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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Biochar - An Alternate Use of Agricultural Waste    By: Sunita Gaind

    Converting agriculture waste into biochar is a meaningful low cost technology for waste management. This technology has promising potential for development of sustainable agriculture system and global climate change mitigation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant Nutriomics: A New Frontier of Plant Biology    By: Subodh Kumar Sinha

    This article illustrates the understanding the role of nutrients in plants life and the need of increasing nutrient use efficiency of crop plants with help of combination of different branches of sciences together known as Plant Nutriomics. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Induced Systemic and Systemic Acquired Resistance    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Induced systemic resistance (ISR) and Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) are two different phenomena but both represent active plant defense responses to phytopathogen attack. ISR is similar to hypersensitive response while as SAR is alike inherent immunity of plant system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hydrogen Cyanide Production in Soil Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Hydrogen cyanide or hydrocyanic acid (HCN) or cyanide (-CN moiety) is known to all of us as a toxic chemical. It is generally found in automobile exhaust, cigarette smoke; it is produced during incomplete burning of fire and has been important component of chemical weapons. It is also one of the byproducts from various industries like textile, dyeing, electroplating, chemical fertilizers, plastics etc., and as alike other industrial byproducts, is capable of polluting large number of ecosystems and their components directly. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Finding Suitable Niches in the Soil by Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Bacteria are ubiquitous and diverse; they are integral biotic component of every ecosystem- let it be aquatic, marine or terrestrial. Depending upon availability of nutrients, favorable/tolerable environmental conditions and specific metabolic properties every species of bacterial community occupy specific space, what is called as niche. Root nodule, root surface, soil matrix, clay particles, endophytic tissue, root epidermis, stem tumors etc. can be niches of soil bacteria. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Exopolysaccharide Production by Soil Bacteria    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are polysaccharides synthesized by bacteria (especially soil bacteria) and secreted into the external environment. EPS are natural polymers and have distinctive chemical structures and physicochemical properties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • In Planta Strategies for the Development of Transgenic Plants    By: Dr. Rohini Sreevathsa

    The article explains the importance of non-conventional, tissue culture-independent in planta transformation strategies for the development of transgenic plants >> Category: Agriculture
  • Western Ghats - The Pride of India Flora    By: Nandan Nair

    The Western Ghats, an area of rich biological wealth and also exhibiting high degree of endemism, comprises the major portion of the Western Ghats, one of the 34 global biodiversity hotspots for conservation identified by the Conservation International. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marker-Assisted Backcrossing (Single and Multiple Genes)    By: Nandan Nair

    Genomics assisted crop improvement (GACI) offers a wide range of opportunities to identify major loci influencing the target traits and to select plants with the desirable combination of alleles with marker assisted selection (MAS), marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) or marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS). Marker-assisted selection is based on marker information only (pure MAS) or on index of marker plus phenotypic data (combined MAS). In both methods, markers can only lead to gametic phase disequilibrium exists between the marker loci and their pertinent QTL. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Control of Viruses Infecting Crops and Plants    By: Nandan Nair

    Plant viruses and virus diseases have been studied for more than 100 years and many measures have been given to their control. This has been difficult to achieve because of the lack of any effective means of curing virus infected plants. Chemotherapy, thermotherapy and meristem tip culture is successful, but they cannot be used on a large scale. The main approach has been to prevent or delay virus infection or to decrease its effects. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Microbe Used as Tool for Insect Pest Management    By: Nandan Nair

    Agriculture has been facing the destructive activities of numerous pests like fungi, weeds and insects from time immemorial, leading to radical decrease in yields. Pests are continuously being introduced to new areas either naturally or accidentally >> Category: Agriculture
  • Crop Improvement Through Somaclonal Variation    By: Nandan Nair

    Somaclonal variation is defined as genetic and phenotypic variation among clonally propagated plants from a single donor clone. Somaclonal variation caused by the process of tissue culture is also called tissue culture induced variation to more specifically define the inducing environment. Somaclonal variation can be manifested as either somatically or meiotically stable events. Somatically stable variation includes phenotypes such as habituation of cultures and physiologically induced variation observed among primary regenerants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • High Density Planting System in Fruit Crops    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    High density planting is defined as planting at a density in excess of that which gives maximum crop yield at maturity if the individual tree grows to its full natural size. HDP system is normally understood as a system in which a higher number of plants are accommodated within a unit area in comparison to the conventional planting density. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Propagation of Fruit Trees    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Plant propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources i.e. seeds, cuttings, bulbs and other plant parts. Plant propagation can also refer to the artificial or natural dispersal of plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Canopy Management of Fruit Crops    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Over the years, the strategies of fruit trees canopy management were developed for improving tree health, productivity, fruit quality and management efficiency of orchards in India as well as throughout the world. The strategy is to create, after planting, strong, balanced tree frameworks, and to maintain it throughout the orchards life. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Fertigation in Fruit Crops    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    Fertigation is a term specially coined to describe the supply of dissolved mineral fertilisers to tree roots via irrigation water, generally as continual or very frequent doses throughout the growing season. In this system fertilizer solution is distributed evenly in irrigation. The availability of nutrients is very high therefore the efficiency is more. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Host - Virus Interactions    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    The co-existence of viruses with their hosts can be viewed as a molecular arms race between the virus and host elimination mechanisms. Virus infections are the cause of numerous plant disease syndromes that are generally characterized by the induction of disease symptoms such as developmental abnormalities, chlorosis, and necrosis. Recent studies indicate that symptoms are derived from specific interactions between virus and host components. Although resistance to and recovery from viral infections will depend on the interactions that occur between virus and host. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Roots: The Route to Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Monika Dalal

    The root system architecture (RSA) determines the amount of water and nutrient uptake from soil, and hence, is a major determinant of yield specifically under input deficient and abiotic stress environment. Recent studies reveal that there is scope for crop improvement through modification of RSA in crop plants. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Metabolomics and its Applications in Plant Sciences    By: Dr.Vinay Kumar

    Metabolomics is a very young science as compared to genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, showed great potential for the identification and quantification of secondary metabolites. Metabolomics has great applications in the different sectors of biological sciences. This, article mainly emphasized on major techniques used and its applications in plant science and quality control of phytomedicines. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marker Assisted Breeding: A Paradigm Shift in Crop Improvement Research    By: Dr. Kiran B. Gaikwad

    The advent of molecular marker technology in quantitative genetics greatly facilitates the study of complex traits and has made it possible to dissect the polygenes controlling such traits into individual Mendelian factors >> Category: Agriculture
  • Integrated Plasticulture Technologies for Profitable Horticulture    By: Dr. Amit Goswami

    The term plasticulture is defined as the use of plastics in agriculture. This broad term would include plastic film mulches, drip irrigation tape, row covers, low tunnels, high tunnels, silage bags, hay bale wraps, and plastic trays and pots used in transplant and bedding plant production. Use of plastic in horticulture crop production has increased dramatically in the last ten years. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Importance of Denitrification    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    Truthfully, nitrogen is the most growth limiting element present in the soil, under circumstances severely affecting crop productivity and yield. So removal of fixed soil nitrogen by denitrifiers is usually considered unfavorable but it has been proved that denitrification literally maintains homeostasis between soil and air nitrogen content. >> Category: Agriculture
  • What and Why is Rhizobacterial Plant Growth Promotion?    By: Sonali Bhawsar

    The knowledge of PGPR strains, their activities, characteristics, compatibility with native flora and fauna and most important their comparable growth and yield promotion with chemical fertilizers must be extended to the farmers. Utilization of PGPR biocultures for crop application means development and management of sustainable agriculture; in other words a suitable alternate for organic and ecofriendly farming. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Wedge Grafting in Guava: Efficient Way Under Mid Hills of Megalaya    By: Dr N.A. Deshmukh

    Among Guava cultivars like Allahabad Safeda and Lucknow 49 demand for planting material of promising lines like RCGH 7, RCGH 4 and RCGH 1 developed by ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam Meghalaya is huge among the growers. In vegetative propagation, wedge grafting is found as an easy and quick method of guava planting material production under mid hills of Meghalaya. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Biological Alternatives for Sustainable Agriculture    By: Sunita Gaind

    The use of efficient microorganisms as alternate to chemical fertilizer opens up a new horizon for better crop productivity besides sustaining the soil health. However, the performance of inoculated microorganism largely depends on the physico-chemical environment of soil where the inoculated strain has to establish itself. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Genetic Diversity Between Indigenous Kadaknath and Commercial White Leghorn Breeds    By: Dr Shiv Om Pratap

    Complexity of Biological data can be resolved out through advent tools of computational statistical and Molecular analysis to drawn reliable estimates for the estimation of Genetic diversity. The present study was conducted to evaluate intra and inter-breed genetic variation between two diverse chicken populations: Kadaknath (KN) and White Leghorn (WLH) at molecular level, using twelve highly-polymorphic microsatellites markers.... >> Category: Agriculture
  • Agricultural N Cycle and Mechanism of N Loss: Need for NU Efficient Plant    By: Subodh Kumar Sinha

    Nitrogen (N) fertilizer has made significant contribution towards global food production but because of scarcity of N use efficient crops the majority of applied N fertilizer is lost in the environment and thereby causing negative impacts on environment and human health. This article discusses the major processes of N losses in agriculture and prospects for creating nitrogen use efficient crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Micro RNA Homeostasis: Its Stability and Degradation    By: Subodh Kumar Sinha

    It is now well known that miRNAs are involved in regulating almost all biological and metabolic processes, such as stem cell maintenance and differentiation, organ development, signaling pathways, disease resistance, and response to environmental stress. Apart from its role in the regulation of developmental processes, recent functional analyses have demonstrated that several plant miRNAs play vit >> Category: Agriculture
  • EDS5 : A Potential Transporter of SA from the Chloroplast to the Cytosol    By: Shailesh Kumar

    Now it is experimentally tested that EDS5 is localized at the chloroplast envelope membrane and catalyzes the export of SA from the chloroplast to the cytoplasm and control the biosynthesis of SA by regulating SA accumulation >> Category: Agriculture
  • 'NO' Signaling Molecule in Plants    By: Akshay Sakhare

    Nitric oxide (NO) plays important role in various plant processes including biotic and abiotic stress responses. Role of NO in the regulation of plant growth and development is well established now. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Journey of Nitrogen From Soil to Seeds    By: Akshay Sakhare

    Plant growth and development depends heavily on availability of nitrogen. Nitrogen is acquired by roots then assimilated and transported to sink. During vegetative stage nitrogen is stored in the leaves. Stored nitrogen in leaves is remobilized to developing seeds as amino acids during senescence. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sucrose Probe for Phenotyping of Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants    By: Akshay Sakhare

    Sucrose transport through phloem to the developing grains play a pivotal role in determining productivity hence its measurement under abiotic stress could be a vital tool to determine productivity vis-a-vis abiotic stress tolerance. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Karrikins: A New Family of Plant Growth Hormones in Plant Derived Smoke    By: Akshay Sakhare

    Plant derived smoke promotes seed germination in wide range of plant species. Karrikinolide (KAR1) was first identified as the potent germination stimulant present in plant-derived smoke. Karrikins are now firmly established as an important family of naturally occurring plant growth regulators. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Plant Peptide Hormone.    By: Akshay Sakhare

    Plant peptide hormone is a new entrant in the plant hormone group. Peptide hormone function as signaling molecule in the cell to cell interactions to coordinate and integrate cellular functions. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diacetylphloroglucinol Producing Rhizobacteria in Plant Defense    By: Rhitu Rai

    This article focuses on biological control of soil borne plant pathogens by antibiotic producing Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR). The antibiotic discussed here is 2, 4 diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4DAPG). The molecular biology of DAPG as well as the impediments in its successful use is further elaborated upon. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Strigolactone: A Newly Discovered Plant Hormone    By: Akshay Sakhare

    How strigolactone was discovered, the genes and mutants involved in and the physiological responses of Strigolactone. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Chilli Pepper Genome Provides Insight Into Organoleptic Sensation    By: Dr. Prasanta K. Dash

    Recent structural genomics of Chilli suggests the mechanism of pungency in worlds hottest chilli variety Bhut Jolokia. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Technologies For Production of Microbial Inoculants    By: Sunita Gaind

    Microbial inoculants are gaining popularity because of their multifunctional benefits to plants in sustainable agriculture. The living organisms (nitrogen fixers or phosphate solubilizers, or biocontrol agents) present in bio-fertilizers affect the plant growth and development directly or indirectly either by facilitating the nutrient uptake or by inducing increase in root surface or reducing the harmful effect of pathogens >> Category: Agriculture
  • Vermiculture - Types of Earthworms and Applications    By: Divya Narayan

    A study about applications of vermiculture and classification of earthworms. Vermiculture is the cultivation of worms for agricultural purposes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Variegated Foliage Plants for Indoor Pollution Control    By: Dr. Jayoti Majumder

    Indoor is a space of fresh breath, comfort and relaxation. Therefore, for indoor decoration, positive psychological effects, or health reasons, houseplants are commonly grown. Vareigated plants are one of the best opted plant for indoor decoration. Besides, they are reduce components of indoor air pollution, particularly volatile organic compounds (VOC). >> Category: Agriculture
  • Soft Wood Grafting in Khasi Mandarin: A Novel Method of Mass Multiplication    By: Dr N.A. Deshmukh

    T Budding is a commercial method of multiplication in mandarins. But budding success on Khasi mandarin oranges under mid hill conditions (990 msl) is very low (<50%); therefore, soft wood grafting may be used as an alternative method for raising the quality planting material of Khasi mandarin. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Recombination Mediated Insect Resistant Transgenic Mustard    By: Hareepriyaw M

    Brassica juncea or mustard crop is one of the major sources of edible oil. Development of selectable marker free, insect resistant, transgenic mustard (Brassica juncea) plants using Cre/lox mediated recombination. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Benefits of GM Crops    By: Hareepriyaw M

    Benefits of GM cropsBenefits of GM cropsBenefits of GM cropsBenefits of GM cropsBenefits of GM cropsBenefits of GM cropsBenefits of GM crops >> Category: Agriculture
  • Transgenic Tomato: Transgenic Plants Can Be Insecticidal    By: Hareepriyaw M

    Plants like transgenic tomato reduce the use of chemical pesticides which are the main cause of ecological damage. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Engineering Crops for Efficient NPK Capture From Soils    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    Creating designer crops with enhanced nutrient uptake could help in reducing the need for fertilizer application. Key regulatory steps in the acquisition of nutrients by plants have been identified. The genes coding for several target traits, mainly the transporters, opens up several options to improve nutrient uptake and utilization in soils with low fertility. The transfer of the corresponding genes to agriculturally important crops might allow to increase their nutrient uptake capacity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Nutritional and Health Benefits of Custard Apples    By: Divya Narayan

    Custard apples are also known as 'Sugar Apples' or 'Sweetsop' due to the sweet taste of the fruit flesh (taste like 'custard'). It is commonly known as 'sitaphal' in India. The scientific name of custard apple is Annona squamosa or Annona asiatica >> Category: Agriculture
  • Animal Manure Recycling Technology For P Enriched Compost    By: Sunita Gaind

    The bioconversion of P and N rich animal residue to a stable product such as compost by blending it with high C: N plant residue offers an attractive technology for recycling and conservation of nutrients. It also represents an alternative means of waste management that can result in P enriched manure. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Lettuce Cultivation in India    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    There are some vegetables, which are consumed uncooked state and are called salad crops. Salad crops are now more popular because of their food value in the diet. Lettuce is the most popular of the salad crops. It is most commonly used in the U.S.A., but in India it is yet to gain popularity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Dynamics of Agricultural Research and Development System in India    By: Dr. Shiv Kumar

    Article talks about how agricultural R&D system has adjusted over time horizon. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Colour Modification in Ornamentals Through Genetic Engineering    By: Dr. Ganesh B Kadam

    With globally increasing demand for flowers with novel colours has created huge demand for rare and unusual colours in ornamental crops and the result of that every day novel varieties are being added to the market. But the conventional techniques of creating variability has certain limitation and to overcome this problem, genetic engineering is a much needed tool. >> Category: Agriculture

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