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Most Recent Agriculture Articles.
  • Niger: An Underutilized and High Value Oilseed Crop    By: Dr. Smita N. Shingane

    This article gives an account the origin, nutritional contents, food and industrial value of Niger [Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass.] crop. Gives information about extent of variability in oil content and fatty acid profile >> Category: Agriculture
  • Kigelia pinnata DC. (Sausage Tree) - A Medicinal Plant with great future perspectives    By: Dr. Dinesh Chand

    This article gives an account of botanical description, phyto-chemical contents, medicinal and traditional uses of Kigelia pinnata or Sausage tree. Besides its use as a street tree/garden tree, it is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial properties. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Pressurized Hot Water Extraction: Promising Green Extraction Technology    By: Bhushan Bibwe

    The article is about working principle, advantages, limitation and application of Pressurized hot water extraction technique. PHWE utilizes very cheap, abundantly available and non-toxic liquid, water as an extracting solvent which is environment friendly can be recycled or disposed off with certain treatments. In PHWE technique, yield increases as the temperature increases as a result of increased solubility and decreased static permittivity and polarisability. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diagnosis of Nutritional Disorders in Fruit Crops    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    In fruit crops, the deficiency of micronutrients causes many more disorders than that of macronutrients. Nutritional disorders have become widespread with diminishing use of organic manures, adoption of high density planting, use of root stocks for dwarfing, disease and salt tolerance, unbalanced NPK fertiliser application and extension of horticulture to marginal lands. To get high quality fruit and yields, micronutrient deficiencies have to be detected before visual symptoms are expressed >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Futures Trading in Agricultural Marketing    By: Dr. Ravindra Singh Shekhawat

    Article focuses on futures trading, its advantage to the farming community of India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Major Problems in Fruiting of Horticultural Fruit Crops    By: Pravin L. Deshmukh

    It is common that the fruit grower is often faced with difficult situation of poor fruiting in his orchard. The tree may be in good health and may not show any apparent cause of the malady. The growth and fruitfulness of a plant is greatly influenced by various external as well as internal factors. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Little Leaf: A Menace to Brinjal Cultivation    By: Shweta Kumari

    Brinjal is an important vegetable crop grown throughout the world. Among the biotic constraints little leaf of brinjal (BLL) is a serious disease causing significant yield loss. This article emphasized about BLL disease, its symptoms and management practices. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Marker and its Application in Crop Improvement    By: Prasenjit Debnath

    Recent generation is facing a threat of food security because of an unprecedented increase in population and decrease in cultivable land. Conventional breeders are doing their best to get the ultimate yield from the crop varieties but nowadays global warming and other constraints like biotic and abiotic factors have also shown up those create a huge problem. So to overcome all these mess; molecular breeders have taken the assistance of different biotechnological tools, among which the genetic markers are the most exploited ones >> Category: Agriculture
  • Medicinal Value for Bael, Aonla and Jamun Fruits    By: Dr. Vijay Kumar

    Less water is required for fruit crops like beal, aonla and Jamun fruits. These fruits are very important for human health in protein , fat , mineral , carbohydrates, carotene , thiamine , mg riboflavin ., niacin and vitamin C. These fruit are great medicinal value. The ripening of fruit are aromatic, astringent, cooling and laxative. The unripe or half ripe fruit is astringent, stomachic, antiscorbutic and digestive. These are the best specified in subacute or chronic cases of diarrhoea and dysentery and in irritation of the elementary canal . These fruits are well suitable for kandi belt in water table 400-500 m label. These fruits are deep rooted plants grown in sandy loam soil are well suitable >> Category: Agriculture
  • Current Status of Vegetables in India    By: Ramesh Kumar Sahni

    The vegetable production in India has increased several manifold with gradual increase in productivity and area of vegetable cultivation over the years, which maintains its 2nd ranking in global vegetable production after china. The status and growth of vegetable production in India and its present scenario viz. area, production, productivity, growth, share etc. are discussed in this article. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Basic Principles of Marker Assisted Backcross Breeding    By: Prasenjit Debnath

    Artistic application of marker assisted backcross breeding for crop improvement. Different strategies of MABB programme and different steps related to a successful MAS breeding approach. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Sterility Mosaic Disease (SMD) of Pigeon Pea    By: Dr. Smita Puri

    Sterility mosaic is an important disease of pigeon pea. This viral disease is transmitted by an Eriophyid mite and causes huge losses in pigeon pea cultivation world wide. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Status of Kisan Credit Card in India    By: Dr. Ravindra Singh Shekhawat

    Article focuses on Kisan Credit card, its advantage and current status in India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Foot and Mouth Disease in Animals    By: A. S. Gawali

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly communicable viral disease caused by an Aphthovirus of the family Picornaviridae. Livestock hosts include cattle, pigs, sheep and goats. The disease is characterized by fever and vesicles in the mouth and on the muzzle, teats, and feet and is spread through direct contact or aerosolized virus via respiratory secretions, milk, semen, and ingestion of feed from infected animals (meat, offal, milk). In a susceptible population, morbidity reaches 100% with rare fatalities except in young animals. FMD was once distributed worldwide. Outbreaks can severely disrupt livestock production and require significant resources to control. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Introduction to Diseases of Livestock    By: A. S. Gawali

    Everyone should know about the diseases of livestock or the sign and symptoms of ill Animal. People on the 'front lines' of the animal production unit, animal habitat, or companion animal household (including ranch and farm workers, producers, feeders, breeders, park rangers, companion animal owners, wildlife rehabilitators, and zoo keepers) veterinarians and other sources of professional advice and care for health-related issues (such as universities and diagnostic laboratories), should be aware. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Management Practices for Buffalo    By: A. S. Gawali

    Developing of national livestock sector depends on the possession, reservation,and livestock resource both those improved or unimproved breed. Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is one of ruminantia livestock which has special advantages to improve such as that it can survive with the low quality food, and its existence has been united with the social life Buffalo production of the traditional management applied by farmers has many advantages as the traditional farming tool, meat, organic fertilizer, leather, and social-culture equipment. That why its important to carried out management practices on the farm. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Development and Decomposition of Agricultural output in Rajasthan    By: Dr. Ravindra Singh Shekhawat

    Article basically focuses on growth and development of Rajasthan with respect to decomposition analysis. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Farm Manager and Principles of Farm Management    By: A. S. Gawali

    Farm managers are employed to manage and carry out duties associated with the day-to-day and long-term management of large commercial farms. It is their responsibility to ensure that the farm runs efficiently and profitably. Their day-to-day activities will depend on the type of farm being managed. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Goat Rearing: An Overview    By: A. S. Gawali

    Goat is a poor man's cow because of their immense contribution to the poor people's economy. It supplies nutritious and easily digestible milk to their babies. It is regular source of additional income for landless or marginal farmers. Being small sized animal, the goats can easily be maintained as cheaply as one cow. The goat is a multipurpose animal to provide meat, hide, hair (fur) and manure for soil. In hilly areas goats are also used for hauling light load. Goats have fastidious eating habits. They will accept a wide variety of feed, appreciate it and thrive on it.Goats consumes wide varieties of feeds and vegetation than either sheep or cattle. . Goats are very resistant to diseases, especially to tuberculosis. The excreta and urine of the goat is richer in nitrogen, potash and phosphorus than cow dung for this goat rearing is profitable business for the marginal farmer >> Category: Agriculture
  • Post Harvest Management of Onion    By: Panchal Bhakti B.

    Onion is an important vegetable crop grown and consumed widely across the world. As a culinary ingredient it adds to the taste and flavour in a wide range of food preparations and it is also used as a salad. Thus there is a steady increase in the demand for onion across the world. China is the leading producer of onion constituting about 27 per cent of the world total production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mycorrhizal Association for Strengthening Root System of Tissue Culture Derived Plants    By: Dr. Vartika Srivastava

    Tissue cultured plantlets often show less survival when transplanted to the field conditions, the reasons may be various, including weak root system and plant defense system. To strengthen it, use of mycorrhizal strains has been found as a good alternative and eco-friendly technology that can be utilized for ex-vitro speedy recovery of the plantlets. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Next Generation Sequencing Technology    By: Praveen Kumar

    Next Generation Plant Breeding Next Generation Sequencing - the most advanced method of genome sequencing. Provides a golden opportunity for understanding the biological systems in crops. Contribution of conventional Plant Breeding in increasing crop yield has been tremendous but the rate of genetic gain is getting slower recently. So NGS is a growing as a powerful tool for next generation Plant Breeding. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Runner Production of Strawberry    By: Rakesh Kumar

    Strawberry is a very important fruit crops. It is grown in temperate and subtropical area. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Granulation : A Major Threat in Citrus Production    By: Rajni Sinha

    Granulation is a serious pre-harvest disorder of juice sacs of citrus fruit which drastically affect citrus production. The actual cause of this malady is unknown >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mulching: An Effective Conservation Technique in Horticulture    By: Rakesh Kumar

    The use of mulches may be recognized as an important part of crop management to reduce the application of chemicals for weed and pests control as well as to decrease need of water and even mineral fertilizers. Mulching is environment friendly application to the integrated and organic systems of production. Mulching is an age old technique to conserve moisture, check weed growth, moderate soil temperature and provide micro-climate to plants. This technology is boon for the horticulture crops not only for increasing growth, development and yield but also as a method of soil and water conservation. The linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) as a mulch film has brought a revolution in farming water management. It is actually a boon to dry land/rainfed farmers. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Litchi Based Land Use Technique for Low lying areas    By: Dr. R K Patel

    Land use technique through ridges and furrow system for Litchi growers: A novel technology to improve productivity of low lying area . Majority of the farmers in India are small and marginal. Substantial area under wastelands -waterlogged and marshy land is available and remains unutilized or partially utilized for agricultural purpose. The major problems associated with this wasteland are poor drainage and water accumulates only due to high rains during monsoon months resulting in crop failure in cultivated field. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Wild Caraway- A useful plant of Jammu and Kashmir, India    By: Sheikh M. Sultan

    Carum carvi L. commonly called as caraway belongs to the family Apiaceae grows wild in Leh, Nubra, Suru, Zanaskar valleys and Drass area of Ladakh province besides in Gurez area and at some other places of Kashmir province of Jammu and Kashmir.The leaves, roots and fruits of this plant are useful.Its fruits which are commonly but erroneously called as seeds are endowed with medicinal properties are primarily used as spice and condiment. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Post Harvest Management of Khasi Mandarin    By: Dr. S. R. Assumi

    Adoption of post harvest management in Khasi mandarin for better marketability >> Category: Agriculture
  • Grading and Packaging of Quality Grade Cut Flowers for Export    By: Dr. Anita Pedapati

    After harvesting the flowers should be graded according to various grades as per specification for local and distant market. Standard grades help to growers to improve their flower marketability >> Category: Agriculture
  • False Smut of Rice: An Emerging Threat    By: Rhitu Rai

    Rice being the staple crop for much of the world population including India, diseases diminishing its yield draw attention. False smut disease of rice is emerging as a new threat to its yield and inflicts high yielding varieties. The article details the economic loss, pathogen, disease symptoms etc. related to this disease. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Crop Residue Burning: Causes for Global Warming    By: Saroj Devi

    Crop residue burning is a major concern not only for India as well as global. It is the main cause of pollution and global warming and so it is causing health problems also. So by sustainable use of this crop residue can overcome on this issue >> Category: Agriculture
  • Miscanthus: A Future of Energy    By: Suraj Kar

    With the increasing demand for alternative fuel sources for a long term sustainable future, biomass production is an important approach. Miscanthus is a perennial rhizomatous grass that has a great adaptation range and huge biomass production capacity. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Calibration Approach for Regression Coefficient Estimation [PDF]    By: Dr. Kaustav Aditya

    This article concentrates on the problem of Calibration estimation of the regression coefficient under complex sampling design in presence of multiple auxiliary information. Calibration estimation technique is one of the mostly used techniques in generation of official statistics and agricultural statistics in the world. >> Category: Agriculture
  • New Techniques in Plant Breeding : Accelerating the breeding cycle    By: Prem Chand Gyani

    Novel plant breeding techniques are focused on accelerating the breeding cycle by indirectly using genetics modification techniques.The final product obtained from these techniques are free of foreign genes >> Category: Agriculture
  • Beetroot in our Diet.. Why?    By: Richa Upadhyay

    Benefits of beetroot. Apart from being delicious and attractive its medicinal value can not be ignored. Because it belongs to the same family as spinach and chard, its leaves and root can be eaten. Beet root leaves have a harsh taste but the round root is sugary taste. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Apomixes in Crop Improvement    By: Jitendra Kumar Meena

    Apomixis lines are developed typically through basic approaches such as gene transfer from wild species source, via induced mutation and selection for apomictic genotype in segregating generation of interspecific hybrid. Because of its potential for crop improvement and global agricultural production, apomixis is now receiving increasing attention from both scientific and industrial sectors. Harnessing apomixis is a major goal in applied plant genetic engineering. In this regard, efforts are focused on genetic and breeding strategies in various plant species, combined with molecular methods to analyse apomictic and sexual modes of reproduction and to identify key regulatory genes and mechanisms underlying these processes. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Prospects of Maize in India as a Source of Edible Oil    By: Varun Kumar Badaya

    Maize is known as queen of cereals because of its high genetic yield potential. Maize oil is considered to be one of the most qualitative plant oils for human food. Corn having oil content of more than 6% is called high oil corn. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Labour Scarcity and its Implication for Farm Mechanization in India [PDF]    By: Priyanka Upreti

    This paper reviews the observed labour scarcity in India, reasons behind it and the arising need for farm mechanisation in this context. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Pre-breeding in Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Kuldeep Tripathi

    Pre breeding include all the activities related to the identification of desirable genes from the wild and weedy relatives and other unadapted materials and transfer these traits to an intermediate set of materials that breeders can use further in producing new varieties for farmers. It it first step of crop improvement programs. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Diseases of Chrysanthemum and their Management    By: Dr. Prativa Anand

    Chrysanthemum is a leading commercial flower crop grown for cut and loose flowers and also as pot plants. The plants are infected by several fungal, bacterial and viral diseases. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Effect of Frost on Fruit Crops and their Management    By: Rakesh Kumar

    The impact of frost vary with fruit plant species, stage of growth, plant age, canopy shape , stage of bud burst, type of plant leaf, size of leaf, planting distance, location of orchards, types of soil and can result in catastrophic yield loss in fruit industries. Nevertheless its highest impact on new planting, viscous sap in plant leafs, actively growing, flowering, and/or dehydrated plants tend , sunscald, frost cracking, die back, tip burring and root injury. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in Rural Agriculture    By: Dr. Chandra Kant Tripathi

    Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) are established in the country for supporting the rural farmers by transferring new technologies to them. The main function of KVKs are to undertake vocational training and on farm testing of the technologies. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Labour Scarcity and its Implication in India [PDF]    By: Vikram Yogi

    Indian agriculture is the primary sector which has employed a major portion of its total workforce since a long way ago. However, during 2004-2012 not only share of agriculture in total employment is declined from 56.7% to 48.8% but also a significant decline (30.57 million) can be seen in absolute number of people employed in the agricultural sector. The states having higher share of agricultural workforce shifted i.e. Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Punjab also having more area under labour intensive crops i.e. paddy, wheat, cotton, groundnut, sugarcane. Hence India's goal of food security is under serious threat. Better employment opportunities, higher wages and other incentives in non-agricultural sector, the growth of urbanization and some government sponsored schemes like MGNREGA were the major factors responsible for the recent changes. Its impact on agriculture can be seen in terms of reduction in crop yield and cropping intensity and changes in traditional cropping pattern. Labour scarcity is associated with some other problems also like increased farm wages thereby increased cost of cultivation and prices of output which is directly contributing to the food inflation >> Category: Agriculture
  • Concept of Core Collection    By: Padmavati Gore

    Management of large size of collection of plant genetic resources is very difficult. To minimize the problem of handling large germplasm and making efficient use of the genetic diversity, minimization of large size is necessary. Core collection is the subset of accession from entire collection which represents almost all the diversity of whole collection. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Payment for Environmental Services: The Concept and its Applications [PDF]    By: Priyanka Upreti

    This paper reviews the concept and applications of Payment for Environmental Services (PES). PES is a market-based approach to conservation financing based on the twin principles that those who benefit from environmental services should pay for them, and that those who contribute to generating these services should be compensated for providing them. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hybrids Seed Production in Cole Crops    By: Arvind Nagar

    Cole crops are an important group of cool season vegetables. These are highly cross-pollinated crops and show preponderance of non-additive gene action for most of the economic traits. Hence, heterosis breeding has turned out to be of more relevance. The genetic phenomena of sporophytic self incompatibility and male sterility (particularly cytoplasmic male sterility) have proved instrumental in commercialization of hybrid seed production. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Mechanisms Employed by Bio-agents to Contain Plant Pathogens    By: Sonam Singh Chandel

    Biological control of plant pathogens is a sustainable way and bio-agents have great potential to control plant diseases effectively. Inconsistent performance of these biological entities can be improved with the help of advanced biotechnological approaches for healthier and cleaner agriculture. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Hidden Potential of Crop Wild Relatives (CWR)    By: Padmavati Gore

    Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) are the related species of cultivated crops but they are not domesticated, grows in wild form in the natural habitat. CWR are the reservoir of the genetic diversity, which is key for the crop improvement. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Farm Mechanization in India    By: Vikram Yogi

    The technological improvements in Indian agriculture since mid sixties have brought about revolutionary increase in agricultural production. The country was facing acute food shortages till eighties has now become not only self sufficient but also a net exporter of food grains. This has been made possible due to evolution of high yielding crop varieties, increased use of chemical fertilizers, development of irrigation facilities and plant protection measures accompanied by effective price support programmes of farm products. The increased use of purchased inputs in agriculture necessitated to raise their use efficiencies though mechanization. The productivity of farms depends greatly on the availability and judicious use of farm power by the farmers. Agricultural implements and machines enable the farmers to employ the power judiciously for production purposes. Agricultural machines increase productivity of land and labour by meeting timeliness of farm operations and increase work out-put per unit time. Besides its paramount contribution to the multiple cropping and diversification of agriculture, mechanization also enables efficient utilization of inputs such as seeds, fertilizers and irrigation water. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Insertion of an Efficient C4 Type Photosynthetic Pathway in Rice    By: Shailesh Kumar

    The grain productions of crop plants were largely improved during green revolution due to maximization of light interception and harvest index. However, RUE (efficiency with which intercepted PAR is converted into dry matter) also decide the yield potential of crop plants which remain unexploited during green revolution and it can act as a potential source for significant new genetic improvement. >> Category: Agriculture

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