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Author: Gayathri Raghavan

No Photo Total Articles: 33 | Total Views: 98429 | Points Scored: 114,929

City: Bangalore | State: Karnataka

About Me: I am basically biochemist, worked us a Research Scientist in a CRO. Has article writing experience

Articles by Gayathri Raghavan:
  • Industrial Biotechnology Evolution and Recent Developments ( 2668 reads)   

    An Introduction to Industrial Biotechnology and its history. Industrial Biotechnology provides a wide range of new approaches to resource management, cost reduction in production, and tends to cater the higher requirements in Biotechnology, by targeting off-shoots at grass root level. Examples describing this third-wave biotechnology are the laboratory synthesis of Interleukins, monoclonal antibodies, Insulin. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Emergence of Gas-Phase Biosensors in Biotechnology ( 2113 reads)   

    Since the beginning, detecting chemical compounds has been an important tool for the growth of biological and chemical sciences. The evolution of new-age techniques such as NMR, HPLC, and GLC with enhanced capabilities with respect to reproducibility, precision, and sample handling has shown enormous potential for a sustained progress in analysis. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Genetic Information- Storage and Retrieval ( 3313 reads)   

    In conventional sense, a library is an information repository that is catalogued for easy information retrieval and use. Biotechnology is also facilitated by a similar system for storage and easy retrieval of genetic information, which can be stored in many formats. The genes can be decoded into DNA language or can be stored even in their physical form. - Category: Biotech Research
  • The Role of Carbon in Nanotechnology ( 3405 reads)   

    Carbon is found in abundance in living things and materials that are derived from living things. Carbon also plays a vital role in nanotechnology research and nanotechnology applications. Carbon is a non-metallic element present in the cells of organisms. Its atomic number is 6 and atomic weight is 12. - Category: Nanotechnology
  • Glycoconjugated Aroma Compounds - Structure, Analysis and Occurrence in Plants ( 3271 reads)   

    The extraction of monoterpene alcohols from rose petals 25 years ago opened a new area of flavor research. Scientists have conducted a plethora of experiments on glycosides and glycosidical aroma compounds. Today, flavorless glycosides that represent the accumulation form of aroma compounds are found in plant tissues and fruits. - Category: Others
  • Carotenoids- Introduction, Origin and Properties ( 4638 reads)   

    Carotenoids occur primarily in photosynthetic organisms but sometimes in nonphotosynthetic bacteria and eukaryotes as well. The carotenogenic organisms that predominantly carried out anoxygenic photosynthesis were eubacteria and cyanobacteria. Red and green algae, and terrestrial plants acquired stable endosymbionts complement carotenoids to prokaryotes, other fungi, and other algae - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Automated DNA Sequencing Technology- Near-Infrared Applications ( 2947 reads)   

    The Human Genome Project, initiated in the year 1991, generated numerous activities in the field of DNA sequencing. The project not only generated data on humans and model genomes but also paved way for the development of better technology and automated the process for obtaining sequenced data. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • The Emergence of Microbial Biosurfactants and Their Applications ( 2988 reads)   

    Microbial surfactants, called bioemulsifiers, are structural compounds that contain a lipophilic and a hydrophilic moiety inside the same molecule. The hydrophilic group (polar group) is derived from alcohol groups of neural lipids or ester, amino acids or carboxylate group of fatty acids phospholipids(phosphate portions), or carbohydrates of glycolipids. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • The Role of DNA Recombinant Technology in Apple ( 2037 reads)   

    Green Gene Technology (GGT), an integral part of modern biotechnology, has steadily progressed over the last decade. Countries such as India, United States, China, Canada, and Brazil have all turned towards GGT in recent times. Besides staple foods rice and wheat, fruits and vegetables were bred in order to generate quantitative and qualitative resistance traits. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Developing Trends in Marine Biotechnology ( 2166 reads)   

    The impact and potential of Marine biotechnology, across a wide spectrum of applications ranging from the environment to biomedicines is well-known. Economically, the field of marine biotechnology is still on the improving side. Researchers have proposed discovery programs for certain key areas of marine biotech in order to increase the yield... application of marine bio-products. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Protein Purification Process: The Various Techniques Involved ( 2033 reads)   

    Tremendous success in the fields of genetic engineering and molecular biology has enabled scientists to express any amino acid sequence and practically synthesize any protein. But, this success depends on one key factor; in order for the expressed proteins to be used commercially, it should be purified to a certain degree. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Red and Green Biotechnology ( 3092 reads)   

    Biotechnology is huge; its exact boundaries cannot be defined. European scientists have divided biotechnology into two categories: red biotechnology and green biotechnology. Red biotechnology deals with medicine while green biotechnology deals with food. Some scientists have further divided biotechnology into blue and white biotechnology. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Ultrafiltration in Vaccine Industry ( 4172 reads)   

    The downstream processes in large-scale industries for producing biotechnological products have been using diafiltration/ultrafiltration processes since the 1970s; conventional centrifugation, lyophilization, and precipitation were replaced or supplemented with industrial ultrafiltration membranes. separation techniques, such as evaporation, membrane dialysis. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Biotech Applications in Livestock and Medicine ( 2658 reads)   

    The rare blend of biotechnology and genetic engineering has given rise to many products among which genetically modified (GM) foods have gained a concrete foothold in the food market today. The demand for dairy and meat products has reached immeasurable heights. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • The Process of Mammalian Cell Culturing ( 2652 reads)   

    In order to improve the performance of immobilized- cell cultures, modern-day scientists primarily focused on two objectives: (1) provide cells with optimum- growth conditions; (2) obtain large quantities of products of high concentration at low cost. In majority of the cases, optimal conditions for product formation and cell growth differ from each other. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Evolutionary Principles and Neutral Mutation ( 2178 reads)   

    Modifications done to intermediate metabolism with use of recombinant DNA techniques is metabolic engineering. Related terminologies include molecular evolution, metagenomics, and proteomics. Genetic material cloning from microorganisms, which cannot be lab-grown, to identify new forms of genes is metagenomics. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Role of Hollow-Fiber Process ( 1756 reads)   

    Biotechnology began with recombinant DNA technology, cell fusion techniques, and protein production techniques. With advances in genomics, numerous biological targets are likely to be identified, paving way for generating a wider array of products. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Enzyme Applications in Vitro, Vivo, Industries and Systems Biology ( 3345 reads)   

    Enzymes are amino acid polymers which have vast applications in Vitro, Vivo, Industries and Systems Biology. Their structures derive their definition from the genetic code stored in the DNA that determines the amino acid sequence of a protein, which defines the primary structure of the protein. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Importance of Genomics ( 2256 reads)   

    The scientific discipline involving mapping, analyzing, and sequencing genomes is known as genomics. In drug development, functional genomics combines with methodologies such as bioinformatics, animal model, and DNA chip technology in order to identify and characterize the genes that are responsible for human diseases. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Metabolic Pathways in Molecular Genetics ( 2617 reads)   

    Cells derive energy from nutrients to synthesize compounds required for life reproduction and functions. This energy is provided by biochemical reactions that form a biochemical network systems called as metabolic pathways. Molecules that flow through the metabolic pathways are due to the response of environmental stress. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Lactose Biosynthesis | 4 and 5-Decanolide ( 3767 reads)   

    Biotechnology has lent its helping hand in producing natural-flavor materials that are obtained as pure or complex mixtures of individual flavor compounds. Examples of puremixtures include esters, alcohols, lactones, acids, ketones, and aldehydes. Biotechnological methods are used in the production of lactones, which play an important role in the flavor industry. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Aerobic Bioreactors Techniques: Tools, Pathways, and Application ( 3318 reads)   

    Aerobic reactors play a major role in the emerging industrial trends of biotechnology. These reactors provide numerous benefits in the form of valuable products that range from peptides to proteins, to organic acids and antibiotics. Aerobic reactors details on how cells use oxygen to generate products that have industrial significance. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Technologies Involved in Drug Development ( 2565 reads)   

    Herbal medicines have played a major role in drug development, disease prevention and cure. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that nearly 80 percent of the world population, predominantly from the developing nations, consumes herbal medicines to meet their primary healthcare requirements. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Advances in Modern Plant Biotechnology ( 3002 reads)   

    Plant biotechnology is categorized as: (1) traditional or the classical plant biotechnology that predominantly dealt with cell cultures that were used in the production of wine, milk products, and antibiotics; (2) modern or present day plant biotechnology that uses functional analysis at gene level. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology in the Poultry Breeding and Farming ( 6368 reads)   

    Since the 1990s, molecular genetics has infused improvements in poultry breeding. Though, the world has consumed egg and meat for substantial time now, it was not until 1992 that the world saw an accelerated consumption of eggs and meat. According to sources from the World Poultry Trends, nearly 85 million tonnes of meat and eggs were consumed in 1992 and in 2000. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • The Impact of Biomass in Sustainable Development Today ( 3422 reads)   

    The expansion and the impact that biomass has had on the industrial sectors worldwide is huge. Developing countries have begun shifting their focus on innovative technologies and key policies pertaining to the option of feedstocks and energy conversion platforms for industrial biotechnology and bioenergy. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • The Therapeutics of Biopharmaceutical Substances ( 2866 reads)   

    The last decade could be rightly called as the 'Age of Biopharmaceuticals' because of the impact biomedical research has had on the molecular mechanisms. Biomedical research started way back in the 1950s when scientists pointed out host of proteins, with therapeutic applications, that were produced in the body naturally. - Category: Biotechnology products
  • Changing face of Agricultural Biotechnology and its Uses ( 2297 reads)   

    Agricultural/Agrifood biotechnology - Technological innovations in agriculture emphasizes on manipulation of cellular and sub-cellular structures of organisms and essential commodities that make the human food system. The manipulation of cells, plant, animal, or microbial, via physical, chemical, or biological methods is known as Agricultural Biotechnology. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Mutation Breeding of Citurs Fruits ( 3645 reads)   

    An establish practice today, crop breeding developed along with human development. As our ancestors slowly and gradually evolved from gathering food to developing permanent sources of food, crop breeding became a key practice in the world today. Humans began selecting and disseminating a wide range of vegetables, fruits, and food grains to feed their ever expanding population. - Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Nanotechnology - Impact on Developing Nations and the World Economy ( 2438 reads)   

    Nanotechnology is a cutting-edge technology offering revolutionary applications such as in producing and storing energy, in detecting and treating diseases, in monitoring and protecting the living environment, in improving the production of crops and food quality, and to build small and complex electronic structures to large structures like airplanes. - Category: Nanotechnology
  • Stem Cells Types and Therapeutics ( 1646 reads)   

    Even before tissue engineering and regenerative medicine took shape, scientists have known about the fact that animals like the star fish were capable of regenerating missing body parts. Although, humans share this ability, humans cannot regenerate a missing finger or toe. Instead, the human body constantly regenerates skin cells, blood cells, and tissues. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Understanding Genetic Disorders in Human Genetics ( 2839 reads)   

    The concept of genetic disorder was relatively unknown before the 1900s. But, after William Bateson suggested the term 'genetics' in 1906, scientists began learning and understanding more about genetics and heredity. Any abnormality in the DNA of an individual's gene is called genetic disorder. - Category: Biotech Research
  • Environmental Pollution and its Impact Today ( 3951 reads)   

    Man's domination on the ecosystem has resulted in various emergencies, disasters, and conflicts. Disasters include natural disasters such as radiological events, complex chemical emergencies, and many unexpected events. These events have had substantial impact on the environment, which in turn have hampered human health and created an ecological imbalance. According to the WHO - Category: Environmental Biotechnology

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