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About Me: I am Ph. D in Botany (viva awaited)from HNB Garhwal central University, Uttarakhand and i am working as Editor at New Delhi. I did my schooling from VVABN, Roorkee, Graduation from Rajasthan univ.
The saprophytic microflora of the rhizosphere includes both deleterious and beneficial elements have the potential to influence the plant growth and yield, significantly. Their deleterious activities include alterations of the supply of water, ions and plant growth substances by changing root functions or limiting their growth. The beneficial bacteria affect plant growth positively by promoting the availability and uptake of mineral nutrients, provision of plant-growth substances as well as suppression of deleterious rhizosphere microorganisms. Deleterious rhizosphere microorganisms (DRMO) are the minor pathogenic rhizosphere microorganisms that affect plants by their metabolites without parasitizing plant tissue. These include deleterious rhizobacteria and rhizofungi.
Theophrastus, the father of botany (370 -285 BC) named 'ORCHIDS' on the basis of the resemblance of paired underground tubers to masculine anatomy (the testes). They shows fascination for their beautiful flowers. They represent to the family Orchidaceae, the most highly evolved family among monocotyledons with 600 to 800 genera and 25,000-35,000 species in the world. They are peculiar and are highly valued in the international market.
Natural farming is a natural mode of farming to know the true spirit and form of nature. It does not involve the use of components of modern farming and indicates 'Do nothing approach'. The essential principles involve no cultivation, chemical fertilizers, weeding and plant protection. But, organic farming though close to natural farming, involves limited, but, essential elements of modern farming