Total Articles: 2 |
Total Views: 1235
| Points Scored: 2,235
City: Karnal |
About Me: I am working as Scientist, ARS
at ICAR-CSSRI, Karnal,
Haryana since last two years. I
have done my MSc and PhD in
the discipline of Environmental
Science with specialization in
climate change. I have worked
on climate change adaptation
Methane (CH4) is one of the important greenhouse gas (GHG) having 12.4 years of atmospheric lifetime, and 25 times higher GWP than that of CO2. It contributes 16% to total anthropogenic GHG emission and rice fields accounting for about 20% of total CH4 emission. In rice fields, CH4 is produced by methanogenesis process in presence of methanogens under anaerobic condition. This CH4 can emit to the atmosphere through the diffusion, ebullition and plant-mediated transport (vascular transport) process.
Indian economy is mainly based on agriculture and climate change is a major threat to it. The Indian agriculture is mainly rainfed and hence depends on the extent and distribution of rainfall patterns. Climate change leads to rise in temperature, high intensity rainfall events, extreme weather events which adversely affect the productivity of major crops. These climate change impacts on agriculture can be mitigated through use of climate resilient technologies.