This article focused on the functional genomic approaches for engineering of secondary metabolic pathways of medicinal and aromatic plants. Genetic engineering of a secondary metabolic pathway aims to either increase or decrease the quantity of a desired compound or group of compounds for production of novel compounds of medicinal significance.
Metabolomics is a very young science as compared to genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, showed great potential for the identification and quantification of secondary metabolites. Metabolomics has great applications in the different sectors of biological sciences. This, article mainly emphasized on major techniques used and its applications in plant science and quality control of phytomedicines.