component schemes: Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme(MNAIS); Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme(WBCIS); and (iii)Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme, and National Agricultural Insurance Schemes(NAIS) are being implemented by the government. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant Protection Under Polyhouse Cultivation    By: Shailendra Kumar

    This article consist the information about basics of plant protection techniques for cultivating healthy crop under greenhouse. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Scion-Stock Interactions in Fruit Crops    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    The relationship and interactions between two or more components of a graft age are quite variable and interesting. Some of these interactions have major horticultural value, whereas the others may not have any significance at all. These interactions are known to alter the size, growth, productivity, fruit quality and other attributes of different horticultural crops and thus are of commercial importance. The different interactions or the relationships have been developed in the following three different categories: i) Influence of rootstock on scion, ii) influence of scion cultivar on rootstock and iii) influence of inter-stock either on stock, scion or both. >> Category: Agriculture

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